Asian Art Gallery

Adventures in Asian Art



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1. Other similar-meaning words.
2. Fewer words or just one word.

Sun in Chinese / Japanese...

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Quick links to words on this page...

  1. Sun / Solar
  2. Sun Tzu - Art of War
  3. Sun Wukong / Son Goku
  4. Carson
  5. Sun Tzu: Regard Your Soldiers as Children
  6. Heaven / Sky
  7. Day
  8. Art of War
  9. Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis


Sun / Solar

Also means Day, Sunshine, Sunlight, or Japan
China
Japan hi / nichi
knob
ribbon top
knob

This is the word for sun. It also means day, and can refer to the day of the month when expressing the date.
Example: October 1st would be "10 Moons, 1 Sun".

This character is also the first Kanji for the title of Japan (in Chinese, Japanese Kanji and Korean Hanja). Thus, this character is used as an adjective for things that are Japanese.
Ever heard of Japan being called, "The land of the rising sun"? Well, that's what the full title of Japan means.

Depending on context, this character can mean Sunshine or Sunlight.


Note: In Japanese, this Kanji has a variety of possible pronunciations. The pronunciation changed depending on context and how this Kanji is combined with other Kanji. When used alone, this is usually "hi" (pronounced like "hee"), but sometimes it's "nichi". When combined, it can be "tsu", "ni", "ka", and a few others.

Sun Tzu - Art of War

military strategy, tactics, and procedure
China sūn zǐ bīng fǎ
Japan son shi hyou hou
knob
ribbon top
knob

This is the full title of the most famous book of military proverbs about warfare. The English title is "Sun Tzu's The Art of War".

The last two characters have come to be known in the west as "The Art of War", but a better translation would be, "military strategy and tactics", "military skills" or "army procedures".

Note: Sometimes the author's name is Romanized as "Sun Zi" or "Sunzi".

It's written the same in Chinese, Japanese Kanji and Korean Hanja.


See Also...  Military | Warrior

Sun Wukong / Son Goku

Monkey King
China sūn wù kōng
Japan son go kuu
knob
ribbon top
knob

This is the name, Sun Wukong, also known as the Monkey King. He is a main character with supernatural powers in the ancient Chinese novel Journey to the West.

This title is also known as the real name of the Monkey King in Japanese. This can also be the Son Goku better known as simply Goku, a fictional character of the Dragon Ball Japanese manga series.

Carson

China kǎi sūn
knob
ribbon top
knob

This is a common transliteration to Mandarin Chinese for the name Carson.

Sun Tzu: Regard Your Soldiers as Children

China shì cù rú yīng ér gù kě yǐ yú zhī fù shēn xī shì cù rú ài zǐ gù kě yú zhī jū sǐ
knob
ribbon top
knob

This is an entry from the 10th section within the Earth/Terrain chapter of Sun Tzu's Art of War.

This is often translated as, "Regard your soldiers as your children, and they will follow you into the deepest valleys. Look upon them as your own beloved sons, and they will stand by you even unto death".

Heaven / Sky

China tiān
Japan ten
knob
ribbon top
knob

This is the character which means "heaven" or "sky" in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

Context of how this character is used determines if you are talking about heaven or the sky above (often they are the same concept anyway).

When combined with other characters, words like "today" and "tomorrow" are created. While sometimes the character for "sun" is used to mean "day", often "sky" represents "day" in Asian languages.
Example: "this sky" = "today", "next sky" = "tomorrow" in modern Chinese and Japanese (they also use "sun" in the same way - but the use of the "sun" character in words like today and tomorrow feels more ancient).

In Chinese culture, regardless of which religion, it's almost always assumed that God (and any other deities) live up above in the sky. This is probably how the idea of heaven being associated with this character began.
The equation goes something like this: God's domain is the sky, thus, the sky is heaven.


Note: As a single character, this is a little ambiguous, so you might want to choose our Kingdom of Heaven selection instead.


See Also...  Heaven | God | Today

Day

China
Japan hi / nichi
knob
ribbon top
knob

This is how to write "day" in Chinese, Japanese and Korean Hanja. This can also mean "Sun", the star in the middle of the Solar system in which we live. In Japanese, it can also mean "sunshine" or even "Sunday".

When writing the date in modern Chinese and Japanese, putting a number in front of this character indicates the day of the month. Of course, you need to indicate the month too... The month is expressed with a number followed by the character for moon. So "three moons ten suns" would be "March 10th" or "3/10".

Note: This is also the first character for the proper name of Japan. Remember that Japan is "The land of the rising sun"? Well the first character for Japan means "sun" the second means "origin" so you get the real meaning now. Sometimes, in China, this sun character can be a short name for Japan or a suffix for something of or from Japan.

Art of War

China bīng fǎ
Japan hyou hou
knob
ribbon top
knob

This means "Art of War". It also part of the title of a famous book of tactics by Sun Tzu. These characters could also be translated as "military strategy and tactics", "military skills" or "army procedures". If you are a military tactician, this is the wall scroll for you.


See Also...  Military

Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis

China dào tiān dì jiàng fǎ
Japan dou ten chi shou hou
knob
ribbon top
knob

The first chapter of Sun Tzu's Art of War lists five key points to analyzing your situation. It reads like a 5-part military proverb. Sun Tzu says that to sharpen your skills, you must plan. To plan well, you must know your situation. Therefore, you must consider and discuss the following:

1. Philosophy and Politics: Make sure your way or your policy is agreeable among all of your troops (and the citizens of your kingdom as well). For when your soldiers believe in you and your way, they will follow you to their deaths without hesitation, and will not question your orders.

2. Heaven/Sky: Consider climate / weather. This can also mean to consider whether God is smiling on you. In the modern military, this could be waiting for clear skies so that you can have air support for an amphibious landing.

3. Ground/Earth: Consider the terrain in which the battle will take place. This includes analyzing defensible positions, exit routes, and using varying elevation to your advantage. When you plan an ambush, you must know your terrain, and the best location from which to stage that ambush. This knowledge will also help you avoid being ambushed, as you will know where the likely places in which to expect an ambush from your enemy.

4. Leadership: This applies to you as the general, and also to your lieutenants. A leader should be smart and be able to develop good strategies. Leaders should keep their word, and if they break a promise, they should punish themselves as harshly as they would punish subordinates. Leaders should be benevolent to their troops, with almost a fatherly love for them. Leaders must have the ability to make brave and fast decisions. Leaders must have steadfast principles.

5. [Military] Methods: This can also mean laws, rules, principles, model, or system. You must have an efficient organization in place to manage both your troops and supplies. In the modern military, this would be a combination of how your unit is organized, and your SOP (Standard Operating Procedure).


Notes: This is a simplistic translation and explanation. Much more is suggested in the actual text of the Art of War (Bing Fa). It would take a lot of study to master all of these aspects. In fact, these five characters can be compared to the modern military acronyms such as BAMCIS or SMEAC.

CJK notes: I have included the Japanese and Korean pronunciations, but in Chinese, Korean and Japanese, this does not make a typical phrase (with subject, verb and object) it is a list that only someone familiar with Sun Tzu's writings would understand.


Searching for Romanized Chinese?

There are many Chinese characters that can romanize as sun. Below are dictionary results where the characters match this romanization.

Character Images Characters / Kanji
If shown, second row is Simplified Chinese
Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition
孫
see styles

Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Japanese mago まご
Chinese grandson; descendant; surname Sun
Japanese grandchild; Yuzuru (given name)
Grandchild; grandson; translit. sun.

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損
see styles

Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Japanese son そん
Chinese to decrease; to lose; to damage; to harm; (coll.) to speak sarcastically; to deride; caustic; mean; one of the 64 trigrams of the Book of Changes (old)
Japanese (adj-na,n,n-suf) loss; disadvantage; Takuji (personal name)
To spoil, hurt, damage.

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搎
see styles
Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Chinese to rub with the hand; to stroke

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榫
see styles
Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Chinese mortise and tenon (slot and tab forming a carpenter's joint)

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筍
see styles

Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Japanese takouna / takona たこうな
 takenoko たけのこ
 takanna たかんな
 takamuna たかむな
Chinese bamboo shoot
Japanese (1) (kana only) bamboo shoot; (2) (abbreviation) (kana only) inexperienced doctor; quack; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (kana only) bamboo shoot

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簨
see styles
Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Chinese cross-beam for hanging bells

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猻
see styles

Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Chinese (monkey)

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蓀
see styles

Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Chinese fragrant grass

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飧
see styles
Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Chinese (literary) supper

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飱
see styles

Mandarin sūn / sun1
Taiwan sun
Japanese san
Chinese variant of 飧[sun1]
to dine

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隼
see styles
Mandarin sǔn / sun3
Taiwan sun
Japanese hayabusa はやぶさ
Chinese falcon
Japanese (kana only) falcon (esp. the peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus); Hayabusa (surname)

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The scroll that I am holding in this picture is a "medium size"
4-character wall scroll.
As you can see, it is a great size to hang on your wall.
(We also offer custom wall scrolls in larger sizes)

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.


A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.




If your search is not successful, just post your request on our forum, and we'll be happy to do research or translation for any reasonable request.

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

A Vast Sky Full of Stars
Aikido
Autumn
Ba Gua Zhang
Balance
Be True
Beautiful Princess
Beautiful Woman
Beauty
Benevolence
Bible
Bird
Black Belt
Bless and Protect
Blossom
Brian
Brotherly Love
Bujin
Cancer Zodiac Sign
Capricorn
Carpe Diem
Cause and Effect
Change
Cherry Blossom
Confucius
Dance
Dark
Debbie
Deborah
Disciple of Christ
Double Happiness
Dragon
Dragon Phoenix
Dragon Tiger
Drake
Eternal
Faith in God
Family Home
Filial Piety
Fire
Fish
Fist
Flower
Flowers
Forest
Forever in My Heart
God is Always With You
God is Love
Gold Fish
Golden
Golden Rule
Good Luck
Grace from Heaven
Great
Great Ambitions
Great Expectations
Guan Gong
Haley
Happiness
Harmony
Hunter
I Love Mother
I Need You
Invincible
Joshua
Kyokushinkai
Lawrence
Liberty
Libra
Light
Listen
Live for Today
Live Life
Live Life Love
Longevity
Lotus
Love With All My Heart
Love You Forever
Loyalty
Luck
Mark
Metal
Miss You
Money
Moon
My True Love
Never Give Up Japanese
Nick
One Life One Chance
One True Love
Pain
Peace
People
Pisces
Relax
Religious
Rose
Roxanne
Sagittarius
Scorpio Zodiac Symbol
Sexy
Sisterly Love
Spirit
Spirit of the Tiger
Spiritual Soul Mates
Talent
Tao Te Ching
Taurus
The Red String
Thunder
Tiger
Virgo
Walter
Warrior
Way of the Samurai
Wind
Winter
Wisdom
Wisdom from Hard Knocks
Wu Wei
Year of the Dragon
Yin Yang
Zachary
Zen Buddhism
Zhong Kui

With so many searches, we had to upgrade to our own Linux server.
Of course, only one in 500 searches results in a purchase - Hey buy a wall scroll!!!



See: Our list of specifically Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls. And, check out Our list of specifically old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

The following table is only helpful for those studying Chinese (or Japanese), and perhaps helps search engines to find this page when someone enters Romanized Chinese or Japanese

Title
Characters 
Simplified
Traditional
Japanese Romaji
(Romanized Japanese)
Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Sun / Solar
hi / nichi
ri
jih
ri4
Sun Tzu - Art of War孙子兵法
孫子兵法
son shi hyou hou
sonshihyouhou
son shi hyo ho
sūn zǐ bīng fǎ
sun zi bing fa
sun tzu ping fa
sun1 zi3 bing1 fa3
sunzibingfa
Sun Wukong / Son Goku孙悟空
孫悟空
son go kuu
songokuu
son go ku
sūn wù kōng
sun wu kong
sun wu k`ung
sun1 wu4 kong1
sunwukong
sunwukung
sun wu kung
Carson凯孙
凱孫
n/akǎi sūn
kai sun
k`ai sun
kai3 sun1
kaisun
kaisun
kai sun
Sun Tzu: Regard Your Soldiers as Children视卒如婴儿故可以与之赴深溪视卒如爱子故可与之俱死
視卒如嬰兒故可以與之赴深溪視卒如愛子故可與之俱死
n/ashì cù rú yīng ér gù kě yǐ yú zhī fù shēn xī shì cù rú ài zǐ gù kě yú zhī jū sǐ
shi cu ru ying er gu ke yi yu zhi fu shen xi shi cu ru ai zi gu ke yu zhi ju si
shih ts`u ju ying erh ku k`o i yü chih fu shen hsi shih ts`u ju ai tzu ku k`o yü chih chü ssu
shi4 cu4 ru2 ying1 er2 gu4 ke3 yi3 yu2 zhi1 fu4 shen1 xi1 shi4 cu4 ru2 ai4 zi3 gu4 ke3 yu2 zhi1 ju1 si3
shih tsu ju ying erh ku ko i yü chih fu shen hsi shih tsu ju ai tzu ku ko yü chih chü ssu
Heaven / Sky
tentiān
tian
t`ien
tian1
tien
tien
Day
hi / nichi
ri
jih
ri4
Art of War兵法
兵法
hyou hou
hyouhou
hyo ho
bīng fǎ
bing fa
ping fa
bing1 fa3
bingfa
Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis道天地将法
道天地將法
dou ten chi shou hou
doutenchishouhou
do ten chi sho ho
dào tiān dì jiàng fǎ
dao tian di jiang fa
tao t`ien ti chiang fa
dao4 tian1 di4 jiang4 fa3
daotiandijiangfa
taotientichiangfa
tao tien ti chiang fa

If you have not set up your computer to display Chinese, the characters in this table probably look like empty boxes or random text garbage.
This is why I spent hundreds of hours making images so that you could view the characters in the "sun" listings above.
If you want your Windows computer to be able to display Chinese characters you can either head to your Regional and Language options in your Win XP control panel, select the [Languages] tab and click on [Install files for East Asian Languages]. This task will ask for your Win XP CD to complete in most cases. If you don't have your Windows XP CD, or are running Windows 98, you can also download/run the simplified Chinese font package installer from Microsoft which works independently with Win 98, ME, 2000, and XP. It's a 2.5MB download, so if you are on dial up, start the download and go make a sandwich.

Some people may refer to this entry as Sun Kanji, Sun Characters, Sun in Mandarin Chinese, Sun Characters, Sun in Chinese Writing, Sun in Japanese Writing, Sun in Asian Writing, Sun Ideograms, Chinese Sun symbols, Sun Hieroglyphics, Sun Glyphs, Sun in Chinese Letters, Sun Hanzi, Sun in Japanese Kanji, Sun Pictograms, Sun in the Chinese Written-Language, or Sun in the Japanese Written-Language.

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