Righteousness in Chinese / Japanese...

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  1. Righteousness

  2. Justice / Righteousness

  3. Loyalty / Devotion

  4. Justice / Rectitude / Right Decision

  5. Better to sacrifice your life than your principles

  6. The Principles of Buddhism

  7. Courage To Do What Is Right

  8. Shiken Haramitsu Daikomyo

  9. Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity


Righteousness

gōng yì
kou gi
Righteousness Scroll

公義 means righteousness, justice, and/or equity in Chinese and Japanese.

Also a male given name, Masayoshi, in Japanese.

Justice / Righteousness

zhèng yì
sei gi
Justice / Righteousness Scroll

正義 means justice or righteousness in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

Practicing justice and righteousness is being fair.

It is solving problems so everyone wins. You don't prejudge. You see people as individuals. You don't accept it when someone acts like a bully, cheats or lies. Being a champion for justice takes courage. Sometimes when you stand for justice, you stand alone.


Note: This is also considered to be one of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.

Loyalty / Devotion

zhōng yì
chuu gi
Loyalty / Devotion Scroll

忠義 is another form of loyalty or devotion.

In Chinese, this is more specifically about being loyal and devoted to your friends.

In Japanese, this is more often used to mean loyalty to your country or nation.

Except for the slight difference noted above between Japanese and Chinese, this word is understood universally in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja. It can also be used to describe devotion or fidelity.

It should be noted that this Kanji combination is being used less and less in modern Japan (this is a better choice if your audience is Chinese, though any Japanese person will clearly understand it).

Justice / Rectitude / Right Decision

Also means: honor loyalty morality righteousness

gi
Justice / Rectitude / Right Decision Scroll

義 is about doing the right thing or making the right decision, not because it's easy but because it's ethically and morally correct.

No matter the outcome or result, one does not lose face if tempering proper justice.

義 can also be defined as righteousness, justice, morality, honor, or "right conduct". In more a more expanded definition, it can mean loyalty to friends, loyalty to the public good, or patriotism. This idea of loyalty and friendship comes from the fact that you will treat those you are loyal to with morality and justice.

義 is also one of the five tenets of Confucius doctrine.

儀 There's also an alternate version of this character sometimes seen in Bushido or Korean Taekwondo tenets. It's just the addition of a radical on the left side of the character. If you want this version, click on the image to the right instead of the button above.


This is also a virtue of the Samurai Warrior
See our page with just Code of the Samurai / Bushido here


See Also:  Judgment | Impartial | Confucius Tenets

Better to sacrifice your life than your principles

shě shēng qǔ yì
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Scroll

捨生取義 is a Chinese proverb that comes from the philosopher Mencius.

It can be translated a few different ways:
To give up life for righteousness.
To choose honor over life
Better to sacrifice one's life than one's principles.

The Principles of Buddhism

fó yì
butsu gi
The Principles of Buddhism Scroll

In short, 佛義 is the Principles of Buddhism, but there is more (especially for the second character):

佛 is the character for the Buddha and Buddhism.

義 has deeper meanings including: Justice, righteousness, morality, honour/honor, teachings, doctrine, right, proper, righteous, loyalty, significance object, purpose, and/or meaning. So the single word "principles" is often used to encompass all of these ideas.

Courage To Do What Is Right

giomitesezaruhayuunakinari
Courage To Do What Is Right Scroll

義を見てせざるは勇なきなり is a Japanese proverb that means, "Knowing what is right and not doing is a want of courage".

I've also seen it translated as:
To see what is right, yet fail to do so, is a lack of courage.
To know righteousness, but take no action is cowardice.
You are a coward if you knew what was the right thing to do, but you did not take action.
Knowing what is right without practicing it betrays one's cowardice.


Note: Because this selection contains some special Japanese Hiragana characters, it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.

Shiken Haramitsu Daikomyo

shi ken ha ra mitsu dai kou myou
Shiken Haramitsu Daikomyo Scroll

四拳波羅蜜大光明 is "shiken haramitsu daikōmyō", a famous Japanese Buddhist mantra.

四拳 = shi-ken = four fist (many translate this as "four hearts").
波羅蜜 = ha-ra-mitsu = A loanword representing pāramitā, or entrance into Nirvana. Awkwardly, it also means jackfruit.
大光明 = dai-kou-myo = big/great light bright (great bright light).

Shiken represents four hearts:
1. The Merciful Heart - Love and caring for all living things.
2. The Sincere Heart - Pursues righteousness, or the right path - sincerely trying to do what is right.
3. The Attuned Heart - Knows that nature and fate have their ways, and thus stays in tune with the universe.
4. The Dedicated Heart - Steadfast on the chosen path to the end.

Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity

bù shī
fuse
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Scroll

This title is the Buddhist practice of giving known as Dāna or दान from Pali and Sanskrit.

Depending on the context, this can be alms-giving, acts of charity, offerings (usually money) to a priest for reading sutras or teachings.

Some will put Dāna in these two categories:
1. The pure, or unsullied charity, which looks for no reward here but only in the hereafter.
2. The sullied almsgiving whose object is personal benefit.
The first kind is, of course, the kind that a liberated or enlightened person will pursue.

Others will put Dāna in these categories:
1. Worldly or material gifts.
2. Unworldly or spiritual gifts.

You can also separate Dāna into these three kinds:
1. 財布施 Goods such as money, food, or material items.
2. 法布施 Dharma, as an act to teach or bestow the Buddhist doctrine onto others.
3. 無畏布施 Courage, as an act of facing fear to save someone or when standing up for someone or standing up for righteousness.

The philosophies and categorization of Dāna will vary among various monks, temples, and sects of Buddhism.

Breaking down the characters separately:
(sometimes written ) means to spread out or announce, but also means cloth. In ancient times, cloth or robs were given to the Buddhist monks annually as a gift of alms - I need to do more research, but I believe there is a relationship here.
means to grant, to give, to bestow, to act, to carry out, and by itself can mean Dāna as a single character.

Dāna can also be expressed as 檀那 (pronounced "tán nà" in Mandarin, and dan-na or だんな in Japanese). 檀那 is a transliteration of Dāna. However, it has colloquially come to mean some unsavory or unrelated things in Japanese. So, I think 布施 is better for calligraphy on your wall to remind you to practice Dāna daily (or whenever possible).




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These search terms might be related to Righteousness:

Beautiful Virtue

Ethics / Ethical / Morality

Honesty

Honesty / Fidelity

Integrity / Honesty

Justice / Rectitude / Right Decision

Justice / Righteousness

Martial Morality / Martial Arts Ethics / Virtue

Morality of Deed

Morality of Mind

One Justice Can Overpower 100 Evils

Uprightness

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Righteousness公義
公义
kou gi / kougi / ko gigōng yì / gong1 yi4 / gong yi / gongyikung i / kungi
Justice
Righteousness
正義
正义
sei gi / seigizhèng yì / zheng4 yi4 / zheng yi / zhengyicheng i / chengi
Loyalty
Devotion
忠義
忠义
chuu gi / chuugi / chu gizhōng yì / zhong1 yi4 / zhong yi / zhongyichung i / chungi
Justice
Rectitude
Right Decision

giyì / yi4 / yii
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles捨生取義
舍生取义
shě shēng qǔ yì
she3 sheng1 qu3 yi4
she sheng qu yi
sheshengquyi
she sheng ch`ü i
sheshengchüi
she sheng chü i
The Principles of Buddhism佛義
佛义
butsu gi / butsugifó yì / fo2 yi4 / fo yi / foyifo i / foi
Courage To Do What Is Right義を見てせざるは勇なきなりgiomitesezaruhayuunakinari
giomitesezaruhayunakinari
Shiken Haramitsu Daikomyo四拳波羅蜜大光明shi ken ha ra mitsu dai kou myou
shi ken ha ra mitsu dai ko myo
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity布施fusebù shī / bu4 shi1 / bu shi / bushipu shih / pushih
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Many custom options...


Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Scroll
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Scroll
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Scroll
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Scroll


And formats...

Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Vertical Portrait
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Horizontal Wall Scroll
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

Lookup Righteousness in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

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