地獄 in Chinese / Japanese...

Buy an 地獄 calligraphy wall scroll here!

dì yù
Hell Scroll

地獄 is the way that hell is written in modern Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

There's more than one way to express hell but this is the one that has stood the test of time.

The first character refers to the ground or the earth.
The second character means jail or prison.

You can also translate this word as infernal, inferno, Hades, or underworld.

It should be noted that this is a somewhat terrible selection for a wall scroll. Hanging this in your home is like telling the world that your home is hell. Oddly, a lot of people search for this on our website, so I added it for reference.

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
jigokudì yù / di4 yu4 / di yu / diyuti yü / tiyü
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Not the results for 地獄 that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your 地獄 search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
dì yù / di4 yu4
ti yü
 jigoku / じごく
Hell Scroll
hell; infernal; underworld
hell; (place-name) Jigoku
naraka, 捺落迦 (or 那落迦) ; niraya 泥犂; explained by 不樂 joyless; 可厭 disgusting, hateful; 苦具, 苦器 means of suffering; if 地獄 earth-prison; 冥府 the shades, or departments of darkness. Earth-prison is generally intp. as hell or the hells; it may also be termed purgatory; one of the six gati or ways of transmigration. The hells are divided into three classes: I. Central, or radical, 根本地獄 consisting of (1) The eight hot hells. These were the original hells of primitive Buddhism, and are supposed to be located umder the southern continent Jambudvīpa 瞻部州, 500 yojanas below the surface. (a) 等活 or 更活 Saṃjīva, rebirth, where after many kinds of suffering a cold wind blows over the soul and returns it to this life as it was before, hence the name 等活. (b) 黑繩 Kaslasūtra, where the sufferer is bound with black chains and chopped or sawn asunder. (c) 線合; 衆合; 堆壓 Saṃghāta, where are multitudes of implements of torture, or the falling of mountains upon the sufferer. (d) 號呌; 呼呼; 叫喚 Raurava, hell of wailing. (e) 大呌; 大號呌; 大呼 Mahāraurava, hell of great wailing. (f) 炎熱; 燒炙 Tapana, hell of fames and burning. (g) 大熱; 大燒炙; 大炎熱 Pratāpana, hell of molten lead. (h) 無間; 河鼻旨; 阿惟越致; 阿毗至; 阿鼻; 阿毗 Avīci, unintermitted suffering, where sinners die and are reborn to suffer without interval. (2) The eight cold hells 八寒地獄. (a) 頞浮陀地獄 Arbuda, where the cold causes blisters. (b) 尼刺部陀 Nirarbuda, colder still causing the blisters to burst. (c) 頞哳吒; 阿吒吒 Atata, where this is the only possible sound from frozen lips. (d) 臛臛婆; 阿波波 Hahava or Apapa, where it is so cold that only this sound can be uttered. (e) 虎虎婆 Hāhādhara or Huhuva, where only this sound can be uttered. (f) 嗢鉢羅; 鬱鉢羅 (or 優鉢羅) Utpala, or 尼羅鳥 (or 漚) 鉢羅 Nīlotpala, where the skin is frozen like blue lotus buds. (g) 鉢特摩 Padma, where the skin is frozen and bursts open like red lotus buds. (h) 摩訶鉢特摩 Mahāpadma, ditto like great red lotus buds. Somewhat different names are also given. Cf. 倶舍論 8; 智度論 16; 涅槃經 11. II. The secondary hells are called 近邊地獄 adjacent hells or 十六遊增 each of its four sides, opening from each such door are four adjacent hells, in all sixteen; thus with the original eight there are 136. A list of eighteen hells is given in the 十八泥梨經. III. A third class is called the 孤地獄 (獨地獄) Lokāntarika, or isolated hells in mountains, deserts, below the earth and above it. Eitel says in regard to the eight hot hells that they range 'one beneath the other in tiers which begin at a depth of 11,900 yojanas and reach to a depth of 40,000 yojanas'. The cold hells are under 'the two Tchahavālas and range shaft-like one below the other, but so that this shaft is gradually widening to the fourth hell and then narrowing itself again so that the first and last hell have the shortest, those in the centre the longest diameter'. 'Every universe has the same number of hells, ' but 'the northern continent has no hell whatever, the two continents east and west of Meru have only small Lokāntarika hells... whilst all the other hells are required for the inhabitants of the southern continent '. It may be noted that the purpose of these hells is definitely punitive, as well as purgatorial. Yama is the judge and ruler, assisted by eighteen officers and a host of demons, who order or administer the various degrees of torture. 'His sister performs the same duties with regard to female criminals, ' and it may be mentioned that the Chinese have added the 血盆池 Lake of the bloody bath, or 'placenta tank' for women who die in childbirth. Release from the hells is in the power of the monks by tantric means.



see styles
bā dì yù / ba1 di4 yu4
pa ti yü
 hachi jigoku
eight hells


see styles
chā dì yù / cha1 di4 yu4
ch`a ti yü / cha ti yü
The hell in which the sufferers are dismembered with five-pronged forks.



see styles
dì yù rén / di4 yu4 ren2
ti yü jen
 jigoku nin
hell denizens



see styles
dì yù zú / di4 yu4 zu2
ti yü tsu
 jigoku no sotsu
demon jailer



see styles
dì yù shòu / di4 yu4 shou4
ti yü shou
 jigoku ju
undergo the retribution of being born in a hell


see styles
 jigokudai / じごくだい (place-name) Jigokudai



see styles
dì yù yīn / di4 yu4 yin1
ti yü yin
 jigoku in
a cause of falling into hell



see styles
dì yù tú / di4 yu4 tu2
ti yü t`u / ti yü tu
 jigoku zu
depiction of hell


see styles
 jigokuhen / じごくへん picture of Hell


see styles
 jigokujima / ぢごくじま (place-name) Digokujima


see styles
 chigokugawa / ちごくがわ (place-name) Chigokugawa



see styles
dì yù yè / di4 yu4 ye4
ti yü yeh
 jigoku gō
hell-bent activity


see styles
 jigokuzawa / じごくざわ (place-name) Jigokuzawa


see styles
 jigokunuma / じごくぬま (personal name) Jigokunuma


see styles
 jigokudaki / じごくだき (place-name) Jigokudaki



see styles
dì yù jiè / di4 yu4 jie4
ti yü chieh
 jigoku kai
hell realms


see styles
 jigokue / じごくえ (See 地獄変) picture of Hell; painting representing Hell



see styles
dì yù huì / di4 yu4 hui4
ti yü hui
 jigoku e
depiction of hell


see styles
 jigokumimi / じごくみみ (1) sharp ear; long ears; (2) ability to remember everything one hears



see styles
dì yù biàn / di4 yu4 bian4
ti yü pien
 jigoku hen
depiction of hell


see styles
 jigogudani / じごぐだに (personal name) Jigogudani



see styles
dì yù qù / di4 yu4 qu4
ti yü ch`ü / ti yü chü
 jigoku shu
hell beings



see styles
dì yù dào / di4 yu4 dao4
ti yü tao
 jigokudou / jigokudo / じごくどう
{Buddh} (See 六道) naraka (hell) realm
or 地獄趣 The hell-gati, br destiny of reincarnation in the hells; destiny of hell


see styles
 jigokubana / じごくばな (place-name) Jigokubana



see styles
duò dì yù / duo4 di4 yu4
to ti yü
 da jigoku
fall into hell



see styles
dà dì yù / da4 di4 yu4
ta ti yü
 dai jigoku
a great hell



see styles
gū dì yù / gu1 di4 yu4
ku ti yü
 ko jigoku
(孤獨地獄) Lokāntarika, solitary hells situated in space, or the wilds, etc.



see styles
hán dì yù / han2 di4 yu4
han ti yü
 kan jigoku
cold hell


see styles
 kojigoku / こじごく (place-name) Kojigoku

Many custom options...

Hell Scroll
Hell Scroll
Hell Scroll
Hell Scroll

And formats...

Hell Vertical Portrait
Hell Horizontal Wall Scroll
Hell Vertical Portrait

Lookup 地獄 in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.

A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.