Hapkido in Chinese / Japanese...

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Hapkido

Korean Martial Art of re-directing force
hé qì dào
ai ki do
Hapkido Scroll

Hapkido or 合氣道 is a mostly-defensive martial art of Korea.

Hapkido has some connection to Aikido of Japan. In fact, they are written with the same characters in both languages. However, it should be noted that the Korean Hanja characters shown here are the traditional Chinese form - but in modern Japan, the middle character was slightly simplified.
Note: You can consider this to be the older Japanese written form of Aikido. Titles on older books and signs about Aikido use this form.

The connection between Japanese Aikido and Korean Hapkido is a bit muddled in history. The issue is probably due to the difficult relationship between the two countries around the time of WWII. Many Koreans became virtual slaves for the Japanese during that period. After WWII, many things in Korea were disassociated from having any Japanese origin. The relationship has greatly mellowed out now.

Looking at the characters, the first means "union" or "harmony".
The second character means "universal energy" or "spirit".
The third means "way" or "method".
One way to translate this into English is "Harmonizing Energy Method". This makes since, as Hapkido has more to do with redirecting energy, rather that fighting with strength against strength.

More Hapkido info

More notes:
1. Sometimes Hapkido is Romanized as "hap ki do", "hapki-do" "hab gi do" or "hapgido".

2. Korean Hanja characters are actually Chinese characters that usually hold the same meaning in both languages. There was a time when these characters were the standard and only written form of Korean. The development of modern Korean Hangul characters is a somewhat recent event in the greater scope of history. There was a time when Chinese characters were the written form of many languages in places known in modern times as North Korea, South Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Mainland China, and a significant portion of Malaysia. Even today, more people in the world can read Chinese characters than English.

3. While these Korean Hanja characters can be pronounced in Chinese, this word is not well-known in China and is not considered part of the Chinese lexicon.

hé qì dào
ai ki dou
Aikido Scroll

合気道 is the modern Japanese way to write Aikido.

Aikido is often referred to as the defensive martial art.

While Aikido was born in Japan, it has become a somewhat famous form of defensive tactics taught to soldiers and Marines, as well as some law enforcement officers in the West.

Looking at the characters, the first means "union" or "harmony".
The second character means "universal energy" or "spirit".
The third means "way" or "method".


Please note that while the original 合氣道 characters can be pronounced in Chinese, this word is not well-known in China and is not considered part of the Chinese lexicon.

Note: It is somewhat accepted that this is the origin of Hapkido in Korea. And other than a modern simplification to the middle Kanji of this 3-Kanji word, it is written the same in Korean Hanja.


See Also:  Martial Arts

Shotokan Aikido

sōng tāo guǎn hé qì dào
shou tou kan ai ki dou
Shotokan Aikido Scroll

This is the title for Shotokan Aikido in Japanese.

Note: Chinese and Korean pronunciations of these characters are included above, however, this title would only be understood in Chinese or Korean by someone who practices or is familiar with Shotokan Aikido. Please consider this title to be "Japanese only".


See Also:  Martial Arts




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Hapkido合氣道
合气道
ai ki do / aikidohé qì dào
he2 qi4 dao4
he qi dao
heqidao
ho ch`i tao
hochitao
ho chi tao
Aikido合氣道
合気道
ai ki dou / aikidou / ai ki do / aikidohé qì dào
he2 qi4 dao4
he qi dao
heqidao
ho ch`i tao
hochitao
ho chi tao
Shotokan Aikido鬆濤館合氣道 (Old Japanese/Chinese)
松涛館合気道 (Modern Japanese)
shou tou kan ai ki dou
shoutoukanaikidou
sho to kan ai ki do
shotokanaikido
sōng tāo guǎn hé qì dào
song1 tao1 guan3 he2 qi4 dao4
song tao guan he qi dao
songtaoguanheqidao
sung t`ao kuan ho ch`i tao
sungtaokuanhochitao
sung tao kuan ho chi tao
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your hapkido search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

合氣道


合气道

see styles
hé qì dào
    he2 qi4 dao4
ho ch`i tao
    ho chi tao
 aikidou / aikido
    あいきどう
Shotokan Aikido Scroll
aikido (Japanese martial art); hapkido (Korean martial art)
(out-dated kanji) (martial arts term) aikido

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Shotokan Aikido Scroll
Shotokan Aikido Scroll
Shotokan Aikido Scroll
Shotokan Aikido Scroll


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Shotokan Aikido Vertical Portrait
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Shotokan Aikido Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

Lookup Hapkido in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


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Some people may refer to this entry as Hapkido Kanji, Hapkido Characters, Hapkido in Mandarin Chinese, Hapkido Characters, Hapkido in Chinese Writing, Hapkido in Japanese Writing, Hapkido in Asian Writing, Hapkido Ideograms, Chinese Hapkido symbols, Hapkido Hieroglyphics, Hapkido Glyphs, Hapkido in Chinese Letters, Hapkido Hanzi, Hapkido in Japanese Kanji, Hapkido Pictograms, Hapkido in the Chinese Written-Language, or Hapkido in the Japanese Written-Language.

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