The Name Self-Reliance in Chinese / Japanese...

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Independence

dú lì
dokuritsu
Independence Scroll

Besides meaning "to be independent", this can also mean "to stand alone", self-reliance or self-support.


独Modern Japanese use a simplified version of the first character of independence. it’s the same simplified version currently used in mainland China, so understood by most Chinese and all Japanese people. Click on the character to the right if you want the simplified/Japanese version.

Prideful Mind / Self-Respecting Heart

zì zūn xīn
ji son shin
Prideful Mind / Self-Respecting Heart Scroll

This Japanese and Korean word means "pride" or "self-respect".

The first Kanji/Hanja means oneself. The second can mean revered, valuable, precious, noble or exalted. And the last Kanji/Hanja means heart, mind and/or spirit.


While these characters make sense and hold the same general meaning in Chinese, this is not a normal Chinese word. This selection should only be used if your audience is Japanese or Korean.


See Also:  Respect | Pride | Self-Reliance | Self-Control | Self-Discipline

Self-Reliance

zì shì
Self-Reliance Scroll

自恃 means self-reliance but is often used to mean self-confidence or the state of being self-assured.

Basically this means you can rely on yourself (with a slight suggestion that others can rely on you as well).

The first character means "oneself" while the second means "to rely upon".


See Also:  Confidence | Self-Confidence

Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself

do kuritsu do ppo
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll

This Japanese proverb, Dokuritsu-Doppo, is an indication of your independence, self-reliance, standing on one's own two feet, or making one's own way in life.


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Independence獨立
独立
dokuritsudú lì / du2 li4 / du li / dulitu li / tuli
Prideful Mind
Self-Respecting Heart
自尊心ji son shin
jisonshin
zì zūn xīn
zi4 zun1 xin1
zi zun xin
zizunxin
tzu tsun hsin
tzutsunhsin
Self-Reliance自恃zì shì / zi4 shi4 / zi shi / zishitzu shih / tzushih
Standing by Oneself
Walking by Oneself
獨立獨步
独立独步
do kuritsu do ppo
dokuritsudoppo
do kuritsu do po
dokuritsudopo
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your self-reliance search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles

    fo2
fo
 hotoke
    ほとけ
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
Buddha; Buddhism; abbr. for 佛陀[Fo2 tuo2]
(surname) Hotoke
Buddha, from budh to "be aware of", "conceive", "observe", "wake"; also 佛陀; 浮圖; 浮陀; 浮頭; 浮塔; 勃陀; 勃馱; 沒馱; 母馱; 母陀; 部陀; 休屠. Buddha means "completely conscious, enlightened", and came to mean the enlightener. he Chinese translation is 覺 to perceive, aware, awake; and 智 gnosis, knowledge. There is an Eternal Buddha, see e.g. the Lotus Sutra, cap. 16, and multitudes of Buddhas, but the personality of a Supreme Buddha, an Ādi-Buddha, is not defined. Buddha is in and through all things, and some schools are definitely Pan-Buddhist in the pantheistic sense. In the triratna 三寳 commonly known as 三寳佛, while Śākyamuni Buddha is the first "person" of the Trinity, his Law the second, and the Order the third, all three by some are accounted as manifestations of the All-Buddha. As Śākyamuni, the title indicates him as the last of the line of Buddhas who have appeared in this world, Maitreya is to be the next. As such he is the one who has achieved enlightenment, having discovered the essential evil of existence (some say mundane existence, others all existence), and the way of deliverance from the constant round of reincarnations; this way is through the moral life into nirvana, by means of self-abnegation, the monastic life, and meditation. By this method a Buddha, or enlightened one, himself obtains Supreme Enlightenment, or Omniscience, and according to Māhāyanism leads all beings into the same enlightenment. He sees things not as they seem in their phenomenal but in their noumenal aspects, as they really are. The term is also applied to those who understand the chain of causality (twelve nidānas) and have attained enlightenment surpassing that of the arhat. Four types of the Buddha are referred to: (1) 三藏佛the Buddha of the Tripiṭaka who attained enlightenment on the bare ground under the bodhi-tree; (2) 通佛the Buddha on the deva robe under the bodhi-tree of the seven precious things; (3) 別佛the Buddha on the great precious Lotus throne under the Lotus realm bodhi-tree; and (4) 圓佛the Buddha on the throne of Space in the realm of eternal rest and glory where he is Vairocana. The Hīnayāna only admits the existence of one Buddha at a time; Mahāyāna claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time, as many Buddhas as there are Buddha-universes, which are infinite in number.

see styles
qiè
    qie4
ch`ieh
    chieh
 shou / sho
    しょう
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
concubine; I, your servant (deprecatory self-reference for women)
(1) (See 妾・めかけ) mistress; kept woman; concubine; (pronoun) (2) (archaism) (humble language) (feminine speech) (See 妾・わらわ) I; me

see styles
yǐng
    ying3
ying
 
    かげ
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
picture; image; film; movie; photograph; reflection; shadow; trace
(1) shadow; silhouette; figure; shape; (2) reflection; image; (3) ominous sign; (4) light (stars, moon); (5) trace; shadow (of one's former self); (surname) Kage
Shadow, picture, image, reflection, hint; one of the twelve 'colours'; shadow

see styles
rěn
    ren3
jen
 nin
    にん
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
to bear; to endure; to tolerate; to restrain oneself
(archaism) endurance; forbearance; patience; self-restraint; (given name) Nin
kṣānti, 羼提 (or 羼底); patience, endurance, (a) in adverse circumstances, (b) in the religious state. There are groups of two, three, four, five, six, ten, and fourteen, indicating various forms of patience, equanimity, repression, forbearance, endurance, constancy, or "perseverance of the saints," both in mundane and spiritual things; to endure

see styles
kòng
    kong4
k`ung
    kung
 kuu / ku
    くう
to empty; vacant; unoccupied; space; leisure; free time
(1) empty air; sky; (2) {Buddh} shunyata; emptiness; the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon; (3) (abbreviation) (See 空軍) air force; (noun or adjectival noun) (4) fruitlessness; meaninglessness; (noun or adjectival noun) (5) (See 五大・1) void (one of the five elements); (can be adjective with の) (6) {math} empty (e.g. set); (female given name) Ron
śūnya, empty, void, hollow, vacant, nonexistent. śūnyatā, 舜若多, vacuity, voidness, emptiness, non-existence, immateriality, perhaps spirituality, unreality, the false or illusory nature of all existence, the seeming 假 being unreal. The doctrine that all phenomena and the ego have no reality, but are composed of a certain number of skandhas or elements, which disintegrate. The void, the sky, space. The universal, the absolute, complete abstraction without relativity. There are classifications into 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 13, 16, and 18 categories. The doctrine is that all things are compounds, or unstable organisms, possessing no self-essence, i.e. are dependent, or caused, come into existence only to perish. The underlying reality, the principle of eternal relativity, or non-infinity, i.e. śūnya, permeates all phenomena making possible their evolution. From this doctrine the Yogācārya school developed the idea of the permanent reality, which is Essence of Mind, the unknowable noumenon behind all phenomena, the entity void of ideas and phenomena, neither matter nor mind, but the root of both.

see styles
shēn
    shen1
shen
 mi
    み
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
body; life; oneself; personally; one's morality and conduct; the main part of a structure or body; pregnant; classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset; Kangxi radical 158
(1) body; (2) oneself; (3) one's place; one's position; (4) main part; meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.); wood (as opposed to bark); blade (as opposed to its handle); container (as opposed to its lid); (surname) Misaki
kāya; tanu; deha. The body; the self.; Two forms of body; there are numerous pairs, e. g. (1) (a) 分段身 The varied forms of the karmic or ordinary mortal body, or being; (b) 變易身 the transformable, or spiritual body. (2) (a) 生身 The earthly body of the Buddha; (b) 化身 hinirmāṇakāya, which may take any form at will. (3) (a) 生身 his earthly body; (b) 法身 his moral and mental nature—a Hīnayāna definition, but Mahāyāna takes his earthly nirmāṇakāya as the 生身 and his dharmakāya or that and his saṃbhogakāya as 法身. (4) 眞應二身 The dharmakāya and nirmāṇakāya. (5) (a) 實相身 The absolute truth, or light, of the Buddha, i. e. the dharmakāya; (b) 爲物身 the functioning or temporal body. (6) (a) 眞身 the dharmakāya and saṃbhogakāya; (b) 化身 the nirmāṇakāya. (7) (a) 常身 his permanent or eternal body; (b) 無常身 his temporal body. (8) (a) 實身 and 化身 idem 二色身.

see styles
guǐ
    gui3
kuei
 oni(p); ki
    おに(P); き
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
ghost; demon; terrible; damnable; clever; sly; crafty; (suffix for sb with a certain vice or addiction etc); one of the 28 constellations
(1) ogre; demon; oni; (2) (See 亡魂) spirit of a deceased person; (3) (おに only) ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.); (4) (おに only) (See 鬼ごっこ・おにごっこ) it (in a game of tag, hide-and-seek, etc.); (5) (き only) {astron} (See 二十八宿,朱雀・すざく・2) Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (prefix) (6) (おに only) (slang) (See 超・1) very; extremely; super-; (surname) Miniwa
preta 薜荔多, departed, dead; a disembodied spirit, dead person, ghost; a demon, evil being; especially a 餓鬼 hungry ghost. They are of many kinds. The Fan-i ming i classifies them as poor, medium, and rich; each again thrice subdivided: (1) (a) with mouths like burning torches; (b) throats no bigger than needles; (c) vile breath, disgusting to themselves; (2) (a) needle-haired, self-piercing; (b) hair sharp and stinking; (c) having great wens on whose pus they must feed. (3) (a) living on the remains of sacrifices; (b) on leavings in general; (c) powerful ones, yakṣas, rākṣasas, piśācas, etc. All belong to the realm of Yama, whence they are sent everywhere, consequently are ubiquitous in every house, lane, market, mound, stream, tree, etc.

修養


修养

see styles
xiū yǎng
    xiu1 yang3
hsiu yang
 shuuyou / shuyo
    しゅうよう
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
accomplishment; training; self-cultivation
(noun/participle) self-improvement; (mental) training; self-discipline; cultivation
cultivating moral character

克己

see styles
kè jǐ
    ke4 ji3
k`o chi
    ko chi
 kokki
    こっき
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
self-restraint; discipline; selflessness
(n,vs,adj-no) self denial; self control; (given name) Yoshimi

我慢

see styles
wǒ màn
    wo3 man4
wo man
 gaman(p); gaman
    がまん(P); ガマン
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
(noun/participle) (1) endurance; patience; perseverance; bearing (with something); (noun/participle) (2) self-control; self-restraint; (surname) Gaman
abhimāna, ātma-mada. Egoism exalting self and depreciating others; self-intoxication, pride; identity

捨己


舍己

see styles
shě jǐ
    she3 ji3
she chi
 sutemi
    すてみ
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
selfless; self-sacrifice (to help others); self-renunciation; altruism
(given name) Sutemi

正念

see styles
zhèng niàn
    zheng4 nian4
cheng nien
 shounen / shonen
    しょうねん
correct mindfulness (Buddhism)
(1) {Buddh} (See 八正道) right mindfulness; (2) true faith (in rebirth in the promised land); (place-name) Shounen
samyak-smṛti, right remembrance, the seventh of the 八正道; 'right mindfullness, the looking on the body and the spirit in such a way as to remain ardent, self-possessed and mindful, having overcome both hankering and dejection. ' Keith; correct mindfulness

武術


武术

see styles
wǔ shù
    wu3 shu4
wu shu
 bujutsu
    ぶじゅつ
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
military skill or technique (in former times); all kinds of martial art sports (some claiming spiritual development); self-defense; tradition of choreographed fights from opera and film (recent usage); also called kungfu 功夫; CL:種|种[zhong3]
(1) {MA} martial arts; military arts; (2) (See 武術太極拳) wushu; modern sport derived from traditional Chinese martial arts

無我


无我

see styles
wú wǒ
    wu2 wo3
wu wo
 muga
    むが
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
anatta (Buddhist concept of "non-self")
(1) selflessness; self-effacement; self-renunciation; (2) {Buddh} anatta; anatman; doctrine that states that humans do not possess souls; (female given name) Muga
anātman; nairātmya; no ego, no soul (of an independent and self-contained character), impersonal, no individual independent existence (of conscious or unconscious beings, anātmaka). The empirical ego is merely an aggregation of various elements, and with their disintegration it ceases to exist; therefore it has nm ultimate reality of its own, but the Nirvāṇa Sūtra asserts the reality of the ego in the transcendental realm. The non-Buddhist definition of ego is that it has permanent individuality 常一之體 and is independent or sovereign 有主宰之用. When applied to men it is 人我, when to things it is 法我. Cf. 常 11; no-self

無量


无量

see styles
wú liàng
    wu2 liang4
wu liang
 muryou / muryo
    むりょう
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
measureless; immeasurable
(noun - becomes adjective with の) immeasurable; (given name) Muryou
apramāṇa; amita; ananta; immeasurable, unlimited, e.g. the 'four infinite' characteristics of a bodhisattva are 慈悲喜捨 kindness, pity, joy, and self-sacrifice; uncountable

独立

see styles
 dokuritsu
    どくりつ
(noun/participle) (1) independence; self-reliance; supporting oneself; being on one's own; (noun/participle) (2) independence (e.g. of a nation); freedom; (noun/participle) (3) separation; isolation

献身

see styles
 kenshin
    けんしん
(noun/participle) devotion; dedication; self-sacrifice

空無


空无

see styles
kōng wú
    kong1 wu2
k`ung wu
    kung wu
 kūmu
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
Unreality, or immateriality, of things, which is defined as nothing existing of independent or self-contained nature; emptiness

節制


节制

see styles
jié zhì
    jie2 zhi4
chieh chih
 sessei / sesse
    せっせい
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
to control; to restrict; to moderate; to temper; moderation; sobriety; to administer
(n,vs,adj-no) moderation; self-restraint; temperance

自信

see styles
zì xìn
    zi4 xin4
tzu hsin
 jishin
    じしん
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
to have confidence in oneself; self-confidence
(noun/participle) self-confidence; confidence (in oneself); (surname) Jishin

自制

see styles
zì zhì
    zi4 zhi4
tzu chih
 jisei / jise
    じせい
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
to maintain self-control; self-control
(n,vs,adj-no) self control; self restraint

自力

see styles
zì lì
    zi4 li4
tzu li
 jiriki(p); jiryoku
    じりき(P); じりょく
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) one's own strength; one's own efforts; (2) {Buddh} self-salvation; (place-name) Jiriki
self-power

自尊

see styles
zì zūn
    zi4 zun1
tzu tsun
 jison
    じそん
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
self-respect; self-esteem; ego; pride
self-respect; esteem; self-importance; pride

自強


自强

see styles
zì qiáng
    zi4 qiang2
tzu ch`iang
    tzu chiang
 jikyou / jikyo
    じきょう
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
to strive for self-improvement
(noun/participle) strenuous effort

自律

see styles
zì lǜ
    zi4 lu:4
tzu lü
 jiritsu
    じりつ
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
self-discipline; self-regulation; autonomy (ethics); autonomic (physiology)
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) (See 他律) autonomy (philosophy); (noun - becomes adjective with の) (2) self-control

自恃

see styles
zì shì
    zi4 shi4
tzu shih
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
self-esteem; self-reliance; overconfident; conceited

自愛


自爱

see styles
zì ài
    zi4 ai4
tzu ai
 jiai
    じあい
self-respect; self-love; self-regard; regard for oneself; to cherish one's good name; to take good care of one's health
(noun/participle) (1) taking care of oneself (esp. used as an epistolary imperative); (noun/participle) (2) self-love
Self-love, cause of all pursuit or seeking, which in turn causes all suffering. All Buddhas put away self-love and all pursuit, or seeking, such elimination being nirvāṇa.

自然

see styles
zì rán
    zi4 ran2
tzu jan
 jinen
    じねん
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
nature; natural; naturally
(n,n-adv) occurring naturally (without human influence); (female given name) Minori
svayaṃbhū, also 自爾; 法爾 self-existing, the self-existent; Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and others; in Chinese it is 'self-so', so of itself, natural, of course, spontaneous. It also means uncaused existence, certain sects of heretics 自然外道 denying Buddhist cause and effect and holding that things happen spontaneously.

自由

see styles
zì yóu
    zi4 you2
tzu yu
 jiyuu / jiyu
    じゆう
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
freedom; free; liberty; CL:個|个[ge4]
(noun or adjectival noun) freedom; liberty; (male given name) Yoriyoshi
self-established

自省

see styles
zì xǐng
    zi4 xing3
tzu hsing
 jisei / jise
    じせい
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Scroll
to examine oneself; to reflect on one's shortcomings; introspection; self-awareness; self-criticism
(noun/participle) self-examination; reflection; (given name) Jisei

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Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Portrait
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Dictionary

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

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