四諦 in Chinese / Japanese...

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Four Noble Truths (Buddhism)

sì dì
Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) Scroll

四諦 is the title of the Four Noble Truths as taught in virtually all sects of Buddhism.

These truths are suffering (dukkha), desire/attachment (samudaya), release from desire/attachment (nirodha), and the path leading away from suffering (magga).

The suggestion behind these truths is that all things in nature suffer. All things in nature have desire and attachment for things in the physical world. The enlightened can release themselves from the bonds of desire and attachment. And finally, once they release all desire and attachment, the enlightened will find a path that leads away from suffering.

This term is exclusively used by devout Buddhists. It is not a common term, and is remains an unknown concept to most Japanese, Chinese, and Korean people.

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Four Noble Truths (Buddhism)四諦
shitaisì dì / si4 di4 / si di / sidissu ti / ssuti
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your 四諦 search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
sì dì / si4 di4
ssu ti
 shitai / したい
Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) Scroll
the Four Noble Truths (Budd.), covered by the acronym 苦集滅道: all life is suffering 苦, the cause of suffering is desire 集, emancipation comes only by eliminating passions 滅|灭, the way 道 to emancipation is the Eight-fold Noble Way 八正道
{Buddh} (See 苦集滅道) The Four Noble Truths
catvāri-ārya-satyāni; 四聖諦; 四眞諦. The four dogmas, or noble truths, the primary and fundamental doctrines of Śākyamuni, said to approximate to the form of medical diagnosis. They are pain or 'suffering, its cause, its ending, the way thereto; that existence is suffering, that human passion (taṇhā, 欲 desire) is the cause of continued suffering, that by the destruction of human passion existence may be brought to an end; that by a life of holiness the destruction of human passion may be attained'. Childers. The four are 苦, 聚 (or 集), 滅, and 道諦, i. e. duḥkha 豆佉, samudaya 三牟提耶, nirodha 尼棲陀, and mārga 末加. Eitel interprets them (1) 'that 'misery' is a necessary attribute of sentient existence'; (2) that 'the 'accumulation' of misery is caused by the passions'; (3) that 'the 'extinction' of passion is possible; (4) mārga is 'the doctrine of the 'path' that leads to the extinction of passion'. (1) 苦 suffering is the lot of the 六趣 six states of existence; (2) 集 is the aggregation (or exacerbation) of suffering by reason of the passions; (3) 滅 is nirvana, the extinction of desire and its consequences, and the leaving of the sufferings of mortality as void and extinct; (4) 道 is the way of such extinction, i. e. the 八正道 eightfold correct way. The first two are considered to be related to this life, the last two to 出世間 a life outside or apart from the world. The four are described as the fundamental doctrines first preached to his five former ascetic companions. Those who accepted these truths were in the stage of śrāvaka. There is much dispute as to the meaning of 滅 'extinction' as to whether it means extinction of suffering, of passion, or of existence. The Nirvana Sutra 18 says that whoever accepts the four dogmas will put an end to births and deaths 若能見四諦則得斷生死 which does not of necessity mean the termination of existence but that of continued transmigration. v. 滅; four [noble] truths



see styles
zuò sì dì / zuo4 si4 di4
tso ssu ti
 sa shitai
four created (established) noble truths



see styles
sì dì fǎ / si4 di4 fa3
ssu ti fa
 shitai hō
the law of the four truths



see styles
sì dì jīng / si4 di4 jing1
ssu ti ching
 Shitai kyō
The sutra of the four dogmas, tr. by 安世高 An Shih Kao, one juan. 四趣 Durgati; the four evil directions or destinations: the hells, hungry ghosts, animals, asuras; v. 四惡; Sūtra on the Four Noble Truths



see styles
yuán sì dì / yuan2 si4 di4
yüan ssu ti
 en shitai
taking the four truths as referent



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guān sì dì / guan1 si4 di4
kuan ssu ti
 kan shitai
contemplate the four truths



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sì zhǒng sì dì / si4 zhong3 si4 di4
ssu chung ssu ti
 sh ishu shitai
four interpretations of Four [Noble] Truths



see styles
ān lì sì dì / an1 li4 si4 di4
an li ssu ti
 anryū shitai
established four truths



see styles
yǒu zuò sì dì / you3 zuo4 si4 di4
yu tso ssu ti
 usa shitai
four constructed (established, created) noble truths



see styles
wú zuò sì dì / wu2 zuo4 si4 di4
wu tso ssu ti
 musa shitai
four unconstructed noble truths



see styles
wú shēng sì dì / wu2 sheng1 si4 di4
wu sheng ssu ti
 mushō shi no tai
Four Truths as non-arising (and non-perishing)



see styles
wú liáng sì dì / wu2 liang2 si4 di4
wu liang ssu ti
 muryō shitai
four truths as immeasurable



see styles
xiàn guān sì dì / xian4 guan1 si4 di4
hsien kuan ssu ti
 genkan shitai
through the realization of the four noble truths



see styles
shēng miè sì dì / sheng1 mie4 si4 di4
sheng mieh ssu ti
 shōmetsu shitai
Four Truths as arising-and-perishing



see styles
fó shuō sì dì jīng / fo2 shuo1 si4 di4 jing1
fo shuo ssu ti ching
 Bussetsu shitai kyō
Sūtra on the Four Noble Truths



see styles
wú shēng wú miè sì dì / wu2 sheng1 wu2 mie4 si4 di4
wu sheng wu mieh ssu ti
 mushō mumetsu shitai
Four Truths as non-arising (and non-perishing)

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Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) Scroll
Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) Scroll
Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) Scroll
Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) Scroll

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Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) Vertical Portrait
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Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) Vertical Portrait

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