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Ritsu in Chinese / Japanese...

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Ritsu

China
Japan ritsu
Ritsu

While this character literally means law, regulation or rules, it's also a surname Lü in Chinese and name Ritsu in Japanese.

In more ancient times (and for some people still), this can refer to East Asian criminal code, or vinaya (rules for the monastic community). For Japanese Buddhists, this can be the Ritsu school.

In some context, this can refer to certain musical scales used in Asia.


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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your ritsu search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin/ lv4
Taiwan
Japanese ritsu / りつ
Chinese law; surname Lü
Japanese (1) law (esp. ancient East Asian criminal code); regulation; (2) {Buddh} vinaya (rules for the monastic community); (3) (abbreviation) (See 律宗) Ritsu (school of Buddhism); (4) (abbreviation) (See 律詩) lushi (style of Chinese poem); (5) (also りち) (musical) pitch; (6) (See 十二律,呂・2) six odd-numbered notes of the ancient chromatic scale; (7) (abbreviation) (See 律旋) Japanese seven-tone gagaku scale, similar to Dorian mode (corresponding to: re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do); (n,n-suf,ctr) (8) (in traditional Eastern music) step (corresponding to a Western semitone); (personal name) Ritsuji; (female given name) Ritsu; (female given name) Rizumu; (given name) Hiroshi; (given name) Nori; (given name) Tadasu; (given name) Tadashi; (male given name) Takashi; (personal name) Osamu
vinaya, from vi-ni, to 1ead, train: discipline: v. 毘奈耶; other names are Prātimokṣa, śīla, and upalakṣa. The discipline, or monastic rules; one of the three divisions of the Canon, or Tripiṭaka, and said to have been compiled by Upāli.
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Ritsu

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Mandarin/ li4
Taiwan li
Japanese kuri(p);kuri / くり(P);クリ
Chinese chestnut; surname Li
Japanese (kana only) Japanese chestnut (Castanea crenata); (surname) Ritsu; (surname) Richi; (female given name) Maron; (surname) Takakuwa; (surname) Takakuri; (surname) Kurizaki; (surname) Kurisaki; (surname, female given name) Kuri
Chestnut; translit. l, hṛ.

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Mandarin/ lv4
Taiwan
Japanese ritsu / りつ
Chinese to lead; to command; rash; hasty; frank; straightforward; generally; usually; rate; frequency
Japanese (n,n-suf) rate; ratio; proportion; percentage
A net with handle; to pursue, follow after; lead on; suddenly; generally; to follow

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Mandarin/ li4
Taiwan li
Japanese riyuu / riyu / りゆう    ryuu / ryu / りゅう    ritsu / りつ    risen / りせん    noboru / のぼる    tateshi / たてし    tatezaki / たてざき    tatesaki / たてさき    tate / たて    tatsuru / たつる    tatsuzaki / たつざき    tatsu / たつ    tachizaki / たちざき    tachisaki / たちさき    tachi / たち    takashi / たかし
Chinese to stand; to set up; to establish; to lay down; to draw up; at once; immediately; surname Li
Japanese (personal name) Riyuu; (given name) Ryuu; (given name) Ritsu; (female given name) Risen; (given name) Noboru; (given name) Tateshi; (surname) Tatezaki; (surname) Tatesaki; (place-name) Tate; (given name) Tatsuru; (surname) Tatsuzaki; (surname, given name) Tatsu; (surname) Tachizaki; (surname) Tachisaki; (place-name) Tachi; (given name) Takashi
Set up, establish, stand, stand up; to establish

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see styles
Mandarin/ lu:4
Taiwan
Japanese mugura;mogura;ugura / むぐら;もぐら;うぐら
Chinese Humulus japonicus
Japanese creepers; trailing plants; (female given name) Ritsu; (surname) Mogura; (surname) Mugura

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七宗

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Mandarin qī zōng / qi1 zong1
Taiwan ch`i tsung / chi tsung
Japanese hichisou / hichiso / ひちそう
Japanese (place-name) Hichisou
The seven Japanese sects of 律 Ritsu (or Risshū), 法相 Hossō, 論 Sanron 華嚴Kegon, 天台 Tendai, 眞言 Shingon, and 禪Zen; seven schools

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八宗

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Mandarin bā zōng / ba1 zong1
Taiwan pa tsung
Japanese hasshuu / hasshu / はっしゅう
Japanese (See 南都六宗) the two sects of Buddhism introduced to Japan during the Heian period (Tiantai and Shingon) and the six sects introduced during the Nara period
or 八家 Eight of the early Japanese sects: 倶舍 Kusha, 成實 Jōjitsu, 律 Ritsu, 法相Hossō, 三論 Sanron, 華嚴 Kegon, 天台 Tendai, 眞言 Shingon; eight schools

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利津

see styles
Mandarin lì jīn / li4 jin1
Taiwan li chin
Japanese ritsu / りつ
Chinese Lijin county in Dongying 東營|东营[Dong1 ying2], Shandong
Japanese (female given name) Ritsu

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十宗

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Mandarin shí zōng / shi2 zong1
Taiwan shih tsung
Japanese jūshū
The ten schools of Chinese Buddhism: I. The (1) 律宗 Vinaya-discipline, or 南山|; (2) 倶舍 Kośa, Abhidharma, or Reality (Sarvāstivādin) 有宗; (3) 成實宗 Satyasiddhi sect founded on this śāstra by Harivarman; (4) 三論宗 Mādhyamika or 性空宗; (5) 法華宗 Lotus, "Law-flower" or Tiantai 天台宗; (6) 華嚴Huayan or法性 or賢首宗; ( 7) 法相宗 Dharmalakṣana or 慈恩宗 founded on the唯識論 (8) 心宗 Ch'an or Zen, mind-only or intuitive, v. 禪宗 ; (9) 眞言宗 (Jap. Shingon) or esoteric 密宗 ; (10) 蓮宗 Amitābha-lotus or Pure Land (Jap. Jōdo) 淨士宗. The 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 9th are found in Japan rather than in China, where they have ceased to be of importance. II. The Hua-yen has also ten divisions into ten schools of thought: (1) 我法倶有 the reality of self (or soul) and things, e.g. mind and matter; (2) 法有我無 the reality of things but not of soul; (3) 法無去來 things have neither creation nor destruction; (4) 現通假實 present things are both apparent and real; (5) 俗妄眞實 common or phenomenal ideas are wrong, fundamental reality is the only truth; (6) things are merely names; (7) all things are unreal 空; (8) the bhūtatathatā is not unreal; (9) phenomena and their perception are to be got rid of; (10) the perfect, all-inclusive, and complete teaching of the One Vehicle. III. There are two old Japanese divisions: 大乘律宗, 倶舎宗 , 成實 宗 , 法和宗 , 三論宗 , 天台宗 , 華嚴宗 , 眞言宗 , 小乘律宗 , and 淨土宗 ; the second list adds 禪宗 and omits 大乘律宗. They are the Ritsu, Kusha, Jōjitsu, Hossō, Sanron, Tendai, Kegon, Shingon, (Hīnayāna) Ritsu, and Jōdo; the addition being Zen.

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和上

see styles
Mandarin hé shàng / he2 shang4
Taiwan ho shang
Japanese wajou / wajo / わじょう    wakami / わかみ
Japanese (1) (honorific or respectful language) preceptor or high priest (in Shingon, Hosso, Ritsu or Shin Buddhism); (2) second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; (3) master (of one's art, trade, etc.); (1) (honorific or respectful language) preceptor or high priest (in Tendai or Kegon Buddhism); (2) second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; (3) monk (esp. the head monk of a temple); (4) master (of one's art, trade, etc.); (place-name) Wajou; (surname) Wakami
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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和尚

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Mandarin hé shàng / he2 shang4
Taiwan ho shang
Japanese wajou / wajo / わじょう    kazuhisa / かずひさ    kazunao / かずなお    oshou / osho / おしょう
Chinese Buddhist monk
Japanese (1) (honorific or respectful language) preceptor or high priest (in Shingon, Hosso, Ritsu or Shin Buddhism); (2) second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; (3) master (of one's art, trade, etc.); (1) (honorific or respectful language) preceptor or high priest (in Tendai or Kegon Buddhism); (2) second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; (3) monk (esp. the head monk of a temple); (4) master (of one's art, trade, etc.); (1) (honorific or respectful language) preceptor or high priest (esp. in Zen or Pure Land Buddhism); (2) second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; (3) monk (esp. the head monk of a temple); (4) master (of one's art, trade, etc.); (personal name) Wajou; (personal name) Kazuhisa; (personal name) Kazunao; (given name) Oshou
A general term for a monk. It is said to be derived from Khotan in the form of 和闍 or 和社 (or 烏社) which might be a translit. of vandya (Tibetan and Khotani ban-de), 'reverend.' Later it took the form of 和尚 or 和上. The 律宗 use 和上, others generally 和尚. The Sanskrit term used in its interpretation is 鳥波陀耶 upādhyāya, a 'sub-teacher' of the Vedas, inferior to an ācārya; this is intp. as 力生 strong in producing (knowledge), or in begetting strength in his disciples; also by 知有罪知無罪 a discerner of sin from not-sin, or the sinful from the not-sinful. It has been used as a synonym for 法師 a teacher of doctrine, in distinction from 律師 a teacher of the vinaya, also from 禪師 a teacher of the Intuitive school.

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宗派

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Mandarin zōng pài / zong1 pai4
Taiwan tsung p`ai / tsung pai
Japanese shuuha / shuha / しゅうは
Chinese sect
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) sect; denomination
Sects (of Buddhism). In India, according to Chinese accounts, the two schools of Hīnayāna became divided into twentysects. Mahāyāna had two main schools, the Mādhyamika, ascribed to Nāgārjunaand Āryadeva about the second century A. D., and the Yogācārya, ascribed toAsaṅga and Vasubandhu in the fourth century A. D. In China thirteen sectswere founded: (1) 倶舍宗 Abhidharma or Kośa sect, representing Hīnayāna,based upon the Abhidharma-kosa-śāstra or 倶舍論. (2) 成實宗 Satyasiddhi sect, based on the 成實論 Satyasiddhi-śāstra,tr. by Kumārajīva; no sect corresponds to it in India; in China and Japan itbecame incorporated in the 三論宗. (3) 律宗 Vinaya or Discipline sect, basedon 十誦律, 四分律, 僧祗律, etc. (4) 三論宗 The three śāstra sect, based on theMādhyamika-śāstra 中觀論 of Nāgārjuna, theSata-śāstra 百論 of Āryadeva, and theDvādasa-nikāya-śāstra 十二門論 of Nāgārjuna; this schooldates back to the translation of the three śāstras by Kumārajīva in A. D. 409. (5) 涅槃宗 Nirvāṇasect, based upon the Mahāparinirvāṇa-sūtra 涅槃經 tr. byDharmaraksa in 423; later incorporated in Tiantai, with which it had much incommon. (6) 地論宗 Daśabhūmikā sect, based on Vasubandhu's work on the tenstages of the bodhisattva's path to Buddhahood, tr. by Bodhiruci 508,absorbed by the Avataṃsaka school, infra. (7) 淨土宗 Pure-land or Sukhāvatīsect, founded in China by Bodhiruci; its doctrine was salvation throughfaith in Amitābha into the Western Paradise. (8) 禪宗 dhyāna, meditative or intuitional sect, attributed toBodhidharma about A. D. 527, but it existed before he came to China. (9) 攝論宗, based upon the 攝大乘論 Mahāyāna-saṃparigraha-śāstra byAsaṅga, tr. by Paramārtha in 563, subsequently absorbed by the Avataṃsakasect. (10) 天台宗 Tiantai, based on the 法華經 SaddharmapuṇḍarīkaSūtra, or the Lotus of the Good Law; it is aconsummation of the Mādhyamika tradition. (11) 華嚴宗 Avataṃsaka sect, basedon the Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra, or Gandha-vyūha 華嚴經 tr. in 418. (12) 法相宗 Dharmalakṣaṇa sect, established after thereturn of Xuanzang from India and his trans. of the important Yogācāryaworks. (13) 眞言宗 Mantra sect, A. D. 716. In Japan twelve sects are named:Sanron, Hossō, Kegon, Kusha, Jōjitsu, Ritsu, Tendai, Shingon; these areknown as the ancient sects, the two last being styled mediaeval; therefollow the Zen and Jōdo; the remaining two are Shin and Nichiren; at presentthere are the Hossō, Kegon, Tendai, Shingon, Zen, Jōdo, Shin, and Nichirensects.

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律宗

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Mandarin lǜ zōng / lv4 zong1
Taiwan lü tsung
Japanese risshuu / risshu / りっしゅう
Japanese Ritsu (school of Buddhism)
The Vinaya school, emphasizing the monastic discipline, founded in China by 道宣 Daoxuan of the Tang dynasty.

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五分律

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Mandarin wǔ fēn lǜ / wu3 fen1 lv4
Taiwan wu fen lü
Japanese Gobun ritsu
五分戒本 The Mahīśāsaka Vinaya, or five divisions of the law according to that school; Five Part Vinaya

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五部律

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Mandarin wǔ bù lǜ / wu3 bu4 lv4
Taiwan wu pu lü
Japanese gobu ritsu
The first five Hīnayāna sects— Dharmagupta, Sarvāstivāda, Mahīśāsaka, Kāśyapīya, and Vātsīputrīya; see 五師; five versions of the vinaya

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僧祇律

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Mandarin sēng qí lǜ / seng1 qi2 lv4
Taiwan seng ch`i lü / seng chi lü
Japanese Sōgi ritsu
Sāṅghikā-vinaya, the rules for monks and nuns; Mahāsāṃghika-vinaya

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內外律


内外律

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Mandarin nèi wài lǜ / nei4 wai4 lv4
Taiwan nei wai lü
Japanese naige ritsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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善見律


善见律

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Mandarin shàn jiàn lǜ / shan4 jian4 lv4
Taiwan shan chien lü
Japanese Zenken ritsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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四分律

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Mandarin sì fēn lǜ / si4 fen1 lv4
Taiwan ssu fen lü
Japanese Shibun ritsu
The four-division Vinaya or discipline of the Dharmagupta school, divided into four sections of 20, 15, 14, and 11 chuan. The 四分律藏 Dharma-gupta-vinaya was tr. in A. D. 405 by Buddhayasas and 竺佛念 Chu Fo-nien; the 四分比丘尼羯磨法 Dharmagupta-bhikṣuṇī-karman was tr. by Gunavarman in 431: and there are numerous other works of this order.

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四部律

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Mandarin sì bù lǜ / si4 bu4 lv4
Taiwan ssu pu lü
Japanese shibu ritsu
v. 四律五論; four sections of vinaya

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大乘律

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Mandarin dà shèng lǜ / da4 sheng4 lv4
Taiwan ta sheng lü
Japanese daijō ritsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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大衆律


大众律

see styles
Mandarin dà zhòng lǜ / da4 zhong4 lv4
Taiwan ta chung lü
Japanese Daishu ritsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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天台律

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Mandarin tiān tái lǜ / tian1 tai2 lv4
Taiwan t`ien t`ai lü / tien tai lü
Japanese Tendai ritsu
The laws of the Tiantai sect as given in the Lotus, and the ten primary commandments and forty-eight secondary commandments of 梵網經 the Sutra of Brahma's Net 梵網經 (Brahmajāla); they are ascribed as the 大乘圓頓戒 the Mahāyāna perfect and immediate moral precepts, immediate in the sense of the possibility of all instantly becoming Buddha; Tiantai precepts

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律本母

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Mandarin lǜ běn mǔ / lv4 ben3 mu3
Taiwan lü pen mu
Japanese ritsu honmo
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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律音階

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Japanese ritsuonkai / りつおんかい Japanese ritsu scale (anhemitonic pentatonic scale primarily used in gagaku: re, mi, so, la, ti)

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戒律宗

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Mandarin jiè lǜ zōng / jie4 lv4 zong1
Taiwan chieh lü tsung
Japanese kairitsushuu / kairitsushu / かいりつしゅう
Japanese (obscure) (See 律宗) Ritsu (school of Buddhism)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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有部律

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Mandarin yǒu bù lǜ / you3 bu4 lv4
Taiwan yu pu lü
Japanese Ubu Ritsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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梵網宗


梵网宗

see styles
Mandarin fàn wǎng zōng / fan4 wang3 zong1
Taiwan fan wang tsung
Japanese Bonmōshū
The sect of Ritsu 律宗, brought into Japan by the Chinese monk 鑑眞 Chien-chen in A.D. 754; School of Brahma's Net

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解脫律


解脱律

see styles
Mandarin jiě tuō lǜ / jie3 tuo1 lv4
Taiwan chieh t`o lü / chieh to lü
Japanese Gedatsu ritsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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四大廣律


四大广律

see styles
Mandarin sì dà guǎng lǜ / si4 da4 guang3 lv4
Taiwan ssu ta kuang lü
Japanese shi daikō ritsu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Search for Ritsu in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Ritsuritsulǜ / lu:4 / lu:



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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Ritsu Kanji, Ritsu Characters, Ritsu in Mandarin Chinese, Ritsu Characters, Ritsu in Chinese Writing, Ritsu in Japanese Writing, Ritsu in Asian Writing, Ritsu Ideograms, Chinese Ritsu symbols, Ritsu Hieroglyphics, Ritsu Glyphs, Ritsu in Chinese Letters, Ritsu Hanzi, Ritsu in Japanese Kanji, Ritsu Pictograms, Ritsu in the Chinese Written-Language, or Ritsu in the Japanese Written-Language.