The Name Abbot in Chinese / Japanese...

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Abbot Scroll

アボット is the name Abbot in Japanese.

Note: Because this title is entirely Japanese Katakana, it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.

ā bó té
Abbot Scroll

阿博特 is the name Abbot in Chinese (Mandarin).

Northern Praying Mantis

táng láng quán
tou rou ken
Northern Praying Mantis Scroll

This can be translated literally as "Praying Mantis Fist".

螳螂拳 is sometimes called Shandong Praying Mantis after its place of origin. It was created by Wang Lang and was named after the praying mantis, an insect, the aggressiveness of which inspired the style.

Shaolin records document that Wang Lang was one of the 18 masters gathered by the Shaolin Abbot Fu Ju, which dates him and Northern Praying Mantis style to the Song Dynasty (960-1279 A.D.).

The fact that the word "Northern" is used in the English title has more to do with where this style came from (Shandong is in northern China) but "north" is absent from this Chinese title.

Note: 螳螂拳 is also a title in Japanese - however, only a Japanese person who practices or is familiar with "Praying Mantis Fist" style would recognize it.

Not the results for abbot that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your abbot search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition


see styles
(n,vs,vi) Zen meditation; meditative consultation with the head abbot


see styles
Northern Praying Mantis Scroll
(personal name) Abbot; Abbott



see styles
sān gāng
    san1 gang1
san kang
 sangou / sango
{Buddh} three monastic positions with management roles at a temple; (given name) Sankou
The three bonds, i.e. directors of a monastery: (a) 上座 sthavira, elder, president; (b) 寺主vihārasvāmin, v. 毘 the abbot who directs the temporal affairs; (c) 維那 karmadāna, v. 羯 who directs the monks. Another meaning: (a) 上座; (b) 維那; (c) 典座 vihārapāla, v. 毘director of worship. The three vary in different countries; three cords


see styles
shàng zuò
    shang4 zuo4
shang tso
 kamiza; jouza / kamiza; joza
    かみざ; じょうざ
seat of honor
(n,vs,adj-no) chief seat; seat of honor; seat of honour; head of the table; (place-name) Jouza
Sthavira; or Mahāsthavira. Old man, or elder; head monk, president, or abbot; the first Buddhist fathers; a title of Mahākāśyapa; also of monks of twenty to forty-nine years standing, as 中座 are from ten to nineteen and 下座 under ten. The 釋氏要覽 divides presiding elders into four classes, those presiding over monasteries, over assemblies of monks, over sects, and laymen presiding over feasts to monks; ecclesiastical officials


see styles
shàng shǒu
    shang4 shou3
shang shou
 jouzu(p); joute(ok); joushu(ok) / jozu(p); jote(ok); joshu(ok)
    じょうず(P); じょうて(ok); じょうしゅ(ok)
to obtain; to master; overhand (serve etc); seat of honor
(noun or adjectival noun) (1) (ant: 下手・へた・1) skillful; skilled; proficient; good (at); adept; clever; (2) flattery; (place-name) Nobote


see styles
shàng fāng
    shang4 fang1
shang fang
 jouhou / joho
place above (it); upper part (of it)
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (See 下方) upper part; upper region; region above; (place-name, surname) Kamigata
上手 An abbot 上方 originally meant a mountain monastery.


see styles
xià bàng
    xia4 bang4
hsia pang
To lay on the cudgel, beat; syn. for the 德山 Te Shan monastery, whose Chan sect abbot instilled intelligence with his staff; hitting novices with a stick


see styles
zhǔ shǒu
    zhu3 shou3
chu shou
The 監寺 or abbot of a monastery.


see styles
zhù chí
    zhu4 chi2
chu ch`ih
    chu chih
 juuji / juji
to administer a monastery Buddhist or Daoist; abbot; head monk
(noun/participle) chief priest of temple
To dwell and control; the abbot of a monastery; resident superintendent; to maintain, or firmly hold to (faith in the Buddha, etc.). For住持身 v. 佛具十身.



see styles
zhù zhí
    zhu4 zhi2
chu chih
 juushoku / jushoku
(noun/participle) chief priest (of a Buddhist temple)



see styles
zuò sān
    zuo4 san1
tso san
The evening meditation at a monastery (preceding instruction by the abbot); sitting meditation before the evening sermon



see styles
táng tóu
    tang2 tou2
t`ang t`ou
    tang tou
 dō chō
The head of the hall, the abbot of a monastery; chief monk


see styles
shì zhōng
    shi4 zhong1
shih chung
(surname) Muronaka
inside the abbot's room; inside the abbot's room



see styles
qǐn táng
    qin3 tang2
ch`in t`ang
    chin tang
A dormitory; abbot's private quarters


see styles
zuò zhǔ
    zuo4 zhu3
tso chu
temple's head priest; (surname) Zasu
上座; 首座; 座元 A chairman, president; the head of the monks; an abbot; prelate


see styles
xīn mìng
    xin1 ming4
hsin ming
new abbot; new abbot


see styles
fāng zhang
    fang1 zhang5
fang chang
 houjou / hojo
square zhang (i.e. unit of area 10 feet square); monastic room 10 feet square; Buddhist or Daoist abbot; abbot's chamber
(1) (See 丈・じょう・1) square jō (approx. 10 sq feet); (2) {Buddh} abbot's chamber; (3) chief priest; (p,s,g) Houjou
An abbot, 寺主 head of a monastery; the term is said to arise from the ten-foot cubic dwelling in which 維摩 Vimalakirti lived, but here seems to be no Sanskrit equivalent; front room of a monastery


see styles
bǎi zhàng
    bai3 zhang4
pai chang
A hundred fathoms of 10 feet each, 1, 0O0 feet; the name of a noted Tang abbot of百杖山 Baizhangshan, the monastery of this name in 洪州 Hongzhou.


see styles
zhī shì
    zhi1 shi4
chih shih
(noun - becomes adjective with の) prefectural governor
To know affairs. The karmadāna, or director of affairs in a monastery, next below the abbot; officer


see styles
hé shān
    he2 shan1
ho shan
(surname) Nogiyama
Ho-Shan, a monastery in 吉州 Chi-chou, and its abbot who died A. D. 960; Heshan


see styles
 kanchou / kancho
superintendent priest; chief abbot; (surname) Suganaga



see styles
hóng yī
    hong2 yi1
hung i
(female given name) Berii
abbot's robe; abbot's robe


see styles
xíng zhě
    xing2 zhe3
hsing che
 gyouja / gyoja
pedestrian; walker; itinerant monk
ascetic; pilgrim; devotee; (surname) Gyouja
An abbot's attendant; also ācārin, performing the duties of a disciple; practitioner


see styles
xī xù
    xi1 xu4
hsi hsü
 seijo / sejo
{Buddh} memorial rite involving the western sanctum
西班 The western group, i.e. teaching monks stood on the west of the abbot, while those engaged in practical affairs stood on the east; this was in imitation of the Court practice in regard to civil and military officials.



see styles
guàn zhǔ
    guan4 zhu3
kuan chu
chief abbot (of a Buddhist temple)



see styles
guàn dǐng
    guan4 ding3
kuan ting
chief abbot; chief abbot



see styles
guàn shǒu
    guan4 shou3
kuan shou
chief abbot (of a Buddhist temple)
貫頂 A superintendent, head; chief abbot



see styles
zhǎng lǎo
    zhang3 lao3
chang lao
 chourou / choro
elder; term of respect for a Buddhist monk
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) elder; senior; (2) {Buddh} senior monk; (3) dean; presbyter; patriarch; (surname) Nagao
Senior, venerable, title for aged and virtuous monks; also an abbot.


see styles
yuàn zhǔ
    yuan4 zhu3
yüan chu
head of a temple; (place-name) Enzu
The abbot of a monastery.


see styles
yuàn mù
    yuan4 mu4
yüan mu
abbot (Christian)
Click here for more abbot results from our dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Abbot阿博特ā bó té / a1 bo2 te2 / a bo te / abotea po t`e / apote / a po te
Northern Praying Mantis螳螂拳tou rou ken
to ro ken
táng láng quán
tang2 lang2 quan2
tang lang quan
t`ang lang ch`üan
tang lang chüan
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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Northern Praying Mantis Scroll
Northern Praying Mantis Scroll
Northern Praying Mantis Scroll
Northern Praying Mantis Scroll

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Northern Praying Mantis Vertical Portrait
Northern Praying Mantis Horizontal Wall Scroll
Northern Praying Mantis Vertical Portrait

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

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Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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