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Army in Chinese / Japanese...

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Chinese or Korean Army General

China jiāng jūn
Japan shougun
Chinese or Korean Army General

There is a slight variation in the way the first character is written. This is the more Chinese and Korean Hanja version. So if you want to specifically refer to a Chinese or Korean General, this is the way. Japanese people would still easily identify this as "shogun."

Note: This term is also used for Admiral in Korean in certain context (if you need a better title for Admiral, just let me know).

Maintain An Army For 1000 Days, Use It For An Hour

China yǎng bīng qiān rì, yàng bīng yì shí
Maintain An Army For 1000 Days, Use It For An Hour

Nothing could be more true. When I was in the Marine Corps, we trained for years for combat that often lasts only hours.

This Chinese proverb also reminds me of a common phrase used in the military to describe combat: "Weeks of total boredom, punctuated with five minutes of shear terror."

This may have some roots in Sun Tzu's The Art of War. Though I can not find this passage in his writings.

On the subject of the Art of War, if you have a favorite passage, we can create a custom calligraphy scroll with that phrase.

Army / Military

China jūn
Japan gun
Army / Military

This character means army, military, or arms.

This is also a character used in the compound word that means "army general." It's the "gun" in the well-known Japanese title "Shogun" which means general.

See Also:  Shogun | Navy | Marine | Military

Not the results for army that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your army search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin bīng / bing1
Taiwan ping
Japanese minetoshi みねとし
 hei / he へい
 fukuwaka ふくわか
 fukumuro ふくむろ
 fukumi ふくみ
 fukute ふくて
 fukuju ふくじゅ
 fukuji ふくじ
 hiyou / hiyo ひよう
 hyou / hyo ひょう
 takami たかみ
Chinese soldiers; a force; an army; weapons; arms; military; warlike; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (1) (common) soldier; rank and file; (2) army; troops; (3) warfare; strategy; (1) (kana only) warrior; soldier; (2) (kana only) courageous person; strong person; (1) war; battle; campaign; fight; (2) (archaism) troops; forces; (personal name) Minetoshi; (surname) Hei; (personal name) Fukuwaka; (personal name) Fukumuro; (personal name) Fukumi; (personal name) Fukute; (personal name) Fukuju; (personal name) Fukuji; (surname) Hiyou; (surname) Hyou; (personal name) Takami
More info / calligraphy:

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Mandarin/ lu:3
Japanese taya たや
Chinese trip; travel; to travel; brigade (army)
Japanese 500-man battalion (Zhou-dynasty Chinese army); (noun/participle) travel; trip; journey; (surname) Taya
More info / calligraphy:
Journey / Travel

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Mandarin jun / jun1
Taiwan chün
Japanese susumu すすむ
 jin じん
 gunji ぐんじ
 gun ぐん
 kunji くんじ
Chinese army; military; arms; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese (n,n-suf) army; force; troops; (1) war; battle; campaign; fight; (2) (archaism) troops; forces; (personal name) Susumu; (personal name) Jin; (personal name) Gunji; (personal name) Gun; (personal name) Kunji
An army; military; martial; translit. kuṇ, cf. 君; an army
More info / calligraphy:
Army / Military



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Mandarin kān hù / kan1 hu4
Taiwan k`an hu / kan hu
Japanese kango かんご
Chinese to nurse; to look after; to watch over; (old) hospital nurse
Japanese (noun/participle) nursing; (army) nurse
More info / calligraphy:

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Mandarin shī / shi1
Taiwan shih
Japanese morosaki もろさき
 moro もろ
 tsukasa つかさ
 shiwasu しわす
Chinese teacher; master; expert; model; army division; (old) troops; to dispatch troops; surname Shi
Japanese (1) teacher; master; one's mentor; (n,suf) (2) religious leader; (suffix) (3) specialist; (4) (archaism) five-battalion brigade comprising 2500 men (Zhou-dynasty Chinese army); (surname) Morosaki; (surname) Moro; (given name) Tsukasa; (personal name) Shiwasu
A host, army; a leader, preceptor, teacher, model; tr. of upādhyāya, an 'under-teacher', generally intp. as a Buddhist monk.

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Mandarin róng / rong2
Taiwan jung
Japanese munemori むねもり
 munehito むねひと
 muneto むねと
 souya / soya そうや
 souto / soto そうと
 juu / ju じゅう
 shuuya / shuya しゅうや
 shuumi / shumi しゅうみ
 kai かい
 ebesu えべす
 ebisu えびす
 ebizaki えびざき
Chinese generic term for weapons (old); army (matters); military affairs; surname Rong
Japanese Ebisu; god of fishing and commerce; (1) (archaism) peoples formerly of northern Japan with distinct language and culture (i.e. the Ainu); (2) provincial (i.e. a person who lives far from the city); (3) brutish, unsophisticated warrior (esp. used by Kyoto samurai to refer to samurai from eastern Japan); (4) (derogatory term) foreigner; barbarian; (personal name) Munemori; (personal name) Munehito; (personal name) Muneto; (personal name) Souya; (personal name) Souto; (surname) Juu; (personal name) Shuuya; (personal name) Shuumi; (surname) Kai; (personal name) Ebesu; (surname) Ebisu; (surname) Ebizaki

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Mandarin zhī / zhi1
Taiwan chih
Japanese shi
 zai ざい
 sasafu ささふ
 sasae ささえ
Chinese to support; to sustain; to erect; to raise; branch; division; to draw money; classifier for rods such as pens and guns, for army divisions and for songs or compositions; surname Zhi
Japanese (abbreviation) (obsolete) China; (surname) Shi; (personal name) Zai; (personal name) Sasafu; (given name) Sasae
A branch; to branch, put off, pay, advance; branch off

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Mandarin/ du1
Taiwan tu
Japanese masaru まさる
 toku とく
 tadasu ただす
 tadashi ただし
 susumu すすむ
 osamu おさむ
Chinese to supervise and direct; army title (archaic)
Japanese (personal name) Masaru; (given name) Toku; (given name) Tadasu; (given name) Tadashi; (given name) Susumu; (given name) Osamu

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Mandarin jiū // jiǔ / jiu1 // jiu3
Taiwan chiu
Japanese rei / re れい
 tadasu ただす
 tadashi ただし
Chinese old variant of 糾|纠[jiu1]; army (used during the Liao, Jin and Yuan dynasties)
Japanese (female given name) Rei; (place-name, surname) Tadasu; (given name) Tadashi

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Mandarin/ ji1
Taiwan chi
Chinese ox-horns; wing of an army

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Mandarin shè / she4
Taiwan she
Japanese sha しゃ
Chinese Japanese variant of 舍
Japanese (suffix noun) (1) hut; house; (2) (archaism) (in the ancient Chinese army) one day's march (approx. 12.2 km); (surname) Sha

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Japanese rogun ロぐん
Japanese (abbreviation) Russian army

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Mandarin zhōng wèi / zhong1 wei4
Taiwan chung wei
Japanese chuui / chui ちゅうい
Chinese lieutenant (navy); first lieutenant (army); subaltern
Japanese first lieutenant; lieutenant junior grade

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Mandarin zhōng xiào / zhong1 xiao4
Taiwan chung hsiao
Chinese middle ranking officer in Chinese army; lieutenant colonel; commander

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Mandarin dān ruì / dan1 rui4
Taiwan tan jui
Chinese General Than Shwe (1933-), Myanmar army officer and politician, president of Myanmar (Burma) from 1992

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Mandarin zhǔ lì / zhu3 li4
Taiwan chu li
Japanese shuryoku しゅりょく
Chinese main force; main strength of an army
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) main force; chief object; mainline

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Mandarin shàng xiào / shang4 xiao4
Taiwan shang hsiao
Chinese high ranking officer in Chinese army; colonel

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Mandarin qī shì / qi1 shi4
Taiwan ch`i shih / chi shih
Japanese shichiji しちじ
Chinese the Seven Duties of a sovereign, namely: offering sacrifice 祭祀, giving audience 朝覲|朝觐, administering jointly 會同|会同, receiving guests 賓客|宾客, running army 軍旅|军旅, attending to farm work 田役, mourning ceremonial 喪荒|丧荒
Japanese (abbreviation) seven tea ceremony procedures of the Senke school

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Mandarin sān jun / san1 jun1
Taiwan san chün
Japanese sangun さんぐん
Chinese (in former times) upper, middle and lower army; army of right, center and left; (in modern times) the three armed services: Army, Navy and Air Force
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) great army; mighty host; whole army

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Japanese sansha さんしゃ
Japanese (archaism) (in the ancient Chinese army) three days' march (approx. 36.5 km)

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Mandarin xià shì / xia4 shi4
Taiwan hsia shih
Japanese kashi かし
Chinese lowest-ranked noncommissioned officer (e.g. corporal in the army or petty officer, third class in the navy)
Japanese noncommissioned officer
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Japanese ichigun いちぐん
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) one army; whole army; (2) (sports) first string players

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Mandarin é jun / e2 jun1
Taiwan o chün
Chinese Russian army

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Mandarin wěi jun / wei3 jun1
Taiwan wei chün
Chinese puppet army

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Mandarin cān jun / can1 jun1
Taiwan ts`an chün / tsan chün
Chinese to join the army

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Japanese sanmei / sanme さんめい
Japanese imperial army order

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Mandarin pàn jun / pan4 jun1
Taiwan p`an chün / pan chün
Japanese hangun はんぐん
Chinese rebel army
Japanese rebel army; mutinous troops

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Mandarin hé biān / he2 bian1
Taiwan ho pien
Chinese to compile in collaboration with; to merge and reorganize (army units etc)

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Mandarin shì zú / shi4 zu2
Taiwan shih tsu
Japanese shisotsu しそつ
Chinese soldier; private (army)
Japanese officers and soldiers; soldiers

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Mandarin dà wèi / da4 wei4
Taiwan ta wei
Japanese daii / dai だいい
 taii / tai たいい
Chinese captain (army rank); senior captain
Japanese captain (Army, U.S. Marine Corps, USAF); lieutenant (Navy); flight lieutenant (RAF, RAAF, RNZAF, etc.)

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Search for Army in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Chinese or Korean Army General 將軍
shougun / shogunjiāng jūn
jiang1 jun1
jiang jun
chiang chün
Maintain An Army For 1000 Days, Use It For An Hour 養兵千日用兵一時
yǎng bīng qiān rì, yàng bīng yì shí
yang3 bing1 qian1 ri4 yang4 bing1 yi4 shi2
yang bing qian ri yang bing yi shi
yang ping ch`ien jih yang ping i shih
yang ping chien jih yang ping i shih

gunjūn / jun1 / jun chün
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

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Some people may refer to this entry as Army Kanji, Army Characters, Army in Mandarin Chinese, Army Characters, Army in Chinese Writing, Army in Japanese Writing, Army in Asian Writing, Army Ideograms, Chinese Army symbols, Army Hieroglyphics, Army Glyphs, Army in Chinese Letters, Army Hanzi, Army in Japanese Kanji, Army Pictograms, Army in the Chinese Written-Language, or Army in the Japanese Written-Language.