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The name Persistence in Chinese / Japanese...

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Personalize your custom “Persistence” project by clicking the button next to your favorite “Persistence” title below...

Indomitable / Persistence / Fortitude

 bù qū
 fukutsu
Indomitable / Persistence / Fortitude Scroll

不屈 is the short form of a longer Chinese word and also a word used in Korean and Japanese to express the idea of being indomitable. It literally means “will not bend,” “will not crouch,” “will not yield,” “will not flinch,” or “will not submit.”

Note: Some will translate this as “indomitable spirit”; however, technically, there is no character to suggest the idea of “spirit” in this word.


See Also:  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Undaunted

Indomitable / Unyielding

 bù qū bù náo
 fu kutsu fu tou
Indomitable / Unyielding Scroll

不屈不撓 means “Indomitable” or “Unyielding.”

不屈不撓 is a long word by Chinese standards. At least, it is often translated as a single word into English. It's actually a proverb in Chinese.

If you want to break it down, you can see that the first and third characters are the same. Both mean “not” (they work as a suffix to make a negative or opposite meaning to whatever character follows).

The second character means “bendable.”

The last means “scratched” or “bothered.”

So this really means “Won't be bent, can't be bothered.” I have also seen it written as “Will not crouch, will not submit.” This comes from the fact that the second character can mean “to crouch” and the last can mean “to submit” (as in “to give in” such as “submitting to the rule of someone else”). This may explain better why these four characters mean “indomitable.”

Notes:
Some will translate this as “indomitable spirit”; however, technically, there is no character to suggest the idea of “spirit” in this word.
Other translations include indefatigability, indomitableness, or unremitting tenacity.

The first two characters can be stand-alone words in Chinese.
In Japanese, this is considered two words (with very similar meanings). It's more common to see the word order flipped to 不撓不屈 in Japanese.
The same characters are used in old Korean Hanja. Just like in Japanese, the words are swapped to 不撓不屈 creating a word pronounced “불요불굴” in Korean.


See 不撓不屈


See Also:  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Undaunted

Nothing is Impossible with Persistence

 yí shān
 isan
Nothing is Impossible with Persistence Scroll

移山 is the Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja for “to remove mountains” or “to move a mountain.”

Figuratively, this means you can accomplish the impossible by sheer persistence.

移山 is the short form of a proverb about a man who had much persistence and could move a whole mountain (a bucket of soil at a time).

 gù zhí
 koshuu
Persistence Scroll

固執 can also mean “opinionated” or “stubborn” in Chinese and Japanese, but in the nicest way possible (still bad).

This just means “stubborn” in Korean (not a good scroll if your audience is Korean, in fact, we don't recommend this word at all). There are better ways to express this idea, such as tenacity/tenacious or perseverance... ...see the links below...


See Also:  Tenacious | Fortitude | Perseverance

Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks

Persistence to overcome all challenges

 bǎi zhé bù náo
 hyaku setsu su tou
Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks Scroll

百折不撓 is a Chinese proverb that means “Be undaunted in the face of repeated setbacks.”

More directly translated, it reads, “[Overcome] a hundred setbacks, without flinching.” 百折不撓 is of Chinese origin but is commonly used in Japanese and somewhat in Korean (same characters, different pronunciation).

This proverb comes from a long, and occasionally tragic story of a man that lived sometime around 25-220 AD. His name was Qiao Xuan, and he never stooped to flattery but remained an upright person at all times. He fought to expose the corruption of higher-level government officials at great risk to himself.

Then when he was at a higher level in the Imperial Court, bandits were regularly capturing hostages and demanding ransoms. But when his own son was captured, he was so focused on his duty to the Emperor and the common good that he sent a platoon of soldiers to raid the bandits' hideout, and stop them once and for all even at the risk of his own son's life. While all of the bandits were arrested in the raid, they killed Qiao Xuan's son at first sight of the raiding soldiers.

Near the end of his career, a new Emperor came to power, and Qiao Xuan reported to him that one of his ministers was bullying the people and extorting money from them. The new Emperor refused to listen to Qiao Xuan and even promoted the corrupt Minister. Qiao Xuan was so disgusted that in protest, he resigned from his post as minister (something almost never done) and left for his home village.

His tombstone reads “Bai Zhe Bu Nao” which is now a proverb used in Chinese culture to describe a person of strong will who puts up stubborn resistance against great odds.

My Chinese-English dictionary defines these 4 characters as “keep on fighting despite all setbacks,” “be undaunted by repeated setbacks,” and “be indomitable.”

Our translator says it can mean “never give up” in modern Chinese.

Although the first two characters are translated correctly as “repeated setbacks,” the literal meaning is “100 setbacks” or “a rope that breaks 100 times.” The last two characters can mean “do not yield” or “do not give up.”
Most Chinese, Japanese, and Korean people will not take this absolutely literal meaning but will instead understand it as the title suggests above. If you want a single big word definition, it would be indefatigability, indomitableness, persistence, or unyielding.


See Also:  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Perseverance


These search terms might be related to Persistence:

Determination

Determination to Achieve

Determination to Achieve / Will-Power

Devotion / Diligence / Vigorous / Energetic

Diligence

Esprit De Corps / Determination

Never Forget Your First Resolution

Patience / Perseverance

Patience / Perseverance / to Endure / Tolerant

Perseverance

Perseverance / Fortitude

Perseverance / Indomitable / Invincible Fortitude

Perseverance / Will-Power

Perseverance is the Key

Rise Up With Thrift and Diligence

Unswerving Determination / Firm and Persistent

Unwavering Determination and Resolve

Not the results for persistence that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your persistence search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

不屈

see styles
bù qū
    bu4 qu1
pu ch`ü
    pu chü
 fukutsu
    ふくつ
unyielding; unbending
(n,adj-no,adj-na) persistence; fortitude; indomitability

固執


固执

see styles
gù zhí
    gu4 zhi2
ku chih
 koshitsu(p); koshuu / koshitsu(p); koshu
    こしつ(P); こしゅう

More info & calligraphy:

Persistence
obstinate; stubborn; to fixate on; to cling to
(n,vs,vt,vi) sticking to (an opinion, theory, belief, etc.); clinging to; adherence; persistence; insistence

持久

see styles
chí jiǔ
    chi2 jiu3
ch`ih chiu
    chih chiu
 jikyuu / jikyu
    じきゅう

More info & calligraphy:

Endurance
lasting; enduring; persistent; permanent; protracted; endurance; persistence; to last long
(noun/participle) endurance; persistence; (place-name) Jikyū

耐久力

see styles
 taikyuuryoku / taikyuryoku
    たいきゅうりょく

More info & calligraphy:

Stamina / Endurance
durability; persistence; stamina; endurance; staying power


see styles
zhí
    zhi2
chih
 shuu / shu
    しゅう
to execute (a plan); to grasp
(archaism) attachment; obsession; persistence; (male given name) Mamoru
grah, grabh ; graha. To seize, grasp, hold on to, maintain; obstinate.

see styles
héng
    heng2
heng
 wataru
    わたる
variant of 恆|恒[heng2]
(given name) Wataru
Constant; perseverance, persistence; translit. ga, ha.

住劫

see styles
zhù jié
    zhu4 jie2
chu chieh
 juukou / juko
    じゅうこう
{Buddh} (See 四劫) the kalpa of existence (the second aeon of the universe)
vivartasiddhakalpa; the abiding or existing kalpa; the kalpa of human existence; v. 劫.

固持

see styles
 koji
    こじ
(noun, transitive verb) adherence (to one's beliefs); persistence; sticking to one's guns; standing one's ground

執念


执念

see styles
zhí niàn
    zhi2 nian4
chih nien
 shuunen / shunen
    しゅうねん
obsession (CL:股[gu3]); (when followed by 於|于[yu2]) to be obsessive (about)
tenacity; persistence; obsession; implacability

存続

see styles
 sonzoku
    そんぞく
(n,vs,vt,vi) continuance; survival; persistence; retention; duration

根気

see styles
 konki
    こんき
patience; perseverance; persistence; tenacity; energy

粘り

see styles
 nebari
    ねばり
(1) stickiness; viscosity; (2) tenacity; persistence

耐久

see styles
nài jiǔ
    nai4 jiu3
nai chiu
 taikyuu / taikyu
    たいきゅう
durable; long-lasting
endurance; persistence

腰骨

see styles
yāo gǔ
    yao1 gu3
yao ku
 koshibone
    こしぼね
lumbar vertebrae
(1) hipbone; innominate bone; (2) fortitude; perseverance; endurance; persistence

遺残

see styles
 izan
    いざん
(noun - becomes adjective with の) persistence; vestigial remnant

根負け

see styles
 konmake
    こんまけ
(n,vs,vi) being beaten by one's opponent's persistence; being outlasted; running out of patience; giving in; succumbing (to)

一点張り

see styles
 ittenbari
    いってんばり
(1) persistence; single-mindedness; sticking to one point; focusing on one thing; (2) (orig. meaning) always making the same bet

ペーシェンス

see styles
 peeshensu
    ペーシェンス
(1) patience (game); solitaire; (2) patience; perseverance; persistence

ペイシェンス

see styles
 peishensu / peshensu
    ペイシェンス
(1) patience (game); solitaire; (2) patience; perseverance; persistence

パーシステンス

see styles
 paashisutensu / pashisutensu
    パーシステンス
{comp} persistence

一口吃不成胖子

see styles
yī kǒu chī bù chéng pàng zi
    yi1 kou3 chi1 bu4 cheng2 pang4 zi5
i k`ou ch`ih pu ch`eng p`ang tzu
    i kou chih pu cheng pang tzu
lit. you cannot get fat with only one mouthful (proverb); fig. any significant achievement requires time, effort and persistence

持続的な有効性

see styles
 jizokutekinayuukousei / jizokutekinayukose
    じぞくてきなゆうこうせい
{comp} persistence

Variations:
押し(P)
圧し

see styles
 oshi
    おし
(1) push; pushing; (2) weight; pressure; (3) authority; forcefulness; boldness; audacity; persistence; (prefix) (4) (押し only) (before a verb) to forcibly ...; to strongly ...

天下無難事,只怕有心人


天下无难事,只怕有心人

see styles
tiān xià wú nán shì , zhǐ pà yǒu xīn rén
    tian1 xia4 wu2 nan2 shi4 , zhi3 pa4 you3 xin1 ren2
t`ien hsia wu nan shih , chih p`a yu hsin jen
    tien hsia wu nan shih , chih pa yu hsin jen
lit. there is nothing the determined person can't accomplish (idiom); fig. persistence will overcome

Variations:
一点張り
一点張(sK)

see styles
 ittenbari
    いってんばり
(1) persistence; single-mindedness; sticking to one point; focusing on one thing; (2) (orig. meaning) always making the same bet

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Indomitable
Persistence
Fortitude
不屈fukutsubù qū / bu4 qu1 / bu qu / buqupu ch`ü / puchü / pu chü
Indomitable
Unyielding
不屈不撓
不屈不挠
fu kutsu fu tou
fukutsufutou
fu kutsu fu to
bù qū bù náo
bu4 qu1 bu4 nao2
bu qu bu nao
buqubunao
pu ch`ü pu nao
puchüpunao
pu chü pu nao
Nothing is Impossible with Persistence移山isanyí shān / yi2 shan1 / yi shan / yishani shan / ishan
Persistence固執
固执
koshuu / koshugù zhí / gu4 zhi2 / gu zhi / guzhiku chih / kuchih
Undaunted After Repeated Setbacks百折不撓
百折不挠
hyaku setsu su tou
hyakusetsusutou
hyaku setsu su to
bǎi zhé bù náo
bai3 zhe2 bu4 nao2
bai zhe bu nao
baizhebunao
pai che pu nao
paichepunao
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Dictionary

Lookup Persistence in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


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