三諦 in Chinese / Japanese...

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The Three Truths

sān dì
san dai / san tai
The Three Truths Scroll

三諦 is a Buddhist term that means "threefold truth" or "three dogmas".

The three truths are:
1. All things are void (卽空).
2. All things are temporary (卽假).
3. All things are in the middle state between these two (卽中).

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
The Three Truths三諦
san dai / san tai
sandai / santai
sān dì / san1 di4 / san di / sandisan ti / santi
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your 三諦 search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
sān dì / san1 di4
san ti
 santai;sandai / さんたい;さんだい
The Three Truths Scroll
{Buddh} threefold truth (all things are void; all things are temporary; all things are in the middle state between these two) (in Tendai)
The three dogmas. The "middle" school of Tiantai says 卽空, 卽假. 卽中 i.e. 就是空, 假, 中; (a) by 空śūnya is meant that things causally produced are intheir essential nature unreal (or immaterial) 實空無; (b) 假, though thingsare unreal in their essential nature their derived forms are real; (c) 中;but both are one, being of the one 如 reality. These three dogmas arefounded on a verse of Nāgārjuna's— 因緣所生法, 我說卽是空 亦爲是假名, 亦是中道義 "All causally produced phenomena, I say, areunreal, Are but a passing name, and indicate the 'mean'." There are otherexplanations— the 圓教 interprets the 空 and 假 as 中; the 別教 makes 中 independent. 空 is the all, i.e. the totality of all things, and is spokenof as the 眞 or 實 true, or real; 假 is the differentiation of all thingsand is spoken of as 俗 common, i.e. things as commonly named; 中 is theconnecting idea which makes a unity of both, e.g. "all are but parts of onestupendous whole." The 中 makes all and the all into one whole, unifying thewhole and its parts. 空 may be taken as the immaterial, the undifferentiatedall, the sum of existences, by some as the tathāgatagarbha 如來藏; 假as theunreal, or impermanent, the material or transient form, the temporal thatcan be named, the relative or discrete; 中 as the unifier, which places eachin the other and all in all. The "shallower" 山外 school associated 空 and 中 with the noumenal universe as opposed to the phenomenal and illusoryexistence represented by 假. The "profounder" 山内 school teaches that allthree are aspects of the same; threefold truth



see styles
yī jìng sān dì / yi1 jing4 san1 di4
i ching san ti
 ikkyō santai
The three axioms in the one category; the three are 空, 假, and 中, which exist in every universe; v. 三諦. It is a principle of the Tiantai 圓教; three truths seen in one object



see styles
sān dì yuán róng / san1 di4 yuan2 rong2
san ti yüan jung
 sandai enyū
perfect interfusion of the three truths



see styles
sān dì xiāng jí / san1 di4 xiang1 ji2
san ti hsiang chi
 sandai sōsoku
The unity of 空, 假, 中, three aspects of the same reality, taught by the 圓教as distinguished from the 別教which separates them; unity of the three truths



see styles
yuán róng sān dì / yuan2 rong2 san1 di4
yüan jung san ti
 enyū sandai
The three dogmas of 空假中 as combined, as one and the same, as a unity, according to the Tiantai inclusive or perfect school. The universal 空 apart from the particular 假 is an abstraction. The particular apart from the universal is unreal. The universal realizes its true nature in the particular, and the particular derives its meaning from the universal. The middle path 中 unites these two aspects of one reality; the perfect interpenetration of the three truths



see styles
yuán jué sān dì / yuan2 jue2 san1 di4
yüan chüeh san ti
 engaku santai
perfect awareness of the threefold truth



see styles
gé lì sān dì / ge2 li4 san1 di4
ko li san ti
 kyakureki santai
To differentiate and apprehend the three distinctive principles 空假中 noumenon, phenomenon, and the mean; to distinguish three approaches to reality



see styles
sān dì yuán róng guān / san1 di4 yuan2 rong2 guan1
san ti yüan jung kuan
 sandai enyū kan
contemplation on the interfusion of the three truths



see styles
yī niàn xīn zhōng jù zú sān dì / yi1 nian4 xin1 zhong1 ju4 zu2 san1 di4
i nien hsin chung chü tsu san ti
 ichinen shinchū gusoku santai
threefold truth is fully included in a single moment of thought

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The Three Truths Scroll
The Three Truths Scroll
The Three Truths Scroll
The Three Truths Scroll

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The Three Truths Vertical Portrait
The Three Truths Horizontal Wall Scroll
The Three Truths Vertical Portrait

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

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