Three Treasures in Chinese / Japanese...

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Three Treasures of Buddhism

The Triple Gem

sān bǎo
san bou
Three Treasures of Buddhism Scroll

三寶 is the title for "Three Precious Treasures of Buddhism" or "The Triple Gem".

These three treasures are the Buddha 佛, the Dharma 法 (teachings or the law of the Buddha), and the Sangha 僧 (the community of monks or followers).

This term is used by most (perhaps not all) Buddhists in China, Japan, and South Korea (written the same it the original form, but pronounced differently in each language). Non-Buddhists may just read this as, "Three Treasures", without the religious context. For instance, there is also a, "Three Treasures of Chinese Medicine", that is sometimes titled the same way.


In modern Japanese and Simplified Chinese, this is written 三宝 instead of 三寶.

Three Treasures of Chinese Medicine

jīng qì shén
Three Treasures of Chinese Medicine Scroll

These are the characters jing, qi, and shen.

As a set, these three characters are known in English as the treasures of traditional Chinese medicine, the treasures of Qi Gong, or the three treasures of Taoism / Daoism.

Sometimes this set is titled as 三寶 (sānbǎo) or "three treasures" but here, we're writing each treasure out.

Here's how these characters are perceived in this context...
Jing: nutritive essence; refined; perfected; pure
Qi: vitality; energy; force; breath; vigor
Shen: spirit; soul; mind; being

To keep it simple, you can use, "essence, vitality and spirit", to define these.

Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt

Excerpt from Chapter 67

yī yuē cí èr yuē jiǎn sān yuē bù gǎn wéi tiān xià xiān
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Scroll

一曰慈二曰儉三曰不敢為天下先 is an except from the 67th Chapter of Lao Tzu's (Lao Zi's) Te-Tao Ching (Dao De Jing).

This is the part where the three treasures are discussed. In English, we'd say these three treasures are compassion, frugality, and humility. Some may translate these as love, moderation, and lack of arrogance. I have also seen them translated as benevolence, modesty, and "Not presuming to be at the forefront in the world". You can mix them up the way you want, as translation is not really a science but rather an art.

I should also explain that the first two treasures are single-character ideas, yet the third treasure was written out in six characters (there are also some auxiliary characters to number the treasures).

If Lao Tzu's words are important to you, then a wall scroll with this passage might make a great addition to your home.




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Three Treasures of Buddhism三寶
三宝
san bou / sanbou / san bo / sanbosān bǎo / san1 bao3 / san bao / sanbaosan pao / sanpao
Three Treasures of Chinese Medicine精氣神
精气神
jīng qì shén
jing1 qi4 shen2
jing qi shen
jingqishen
ching ch`i shen
chingchishen
ching chi shen
Daodejing
Tao Te Ching - Excerpt
一曰慈二曰儉三曰不敢為天下先
一曰慈二曰俭三曰不敢为天下先
yī yuē cí èr yuē jiǎn sān yuē bù gǎn wéi tiān xià xiān
yi1 yue1 ci2 er4 yue1 jian3 san1 yue1 bu4 gan3 wei2 tian1 xia4 xian1
yi yue ci er yue jian san yue bu gan wei tian xia xian
i yüeh tz`u erh yüeh chien san yüeh pu kan wei t`ien hsia hsien
i yüeh tzu erh yüeh chien san yüeh pu kan wei tien hsia hsien
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Not the results for three treasures that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your three treasures search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

三宝

see styles
 sanbou; sanpou / sanbo; sanpo
    さんぼう; さんぽう
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Scroll
{Buddh} the Three Jewels; the Triple Gem; Triratna; the Three Treasures; Buddha, Dharma, Sangha; Buddha, the teachings of Buddha, and the community of monks and nuns; (surname) Sanpou

三寶


三宝

see styles
sān bǎo
    san1 bao3
san pao
 sanbō
    さんぼう
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Scroll
the Three Precious Treasures of Buddhism, namely: the Buddha 佛, the Dharma 法 (his teaching), and the Sangha 僧 (his monastic order)
(surname) Sanbou
three treasures

三寳


三宝

see styles
sān bǎo
    san1 bao3
san pao
 sanbō
Triratna, or Ratnatraya, i.e. the Three Precious Ones: 佛 Buddha, 法 Dharma, 儈 Saṅgha, i.e. Buddha, the Law, the Ecelesia or Order. Eitel suggests this trinity may be adapted from the Trimūrti, i.e, Brahma, Viṣṇu, and Sīva. The Triratna takes many forms, e.g. the Trikāya 三身 q.v. There is also the Nepalese idea of a triple existence of each Buddha as a Nirvāṇa-Buddha, Dhyāni-Buddha, and Mānuṣi-Buddha; also the Tantric trinity of Vairocana as Nirvāṇa-Buddha, Locana according to Eitel "existing in reflex in the world of forms", and the human Buddha, Śākyamuni. There are other elaborated details known as the four and the six kinds of triratna 四 and 六種三寳, e.g. that the Triratna exists in each member of the trinity. The term has also been applied to the 三仙 q.v. Popularly the 三寳 are referred to the three images in the main hall of monasteries. The centre one is Śākyamuni, on his left Bhaiṣajya 藥師 and on his right Amitābha. There are other explanations, e.g. in some temples Amitābha is in the centre, Avalokiteśvara on his left, and Mahāsthāmaprāpta or Mañjuśrī on his right. Table of Triratna, Trikāya, and Trailokya: — DHARMASAṄGHABUDDHAEssential BodhiReflected BodhiPractical BodhiDhyāni BuddhaDhyāni BodhisattvaMānuṣī BuddhaDharmakāyaSambhogakāyaNirmāṇakāyaPurityCompletenessTransformations4th Buddha-kṣetra3rd Buddha-kṣetra1st and 2nd Buddha kṣetraArūpadhātuRūpadhātuKāmadhātu; three treasures

神剣

see styles
 shinken
    しんけん
divine sword (one of the three sacred treasures)

神器

see styles
shén qì
    shen2 qi4
shen ch`i
    shen chi
 jingi; shinki; shingi(ok)
    じんぎ; しんき; しんぎ(ok)
magical object; object symbolic of imperial power; fine weapon
(1) (See 三種の神器・1) sacred treasure; the three sacred treasures (sword, jewel, mirror); (2) implement used in religious ceremonies

神鏡

see styles
 shinkyou / shinkyo
    しんきょう
divine mirror; sacred mirror (one of the three sacred treasures)

齋筵


斋筵

see styles
zhāi yán
    zhai1 yan2
chai yen
Offerings of food to the triratna; offerings of food to the three treasures

三寶物


三宝物

see styles
sān bǎo wù
    san1 bao3 wu4
san pao wu
 san bōmotsu
The things appertaining to the triratna, i.e. to the Buddha— temples and images, etc.; to the dharma— the scriptures; to the saṅgha— cassock, bowl, etc; three things associated with the three treasures

三寶種


三宝种

see styles
sān bǎo zhǒng
    san1 bao3 zhong3
san pao chung
 sanbō shu
seeds of the three treasures; seeds of the three treasures

誹謗戒


诽谤戒

see styles
fěi bàng jiè
    fei3 bang4 jie4
fei pang chieh
 hihō kai
precept forbidding the denigrate [of the three treasures]; precept forbidding the denigrate [of the three treasures]

謗三寶


谤三宝

see styles
bàng sān bǎo
    bang4 san1 bao3
pang san pao
 hō sanbō
denigrating the three treasures; denigrating the three treasures

一體三寶


一体三宝

see styles
yī tǐ sān bǎo
    yi1 ti3 san1 bao3
i t`i san pao
    i ti san pao
 ittai no sanbō
In the one body of the saṅgha is the whole triratna, Buddha, Dharma, and saṅgha. Also, Mind, Buddha, and the living, these three are without differentiation, 心佛與衆生是三無差別, i.e. are all one; one essence for three treasures

三寶功德


三宝功德

see styles
sān bǎo gōng dé
    san1 bao3 gong1 de2
san pao kung te
 sanbō kudoku
merit of the three treasures; merit of the three treasures

三寶寺刹


三宝寺刹

see styles
sān bǎo sì chà
    san1 bao3 si4 cha4
san pao ssu ch`a
    san pao ssu cha
 sanbō jisetsu
temples of the three treasures; temples of the three treasures

三寶荒神


三宝荒神

see styles
sān bǎo huāng shén
    san1 bao3 huang1 shen2
san pao huang shen
 Sanbō Kōjin
wild deity of the three treasures; wild deity of the three treasures

南無三寶


南无三宝

see styles
nán wú sān bǎo
    nan2 wu2 san1 bao3
nan wu san pao
 namu sanbō
to take refuge in the three treasures; to take refuge in the three treasures

同體三寳


同体三寳

see styles
tóng tǐ sān bǎo
    tong2 ti3 san1 bao3
t`ung t`i san pao
    tung ti san pao
 dōtai sanbō
idem 一體三寳; three treasures are the same in essence

歸依三寶


归依三宝

see styles
guī yī sān bǎo
    gui1 yi1 san1 bao3
kuei i san pao
 kie sanbō
take refuge in the three treasures; take refuge in the three treasures

歸依方便


归依方便

see styles
guī yī fāng biàn
    gui1 yi1 fang1 bian4
kuei i fang pien
 kie hōben
trust (in the three treasures); trust (in the three treasures)

歸命三寶


归命三宝

see styles
guī mìng sān bǎo
    gui1 ming4 san1 bao3
kuei ming san pao
 kimyō sanbō
to commit oneself to the three treasures; to commit oneself to the three treasures

自性三寶


自性三宝

see styles
zì xìng sān bǎo
    zi4 xing4 san1 bao3
tzu hsing san pao
 jishō sanbō
The triratna, each with its own characteristic, Buddha being wisdom 覺; the Law correctness 正; and the Order purity 淨; self-nature of the three treasures

致敬三寶


致敬三宝

see styles
zhì jìng sān bǎo
    zhi4 jing4 san1 bao3
chih ching san pao
 chikyō sanbō
making obeisance to the three treasures; making obeisance to the three treasures

謗三寶戒


谤三宝戒

see styles
bàng sān bǎo jiè
    bang4 san1 bao3 jie4
pang san pao chieh
 hō sanbō kai
One of the commandments against speaking falsely of the Three Precious Ones; precept forbidding the denigration of the three treasures

三寶大荒神


三宝大荒神

see styles
sān bǎo dà huāng shén
    san1 bao3 da4 huang1 shen2
san pao ta huang shen
 Sanbōdai kōjin
wild deity of the three treasures; wild deity of the three treasures

三種の神器

see styles
 sanshunojingi
    さんしゅのじんぎ
(exp,n) (1) the Three Sacred Treasures (Mirror, Sword and Jewels); (exp,n) (2) (colloquialism) (set of) three status symbols; three necessities

助謗三寶戒


助谤三宝戒

see styles
zhù bàng sān bǎo jiè
    zhu4 bang4 san1 bao3 jie4
chu pang san pao chieh
 johō sanbō kai
precept forbidding the denigrate of the three treasures; precept forbidding the denigrate of the three treasures

毀謗三寶戒


毁谤三宝戒

see styles
huǐ bàng sān bǎo jiè
    hui3 bang4 san1 bao3 jie4
hui pang san pao chieh
 kihō sanbō kai
precept forbidding the denigrate of the three treasures; precept forbidding the denigrate of the three treasures

Many custom options...


Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Scroll
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Scroll
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Scroll
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Scroll


And formats...

Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Vertical Portrait
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Horizontal Wall Scroll
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Excerpt Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

Lookup Three Treasures in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Three Treasures Kanji, Three Treasures Characters, Three Treasures in Mandarin Chinese, Three Treasures Characters, Three Treasures in Chinese Writing, Three Treasures in Japanese Writing, Three Treasures in Asian Writing, Three Treasures Ideograms, Chinese Three Treasures symbols, Three Treasures Hieroglyphics, Three Treasures Glyphs, Three Treasures in Chinese Letters, Three Treasures Hanzi, Three Treasures in Japanese Kanji, Three Treasures Pictograms, Three Treasures in the Chinese Written-Language, or Three Treasures in the Japanese Written-Language.

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