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Mandarin Chinese information.
Old Wade-Giles romanization used only in Taiwan.
Japanese information.
Buddhist definition. Note: May not apply to all sects.
 Definition may be different outside of Buddhism.

There are 57 total results for your Abbot search.

Characters Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

参禅

see styles
 sanzen / さんぜん (noun/participle) Zen meditation; meditative consultation with the head abbot

アボット

see styles
 abotto / アボット
 Scroll
(personal name) Abbot; Abbott

方丈

see styles
fāng zhang / fang1 zhang5
fang chang
 houjou / hojo / ほうじょう
square zhang (i.e. unit of area 10 feet square); monastic room 10 feet square; Buddhist or Daoist abbot; abbot's chamber
(1) (See 丈・じょう・1) square jō (approx. 10 sq feet); (2) {Buddh} abbot's chamber; (3) chief priest; (p,s,g) Houjou
An abbot, 寺主 head of a monastery; the term is said to arise from the ten-foot cubic dwelling in which 維摩 Vimalakirti lived, but here seems to be no Sanskrit equivalent; front room of a monastery

大修道院長


大修道院长

see styles
dà xiū dào yuàn zhǎng / da4 xiu1 dao4 yuan4 zhang3
ta hsiu tao yüan chang
 daishuudouinchou / daishudoincho / だいしゅうどういんちょう
abbot
abbot; archimandrite

三綱


三纲

see styles
sān gāng / san1 gang1
san kang
 sangou / sango / さんごう
{Buddh} three monastic positions with management roles at a temple; (given name) Sankou
The three bonds, i.e. directors of a monastery: (a) 上座 sthavira, elder, president; (b) 寺主vihārasvāmin, v. 毘 the abbot who directs the temporal affairs; (c) 維那 karmadāna, v. 羯 who directs the monks. Another meaning: (a) 上座; (b) 維那; (c) 典座 vihārapāla, v. 毘director of worship. The three vary in different countries; three cords

上座

see styles
shàng zuò / shang4 zuo4
shang tso
 kamiza;jouza / kamiza;joza / かみざ;じょうざ
seat of honor
(n,vs,adj-no) chief seat; seat of honor; seat of honour; head of the table; (place-name) Jouza
Sthavira; or Mahāsthavira. Old man, or elder; head monk, president, or abbot; the first Buddhist fathers; a title of Mahākāśyapa; also of monks of twenty to forty-nine years standing, as 中座 are from ten to nineteen and 下座 under ten. The 釋氏要覽 divides presiding elders into four classes, those presiding over monasteries, over assemblies of monks, over sects, and laymen presiding over feasts to monks; ecclesiastical officials

上手

see styles
shàng shǒu / shang4 shou3
shang shou
 jouzu(p);joute(ok);joushu(ok) / jozu(p);jote(ok);joshu(ok) / じょうず(P);じょうて(ok);じょうしゅ(ok)
to obtain; to master; overhand (serve etc); seat of honor
(noun or adjectival noun) (1) (ant: 下手・へた・1) skillful; skilled; proficient; good (at); adept; clever; (2) flattery; (place-name) Nobote
abbot

上方

see styles
shàng fāng / shang4 fang1
shang fang
 jouhou / joho / じょうほう
upper part; upper region; (place-name, surname) Kamigata
上手 An abbot 上方 originally meant a mountain monastery.

下棒

see styles
xià bàng / xia4 bang4
hsia pang
 abō
To lay on the cudgel, beat; syn. for the 德山 Te Shan monastery, whose Chan sect abbot instilled intelligence with his staff; hitting novices with a stick

主首

see styles
zhǔ shǒu / zhu3 shou3
chu shou
 shushu
The 監寺 or abbot of a monastery.

住持

see styles
zhù chí / zhu4 chi2
chu ch`ih / chu chih
 juuji / juji / じゅうじ
to administer a monastery Buddhist or Daoist; abbot; head monk
(noun/participle) chief priest of temple
To dwell and control; the abbot of a monastery; resident superintendent; to maintain, or firmly hold to (faith in the Buddha, etc.). For住持身 v. 佛具十身.

住職


住职

see styles
zhù zhí / zhu4 zhi2
chu chih
 juushoku / jushoku / じゅうしょく
(noun/participle) chief priest (of a Buddhist temple)
abbot

坐參


坐参

see styles
zuò sān / zuo4 san1
tso san
 zasan
The evening meditation at a monastery (preceding instruction by the abbot); sitting meditation before the evening sermon

堂頭


堂头

see styles
táng tóu / tang2 tou2
t`ang t`ou / tang tou
 dō chō
The head of the hall, the abbot of a monastery; chief monk

室中

see styles
shì zhōng / shi4 zhong1
shih chung
 shitsuchū / むろなか
(surname) Muronaka
inside the abbot's room; inside the abbot's room

寢堂


寝堂

see styles
qǐn táng / qin3 tang2
ch`in t`ang / chin tang
 shindō
A dormitory; abbot's private quarters

座主

see styles
zuò zhǔ / zuo4 zhu3
tso chu
 zasu / ざす
temple's head priest; (surname) Zasu
上座; 首座; 座元 A chairman, president; the head of the monks; an abbot; prelate

新命

see styles
xīn mìng / xin1 ming4
hsin ming
 shinmyō
new abbot; new abbot

百杖

see styles
bǎi zhàng / bai3 zhang4
pai chang
 Hyakujō
A hundred fathoms of 10 feet each, 1, 0O0 feet; the name of a noted Tang abbot of百杖山 Baizhangshan, the monastery of this name in 洪州 Hongzhou.

知事

see styles
zhī shì / zhi1 shi4
chih shih
 chiji / ちじ
(noun - becomes adjective with の) prefectural governor
To know affairs. The karmadāna, or director of affairs in a monastery, next below the abbot; officer

禾山

see styles
hé shān / he2 shan1
ho shan
 Kazan / のぎやま
(surname) Nogiyama
Ho-Shan, a monastery in 吉州 Chi-chou, and its abbot who died A. D. 960; Heshan

管長

see styles
 kanchou / kancho / かんちょう superintendent priest; chief abbot; (surname) Suganaga

紅衣


红衣

see styles
hóng yī / hong2 yi1
hung i
 kue / べりい
(female given name) Berii
abbot's robe; abbot's robe

行者

see styles
xíng zhě / xing2 zhe3
hsing che
 gyouja / gyoja / ぎょうじゃ
pedestrian; walker; itinerant monk
ascetic; pilgrim; devotee; (surname) Gyouja
An abbot's attendant; also ācārin, performing the duties of a disciple; practitioner

西序

see styles
xī xù / xi1 xu4
hsi hsü
 seijo / sejo / せいじょ
{Buddh} memorial rite involving the western sanctum
西班 The western group, i.e. teaching monks stood on the west of the abbot, while those engaged in practical affairs stood on the east; this was in imitation of the Court practice in regard to civil and military officials.

貫主


贯主

see styles
guàn zhǔ / guan4 zhu3
kuan chu
 kanzu / かんじゅ
chief abbot (of a Buddhist temple)
head

貫頂


贯顶

see styles
guàn dǐng / guan4 ding3
kuan ting
 kanchō
chief abbot; chief abbot

貫首


贯首

see styles
guàn shǒu / guan4 shou3
kuan shou
 kansu / かんじゅ
chief abbot (of a Buddhist temple)
貫頂 A superintendent, head; chief abbot

長老


长老

see styles
zhǎng lǎo / zhang3 lao3
chang lao
 chourou / choro / ちょうろう
elder; term of respect for a Buddhist monk
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) elder; senior; (2) {Buddh} senior monk; (3) dean; presbyter; patriarch; (surname) Nagao
Senior, venerable, title for aged and virtuous monks; also an abbot.

院主

see styles
yuàn zhǔ / yuan4 zhu3
yüan chu
 inju / いんじゅ
head of a temple; (place-name) Enzu
The abbot of a monastery.

院牧

see styles
yuàn mù / yuan4 mu4
yüan mu
abbot (Christian)

黃檗


黄檗

see styles
huáng bò / huang2 bo4
huang po
 Ōbaku
Amur cork tree (Phellodendron amurense); cork-tree bark (Chinese medicine)
Huangbo, Phallodendron amurense, a tree which gave its name to a monastery in Fujian, and to a sect founded by 希運 Xiyun, its noted abbot of the Tang dynasty.

住持職


住持职

see styles
zhù chí zhí / zhu4 chi2 zhi2
chu ch`ih chih / chu chih chih
 jūjishoku
abbot

修院長

see styles
 shuuinchou / shuincho / しゅういんちょう prelate; prior; abbot

內方丈


内方丈

see styles
nèi fāng zhàng / nei4 fang1 zhang4
nei fang chang
 uchi hōjō
inner abbot's quarters; inner abbot's quarters

喫棄羅


喫弃罗

see styles
chī qì luó / chi1 qi4 luo2
ch`ih ch`i lo / chih chi lo
 kikira
khakkhara, a beggar's staff; an abbot's staff.

大和尚

see styles
dà hé shàng / da4 he2 shang4
ta ho shang
 dai oshō
Great monk, senior monk, abbot ; a monk of great virtue and old age. Buddhoṣingha, (Fotu cheng 佛圖澄), who came to China A.D. 310, was so styled by his Chinese disciple 石子龍 Shizi long; great venerable

大弟子

see styles
dà dì zǐ / da4 di4 zi3
ta ti tzu
 dai daishi
sthavira, a chief disciple, the Fathers of the Buddhist church; an elder; an abbot; a priest licensed to preach and become an abbot; also 上坐.

大相看

see styles
dà xiāng kàn / da4 xiang1 kan4
ta hsiang k`an / ta hsiang kan
 dai shōken
The reception by an abbot of all his monks on the first day of the tenth moon; great reception

奥方丈

see styles
ào fāng zhàng / ao4 fang1 zhang4
ao fang chang
 oku hōjō
inner abbot's quarters; inner abbot's quarters

方丈室

see styles
fāng zhàng shì / fang1 zhang4 shi4
fang chang shih
 hōjō shitsu
abbot's quarters; abbot's quarters

方丈板

see styles
fāng zhàng bǎn / fang1 zhang4 ban3
fang chang pan
 hōjō ban
sounding board at the abbot's office; sounding board at the abbot's office

福方丈

see styles
fú fāng zhàng / fu2 fang1 zhang4
fu fang chang
 fukuhōjō
assistant abbot; assistant abbot

老和尚

see styles
lǎo hé shàng / lao3 he2 shang4
lao ho shang
 rōwashō
retired abbot; retired abbot

表方丈

see styles
biǎo fāng zhàng / biao3 fang1 zhang4
piao fang chang
 omote hōjō
outer abbot's quarters; outer abbot's quarters

首座板

see styles
shǒu zuò bǎn / shou3 zuo4 ban3
shou tso pan
seat of the abbot, or head monk, in the monk's hall; seat of the abbot, or head monk, in the monk's hall

三歸受法


三归受法

see styles
sān guī shòu fǎ / san1 gui1 shou4 fa3
san kuei shou fa
 sanki juhō
The receiving of the Law, or admission of a lay disciple, after recantation of his previous wrong belief and sincere repetition to the abbot or monk of the three refuges 三歸; receiving the dharma of the three refuges

代理方丈

see styles
dài lǐ fāng zhàng / dai4 li3 fang1 zhang4
tai li fang chang
 dairi hōjō
deputy abbot; deputy abbot

修道院長

see styles
 shuudouinchou / shudoincho / しゅうどういんちょう head of a monastic institution; abbot; prior; abbess; prioress; mother superior

新命住持

see styles
xīn mìng zhù chí / xin1 ming4 zhu4 chi2
hsin ming chu ch`ih / hsin ming chu chih
 shinmyō jūji
new abbot; new abbot

新命和尚

see styles
xīn mìng hé shàng / xin1 ming4 he2 shang4
hsin ming ho shang
 shinmei oshō
new abbot; new abbot

護理方丈


护理方丈

see styles
hù lǐ fāng zhàng / hu4 li3 fang1 zhang4
hu li fang chang
 gori hōjō
deputy abbot; deputy abbot

退居和尚

see styles
tuì jū hé shàng / tui4 ju1 he2 shang4
t`ui chü ho shang / tui chü ho shang
 taikyo washō
retired abbot; retired abbot

鳥羽僧正

see styles
 tobasoujou / tobasojo / とばそうじょう (person) Toba Soujou (Abbot of Toba, painter of the 11th century)

一白三羯磨

see styles
yī bái sān jié mó / yi1 bai2 san1 jie2 mo2
i pai san chieh mo
 ichibyaku san konma
One announcement, or reading, and three responses, or promises of performance (karman); it is the mode of ordaining monks, three responses to the one call of the abbot; an announcement or reading, and three responses, or promises of performance (karman)

男修道院長


男修道院长

see styles
nán xiū dào yuàn zhǎng / nan2 xiu1 dao4 yuan4 zhang3
nan hsiu tao yüan chang
abbot

貫主;貫首

see styles
 kanju;kanshu / かんじゅ;かんしゅ chief abbot (of a Buddhist temple)

Entries with 2nd row of characters: The 2nd row is Simplified Chinese.

This page contains 57 results for "Abbot" in Chinese and/or Japanese.



Information about this dictionary:

Apparently, we were the first ones who were crazy enough to think that western people might want a combined Chinese, Japanese, and Buddhist dictionary.

A lot of westerners can't tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese - and there is a reason for that. Chinese characters and even whole words were borrowed by Japan from the Chinese language in the 5th century. Much of the time, if a word or character is used in both languages, it will have the same or a similar meaning. However, this is not always true. Language evolves, and meanings independently change in each language.

Example: The Chinese character 湯 for soup (hot water) has come to mean bath (hot water) in Japanese. They have the same root meaning of "hot water", but a 湯屋 sign on a bathhouse in Japan would lead a Chinese person to think it was a "soup house" or a place to get a bowl of soup. See this: Japanese Bath House

This dictionary uses the EDICT and CC-CEDICT dictionary files.
EDICT data is the property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, and is used in conformance with the Group's license.

Chinese Buddhist terms come from Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. This is commonly referred to as "Soothill's'". It was first published in 1937 (and is now off copyright so we can use it here). Some of these definitions may be misleading, incomplete, or dated, but 95% of it is good information. Every professor who teaches Buddhism or Eastern Religion has a copy of this on their bookshelf. We incorporated these 16,850 entries into our dictionary database ourselves (it was lot of work).



Combined, these cover 1,007,753 Japanese, Chinese, and Buddhist characters, words, idioms, names, placenames, and short phrases.

Just because a word appears here does not mean it is appropriate for a tattoo, your business name, etc. Please consult a professional before doing anything stupid with this data.

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Japanese Kanji Dictionary

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