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16. Benevolent Heart
Beyond benevolence, 仁 can be also be defined as "charity" or "mercy" depending on context.
The deeper meaning suggests that one should pay alms to the poor, care for those in trouble, and take care of his fellow man (or woman).
仁 is one of the five tenets of Confucius. In fact, it is a subject in which Confucius spent a great deal of time explaining to his disciples.
I have also seen this benevolent-related word translated as perfect virtue, selflessness, love for humanity, humaneness, goodness, goodwill, or simply "love" in the non-romantic form.
This is also a virtue of the Samurai Warrior
See our page with just Code of the Samurai / Bushido here
These two characters create a word that can be translated as love, kindheartedness, benevolence and humanity.
The first character means benevolence by itself.
The second character means virtue or morality.
Japanese note: The second Kanji of this word has been slightly simplified (one tiny horizontal stroke removed). It is still readable for Japanese but if you select our Japanese calligrapher, expect that stroke to be missing on your wall scroll.
仁慈 word is used in Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Asian Buddhism to relay the important idea of loving kindness.
仁慈 can also be defined as: benevolent; charitable; kind; merciful; kind-hearted; benevolence; kindness; humanity; mercy.
In Japanese, this can also be the given name Hitoji. This would also be a good Mandarin Chinese given name romanized as Jentzu (in Taiwan) or Renci (really sounds like ren-tsuh).
Besides the title above, 慈悲 can also be defined as clemency or lenience and sometimes the act of giving charity.
In Buddhist context, it can be defined as, "benevolence", "loving kindness and compassion", or "mercy and compassion".
This Buddhist virtue is perhaps the most important to employ in your life. All sentient beings that you encounter should be given your loving kindness. And trust me, however much you can give, it comes back. Make your life and the world a better place!
This Chinese/Japanese Buddhist term is the equivalent of Metta Karuna from Pali or Maitri Karuna from Sanskrit.
慈 can mean loving-kindness by itself.
悲 adds a component of sorrow, empathy, compassion, and sympathy for others.
These two characters create a word in Chinese and Japanese that means something like benevolence with magnanimity or kindness with a forgiving nature.
If this describes you, then you are the type of person that I would like to call my friend.
This may not be the most common word in daily use but it's old enough that it transcended cultures from China to Japan in the 5th century when Japan lacked a written language, and absorbed Chinese characters and words into their language.
Note: 仁恕 is not commonly used in Korean.
Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself
Some may think of this as a "Christian trait" but actually it transcends many religions.
This Chinese teaching dates back to about 2,500 years ago in China. Confucius had always taught the belief in being benevolent (ren) but this idea was hard to grasp for some of his students, as benevolence could be kind-heartedness, or an essence of humanity itself.
When answering Zhong Gong's question as to what "ren" actually meant, Confucius said:
"When you go out, you should behave as if you were in the presence of a distinguished guest, when people do favors for you, act as if a great sacrifice was made for you. Whatever you wouldn't like done to you, do not do that thing to others. Don't complain at work or at home".
Hearing this, Zhong Gong said humbly, "Although I am not clever, I will do what you say".
From this encounter, the Chinese version of the "Golden Rule" or "Ethic of Reciprocity" came to be.
The characters you see above express, "Do not do to others whatever you do not want done to yourself".
See Also: Confucius Teachings
寬大 is a Chinese, Japanese, and Korean word that means Generosity.
Generosity is giving and sharing. You share freely, not with the idea of receiving something in return. You find ways to give others happiness, and give just for the joy of giving. Generosity is one of the best ways to show love and friendship.
寬大 can also be translated as charitable, magnanimity, liberality or in some context broad-mindedness.
Note: There is a tiny deviation in the first character when written in Japanese. If you choose our Japanese master calligrapher, the little dot on the lower right of the first character will be omitted. With or without the dot, this can be read in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.
Kindness is showing you care, doing some good to make life better for others. Be thoughtful about people's needs. Show love and compassion to someone who is sad or needs your help. When you are tempted to be cruel, to criticize or tease, decide to be kind instead.
This Chinese / Japanese / Korean word can also mean affectionate, cordial, warmly, or close (emotionally).
This phrase celebrates the benevolence, skill, and service to his/her patients.
Here's a breakdown of the characters:
妙手 miào shǒu admirable skill in curing disease (when used in reference to doctors).
仁心 rén xīn kindheartedness, charity, benevolent heart.
悬壶济世 xuán hú jì shì practice medicine or pharmacy to help the people or public.
慈悲征服一切 is a way to express the idea that mercy, compassion, and loving-kindness can overcome all things.
This phrase is composed of 3 Chinese words:
慈悲 = loving-kindness; mercy; compassion; benevolence. It's used in Buddhism a lot to express the idea of how one should treat everyone else and all living beings.
征服 = to conquer; to subdue; to vanquish; to overcome.
一切 = all; everything; the whole; lock, stock, and barrel; without exception.
This Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja title can mean, "love and respect", "kindness and respect", "to love with reverence", "charm", "amiability", "winsomeness", "courtesy", or "ingratiating behavior".
Note: The wide-ranging definitions show that this word is a bit ambiguous without the context of being used in a sentence.
This title is the Buddhist practice of giving known as Dāna or दान from Pali and Sanskrit.
Depending on the context, this can be alms-giving, acts of charity, offerings (usually money) to a priest for reading sutras or teachings.
Some will put Dāna in these two categories:
1. The pure, or unsullied charity, which looks for no reward here but only in the hereafter.
2. The sullied almsgiving whose object is personal benefit.
The first kind is, of course, the kind that a liberated or enlightened person will pursue.
Others will put Dāna in these categories:
1. Worldly or material gifts.
2. Unworldly or spiritual gifts.
You can also separate Dāna into these three kinds:
1. 財布施 Goods such as money, food, or material items.
2. 法布施 Dharma, as an act to teach or bestow the Buddhist doctrine onto others.
3. 無畏布施 Courage, as an act of facing fear to save someone or when standing up for someone or standing up for righteousness.
The philosophies and categorization of Dāna will vary among various monks, temples, and sects of Buddhism.
Breaking down the characters separately:
布 (sometimes written 佈) means to spread out or announce, but also means cloth. In ancient times, cloth or robs were given to the Buddhist monks annually as a gift of alms - I need to do more research, but I believe there is a relationship here.
施 means to grant, to give, to bestow, to act, to carry out, and by itself can mean Dāna as a single character.
Dāna can also be expressed as 檀那 (pronounced "tán nà" in Mandarin, and dan-na or だんな in Japanese). 檀那 is a transliteration of Dāna. However, it has colloquially come to mean some unsavory or unrelated things in Japanese. So, I think 布施 is better for calligraphy on your wall to remind you to practice Dāna daily (or whenever possible).
慈悲の心 means benevolent heart, compassionate heart, or merciful heart in Japanese.
慈悲の心 is a Japanese-only phrase, and should be ordered from our Japanese master calligrapher. 慈悲の心 is because the third character is special Hiragana.
Chances are you are into Inuyasha and are seeking the title of chapter 471 which is often translated as "Merciful Heart".
思いやり is compassion, kindness, or sympathy in Japanese.
The first part of this word suggests feelings, emotion, sentiment, love, affection, wish, and hope are connected with this idea of compassion and sympathy.
Note: Because this selection contains some special Japanese Hiragana characters, it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.
This in-stock artwork might be what you are looking for, and ships right away...
These search terms might be related to Benevolence:
Compassion / Kindness
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity
Goddess of Compassion
Goddess of Mercy and Compassion
Kindness / Benevolence
Kindness / Caring
Kindness and Forgiving Nature
Love and Respect / Kindness and Respect
Loving Heart / Compassion
Loving-Kindness Conquers All
Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness
Mercy / Compassion / Love
The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji (Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|Benevolence||仁||jin||rén / ren2 / ren||jen|
|仁德||jintoku||rén dé / ren2 de2 / ren de / rende||jen te / jente|
|仁慈||jin ji / jinji||rén cí / ren2 ci2 / ren ci / renci||jen tz`u / jentzu / jen tzu|
|Learning leads to Knowledge, Study leads to Benevolence, Shame leads to Courage||好學近乎知力行近乎仁知恥近乎勇|
|hào xué jìn hū zhī lì xíng jìn hū rén zhī chǐ jìn hū yǒng|
hao4 xue2 jin4 hu1 zhi1 li4 xing2 jin4 hu1 ren2 zhi1 chi3 jin4 hu1 yong3
hao xue jin hu zhi li xing jin hu ren zhi chi jin hu yong
|hao hsüeh chin hu chih li hsing chin hu jen chih ch`ih chin hu yung
hao hsüeh chin hu chih li hsing chin hu jen chih chih chin hu yung
Buddhist Loving Kindness
|慈悲||ji hi / jihi||cí bēi / ci2 bei1 / ci bei / cibei||tz`u pei / tzupei / tzu pei|
|Kindness and Forgiving Nature||仁恕||jinjo||rén shù / ren2 shu4 / ren shu / renshu||jen shu / jenshu|
|Confucius: Golden Rule|
Ethic of Reciprocity
|jǐ suǒ bú yù wù shī yú rén|
ji3 suo3 bu2 yu4, wu4 shi1 yu2 ren2
ji suo bu yu, wu shi yu ren
|chi so pu yü, wu shih yü jen
|kandai||kuān dà / kuan1 da4 / kuan da / kuanda||k`uan ta / kuanta / kuan ta|
|shin setsu / shinsetsu||qīn qiè / qin1 qie4 / qin qie / qinqie||ch`in ch`ieh / chinchieh / chin chieh|
|Benevolent and Skilled Doctor||妙手仁心||miào shǒu rén xīn|
miao4 shou3 ren2 xin1
miao shou ren xin
|miao shou jen hsin
|慈心||jishin||cí xīn / ci2 xin1 / ci xin / cixin||tz`u hsin / tzuhsin / tzu hsin|
|Benevolent and Skilled Doctor||妙手仁心懸壺濟世|
|miào shǒu rén xīn xuán hú jì shì|
miao4 shou3 ren2 xin1 xuan2 hu2 ji4 shi4
miao shou ren xin xuan hu ji shi
|miao shou jen hsin hsüan hu chi shih|
|Loving-Kindness Conquers All||慈悲征服一切||cí bēi zhēng fú yī qiè|
ci2 bei1 zheng1 fu2 yi1 qie4
ci bei zheng fu yi qie
|tz`u pei cheng fu i ch`ieh
tzu pei cheng fu i chieh
|Love and Respect|
Kindness and Respect
|aikei / aikyou|
aikei / aikyo
|ài jìng / ai4 jing4 / ai jing / aijing||ai ching / aiching|
|Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity||布施||fuse||bù shī / bu4 shi1 / bu shi / bushi||pu shih / pushih|
|Benevolent Heart||慈悲の心||ji hi no kokoro|
|思いやり||omoi yari / omoiyari|
|In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.|
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.
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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.
When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.
Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!
When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.
The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.
Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.
There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.
Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.
The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.
Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.
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