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Sun in Chinese / Japanese...

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Quick links to words on this page...

  1. Sun / Solar
  2. Sun Tzu - Art of War
  3. Sun Wukong / Son Goku
  4. Carson
  5. Stefanie
  6. Tomorrow / The Next Sun
  7. Sun Tzu: Regard Your Soldiers as Children
  8. Heaven / Sky
  9. Day
10. Art of War
11. Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis

Sun / Solar

Also means Day, Sunshine, Sunlight, or Japan
Japan hi / nichi
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<mark>Sun</mark> / Solar

This is the word for sun. It also means day, and can refer to the day of the month when expressing the date.
Example: October 1st would be "10 Moons, 1 Sun".

This character is also the first Kanji for the title of Japan (in Chinese, Japanese Kanji and Korean Hanja). Thus, this character is used as an adjective for things that are Japanese.
Ever heard of Japan being called, "The land of the rising sun"? Well, that's what the full title of Japan means.

Depending on context, this character can mean Sunshine or Sunlight.

Note: In Japanese, this Kanji has a variety of possible pronunciations. The pronunciation changed depending on context and how this Kanji is combined with other Kanji. When used alone, this is usually "hi" (pronounced like "hee"), but sometimes it's "nichi". When combined, it can be "tsu", "ni", "ka", and a few others.

Sun Tzu - Art of War

military strategy, tactics, and procedure
China sūn zǐ bīng fǎ
Japan son shi hyou hou
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<mark>Sun</mark> Tzu - Art of War

This is the full title of the most famous book of military proverbs about warfare.

The English title is "Sun Tzu's The Art of War".

The last two characters have come to be known in the west as "The Art of War", but a better translation would be, "military strategy and tactics", "military skills" or "army procedures".

Note: Sometimes the author's name is Romanized as "Sun Zi" or "Sunzi".

It's written the same in Chinese, Japanese Kanji and Korean Hanja.

See Also...  Military | Warrior

Sun Wukong / Son Goku

Monkey King
China sūn wù kōng
Japan son go kuu
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<mark>Sun</mark> Wukong / Son Goku

This is the name, Sun Wukong, also known as the Monkey King. He is a main character with supernatural powers in the ancient Chinese novel Journey to the West.

This title is also known as the real name of the Monkey King in Japanese. This can also be the Son Goku better known as simply Goku, a fictional character of the Dragon Ball Japanese manga series.


China kǎi sūn
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This is a common transliteration to Mandarin Chinese for the name Carson.


China sūn yàn zī
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This is a common transliteration to Mandarin Chinese for the name Stefanie.

The Next Sun

China míng rì
Japan ashita / meibi
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Tomorrow<br>The Next <mark>Sun</mark>

This is a common way to say "tomorrow" in Chinese and Japanese Kanji.

This temporal noun literally means "next sun[rise]". In addition to "tomorrow", it can also mean "near future".

In Japanese, this can also be the female given name Meibi.

Sun Tzu: Regard Your Soldiers as Children

China shì cù rú yīng ér gù kě yǐ yú zhī fù shēn xī shì cù rú ài zǐ gù kě yú zhī jū sǐ
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<mark>Sun</mark> Tzu: Regard Your Soldiers as Children

This is an entry from the 10th section within the Earth/Terrain chapter of Sun Tzu's Art of War.

This is often translated as, "Regard your soldiers as your children, and they will follow you into the deepest valleys. Look upon them as your own beloved sons, and they will stand by you even unto death".

Heaven / Sky

China tiān
Japan ten
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Heaven / Sky

This is the character which means "heaven" or "sky" in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

Context of how this character is used determines if you are talking about heaven or the sky above (often they are the same concept anyway).

When combined with other characters, words like "today" and "tomorrow" are created. While sometimes the character for "sun" is used to mean "day", often "sky" represents "day" in Asian languages.
Example: "this sky" = "today", "next sky" = "tomorrow" in modern Chinese and Japanese (they also use "sun" in the same way - but the use of the "sun" character in words like today and tomorrow feels more ancient).

In Chinese culture, regardless of which religion, it's almost always assumed that God (and any other deities) live up above in the sky. This is probably how the idea of heaven being associated with this character began.
The equation goes something like this: God's domain is the sky, thus, the sky is heaven.

Note: As a single character, this is a little ambiguous, so you might want to choose our Kingdom of Heaven selection instead.

See Also...  Heaven | God | Today


Japan hi / nichi
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This is how to write "day" in Chinese, Japanese and Korean Hanja. This can also mean "Sun", the star in the middle of the Solar system in which we live. In Japanese, it can also mean "sunshine" or even "Sunday".

When writing the date in modern Chinese and Japanese, putting a number in front of this character indicates the day of the month. Of course, you need to indicate the month too... The month is expressed with a number followed by the character for moon. So "three moons ten suns" would be "March 10th" or "3/10".

Note: This is also the first character for the proper name of Japan. Remember that Japan is "The land of the rising sun"? Well the first character for Japan means "sun" the second means "origin" so you get the real meaning now. Sometimes, in China, this sun character can be a short name for Japan or a suffix for something of or from Japan.

Art of War

China bīng fǎ
Japan hyou hou
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Art of War

This means "Art of War". It also part of the title of a famous book of tactics by Sun Tzu. These characters could also be translated as "military strategy and tactics", "military skills" or "army procedures". If you are a military tactician, this is the wall scroll for you.

See Also...  Military

Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis

China dào tiān dì jiàng fǎ
Japan dou ten chi shou hou
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Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis

The first chapter of Sun Tzu's Art of War lists five key points to analyzing your situation.

It reads like a 5-part military proverb. Sun Tzu says that to sharpen your skills, you must plan. To plan well, you must know your situation. Therefore, you must consider and discuss the following:

1. Philosophy and Politics: Make sure your way or your policy is agreeable among all of your troops (and the citizens of your kingdom as well). For when your soldiers believe in you and your way, they will follow you to their deaths without hesitation, and will not question your orders.

2. Heaven/Sky: Consider climate / weather. This can also mean to consider whether God is smiling on you. In the modern military, this could be waiting for clear skies so that you can have air support for an amphibious landing.

3. Ground/Earth: Consider the terrain in which the battle will take place. This includes analyzing defensible positions, exit routes, and using varying elevation to your advantage. When you plan an ambush, you must know your terrain, and the best location from which to stage that ambush. This knowledge will also help you avoid being ambushed, as you will know where the likely places in which to expect an ambush from your enemy.

4. Leadership: This applies to you as the general, and also to your lieutenants. A leader should be smart and be able to develop good strategies. Leaders should keep their word, and if they break a promise, they should punish themselves as harshly as they would punish subordinates. Leaders should be benevolent to their troops, with almost a fatherly love for them. Leaders must have the ability to make brave and fast decisions. Leaders must have steadfast principles.

5. [Military] Methods: This can also mean laws, rules, principles, model, or system. You must have an efficient organization in place to manage both your troops and supplies. In the modern military, this would be a combination of how your unit is organized, and your SOP (Standard Operating Procedure).

Notes: This is a simplistic translation and explanation. Much more is suggested in the actual text of the Art of War (Bing Fa). It would take a lot of study to master all of these aspects. In fact, these five characters can be compared to the modern military acronyms such as BAMCIS or SMEAC.

CJK notes: I have included the Japanese and Korean pronunciations, but in Chinese, Korean and Japanese, this does not make a typical phrase (with subject, verb and object) it is a list that only someone familiar with Sun Tzu's writings would understand.

Searching for Romanized Chinese?

There are many Chinese characters that can romanize as sun. Below are dictionary results where the characters match this romanization.

Characters / Kanji
If shown, second row is Simplified Chinese
Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Japanese son ゆずる
Chinese grandson; descendant; surname Sun
Japanese grandchild; (given name) Yuzuru; (surname) Magosaki; (surname) Mago; (given name) Douson; (surname/given name) Son; (surname) Sun; (personal name) Iku
Grandchild; grandson; translit. sun.

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Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Japanese son たくじ
Chinese to decrease; to lose; to damage; to harm; (coll.) to speak sarcastically; to deride; caustic; mean; one of the 64 trigrams of the Book of Changes (old)
Japanese (adj-na,n,n-suf) loss; disadvantage; (personal name) Takuji
To spoil, hurt, damage.

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Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Chinese to rub with the hand; to stroke

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Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Chinese mortise and tenon (slot and tab forming a carpenter's joint)

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Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Japanese takouna / takona たこうな
 takenoko たけのこ
 takanna たかんな
 takamuna たかむな
Chinese bamboo shoot
Japanese (1) (kana only) bamboo shoot; (2) (abbreviation) (kana only) inexperienced doctor; quack; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (kana only) bamboo shoot

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Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Chinese cross-beam for hanging bells

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Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Chinese (monkey)

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Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Chinese fragrant grass

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Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Chinese (literary) supper

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Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Japanese hayabusa はやぶさ
 hayato はやと
 hayashi はやし
 junji じゅんじ
 jun じゅん
 shun しゅん
Chinese falcon; Taiwan pr. [zhun3]
Japanese (kana only) falcon (esp. the peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus); (surname) Hayabusa; (m,f) Hayato; (given name) Hayashi; (personal name) Junji; (given name) Jun; (given name) Shun

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The scroll that I am holding in this picture is a "medium size"
4-character wall scroll.
As you can see, it is a great size to hang on your wall.
(We also offer custom wall scrolls in larger sizes)

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

If your search is not successful, just post your request on our forum, and we'll be happy to do research or translation for any reasonable request.

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

Big Brother
Black Belt
Death Before Dishonor
Dragon Tiger Spirit
Endless Love
Eternal Love
Eternally Yours
God Give Me Strength
Happiness Love
Heart of a Warrior
Inner Peace
Live in the Moment
Missing You
Overcome Adversity
Seeing is Believing
Survival of the Fittest
The Way of the Samurai
Wall Scrolls Fish
Wing Chun

With so many searches, we had to upgrade to our own Linux server.
Of course, only one in 500 searches results in a purchase - Hey buy a wall scroll!!!

See: Our list of specifically Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls. And, check out Our list of specifically old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

The following table is only helpful for those studying Chinese (or Japanese), and perhaps helps search engines to find this page when someone enters Romanized Chinese or Japanese

Romaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Sun / Solar
hi / nichi
Sun Tzu - Art of War孙子兵法
son shi hyou hou
son shi hyo ho
sūn zǐ bīng fǎ
sun zi bing fa
sun tzu ping fa
sun1 zi3 bing1 fa3
Sun Wukong / Son Goku孙悟空
son go kuu
son go ku
sūn wù kōng
sun wu kong
sun wu k`ung
sun1 wu4 kong1
sun wu kung
n/akǎi sūn
kai sun
k`ai sun
kai3 sun1
kai sun
n/asūn yàn zī
sun yan zi
sun yen tzu
sun1 yan4 zi1
Tomorrow / The Next Sun明日
ashita / meibimíng rì
ming ri
ming jih
ming2 ri4
Sun Tzu: Regard Your Soldiers as Children视卒如婴儿故可以与之赴深溪视卒如爱子故可与之俱死
n/ashì cù rú yīng ér gù kě yǐ yú zhī fù shēn xī shì cù rú ài zǐ gù kě yú zhī jū sǐ
shi cu ru ying er gu ke yi yu zhi fu shen xi shi cu ru ai zi gu ke yu zhi ju si
shih ts`u ju ying erh ku k`o i yü chih fu shen hsi shih ts`u ju ai tzu ku k`o yü chih chü ssu
shi4 cu4 ru2 ying1 er2 gu4 ke3 yi3 yu2 zhi1 fu4 shen1 xi1 shi4 cu4 ru2 ai4 zi3 gu4 ke3 yu2 zhi1 ju1 si3
shih tsu ju ying erh ku ko i yü chih fu shen hsi shih tsu ju ai tzu ku ko yü chih chü ssu
Heaven / Sky
hi / nichi
Art of War兵法
hyou hou
hyo ho
bīng fǎ
bing fa
ping fa
bing1 fa3
Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis道天地将法
dou ten chi shou hou
do ten chi sho ho
dào tiān dì jiàng fǎ
dao tian di jiang fa
tao t`ien ti chiang fa
dao4 tian1 di4 jiang4 fa3
tao tien ti chiang fa

Some people may refer to this entry as Sun Kanji, Sun Characters, Sun in Mandarin Chinese, Sun Characters, Sun in Chinese Writing, Sun in Japanese Writing, Sun in Asian Writing, Sun Ideograms, Chinese Sun symbols, Sun Hieroglyphics, Sun Glyphs, Sun in Chinese Letters, Sun Hanzi, Sun in Japanese Kanji, Sun Pictograms, Sun in the Chinese Written-Language, or Sun in the Japanese Written-Language.

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