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Self-Restraint in Chinese / Japanese...

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Self-Restraint / Self-Control

China kè jǐ
Japan kokki
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll

克己 / 剋己 can be translated as "self-denial," "self-abnegation," "self-restraint," "self-discipline," "self-mastery" or selflessness.

As a tenet of Korean taekwondo, and other martial arts, this is often used with the title "self-control."

Not the results for self-restraint that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your self-restraint search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin/ fo2
Taiwan fo
Japanese hotoke / ほとけ    butsusaki / ぶつさき
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Buddha; Buddhism
Japanese (surname) Hotoke; (surname) Butsusaki
Buddha, from budh to "be aware of", "conceive", "observe", "wake"; also 佛陀; 浮圖; 浮陀; 浮頭; 浮塔; 勃陀; 勃馱; 沒馱; 母馱; 母陀; 部陀; 休屠. Buddha means "completely conscious, enlightened", and came to mean the enlightener. he Chinese translation is 覺 to perceive, aware, awake; and 智 gnosis, knowledge. There is an Eternal Buddha, see e.g. the Lotus Sutra, cap. 16, and multitudes of Buddhas, but the personality of a Supreme Buddha, an Ādi-Buddha, is not defined. Buddha is in and through all things, and some schools are definitely Pan-Buddhist in the pantheistic sense. In the triratna 三寳 commonly known as 三寳佛, while Śākyamuni Buddha is the first "person" of the Trinity, his Law the second, and the Order the third, all three by some are accounted as manifestations of the All-Buddha. As Śākyamuni, the title indicates him as the last of the line of Buddhas who have appeared in this world, Maitreya is to be the next. As such he is the one who has achieved enlightenment, having discovered the essential evil of existence (some say mundane existence, others all existence), and the way of deliverance from the constant round of reincarnations; this way is through the moral life into nirvana, by means of self-abnegation, the monastic life, and meditation. By this method a Buddha, or enlightened one, himself obtains Supreme Enlightenment, or Omniscience, and according to Māhāyanism leads all beings into the same enlightenment. He sees things not as they seem in their phenomenal but in their noumenal aspects, as they really are. The term is also applied to those who understand the chain of causality (twelve nidānas) and have attained enlightenment surpassing that of the arhat. Four types of the Buddha are referred to: (1) 三藏佛the Buddha of the Tripiṭaka who attained enlightenment on the bare ground under the bodhi-tree; (2) 通佛the Buddha on the deva robe under the bodhi-tree of the seven precious things; (3) 別佛the Buddha on the great precious Lotus throne under the Lotus realm bodhi-tree; and (4) 圓佛the Buddha on the throne of Space in the realm of eternal rest and glory where he is Vairocana. The Hīnayāna only admits the existence of one Buddha at a time; Mahāyāna claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time, as many Buddhas as there are Buddha-universes, which are infinite in number.

see styles
Mandarin xìn / xin4
Taiwan hsin
Japanese shin / しん
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese letter; mail; CL:封[feng1]; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
Japanese (1) honesty; sincerity; fidelity; (2) trust; reliance; confidence; (3) (religious) faith; devotion; (counter) (4) counter for received messages; (female given name) Yuki; (female given name) Michi; (female given name) Makoto; (personal name) Noburu; (personal name) Nobutsugu; (surname) Nobutaka; (personal name) Nobuji; (surname) Nobusaki; (personal name) Nobukatsu; (female given name) Nobu; (personal name) Shinji; (surname, female given name) Shin; (female given name) Shino; (female given name) Akira
śraddhā. Faith; to believe; belief; faith regarded as the faculty of the mind which sees, appropriates, and trusts the things of religion; it joyfully trusts in the Buddha, in the pure virtue of the triratna and earthly and transcendental goodness; it is the cause of the pure life, and the solvent of doubt. Two forms are mentioned: (1) adhimukti, intuition, tr. by self-assured enlightenment. (2) śraddhā, faith through hearing or being taught. For the Awakening of Faith, Śraddhotpāda, v. 起信論.

see styles
Mandarin qiè / qie4
Taiwan ch`ieh / chieh
Japanese warawa / わらわ    mekake / めかけ    sobame / そばめ    onname / おんなめ
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese concubine; I, your servant (deprecatory self-reference for women)
Japanese (pn,adj-no) (archaism) (humble language) (feminine speech) I; me; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) mistress; kept woman; concubine

see styles
Mandarin yǐng / ying3
Taiwan ying
Japanese kage / かげ    eiji / eji / えいじ    ei / e / えい
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese picture; image; film; movie; photograph; reflection; shadow; trace
Japanese (1) shadow; silhouette; figure; shape; (2) reflection; image; (3) ominous sign; (4) light (stars, moon); (5) trace; shadow (of one's former self); (surname) Kage; (personal name) Eiji; (given name) Ei
Shadow, picture, image, reflection, hint; one of the twelve 'colours'.

see styles
Mandarin rěn / ren3
Taiwan jen
Japanese nin / にん
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to bear; to endure; to tolerate; to restrain oneself
Japanese (archaism) endurance; forbearance; patience; self-restraint; (given name) Nin; (surname, female given name) Shinobu; (place-name) Shinobi; (female given name) Shino; (p,s,g) Oshi; (female given name) Azumi
kṣānti, 羼提 (or 羼底); patience, endurance, (a) in adverse circumstances, (b) in the religious state. There are groups of two, three, four, five, six, ten, and fourteen, indicating various forms of patience, equanimity, repression, forbearance, endurance, constancy, or "perseverance of the saints," both in mundane and spiritual things; to endure

see styles
Mandarin kòng // kōng / kong4 // kong1
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Japanese kuu / ku / くう    kara / から
Chinese to empty; vacant; unoccupied; space; leisure; free time; empty; air; sky; in vain
Japanese (1) empty air; sky; (2) {Buddh} shunyata; emptiness; the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon; (3) (abbreviation) (See 空軍) air force; (noun or adjectival noun) (4) fruitlessness; meaninglessness; (5) (See 五大・1) void (one of the five elements); (can be adjective with の) (6) {math} empty (e.g. set); (noun - becomes adjective with の) emptiness; vacuum; blank; (female given name) Ron; (personal name) Hiroshi; (female given name) Hikari; (female given name) Haruka; (female given name) Noa; (surname) Sorasaki; (female given name) Sora; (female given name) Sukai; (female given name) Shieru; (personal name) Kuukai; (surname, female given name) Kuu; (female given name) Kanata; (female given name) Kasumi; (female given name) Urue; (surname, female given name) Aki; (female given name) Aoi
śūnya, empty, void, hollow, vacant, nonexistent. śūnyatā, 舜若多, vacuity, voidness, emptiness, non-existence, immateriality, perhaps spirituality, unreality, the false or illusory nature of all existence, the seeming 假 being unreal. The doctrine that all phenomena and the ego have no reality, but are composed of a certain number of skandhas or elements, which disintegrate. The void, the sky, space. The universal, the absolute, complete abstraction without relativity. There are classifications into 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 13, 16, and 18 categories. The doctrine is that all things are compounds, or unstable organisms, possessing no self-essence, i.e. are dependent, or caused, come into existence only to perish. The underlying reality, the principle of eternal relativity, or non-infinity, i.e. śūnya, permeates all phenomena making possible their evolution. From this doctrine the Yogācārya school developed the idea of the permanent reality, which is Essence of Mind, the unknowable noumenon behind all phenomena, the entity void of ideas and phenomena, neither matter nor mind, but the root of both.

see styles
Mandarin shēn / shen1
Taiwan shen
Japanese mi / み
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese body; life; oneself; personally; one's morality and conduct; the main part of a structure or body; pregnant; classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset; Kangxi radical 158
Japanese (1) body; (2) oneself; (3) one's place; one's position; (4) main part; meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.); wood (as opposed to bark); blade (as opposed to its handle); container (as opposed to its lid); (surname) Misaki
kāya; tanu; deha. The body; the self.; Two forms of body; there are numerous pairs, e. g. (1) (a) 分段身 The varied forms of the karmic or ordinary mortal body, or being; (b) 變易身 the transformable, or spiritual body. (2) (a) 生身 The earthly body of the Buddha; (b) 化身 hinirmāṇakāya, which may take any form at will. (3) (a) 生身 his earthly body; (b) 法身 his moral and mental nature—a Hīnayāna definition, but Mahāyāna takes his earthly nirmāṇakāya as the 生身 and his dharmakāya or that and his saṃbhogakāya as 法身. (4) 眞應二身 The dharmakāya and nirmāṇakāya. (5) (a) 實相身 The absolute truth, or light, of the Buddha, i. e. the dharmakāya; (b) 爲物身 the functioning or temporal body. (6) (a) 眞身 the dharmakāya and saṃbhogakāya; (b) 化身 the nirmāṇakāya. (7) (a) 常身 his permanent or eternal body; (b) 無常身 his temporal body. (8) (a) 實身 and 化身 idem 二色身.

see styles
Mandarin guǐ / gui3
Taiwan kuei
Japanese oni(p);ki / おに(P);き
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese ghost; demon; terrible; damnable; clever; sly; crafty; (suffix for sb with a certain vice or addiction etc); one of the 28 constellations
Japanese (1) oni; ogre; demon; (2) (See 亡魂) spirit of a deceased person; (3) (おに only) ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.); (4) (おに only) (See 鬼ごっこ・おにごっこ) it (in a game of tag, hide-and-seek, etc.); (5) (き only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (prefix) (6) (おに only) (slang) (See 超・1) very; extremely; super-; (surname) Miniwa; (surname) Kisaragi; (surname) Oniyanagi; (personal name) Onikatsu; (surname) Oni
preta 薜荔多, departed, dead; a disembodied spirit, dead person, ghost; a demon, evil being; especially a 餓鬼 hungry ghost. They are of many kinds. The Fan-i ming i classifies them as poor, medium, and rich; each again thrice subdivided: (1) (a) with mouths like burning torches; (b) throats no bigger than needles; (c) vile breath, disgusting to themselves; (2) (a) needle-haired, self-piercing; (b) hair sharp and stinking; (c) having great wens on whose pus they must feed. (3) (a) living on the remains of sacrifices; (b) on leavings in general; (c) powerful ones, yakṣas, rākṣasas, piśācas, etc. All belong to the realm of Yama, whence they are sent everywhere, consequently are ubiquitous in every house, lane, market, mound, stream, tree, etc.

修養


修养

see styles
Mandarin xiū yǎng / xiu1 yang3
Taiwan hsiu yang
Japanese shuuyou / shuyo / しゅうよう
Chinese accomplishment; training; self-cultivation
Japanese (noun/participle) self-improvement; (mental) training; self-discipline; cultivation
cultivating moral character

克己

see styles
Japanese kokki / こっき
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) self denial; self control; (given name) Yoshimi; (given name) Kokki; (surname, given name) Katsumi; (female given name) Katsuki

我慢

see styles
Mandarin wǒ màn / wo3 man4
Taiwan wo man
Japanese gaman / がまん
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (noun/participle) patience; endurance; perseverance; tolerance; self-control; self-denial; (surname) Gaman
abhimāna, ātma-mada. Egoism exalting self and depreciating others; self-intoxication, pride; identity

抑制

see styles
Mandarin yì zhì / yi4 zhi4
Taiwan i chih
Japanese yokusei / yokuse / よくせい
Chinese to inhibit; to keep down; to suppress
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) control; restraint; suppression; constraint; curtailment; inhibition; check; curb

拳法

see styles
Mandarin quán fǎ / quan2 fa3
Taiwan ch`üan fa / chüan fa
Japanese kenpou / kenpo / けんぽう
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese boxing; fighting technique
Japanese Chinese art of self-defence (defense)

捨己


舍己

see styles
Mandarin shě jǐ / she3 ji3
Taiwan she chi
Japanese sutemi / すてみ    suteki / すてき
Chinese selfless; self-sacrifice (to help others); self-renunciation; altruism
Japanese (given name) Sutemi; (given name) Suteki

正念

see styles
Mandarin zhèng niàn / zheng4 nian4
Taiwan cheng nien
Japanese shounen / shonen / しょうねん
Chinese correct mindfulness (Buddhism)
Japanese (1) {Buddh} (See 八正道) right mindfulness; (2) true faith (in rebirth in the promised land); (place-name) Shounen
samyak-smṛti, right remembrance, the seventh of the 八正道; 'right mindfullness, the looking on the body and the spirit in such a way as to remain ardent, self-possessed and mindful, having overcome both hankering and dejection. ' Keith; correct mindfulness

武術


武术

see styles
Mandarin wǔ shù / wu3 shu4
Taiwan wu shu
Japanese bujutsu / ぶじゅつ
Chinese military skill or technique (in former times); all kinds of martial art sports (some claiming spiritual development); self-defense; tradition of choreographed fights from opera and film (recent usage); also called kungfu 功夫; CL:種|种[zhong3]
Japanese (1) {MA} martial arts; military arts; (2) (See 武術太極拳) wushu; modern sport derived from traditional Chinese martial arts

無我


无我

see styles
Mandarin wú wǒ / wu2 wo3
Taiwan wu wo
Japanese muga / むが
Chinese anatta (Buddhist concept of "non-self")
Japanese (1) selflessness; self-effacement; self-renunciation; (2) {Buddh} anatta; anatman; doctrine that states that humans do not possess souls; (female given name) Muga
anātman; nairātmya; no ego, no soul (of an independent and self-contained character), impersonal, no individual independent existence (of conscious or unconscious beings, anātmaka). The empirical ego is merely an aggregation of various elements, and with their disintegration it ceases to exist; therefore it has nm ultimate reality of its own, but the Nirvāṇa Sūtra asserts the reality of the ego in the transcendental realm. The non-Buddhist definition of ego is that it has permanent individuality 常一之體 and is independent or sovereign 有主宰之用. When applied to men it is 人我, when to things it is 法我. Cf. 常 11; no-self

無量


无量

see styles
Mandarin wú liàng / wu2 liang4
Taiwan wu liang
Japanese muryou / muryo / むりょう
Chinese measureless; immeasurable
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) immeasurable; (given name) Muryou
apramāṇa; amita; ananta; immeasurable, unlimited, e.g. the 'four infinite' characteristics of a bodhisattva are 慈悲喜捨 kindness, pity, joy, and self-sacrifice; uncountable

独立

see styles
Japanese dokuritsu / どくりつ Japanese (adj-na,n,vs) independence (e.g. Independence Day); self-support

空無


空无

see styles
Mandarin kōng wú / kong1 wu2
Taiwan k`ung wu / kung wu
Japanese kūmu
Unreality, or immateriality, of things, which is defined as nothing existing of independent or self-contained nature; emptiness

節制


节制

see styles
Mandarin jié zhì / jie2 zhi4
Taiwan chieh chih
Japanese sessei / sesse / せっせい
Chinese to control; to restrict; to moderate; to temper; moderation; sobriety; to administer
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) moderation; self-restraint; temperance

自信

see styles
Mandarin zì xìn / zi4 xin4
Taiwan tzu hsin
Japanese jishin / じしん
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to have confidence in oneself; self-confidence
Japanese (noun/participle) self-confidence; confidence (in oneself); (surname) Jishin

自制

see styles
Mandarin zì zhì / zi4 zhi4
Taiwan tzu chih
Japanese jisei / jise / じせい
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to maintain self-control; self-control
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) self control; self restraint

自力

see styles
Mandarin zì lì / zi4 li4
Taiwan tzu li
Japanese jiriki(p);jiryoku / じりき(P);じりょく
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) one's own strength; one's own efforts; (2) {Buddh} self-salvation; (place-name) Jiriki
self-power

自尊

see styles
Mandarin zì zūn / zi4 zun1
Taiwan tzu tsun
Japanese jison / じそん
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese self-respect; self-esteem; ego; pride
Japanese self-respect; esteem; self-importance; pride

自強


自强

see styles
Mandarin zì qiáng / zi4 qiang2
Taiwan tzu ch`iang / tzu chiang
Japanese jikyou / jikyo / じきょう
Chinese to strive for self-improvement
Japanese (noun/participle) strenuous effort

自律

see styles
Mandarin zì lǜ / zi4 lu:4
Taiwan tzu lü
Japanese jiritsu / じりつ
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese self-discipline; self-regulation; autonomy (ethics); autonomic (physiology)
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) (See 他律) autonomy (philosophy); (2) self-control

自恃

see styles
Mandarin zì shì / zi4 shi4
Taiwan tzu shih
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese self-esteem; self-reliance; overconfident; conceited

自愛


自爱

see styles
Mandarin zì ài / zi4 ai4
Taiwan tzu ai
Japanese jiai / じあい
Chinese self-respect; self-love; self-regard; regard for oneself; to cherish one's good name; to take good care of one's health
Japanese (noun/participle) (1) taking care of oneself (esp. used as an epistolary imperative); (2) self-love
Self-love, cause of all pursuit or seeking, which in turn causes all suffering. All Buddhas put away self-love and all pursuit, or seeking, such elimination being nirvāṇa.

自然

see styles
Mandarin zì rán / zi4 ran2
Taiwan tzu jan
Japanese shizen / しぜん
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese nature; natural; naturally
Japanese (1) nature; (noun or adjectival noun) (2) natural; spontaneous; (adv,adv-to) (3) naturally; spontaneously; (female given name) Minori; (female given name) Mizuki; (female given name) Neito; (given name) Jinen; (surname, given name) Shizen; (female given name) Kokoro
svayaṃbhū, also 自爾; 法爾 self-existing, the self-existent; Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and others; in Chinese it is 'self-so', so of itself, natural, of course, spontaneous. It also means uncaused existence, certain sects of heretics 自然外道 denying Buddhist cause and effect and holding that things happen spontaneously.

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Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll
Self-Restraint / Self-Control Vertical Wall Scroll


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Dictionary

Lookup Self-Restraint in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Self-Restraint
Self-Control
克己 / 剋己
克己
kokki / kokikè jǐ / ke4 ji3 / ke ji / kejik`o chi / kochi / ko chi
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.



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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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