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Mandala in Chinese / Japanese...

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Mandala / Alter

China tán
Japan dan
Mandala / Alter Vertical Wall Scroll

壇 is the Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja for mandala or altar.

This can also mean platform, podium, rostrum, or "objects of worship grouped together."

In Japanese, this can be the given name Mayumi.

Nichiren

China rì lián
Japan nichi ren
Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll

日蓮 is the title Nichiren.

This title refers to a Buddhist priest, who lived from 1222 to 1282. He is the founder of the Nichiren sect of Buddhism.
According to historical documents, the Nichiren sect was established in 1252. Adding the character for sect, this would be 日蓮宗 (Nichiren sect), which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect.

According to Soothill-Hodous...
Nichiren's chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya:
1. 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i.e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha.
2. 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, "Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law," for it is Buddha's spiritual body.
3. 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.


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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your mandala search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition


see styles
Mandarin tán / tan2
Taiwan t`an / tan
Japanese dan / だん
Chinese altar
Japanese (1) platform; podium; rostrum; (2) (archaism) mandala; (given name) Mayumi; (surname, given name) Dan; (personal name) Inoda; (personal name) Inota; (personal name) Inojima; (personal name) Inoshima; (personal name) Ida; (personal name) Ita; (personal name) Ijima
An altar; an open altar. In the esoteric cult it also means a maṇḍala, objects of worship grouped together; platform

日蓮


日莲

see styles
Mandarin rì lián / ri4 lian2
Taiwan jih lien
Japanese nichiren / にちれん
Japanese (given name) Nichiren; (person) Nichiren (Buddhist priest, 1222-82, founder of the Nichiren sect)
Nichiren, the Japanese founder, in A. D. 1252, of the 日蓮宗 Nichiren sect, which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect. Its chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya: (1) 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i. e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha; (2) 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-gwe-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, 'Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law, ' for it is Buddha's spiritual body; (3) 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.

一識


一识

see styles
Mandarin yī shí / yi1 shi2
Taiwan i shih
Japanese isshiki
One sense or perception; the one individual intelligence or soul which uses the various senses, likened to a monkey which climbs in and out of the various windows of a house— a Satyasiddhi and Sautrāntika doctrine. Also, a Vairocana maṇḍala; one consciousness

中台

see styles
Japanese chuudai / chudai / ちゅうだい    chuutai / chutai / ちゅうたい Japanese (1) (obscure) exact center of the Garbhadhatu mandala; (2) platform upon which the fire is lit in a stone lantern; China and Taiwan; (place-name, surname) Nakadai; (place-name) Chuudai; (place-name) Chuutai

中胎

see styles
Mandarin zhōng tāi / zhong1 tai1
Taiwan chung t`ai / chung tai
Japanese chūtai
(中胎藏) The central figure of the eight-petalled group of the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala; i. e. the phenomenal Vairocana who has around him four Buddhas and four bodhisattvas, each on a petal. From this maṇḍala spring the four other great maṇḍalas.

九會


九会

see styles
Mandarin jiǔ huì / jiu3 hui4
Taiwan chiu hui
Japanese ku e
(九會曼陀羅) The nine groups in the diamond-realm maṇḍala.

五部

see styles
Mandarin wǔ bù / wu3 bu4
Taiwan wu pu
Japanese gohe / ごへ
Japanese (place-name) Gohe
The five classes, or groups I. The 四諦 four truths, which four are classified as 見道 or theory, and 修道 practice, e. g. the eightfold path. II. The five early Hīnayāna sects, see 一切有部 or Sarvastivadah. III. The five groups of the Vajradhātu maṇḍala.

光座

see styles
Mandarin guāng zuò / guang1 zuo4
Taiwan kuang tso
Japanese kōza
prabha-maṇḍala; the halo and throne (of a Buddha); also 光趺.

內胎


内胎

see styles
Mandarin nèi tāi / nei4 tai1
Taiwan nei t`ai / nei tai
Japanese naitai
The inner garbhadhātu, i. e. the eight objects in the eight leaves in the central group of the maṇḍala.

四曼

see styles
Japanese shiman / しまん Japanese (abbreviation) (obscure) {Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅) four types of mandala (in Shingon)

図像

see styles
Japanese zuzou / zuzo / ずぞう Japanese (1) icon; (2) {Buddh} simple ink drawing (of a buddha, mandala, etc.)

圓壇


圆坛

see styles
Mandarin yuán tán / yuan2 tan2
Taiwan yüan t`an / yüan tan
Japanese endan
Round altar; a complete group of objects of worship, a maṇḍala; round platform

大宝

see styles
Japanese taihou;daihou / taiho;daiho / たいほう;だいほう Japanese (1) great treasure; (2) Taihou era (701.3.21-704.5.10); Daihou era; (3) (obscure) {Buddh} great treasure (used to refer to bodhisattvas, esoteric teachings, etc.); (4) (obscure) {Buddh} (See 護摩壇) homa-mandala (fire altar); (place-name) Daihou; (place-name) Taihou; (place-name, surname) Oodakara; (surname) Ootakara

大日

see styles
Mandarin dà rì / da4 ri4
Taiwan ta jih
Japanese dainichi / だいにち
Japanese Mahavairocana (Tathagata); Great Sun; Supreme Buddha of Sino-Japanese esoteric Buddhism; (place-name, surname) Dainichi; (surname) Ookusa
Vairocana, or Mahāvairocana 大日如來; 遍照如來; 摩訶毘盧遮那; 毘盧遮那; 大日覺王 The sun, "shining everywhere" The chief object of worship of the Shingon sect in Japan, "represented by the gigantic image in the temple at Nara." (Eliot.) There he is known as Dai-nichi-nyorai. He is counted as the first, and according to some, the origin of the five celestial Buddhas (dhyāni-buddhas, or jinas). He dwells quiescent in Arūpa-dhātu, the Heaven beyond form, and is the essence of wisdom (bodhi) and of absolute purity. Samantabhadra 普賢 is his dhyāni-bodhisattva. The 大日經 "teaches that Vairocana is the whole world, which is divided into Garbhadhātu (material) and Vajradhātu (indestructible), the two together forming Dharmadhātu. The manifestations of Vairocana's body to himself―that is, Buddhas and Bodhisattvas ―are represented symbolically by diagrams of several circles ". Eliot. In the 金剛界 or vajradhātu maṇḍala he is the center of the five groups. In the 胎藏界 or Garbhadhātu he is the center of the eight-leaf (lotus) court. His appearance, symbols, esoteric word, differ according to the two above distinctions. Generally he is considered as an embodiment of the Truth 法, both in the sense of dharmakāya 法身 and dharmaratna 法寳. Some hold Vairocana to be the dharmakāya of Śākyamuni 大日與釋迦同一佛 but the esoteric school denies this identity. Also known as 最高顯廣眼藏如來, the Tathagata who, in the highest, reveals the far-reaching treasure of his eye, i.e. the sun. 大日大聖不動明王 is described as one of his transformations. Also, a śramaņa of Kashmir (contemporary of Padma-saṃbhava); he is credited with introducing Buddhism into Khotan and being an incarnation of Mañjuśrī; the king Vijaya Saṃbhava built a monastery for him.

寶生


宝生

see styles
Mandarin bǎo shēng / bao3 sheng1
Taiwan pao sheng
Japanese hōshō
Ratnasaṃbhava, one of the five dhyāni-buddhas, the central figure in the southern 'diamond' maṇḍala, The realm of Subhūti on his becoming Buddha; place where jewels are produced

文殊

see styles
Mandarin wén shū / wen2 shu1
Taiwan wen shu
Japanese monju / もんじゅ
Chinese Manjushri, the Bodhisattva of keen awareness
Japanese (Buddhist term) Manjushri; Manjusri; Bodhisattva that represents transcendent wisdom; (p,s,f) Monju
(文殊師利) Mañjuśrī 滿殊尸利 -later 曼殊室利. 文殊 is also used for Mañjunātha, Mañjudeva, Mañjughoṣa, Mañjuṣvara, et al. T., hjamdpal; J., Monju. Origin unknown; presumably, like most Buddhas and bodhisattvas, an idealization of a particular quality, in his case of Wisdom. Mañju is beautiful, Śrī; good fortune, virtue, majesty, lord, an epithet of a god. Six definitions are obtained from various scriptures: 妙首 (or 頭 ) wonderful or beautiful) head; 普首 universal head; 濡首 glossy head (probably a transliteration); 敬首 revered head; 妙德 wonderful virtue (or power); 妙吉祥 wonderfully auspicious; the last is a later translation in the 西域記. As guardian of wisdom 智慧 he is often placed on Śākyamuni's left, with 普顯 on the right as guardian of law 理, the latter holding the Law, the former the wisdom or exposition of it; formerly they held the reverse positions. He is often represented with five curls or waves to his hair indicating the 五智 q. v. or the five peaks; his hand holds the sword of wisdom and he sits on a lion emblematic of its stern majesty: but he has other forms. He is represented as a youth, i. e. eternal youth. His present abode is given as east of the universe, known as 淸涼山 clear and cool mountain, or a region 寶住 precious abode, or Abode of Treasures, or 寶氏 from which he derives one of his titles, 寶相如來. One of his dhāraṇīs prophesies China as his post-nirvāṇa realm. In past incarnations he is described as being the parent of many Buddhas and as having assisted the Buddha into existence; his title was 龍種上佛 the supreme Buddha of the nāgas, also 大身佛 or 神仙佛; now his title is 歡喜藏摩尼寶精佛 The spiritual Buddha who joyfully cares for the jewel: and his future title is to be 普現佛 Buddha universally revealed. In the 序品 Introductory Chapter of the Lotus Sutra he is also described as the ninth predecessor or Buddha-ancestor of Śākyamuni. He is looked on as the chief of the Bodhisattvas and represents them, as the chief disciple of the Buddha, or as his son 法王子. Hīnayāna counts Śāriputra as the wisest of the disciples, Mahāyāna gives Mañjuśrī the chief place, hence he is also styled 覺母 mother, or begetter of understanding. He is shown riding on either a lion or a peacock, or sitting on a white lotus; often he holds a book, emblem of wisdom, or a blue lotus; in certain rooms of a monastery he is shown as a monk; and he appears in military array as defender of the faith. His signs, magic words, and so on, are found in various sutras. His most famous centre in China is Wu-tai shan in Shansi. where he is the object of pilgrimages, especially of Mongols. The legends about him are many. He takes the place in Buddhism of Viśvakarman as Vulcan, or architect, of the universe. He is one of the eight Dhyāni-bodhisattvas, and sometimes has the image of Akṣobhya in his crown. He was mentioned in China as early as the fourth century and in the Lotus Sutra he frequently appears, especially as the converter of the daughter of the Dragon-king of the Ocean. He has five messengers 五使者 and eight youths 八童子 attending on him. His hall in the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala is the seventh, in which his group numbers twenty-five. His position is northeast. There are numerous sutras and other works with his name as title, e. g. 文殊師利問菩提經 Gayaśīrṣa sūtra, tr. by Kumārajīva 384-417: and its 論 or .Tīkā of Vasubandhu, tr. by Bodhiruci 535. see list in B. N.

木曜

see styles
Mandarin mù yào / mu4 yao4
Taiwan mu yao
Japanese mokuyou / mokuyo / もくよう
Japanese (n-adv,n) Thursday
Jupiter, one of the 九曜 nine luminaries, q. v.; on the south of the diamond hall outside the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala.

母主

see styles
Mandarin mǔ zhǔ / mu3 zhu3
Taiwan mu chu
Japanese moshu
The 'mother-lord', or mother, as contrasted with 主 and 母, lord and mother, king and queen, in the maṇḍala of Vajradhātu and Garbhadhātu; Vairocana, being the source of all things, has no 'mnother'as progenitor, and is the 部主 or lord of the maṇḍala; the other four dhyāni-buddhas have 'mothers' called 部母, who are supposed to arise from the paramitas; thus, Akṣobhya has 金剛波羅蜜 for mother; Ratnasaṃbhava has 寳波羅蜜 for mother; Amitābha has 法波羅蜜 for mother; Amoghasiddhi has 羯磨波羅蜜 for mother.

輪圓


轮圆

see styles
Mandarin lún yuán / lun2 yuan2
Taiwan lun yüan
Japanese rinen
(輪圓具足) A complete maṇḍala showing the Buddhas and others, symbolizing their works; a magic circle.

五大院

see styles
Mandarin wǔ dà yuàn / wu3 da4 yuan4
Taiwan wu ta yüan
Japanese godaiin / godain / ごだいいん
Japanese (surname) Godaiin
The fifth of the thirteen great courts of the Garbhadhātu-maṇḍala, named 持明院, the court of the five Dharmapālas 五大明王; fifth great court

十二宮


十二宫

see styles
Mandarin shí èr gōng / shi2 er4 gong1
Taiwan shih erh kung
Japanese juunikyuu / junikyu / じゅうにきゅう
Chinese the twelve equatorial constellations or signs of the zodiac in Western astronomy and astrology, namely: Aries 白羊[Bai2 yang2], Taurus 金牛[Jin4 niu2], Gemini 雙子|双子[Shuang1 zi3], Cancer 巨蟹[Ju4 xie4], Leo 獅子|狮子[Shi1 zi3], Virgo 室女[Shi4 nu:3], Libra 天秤[Tian1 cheng4], Scorpio 天蠍|天蝎[Tian1 xie1], Sagittarius 人馬|人马[Ren2 ma3], Capricorn 摩羯[Mo2 jie2], Aquarius 寶瓶|宝瓶[Bao3 ping2], Pisces 雙魚|双鱼[Shuang1 yu2]
Japanese constellations of the zodiac
The twelve zodiacal mansions: east-gemini 夫婦 or 雙女; aries 羊; taurus 牛; west-libra 秤; scorpio 蝎; Sagittarius 弓 or人馬; south―aquarius 甁; pisces 魚; capri-cornus 密牛; north―cancer螃蟹; leo 獅子; virgo (or twin maidens 雙女). They are used in the vajradhātu group of the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala, E.W.S.N.

大悲壇


大悲坛

see styles
Mandarin dà bēi tán / da4 bei1 tan2
Taiwan ta pei t`an / ta pei tan
Japanese daihi dan
The altar of pity, a term for the garbhadhātu maṇḍala , or for the Sakyamumi group; altar of great compassion

忙忙鷄


忙忙鸡

see styles
Mandarin máng máng jī / mang2 mang2 ji1
Taiwan mang mang chi
Japanese Mamakei
忙葬鷄金剛 (or 忙葬計金剛); 麽麽鷄; 麽莫枳 Māmakī, or Māmukhī, tr. as 金剛母 the mother of all the vajra group, whose wisdom is derived from her; she is represented in the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala.

捫打勒


扪打勒

see styles
Mandarin mén dǎ lēi / men2 da3 lei1
Taiwan men ta lei
Japanese monchōroku
maṇḍala, v. 曼; (Skt. maṇḍala)

曼荼羅


曼荼罗

see styles
Mandarin màn tú luō / man4 tu2 luo1
Taiwan man t`u lo / man tu lo
Japanese mandara / まんだら
Chinese mandala (loan, Buddhism)
Japanese mandala; Buddhist visual schema of the enlightened mind; (given name) Mandara
曼怛羅; 曼特羅; 曼陀羅; 曼拏羅; 蔓陀囉; 滿荼邏 maṇḍala, a circle, globe, wheel ring; "any circular figure or diagram" (M.W.); a magic circle; a plot or place of enlightenment; a round or square altar on which buddhas and bodhisattvas are placed; a group of such, especially the garbhadhātu and vajradhātu groups of the Shingon sect; these were arranged by Kōbō Daishi to express the mystic doctrine of the two dhātu by way of illustration, the garbhadhātu representing the 理 and the 因 principle and cause, the vajradhātu the 智 and the 果 intelligence (or reason) and the effect, i.e. the fundamental realm of being, and mind as inherent in it; v. 胎 and 金剛. The two realms are fundamentally one, as are the absolute and phenomenal, e.g. water and wave. There are many kinds of maṇḍalas, e.g. the group of the Lotus Sutra; of the 觀經; of the nine luminaries; of the Buddha's entering into nirvana, etc. The real purpose of a maṇḍala is to gather the spiritual powers together, in order to promote the operation of the dharma or law. The term is commonly applied to a magic circle, subdivided into circles or squares in which are painted Buddhist divinities and symbols. Maṇḍalas also reveal the direct retribution of each of the ten worlds of beings (purgatory, pretas, animals, asuras, men, devas, the heavens of form, formless heavens, bodhisattvas, and buddhas). Each world has its maṇḍala which represents the originating principle that brings it to completion. The maṇḍala of the tenth world indicates the fulfilment and completion of the nine worlds.

曼陀羅


曼陀罗

see styles
Mandarin màn tuó luō / man4 tuo2 luo1
Taiwan man t`o lo / man to lo
Japanese mandara / まんだら
Chinese flower of north India (Datura stramonium, Sanskrit: mandara), considered sacred and grown in temples, similar to belladonna
Japanese mandala; Buddhist visual schema of the enlightened mind; (f,p) Mandara
or 曼阤羅; 漫陀羅 mandāra(va), the coral-tree; the erythrina indica, or this tree regarded as one of the five trees of Paradise, i.e, Indra's heaven; a white variety of Calotropis gigantea. Name of a noted monk, and of one called Mandra; maṇḍala

滿怛羅


满怛罗

see styles
Mandarin mǎn dá luō / man3 da2 luo1
Taiwan man ta lo
Japanese mandara
滿荼邏 v. 曼 maṇḍala; (Skt. maṇḍala)

漫荼羅


漫荼罗

see styles
Mandarin màn tú luō / man4 tu2 luo1
Taiwan man t`u lo / man tu lo
Japanese mandara
(or 漫怛羅 or漫陀羅) v. 曼 maṇḍala; (Skt. maṇḍala)

焰摩天

see styles
Mandarin yàn mó tiān / yan4 mo2 tian1
Taiwan yen mo t`ien / yen mo tien
Japanese Enma Ten
Yamadevaloka, the third of the desire-heavens, above the trāyastriṃśas; also deva Yama, v. 夜, whose wife is 焰摩天妃 in the Yama-maṇḍala.

縛斯仙


缚斯仙

see styles
Mandarin fù sī xiān / fu4 si1 xian1
Taiwan fu ssu hsien
Japanese Bakushisen
Vasiṣṭha, 'a very celebrated Vedic ṛishi or inspired sage,' owner of the cow of plenty and able therefore to grant all desires. M.W. One of the six fire-devas in the maṇḍala.

Search for Mandala in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Mandala
Alter

dantán / tan2 / tant`an / tan
Nichiren日蓮
日莲
nichi ren / nichirenrì lián / ri4 lian2 / ri lian / rilianjih lien / jihlien
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.



Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

Aikido
Balance
Be True to Yourself
Benevolence
Best Friends
Blood
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Effort
Endurance
Energy
Enso
Faith
Fall Down 7 Times Get Up 8
Fate
Father
Fiddle
Fire
Grace
Heart of a Lion
Heaven Blesses the Diligent
Honesty
I Love You
I Love You Forever and Always
Integrity
Knowledge
Light Dark
Lion
Love
Loyalty
Pain
Patience
Peace and Harmony
Peaceful Warrior
Princess
Protector
Rebel
Resolve
Respect
Responsibility
Samurai
Scorpio Zodiac Sign
Shotokan
Sora
Space
Strength
Truth
Vampire
Wing Chun
Wolf

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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single-character wall scroll.
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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


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Some people may refer to this entry as Mandala Kanji, Mandala Characters, Mandala in Mandarin Chinese, Mandala Characters, Mandala in Chinese Writing, Mandala in Japanese Writing, Mandala in Asian Writing, Mandala Ideograms, Chinese Mandala symbols, Mandala Hieroglyphics, Mandala Glyphs, Mandala in Chinese Letters, Mandala Hanzi, Mandala in Japanese Kanji, Mandala Pictograms, Mandala in the Chinese Written-Language, or Mandala in the Japanese Written-Language.