Ten in Chinese / Japanese...

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Ten

The number ten

shí
juu
Ten Scroll

十 is the number ten in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

十 / 拾 is a strange selection for a wall scroll, so it's here mostly for reference. I guess it's OK if the number ten is important to you.


拾 Because this character is rather simple (just two strokes), there is an anti-fraud way to write ten on bank documents. This variant is shown to the right.

Ten Commandments

shí jiè
jukkai
Ten Commandments Scroll

十戒 means Ten Commandments or Ten Precepts.

In the Buddhist context, these are prohibitions consisting of five commandments for the layman:
1. Not to destroy life 不殺生 Pāṇātipātāveramaṇi.
2. Not to steal 不倫盜 Adinnādānāver.
3. Not to commit adultery 不婬慾 Abrahmacaryaver.
4. Not to lie 不妄語 Musāvādāver.
5. Not to take intoxicating liquor 不飮酒 Suramereyya-Majjapamādaṭṭhānāver.

The ten commandments for the monk are the preceding five plus:
6. Not to eat food out of regulated hours 不非時食 Vikāla-Bhojanāver.
7. Not to use garlands or perfumes 不著華鬘好香塗身 Mālā- Gandha-Vilepana-Dhāraṇa-Maṇḍana-Vibhūṣanaṭṭhānā.
8. Not to sleep on high or broad beds (chastity) 不坐高廣大牀 Uccāsayanā-Mahāsayanā.
9. Not to take part in singing, dancing, musical or theatrical performances 不歌舞倡伎不往觀聽 Nacca-Gīta-Vādita-Visūkadassanāver.
10. To refrain from acquiring uncoined or coined gold, or silver, or jewels 不得捉錢金銀寶物 Jātarūpa-Rajata-Paṭīggahaṇāver.

These original Buddhist commandments date back to about 2500 years ago. The English definitions above are followed by Chinese characters and original Pali pronunciation.

Under the Māhayāna Buddhism, these ten commands for the monk were changed, to accord with the new environment of the monk, to the following: not to kill, not to steal, to avoid all unchastity, not to lie, not to slander, not to insult, not to chatter, not to covet, not to give way to anger, to harbor no skepticism.

Ten perfect Mahayana rules

shí fǎ
jippou
Ten perfect Mahayana rules Scroll

十法 is the title of the ten perfect or perfecting Mahāyāna rules.

The order of rules are as follows:
1. right belief.
2. right conduct.
3. right spirit.
4. joy of the bodhi mind.
5. joy in the dharma.
6. joy in meditation.
7. pursuing the correct dharma.
8. obedience to, or accordance with dharma.
9. departing from pride, desire, etc.
10. comprehending the inner teaching of Buddha and taking no pleasure attaining such knowledge or noting the ignorance of others.

This title is only used in the context of Buddhism. Japanese and Chinese people who are not familiar with Buddhism will not recognize this title.

Five Precepts

bù shā shēng bù tōu dào bù xié yín bù wàng yǔ bù yǐn jiǔ
Five Precepts Scroll

不殺生不偷盜不邪淫不妄語不飲酒 is the full list of the five precepts of Buddhism in Chinese.

There are many ways to translate or express these.
The following is one basic way:
1. Do not kill/murder.
2. Do not steal.
3. Do not commit adultery and/or sexual misconduct.
4. Do not lie or speak falsehoods.
5. Do not become intoxicated (with drugs/alcohol).


Here is another take from my favorite magazine: Lion's Roar: Five Precepts


Not the results for ten that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your ten search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
xiān
    xian1
hsien
 sen
    せん

More info & calligraphy:

Immortal
immortal
(1) (See 仙人・1) hermit; wizard; (2) (See 仙術) wizardry; (personal name) Hisa
僊 ṛṣi, 哩始 an immortal. 仙人; 人仙 the genī, of whom there is a famous group of eight 八仙; an ascetic, a man of the hills, a hermit; the Buddha. The 楞嚴經 gives ten kinds of immortals, walkers on the earth, fliers, wanderers at will, into space, into the deva heavens, transforming themselves into any form, etc. The names of ten ṛṣis, who preceded Śākyamuni, the first being 闍提首那? Jatisena; there is also a list of sixty-eight 大仙 given in the 大孔雀咒經下 A classification of five is 天仙 deva genī, 神仙 spirit genī, 人仙 human genī, 地仙 earth, or cavern genī, and 鬼仙 ghost genī; renunciant

see styles

    li4
li
 ryoku
    りょく

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Power / Strength
power; force; strength; ability; strenuously
(suffix) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (given name) Riki
bala; power, strength, of which there are several categories: 二力 power of choice and of practice; 三力 the power of Buddha; of meditation (samādhi) and of practice. 五力 pañcabala, the five powers of faith, zeal, memory (or remembering), meditation, and wisdom. 六力 A child's power is in crying; a woman's in resentment; a king's in domineering; an arhat's in zeal (or progress); a Buddha's in mercy; and a bhikṣu's in endurance (of despite) . 十力 q.v. The ten powers of Buddhas and bodhisattvas.

see styles
shí
    shi2
shih
 shii / shi
    シー

More info & calligraphy:

Ten
ten; 10
(numeric) ten (chi: shí); (personal name) Yokotate
tridaśa. Thirty; abbreviation for the thirty-three deities, heavens, etc.; Daśa, ten, the perfect number.

see styles
tiān
    tian1
t`ien
    tien
 ten
    てん

More info & calligraphy:

Heaven
day; sky; heaven
(1) sky; (2) {Christn} heaven; (3) God; (4) {Buddh} svarga (heaven-like realm visited as a stage of death and rebirth); (5) {Buddh} deva (divine being of Buddhism); (6) top (of a book); (7) sole (of a Japanese sandal); (8) beginning; start; (9) (abbreviation) (See 天ぷら) tempura; (10) (abbreviation) (obsolete) (See 天竺・1) India; (given name) Hiroshi
Heaven; the sky; a day; cf. dyo, dyaus also as 提婆 a deva, or divine being, deity; and as 素羅 sura, shining, bright; heaven

see styles
rěn
    ren3
jen
 nin
    にん

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Patience / Perseverance
to bear; to endure; to tolerate; to restrain oneself
(archaism) endurance; forbearance; patience; self-restraint; (given name) Nin
kṣānti, 羼提 (or 羼底); patience, endurance, (a) in adverse circumstances, (b) in the religious state. There are groups of two, three, four, five, six, ten, and fourteen, indicating various forms of patience, equanimity, repression, forbearance, endurance, constancy, or "perseverance of the saints," both in mundane and spiritual things; to endure

see styles
dǒu
    dou3
tou
 tomasu
    とます

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Fight / Beat Someone
dry measure for grain equal to ten 升[sheng1] or one-tenth of a 石[dan4]; decaliter; peck; cup or dipper shaped object; old variant of 陡[dou3]
kanji radical 68 at right; (given name) Hakaru
A bushel, i. e. ten Chinese pints; a bushel

see styles
xīn
    xin1
hsin
 kanoto; shin
    かのと; しん

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Sheen
(of taste) hot or pungent; hard; laborious; suffering; eighth in order; eighth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1]; letter "H" or Roman "VIII" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; ancient Chinese compass point: 285°; octa
8th in rank; eighth sign of the Chinese calendar; (surname) Shinkou
sharp

五戒

see styles
wǔ jiè
    wu3 jie4
wu chieh
 gokai
    ごかい

More info & calligraphy:

Five Precepts
{Buddh} the five precepts (prohibitions against killing, theft, sexual misconduct, lying, and intoxication)
pañca-veramaṇī; the first five of the ten commandments, against killing, stealing, adultery, lying, and intoxicating liquors. 不殺生; 不偸盜; 不邪婬; 不妄語; 不飮酒 They are binding on laity, male and female, as well as on monks and nuns. The observance of these five ensures rebirth in the human realm. Each command has five spirits to guard its observer 五戒二十五神; five precepts

十戒

see styles
shí jiè
    shi2 jie4
shih chieh
 jukkai
    じゅっかい

More info & calligraphy:

Ten Commandments
the ten commandments (religion)
(1) (Buddhist term) the 10 precepts; (2) Ten Commandments; Decalogue; Decalog; (surname) Jukkai
Śikṣāpada. The ten prohibitions (in Pāli form) consist of five commandments for the layman: (1) not to destroy life 不殺生 pāṇātipātāveramaṇi; (2) not to steal 不倫盜 adinnādānāver; (3) not to commit adultery 不婬慾 abrahmacaryaver.; (4) not to lie 不妄語musāvādāver.; (5) not to take intoxicating liquor 不飮酒 suramereyya-majjapamādaṭṭhānāver. Eight special commandments for laymen consist of the preceding five plus: (6) not to eat food out of regulated hours 不非時食 vikāla-bhojanāver.; (7) not to use garlands or perfumes 不著華鬘好香塗身 mālā- gandha-vilepana-dhāraṇa-maṇḍana-vibhūṣanaṭṭhānā; (8) not to sleep on high or broad beds (chastity) 不坐高廣大牀 uccāsayanā-mahāsayanā. The ten commandments for the monk are the preceding eight plus: (9) not to take part in singing, dancing, musical or theatrical performances, not to see or listen to such 不歌舞倡伎不往觀聽 nacca-gīta-vādita-visūkadassanāver.; (10) to refrain from acquiring uncoined or coined gold, or silver, or jewels 不得捉錢金銀寶物 jātarūpa-rajata-paṭīggahaṇāver. Under the Māhayāna these ten commands for the monk were changed, to accord with the new environment of the monk, to the following: not to kill, not to steal, to avoid all unchastity, not to lie, not to slander, not to insult, not to chatter, not to covet, not to give way to anger, to harbour no scepticism; ten precepts

十法

see styles
shí fǎ
    shi2 fa3
shih fa
 jippō

More info & calligraphy:

Ten perfect Mahayana rules
The ten 成就 perfect or perfecting Mahāyāna rules; i.e. in (1) right belief; (2) conduct; (3) spirit; (4) the joy of the bodhi mind; (5) joy in the dharma; (6) joy in meditation in it; (7) pursuing the correct dharma; (8) obedience to, or accordance with it; (9) departing from pride, etc.; (10) comprehending the inner teaching of Buddha and taking no pleasure in that of the śrāvaka and pratyeka-buddha order; ten completions of the great vehicle standards

合十

see styles
hé shí
    he2 shi2
ho shih
 gōjū

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Namaste - Greeting
to put one's palms together (in prayer or greeting)
合爪; 合掌 To bring the ten fingers or two palms together; a monk's salutation; to make salutation with the two palms together

大師


大师

see styles
dà shī
    da4 shi1
ta shih
 daishi
    だいし

More info & calligraphy:

Grand Master / Great Teacher
great master; master
(honorific or respectful language) {Buddh} great teacher (i.e. a buddha, bodhisattva or high monk, esp. Kobo Daishi); (place-name) Daishi
Great teacher, or leader, one of the ten titles of a Buddha; Great Teacher

天佑

see styles
 tenyuu / tenyu
    てんゆう

More info & calligraphy:

Divine Grace
divine aid; divine grace; providential help; (personal name) Ten'yuu

日蓮


日莲

see styles
rì lián
    ri4 lian2
jih lien
 nichiren
    にちれん

More info & calligraphy:

Nichiren
(given name) Nichiren; (person) Nichiren (Buddhist priest, 1222-82, founder of the Nichiren sect)
Nichiren, the Japanese founder, in A. D. 1252, of the 日蓮宗 Nichiren sect, which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect. Its chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya: (1) 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i. e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha; (2) 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-gwe-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, 'Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law, ' for it is Buddha's spiritual body; (3) 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.

無盡


无尽

see styles
wú jìn
    wu2 jin4
wu chin
 mujin
    むじん

More info & calligraphy:

Endless / Without Limit
endless; inexhaustible
(given name) Mujin
Inexhaustible, without limit. It is a term applied by the 權教 to the noumenal or absolute; by the 實教 to the phenomenal, both being considered as infinite. The Huayan sūtra 十地品 has ten limitless things, the infinitude of living beings, of worlds, of space, of the dharmadhātu, of nirvāṇa, etc; inexhaustible

天力士

see styles
tiān lì shì
    tian1 li4 shi4
t`ien li shih
    tien li shih
 ten rikishi

More info & calligraphy:

Warrior of Heaven
heavenly warrior

千差萬別


千差万别

see styles
qiān chā wàn bié
    qian1 cha1 wan4 bie2
ch`ien ch`a wan pieh
    chien cha wan pieh
 sensha manbetsu

More info & calligraphy:

Diversity
(idiom) extremely diverse; to vary greatly
a thousand differences and ten thousand distinctions; a thousand differences and ten thousand distinctions

鵬程萬里


鹏程万里

see styles
péng chéng wàn lǐ
    peng2 cheng2 wan4 li3
p`eng ch`eng wan li
    peng cheng wan li

More info & calligraphy:

A Bright Future
the fabled roc flies ten thousand miles (idiom); one's future prospects are brilliant

w

see styles
w
    w
w
(Internet slang) ten thousand (abbr. for 萬|万[wan4])

see styles
zhàng
    zhang4
chang
 dake
    だけ
measure of length, ten Chinese feet (3.3 m); to measure; husband; polite appellation for an older male
(particle) (1) (kana only) only; just; merely; simply; no more than; nothing but; alone; (particle) (2) (kana only) as much as; to the extent of; enough to; (given name) Masuo
Ten feet; an elder; a wife's parents; a husband; ten feet

see styles
bǐng
    bing3
ping
 hei(p); hinoe / he(p); hinoe
    へい(P); ひのえ
third of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1]; third in order; letter "C" or Roman "III" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; ancient Chinese compass point: 165°; propyl
(1) (へい only) (See 甲乙丙丁) third rank; third class; third person (in a contract, etc.); (2) (esp. ひのえ) third sign of the Chinese calendar; (personal name) Minezaki
Fire, heat, south; the third of the ten stems; third (in order)

see styles
jīng
    jing1
ching
 kyou(p); kei / kyo(p); ke
    きょう(P); けい
capital city of a country; big; algebraic term for a large number (old); artificial mound (old)
(1) (きょう only) imperial capital (esp. Kyoto); (2) (きょう only) (See 伊呂波歌) final word of an iroha poem; (numeric) (3) (usu. けい) 10^16; 10,000,000,000,000,000; ten quadrillion; (surname, female given name) Miyako
capital

see styles
shí
    shi2
shih
 sousaku / sosaku
    そうさく
ten (used in fractions, writing checks etc); assorted; miscellaneous
(1) (See 十・1) 10; ten; (2) (archaism) book containing a collection of poems; (personal name) Sousaku
A file of ten; sundry, what.

see styles
tián
    tian2
t`ien
    tien
 tsukuda(p); ten
    つくだ(P); てん
to cultivate; to hunt
cultivated rice field; (surname) Den


see styles
jié
    jie2
chieh
 ketsu
    けつ
(bound form) hero; heroic; outstanding person; prominent; distinguished
(counter) the top (e.g. top ten); the best; (given name) Masaru

see styles
diǎn
    dian3
tien
 ten
    てん
canon; law; standard work of scholarship; literary quotation or allusion; ceremony; to be in charge of; to mortgage or pawn
(1) ceremony; celebration; (2) law code; (female given name) Michi
Canon, rule; allusion; to take charge of; mortgage; canon

see styles
gòu
    gou4
kou
inner rooms of palace; ten billions

see styles

    ge1
ko
 wari
    わり
to cut; to cut apart
(n,n-suf) (1) rate; ratio; proportion; percentage; (2) profit; (3) assignment; (4) 10%; unit of ten percent; (5) (sumo) match; schedule of matches; (suffix noun) (6) diluted with (of drinks); mixed with; (place-name) Wari
To cut, gash, sever; to cut

see styles
wàn
    wan4
wan
 manji
    まんじ
swastika, a sacred and auspicious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism
swastika (esp. a counterclockwise swastika as a Buddhist symbol); fylfot; gammadion; (given name) Manji
sauvastika, 塞縛悉底迦; also styled 室利靺瑳 śrīvatsa, lucky sign, Viṣṇu's breast-curl or mark, tr. by 海雲 sea-cloud, or cirrhus. Used as a fancy form of 萬 or 萬; and is also written in a form said to resemble a curl. It is the 4th of the auspicious signs in the footprint of Buddha, and is a mystic diagram of great antiquity. To be distinguished from 卐svastika, the crampons of which turn to the right; ten thousand

see styles

    wu2
wu
 go
    ご
Japanese variant of 吳|吴[Wu2]
(1) Wu (region in China, south of the lower Yangtze); (2) (hist) Wu (kingdom in China during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms era; 902-937 CE); Southern Wu; (3) (hist) (See 三国・2) Wu (kingdom in China during the Three Kingdoms era; 222-280 CE)); Eastern Wu; Sun Wu; (4) (hist) Wu (kingdom in China during the Spring and Autumn era; 11th century-473 BCE); (surname) Gou
Wu

Click here for more ten results from our dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Ten十 / 拾
juu / jushí / shi2 / shishih
Ten Commandments十戒jukkai / jukaishí jiè / shi2 jie4 / shi jie / shijieshih chieh / shihchieh
Ten perfect Mahayana rules十法jippou / jiposhí fǎ / shi2 fa3 / shi fa / shifashih fa / shihfa
Five Precepts不殺生不偷盜不邪淫不妄語不飲酒
不杀生不偷盗不邪淫不妄语不饮酒
bù shā shēng bù tōu dào bù xié yín bù wàng yǔ bù yǐn jiǔ
bu4 sha1 sheng1 bu4 tou1 dao4 bu4 xie2 yin2 bu4 wang4 yu3 bu4 yin3 jiu3
bu sha sheng bu tou dao bu xie yin bu wang yu bu yin jiu
pu sha sheng pu t`ou tao pu hsieh yin pu wang yü pu yin chiu
pu sha sheng pu tou tao pu hsieh yin pu wang yü pu yin chiu
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


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Five Precepts Scroll
Five Precepts Scroll
Five Precepts Scroll
Five Precepts Scroll


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Five Precepts Vertical Portrait
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Dictionary

Lookup Ten in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Ten Kanji, Ten Characters, Ten in Mandarin Chinese, Ten Characters, Ten in Chinese Writing, Ten in Japanese Writing, Ten in Asian Writing, Ten Ideograms, Chinese Ten symbols, Ten Hieroglyphics, Ten Glyphs, Ten in Chinese Letters, Ten Hanzi, Ten in Japanese Kanji, Ten Pictograms, Ten in the Chinese Written-Language, or Ten in the Japanese Written-Language.

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