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Self-Reliance in Chinese / Japanese...

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Look up Self-Reliance in my Japanese Kanji & Chinese Character Dictionary

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China zì shì
Self-Reliance Vertical Wall Scroll

自恃 means self-reliance but is often used to mean self-confidence or the state of being self-assured.

Basically this means you can rely on yourself (with a slight suggestion that others can rely on you as well).

The first character means "oneself" while the second means "to rely upon."

See Also:  Confidence | Self-Confidence


China dú lì
Japan dokuritsu
Independence Vertical Wall Scroll

Besides meaning "to be independent," this can also mean "to stand alone," self-reliance or self-support.

独Modern Japanese use a simplified version of the first character of independence. It's the same simplified version currently used in mainland China, so understood by most Chinese and all Japanese people. Click on the character to the right if you want the simplified/Japanese version.

Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself

Japan do kuritsu do ppo
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Wall Scroll

This Japanese proverb, Dokuritsu-Doppo, is an indication of your independence, self-reliance, standing on one's own two feet, or making one's own way in life.

Not the results for self-reliance that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your self-reliance search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin xìn / xin4
Taiwan hsin
Japanese shin / しん
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese letter; mail; CL:封[feng1]; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
Japanese (1) honesty; sincerity; fidelity; (2) trust; reliance; confidence; (3) (religious) faith; devotion; (counter) (4) counter for received messages; (female given name) Yuki
śraddhā. Faith; to believe; belief; faith regarded as the faculty of the mind which sees, appropriates, and trusts the things of religion; it joyfully trusts in the Buddha, in the pure virtue of the triratna and earthly and transcendental goodness; it is the cause of the pure life, and the solvent of doubt. Two forms are mentioned: (1) adhimukti, intuition, tr. by self-assured enlightenment. (2) śraddhā, faith through hearing or being taught. For the Awakening of Faith, Śraddhotpāda, v. 起信論.


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Japanese dokuritsu / どくりつ Japanese (noun/participle) (1) independence; self-reliance; supporting oneself; being on one's own; (2) independence (e.g. of a nation); freedom; (3) separation; isolation


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Mandarin zì shì / zi4 shi4
Taiwan tzu shih
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese self-esteem; self-reliance; overconfident; conceited

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Mandarin yuán / yuan2
Taiwan yüan
Japanese en
Chinese cause; reason; karma; fate; predestined affinity; margin; hem; edge; along
pratyaya means conviction, reliance, but with Buddhists especially it means 'a co-operating cause, the concurrent occasion of an event as distinguished from its proximate cause'. M.W. It is the circumstantial, conditioning, or secondary cause, in contrast with 因 hetu, the direct or fundamental cause. hetu is as the seed, pratyaya the soil, rain, sunshine, etc. To reason, conclude. To climb, lay hold of. The mind 能緣can reason, the objective is 所緣, the two in contact constitute the reasoning process. The four kinds of causes are 因緣; 次第緣; 緣緣, and 增上緣 q.v.


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Mandarin yī cún / yi1 cun2
Taiwan i ts`un / i tsun
Japanese izon(p);ison / いぞん(P);いそん
Chinese to depend on something for existence; dependent on
Japanese (noun/participle) dependence; reliance


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Japanese irai / いらい Japanese (noun/participle) (1) request; commission; entrusting (with a matter); (2) dependence; reliance


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Japanese shinrai / しんらい Japanese (noun/participle) reliance; trust; faith; confidence; (personal name) Nobuyori


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Japanese tanomi / たのみ Japanese (1) request; favor; favour; (n,n-suf) (2) reliance; dependence; trust


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Japanese tanomi / たのみ Japanese (1) request; favor; favour; (n,n-suf) (2) reliance; dependence; trust


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Japanese hyoukyo / hyokyo / ひょうきょ Japanese (noun/participle) basis; foundation; reliance


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Japanese dokkou / dokko / どっこう Japanese (noun/participle) going alone; self-reliance; (personal name) Tokuyuki


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Japanese amae / あまえ Japanese (See 甘える・あまえる) lack of self-reliance; depending on others


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Mandarin zì zhǔ / zi4 zhu3
Taiwan tzu chu
Japanese jishu / じしゅ
Chinese independent; to act for oneself; autonomous
Japanese (noun/participle) independence; autonomy; self-reliance


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Mandarin zì lì / zi4 li4
Taiwan tzu li
Japanese jiryū / じりつ
Chinese independent; self-reliant; self-sustaining; to stand on one's own feet; to support oneself
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) independence; self-reliance


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Japanese tayori / たより Japanese reliance; dependence



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Mandarin qī zuì shèng / qi1 zui4 sheng4
Taiwan ch`i tsui sheng / chi tsui sheng
Japanese shichi saishō
The seven perfections, see唯識論, 9. 安住最勝 Perfect rest in the bodhisattva nature. 依止最勝 perfect reliance on, or holding fast to the great bodhi (awakened mind). 意果最勝 perfect resultant aim in-pity for all 事業最勝 Perfect in constant performance. 巧便最勝 Perfect in able device (for spiritual presentation). 廻向最勝 Perfect direction towards the highest bodhi. 滿淨最勝 Perfect purity and peace.


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Japanese hitodanomi / ひとだのみ Japanese reliance on others


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Japanese hitodayori / ひとだより Japanese reliance on others


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Japanese kokorodanomi / こころだのみ Japanese reliance; dependence



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Mandarin wú cháng yī / wu2 chang2 yi1
Taiwan wu ch`ang i / wu chang i
Japanese mujō e
The reliance of the impermanent, i.e. Buddha, upon whom mortals can rely; reliance for impermanence


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Mandarin bì jìng yī / bi4 jing4 yi1
Taiwan pi ching i
A final trust, ultimate reliance, i.e. Buddha.


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Japanese jiritsushin / じりつしん Japanese spirit of self-reliance; feeling of independence



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Mandarin nán xíng dào / nan2 xing2 dao4
Taiwan nan hsing tao
Japanese nangyō dō / なんぎょうどう
Japanese {Buddh} (See 易行道) the hard way; striving for enlightenment through one's own efforts (as opposed to reliance on Amitabha)
path of difficult practice


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Japanese dokuritsudoppo / どくりつどっぽ Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (yoji) self-reliance; self-help


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Japanese dokuritsudokkou / dokuritsudokko / どくりつどっこう Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (yoji) self-reliance; acting according to one's own ideas and beliefs


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Japanese dokuritsujison / どくりつじそん Japanese (yoji) independence and self-reliance


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Japanese takeyarisenjutsu / たけやりせんじゅつ Japanese (yoji) tactics of fighting a technologically advanced adversary with primitive weapons; sole reliance on simple determination (naive spiritualism) in fighting an overwhelming foe


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Mandarin zì lì gēng shēng / zi4 li4 geng1 sheng1
Taiwan tzu li keng sheng
Japanese jirikikousei / jirikikose / じりきこうせい
Chinese regeneration through one's own effort (idiom); self-reliance
Japanese (noun/participle) (yoji) working out one's salvation by own efforts; rehabilitating oneself by one's own efforts; rectifying one's ways of life without relying on others' help


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Japanese jirikihongan / じりきほんがん Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (yoji) salvation by one's own efforts; self-reliance



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Mandarin dà shèng wú shàng fǎ / da4 sheng4 wu2 shang4 fa3
Taiwan ta sheng wu shang fa
Japanese daijō mujō hō
The supreme Mahāyāna truth, according to the 楞伽經, is that of ultimate reality in contrast with the temporary and apparent; also reliance on the power of the vow of the bodhisattva; peerless great vehicle teaching

Many custom options...

Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Wall Scroll
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Wall Scroll
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Wall Scroll
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Wall Scroll

And formats...

Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Portrait
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Horizontal Wall Scroll
Standing by Oneself / Walking by Oneself Vertical Portrait

Lookup Self-Reliance in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Self-Reliance自恃zì shì / zi4 shi4 / zi shi / zishitzu shih / tzushih
dokuritsudú lì / du2 li4 / du li / dulitu li / tuli
Standing by Oneself
Walking by Oneself
do kuritsu do ppo
do kuritsu do po
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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