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2. Good Conduct
This Chinese military proverb means, counter soldiers with arms, and counter water with an earthen dam.
This is about how different situations call for different action. You must adopt measures appropriate to the actual situation.
To explain the actual proverb, one would not attack a flood of water with gunfire, nor would you counter-attack soldiers by building an earth weir. You must be adaptable and counter whatever threatens with relevant action.
善行 means good actions, good deed, good conduct, or benevolence.
This can be the given name Yoshiyuki in Japanese.
滿足 is the kind of happiness that involves being satisfied and content.
This can also suggest the actions of "to satisfy", "to meet the needs of".
Other single-word definitions include: satisfaction; contentment; sufficient; enough; adequate; full; complete.
The idea of "morality of deed" goes along with "wu de" (martial morality or virtues of the warrior).
Here, the first character is a representation of the actions or deeds that you engage in.
The second character refers to morality or virtue.
This translates better in English in the opposite order, as the Chinese order is literally "deed morality".
戳腳 is the title for Choujiao, Chuōjiǎo, or Chou Jiao.
戳腳 literally means poking or stabbing foot. 戳腳 is a Chinese martial art falls under the Northern School.
There are many jumps, kicks, and lightning fist actions in this style.
You'll find Chou Jiao practiced in Liaoning Province, Hebei Province, and Beijing.
These two characters express the idea of filial piety or filial conduct.
While the first character means filial piety by itself, the second character adds "action". Therefore this represents the actions you take to show your respect and obedience to your elders or ancestors.
Confucius is probably the first great advocate for filial piety.
業 is the simplest way to express the idea of Karma. 業 is the Buddhist concept of actions committed in a former life affecting the present and future.
Out of the context of Buddhism, this Karma character means one's profession in life, trade, occupation, business, study, or career.
The Karma definition applies to both Chinese and Japanese for this character. This also works as Korean Hanja as Karma; although the meaning can vary depending on context (my Korean dictionary gives the definition of profession/occupation).
See Also: Buddhism
正業 is one of the Noble Eightfold Paths of Buddhism. Right Action, along with Right Speech and Right Living constitute the path to Virtue.
The five precepts of Right Action are:
1. To refrain from destroying living beings (no murder, or any form of taking a life).
2. To refrain from stealing.
3. To refrain from sexual misconduct (adultery, rape, etc.).
4. To refrain from false speech (lying or trickery).
5. To refrain from intoxicants which lead to heedlessness (no drugs or alcohol).
This concept can be summarized as, "Avoidance of actions that conflict with moral discipline".
Note: In Japanese, when read by a non-Buddhist, this will mean "the right job/vocation".
This term is exclusively used by devout Buddhists. It is not a common term, and is remains an unknown concept to most Japanese and Chinese people.
Integrity is living by your highest values. It is being honest and sincere. Integrity helps you to listen to your conscience, to do the right thing, and to tell the truth. You act with integrity when your words and actions match. Integrity gives you self-respect and a peaceful heart.
Please note that the second Kanji sometimes has an alternate form in Japanese. Let us know if you want the alternate form shown to the right.
Note: This entry is cross-listed as "honesty" because it also fits that definition.
Beyond Integrity, this word also means "upright" and "honest" in Chinese. Means "integrity," "honesty" or "frankness" in Japanese.
This single-character means diligence or "sense of duty" in Chinese and Korean (also understood in Japanese but not commonly-seen as a stand-alone Kanji).
As a single character on a wall scroll, this will only be seen with this meaning. However, it can also mean industrious, hardworking, frequent, regular, constant, energy, zeal, fortitude, or virility.
In Buddhism this can represent vīrya (viriya), the idea of energy, diligence, enthusiasm, or effort. It can be defined as an attitude of gladly engaging in wholesome activities, and it functions to cause one to accomplish wholesome or virtuous actions. Some Buddhists may even define this as "manliness" (a definition from a hundred years ago, before equality).
If you, or someone you know is a hard-worker (or needs a reminder to be diligent), then this is the wall scroll to have in your/their office.
因緣 is the Buddhist concept of a chance meeting or an opportunity that presents itself by fate.
Sometimes this is used to describe a cosmic chain of events or cause and effect.
It also is used to describe predestined relationships between people - and sometimes married couples (although if you want one about marriage, try this: Fate / Destiny of Lovers.
因緣 can also be translated as origin, karma, destiny, affinity, connection, and relation. This all depends on context - seen alone on a wall scroll, this will be read with a "fate / chance" meaning by a Chinese person, or a Korean person who can read Hanja.
The more complex definition of this word would be, "Direct causes and indirect conditions, which underlie the actions of all things".
This concept is known as nidana in the original Sanskrit. Also sometimes presented as hetupratyaya (or "hetu and prataya") which I believe is Pali.
Note: Japanese will tend to use this version of the second Kanji:
If you order this from the Japanese master calligrapher, expect that you’ll get this version. However, this word often carries a negative connotation in Japanese (bad things happen), as it is used that way in a certain Japanese idiom. Therefore, this may not be the best choice if Japanese is your target language.
This version of honor is about having or earning the respect of others and about your reputation.
It is the status of being worthy of honor (not to be confused with doing honorable things or specific actions - see our other "honor" listing for that).
Both modern Japanese and modern mainland Chinese use the same simplified version of the second character of honor. You can make a special request for the traditional second character as shown to the right (just click on that character to the right of you want to order that version). Before WWII, both Japan and China used the traditional form but modern Japanese and Chinese use this simplified form. Koreans still use the traditional form when they are not writing in their modern Hangul glyphs.
This is also a virtue of the Samurai Warrior
See our page with just Code of the Samurai / Bushido here
The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji (Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|Soldiers Adapt Actions to the Situation||兵來將擋水來土掩|
|bīng lái jiàng dǎng shuǐ lái tǔ yǎn|
bing1 lai2 jiang4 dang3 shui3 lai2 tu3 yan3
bing lai jiang dang shui lai tu yan
|ping lai chiang tang shui lai t`u yen
ping lai chiang tang shui lai tu yen
|Good Conduct||善行||zenkou / zenko||shàn xíng|
|Proud Of One’s Name||行不更名坐不改姓||xíng bù gēng míng zuò bù gǎi xìng|
xing2 bu4 geng1 ming2 zuo4 bu4 gai3 xing4
xing bu geng ming zuo bu gai xing
|hsing pu keng ming tso pu kai hsing|
|滿足 / 満足|
|man zoku / manzoku||mǎn zú / man3 zu2 / man zu / manzu||man tsu / mantsu|
|Learning leads to Knowledge, Study leads to Benevolence, Shame leads to Courage||好學近乎知力行近乎仁知恥近乎勇|
|hào xué jìn hū zhī lì xíng jìn hū rén zhī chǐ jìn hū yǒng|
hao4 xue2 jin4 hu1 zhi1 li4 xing2 jin4 hu1 ren2 zhi1 chi3 jin4 hu1 yong3
hao xue jin hu zhi li xing jin hu ren zhi chi jin hu yong
|hao hsüeh chin hu chih li hsing chin hu jen chih ch`ih chin hu yung
hao hsüeh chin hu chih li hsing chin hu jen chih chih chin hu yung
|Morality of Deed||行德||xíng dé / xing2 de2 / xing de / xingde||hsing te / hsingte|
|孝行||koukou / koko||xiào xìng|
|gou / go||yè / ye4 / ye||yeh|
|4. Right Action|
|sei gyou / seigyou / sei gyo / seigyo||zhèng yè / zheng4 ye4 / zheng ye / zhengye||cheng yeh / chengyeh|
|Integrity||正直||shoujiki / shojiki||zhèng zhí|
|Diligence||勤||kin||qín / qin2 / qin||ch`in / chin|
因缘 / 因縁
|in nen / innen||yīn yuán / yin1 yuan2 / yin yuan / yinyuan||yin yüan / yinyüan|
|meiyo||míng yù / ming2 yu4 / ming yu / mingyu||ming yü / mingyü|
|In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.|
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.
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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.
When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.
Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!
When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.
The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.
Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.
There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.
Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.
The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.
Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.
Some people may refer to this entry as Actions Kanji, Actions Characters, Actions in Mandarin Chinese, Actions Characters, Actions in Chinese Writing, Actions in Japanese Writing, Actions in Asian Writing, Actions Ideograms, Chinese Actions symbols, Actions Hieroglyphics, Actions Glyphs, Actions in Chinese Letters, Actions Hanzi, Actions in Japanese Kanji, Actions Pictograms, Actions in the Chinese Written-Language, or Actions in the Japanese Written-Language.
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