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Monk in Chinese / Japanese...

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Sangha / Order of Monks

sēng
sou
Sangha / Order of Monks Vertical Wall Scroll

僧 is the single-character or short form of Sangha, the Buddhist idea of community or order (of monks, nuns, or followers of the Buddha).

Alone, this character can simply mean "monk" (Just means monk in Japanese).


僧僧 Note that when writing this as Kanji, Japanese will tend to write this in the form shown to the right. If you select our Japanese master calligrapher, please expect this special Kanji form.

Buddhist Monk

sou ryo
Buddhist Monk Vertical Wall Scroll

僧侶 / 僧侶 is a Japanese title for a Buddhist monk.

The first Kanji means Buddhist priest or monk by itself.
The second Kanji means follower or companion.


僧Note, if you order this from the Japanese master calligrapher, the first character will look a bit more like the Kanji shown to the right than the Kanji shown above. Let us know if you have a preference, as both versions are technically-correct in both Chinese and Japanese.

Warrior Monk / Soldier Priest

sēng bīng
sou hei
Warrior Monk / Soldier Priest Vertical Wall Scroll

藩士 is a strange title for a wall scroll but it may suit you if you see yourself as a warrior monk.

This title is not commonly used but will be understood in both Chinese and Japanese. It can also be read as "armed monks."

If you have not been a monk, how can you know what it is like to be a vegetarian?

Only by experiencing hardship will allow you to understand the plight of others
bù dāng hé shang bù zhī zhāi jiè kǔ
If you have not been a monk, how can you know what it is like to be a vegetarian? Vertical Wall Scroll

This literally translates as:
[One who has] not been a monk [does not] know the suffering of [being on a] vegetarian diet.

不當和尚不知齋戒苦 is a bit like the "walk a mile in another man's shoes" saying. Basically it's about you cannot fully understand the plight of others until you experience it yourself.

To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It

bù dāng hé shàng bù zhī tóu lěng
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll

This Chinese proverb literally translates as: [One who has] not been a monk [does] not know [the feeling of a] cold head.
I need to explain that a Chinese Buddhist monk always has a shaved head, and thus a cold head in winter.

Figuratively, this means: One cannot know the true meaning of hardship until one has experienced it oneself.


This is an idiom in Chinese, so the figurative meaning is what people perceive when they hear or read this phrase. Just as in English, when someone says, "The grass is always greener," one will think about the idea of jealousy, rather than the quality of one's lawn.

Not the results for monk that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your monk search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
sēng / seng1
seng
 sō / そう
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
monk; Sangha, the Buddhist monastic order
(1) monk; priest; (2) (abbreviation) (See 僧伽・そうぎゃ) sangha (the Buddhist community); (surname) Sou
僧伽 saṅgha, an assembly, collection, company, society. The corporate assembly of at least three (formerly four) monks under a chairman, empowered to hear confession, grant absolution, and ordain. The church or monastic order, the third member of the triratna. The term 僧 used alone has come to mean a monk, or monks in general. Also僧佉, 僧加, 僧企耶.; A fully ordained monk, i.e. a bhikṣu as contrasted with the śramaņa; community of monks and nuns

see styles
/ ji2
chi
 jaku / じゃく;せき
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
silent; solitary; Taiwan pr. [ji2]
(1) (entering into) nirvana; (suffix noun) (2) (used after a date to indicate the death of a monk at that time) died; (adj-t,adv-to) (3) (usu. せき) silent; tranquil; (female given name) Yoshika
praśama; vivikta; śānti. Still, silent, quiet, solitary, calm, tranquil, nirvāṇa; to become quiet


see styles
shèng / sheng4
sheng
 shō / ひじり
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
holy; sacred; saint; sage
(1) highly virtuous monk; (2) (honorific or respectful language) monk; (3) Buddhist solitary; (4) (See 高野聖・1) Buddhist missionary; (5) saint (i.e. a virtuous person); (6) (archaism) (honorific or respectful language) emperor; (7) (in form 〜の聖) master; expert; (female given name) Mina
ārya; sādhu; a sage; wise and good; upright, or correct in all his character; sacred, holy, saintly.

僧伽

see styles
sēng qié / seng1 qie2
seng ch`ieh / seng chieh
 sōgya / そうぎゃ
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
(Buddhism) sangha; the monastic community; monk
sangha (the Buddhist community) (san: samgha)
(Skt. saṃgha)

僧侶


僧侣

see styles
sēng lǚ / seng1 lv3
seng lü
 sōryo / そうりょ
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
monk
{Buddh} priest; monk; bonze
Monastic companions, or company; the members of the Buddhist order

入定

see styles
rù dìng / ru4 ding4
ju ting
 nyūjō / にゅうじょう
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
(Buddhism) to enter a meditative state
(noun/participle) (1) {Buddh} (See 出定) entering a state of intense concentration; (2) death (of a high monk, etc.); (place-name) Nyuujou
To enter into meditation by tranquillizing the body, mouth (i.e. lips), and mind, 身口意; to enter into concentration

合十

see styles
hé shí / he2 shi2
ho shih
 gōjū
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
to put one's palms together (in prayer or greeting)
合爪; 合掌 To bring the ten fingers or two palms together; a monk's salutation; to make salutation with the two palms together

大師


大师

see styles
dà shī / da4 shi1
ta shih
 daishi / だいし
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
great master; master
(honorific or respectful language) {Buddh} great teacher (i.e. a buddha, bodhisattva or high monk, esp. Kobo Daishi); (place-name) Daishi
Great teacher, or leader, one of the ten titles of a Buddha; Great Teacher

天皇

see styles
tiān huáng / tian1 huang2
t`ien huang / tien huang
 Tennō / てんのう
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
emperor; emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan; (place-name) Tennou
Deva-king; the Tang monk 道悟 Daowu of the 天皇 Tianhuang monastery at 荊州 Jingzhou.

慧能

see styles
huì néng / hui4 neng2
hui neng
 Enō / えのう
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
Huineng (638-713), the Sixth Patriarch of Chan Buddhism
(person) Huineng (638-713)
The power of wisdom. Huineng, name of a noted monk, sixth patriarch of the Intuitional or Meditation sect; died 713.

菩薩


菩萨

see styles
pú sà / pu2 sa4
p`u sa / pu sa
 bosatsu / ぼさつ(P);ぼさち(ok)
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
Bodhisattva (Buddhism)
(n,n-suf) (1) {Buddh} bodhisattva; one who has reached enlightenment but vows to save all beings before becoming a buddha; (2) High Monk (title bestowed by the imperial court); (3) (See 本地垂迹説) title bestowed to Shinto kami in manifestation theory; (surname) Mizoro
bodhisattva, cf. 菩提薩埵. While the idea is not foreign to Hīnayāna, its extension of meaning is one of the chief marks of Mahāyāna. 'The Bodhisattva is indeed the characteristic feature of the Mahāyāna.' Keith. According to Mahāyāna the Hinayanists, i.e. the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha, seek their own salvation, while the bodhisattva's aim is the salvation of others and of all. The earlier intp. of bodhisattva was 大道心衆生 all beings with mind for the truth; later it became 大覺有情 conscious beings of or for the great intelligence, or enlightenment. It is also intp. in terms of leadership, heroism, etc. In general it is a Mahayanist seeking Buddhahood, but seeking it altruistically; whether monk or layman, he seeks enlightenment to enlighten others, and he will sacrifice himself to save others; he is devoid of egoism and devoted to helping others. All conscious beings having the Buddha-nature are natural bodhisattvas, but require to undergo development. The mahāsattva is sufficiently advanced to become a Buddha and enter nirvāṇa, but according to his vow he remains in the realm of incarnation to save all conscious beings. A monk should enter on the arduous course of discipline which leads to Bodhisattvahood and Buddhahood.

獅子座


狮子座

see styles
shī zǐ zuò / shi1 zi3 zuo4
shih tzu tso
 shishi za / ししざ
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
Leo (constellation and sign of the zodiac)
(1) {astron} Leo (constellation); the Lion; (2) {Buddh} (See 獅子の座) Buddha's seat; seat of a high monk
lion's seat

釋迦牟尼


释迦牟尼

see styles
shì jiā móu ní / shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2
shih chia mou ni
 Shakamuni
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
Siddhartha Gautama (563-485 BC), the historical Buddha and founder of Buddhism; Sakyamuni Buddha (Sanskrit: sage of the Sakya)
釋迦文 (釋迦文尼); 釋伽文 Śākyamuni, the saint of the Śākya tribe. muni is saint, holy man, sage, ascetic monk; it is: intp. as 仁 benevolent, charitable, kind, also as 寂默 one who dwells in seclusion. After '500 or 550' previous incarnations, Śākyamuni finally attained to the state of Bodhisattva, was born in the Tuṣita heaven, and descended as a white elephant, through her right side, into the womb of the immaculate Māyā, the purest woman on earth; this was on the 8th day of the 4th month; next year on the 8th day of the 2nd month he was born from her right side painlessly as she stood under a tree in the Lumbinī garden. For the subsequent miraculous events v. Eitel. also the 神通遊戲經 (Lalitavistara), the 釋迦如來成道記, etc. Simpler statements say that he was born the son of Śuddhodana, of the kṣatriya caste, ruler of Kapilavastu, and Māyā his wife; that Māyā died seven days later, leaving him to be brought up by her sister Prājapati; that in due course he was married to Yaśodharā who bore him a son, Rāhula; that in search of truth he left home, became an ascetic, severely disciplined himself, and finally at 35 years of age, under a tree, realized that the way of release from the chain of rebirth and death lay not in asceticism but in moral purity; this he explained first in his four dogmas, v. 四諦 and eightfold noble way 八正道, later amplified and developed in many sermons. He founded his community on the basis of poverty, chastity, and insight or meditation, ad it became known as Buddhism, as he became known as Buddha, the enlightened. His death was probably in or near 487 B.C., a few years before that of Confucius in 479. The sacerdotal name of his family is Gautama, said to be the original name of the whole clan, Śākya being that of his branch, v. 瞿, 喬.; his personal name was Siddhārtha, or Sarvārthasiddha, v. 悉.

see styles
/ su2
su
 zoku / ぞく(P);しょく(ok)
custom; convention; popular; common; coarse; vulgar; secular
(1) layman (esp. as opposed to a Buddhist monk); laity; man of the world; the world; (2) local manners; modern customs; (adj-na,adj-no) (3) common; popular; (4) (ant: 雅・が・1) vulgar; low
common, ordinary, usual, vulgar; secular

see styles
fáng / fang2
fang
 bō / ぼう;ぼん
workshop; mill; Taiwan pr. [fang1]
(1) bonze; monk; (2) (ぼう only) monk's dwelling; (3) (vocative) boy; sonny; (4) (ぼう only) (used by male children) I; me; (suffix) (5) (ぼう only) (familiar language) (after name; familiar form of address) little; (6) (ぼう only) (often preceded by ん) person who is ...; (surname) Machi
A place, locality; a temple, place of assembly, etc; subdivision of a city

see styles
/ mo4
mo
 moku / ぼく
ink stick; China ink; CL:塊|块[kuai4]; corporal punishment consisting of tattooing characters on the victim's forehead
(n,n-pref,n-suf) (abbreviation) (See メキシコ) Mexico; (personal name) Boku
Ink; black; dyed black, e.g. 墨衣 black clothes, at one time said to have been the garb of the monk to distinguish him from the ordinary people who wore white.


see styles
shī / shi1
shih
 shi / し
teacher; master; expert; model; army division; (old) troops; to dispatch troops
(1) teacher; master; one's mentor; (n,suf) (2) religious leader; (suffix) (3) specialist; (4) (archaism) five-battalion brigade comprising 2500 men (Zhou-dynasty Chinese army); (surname) Morosaki
A host, army; a leader, preceptor, teacher, model; tr. of upādhyāya, an 'under-teacher', generally intp. as a Buddhist monk.

see styles
/ du4
tu
 do / ど
to estimate; Taiwan pr. [duo4]
(n,n-suf) (1) degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.); (counter) (2) counter for occurrences; (n,n-suf) (3) strength (of glasses); glasses prescription; (4) alcohol content (percentage); alcohol by volume; (5) (See 度を過ごす) extent; degree; limit; (6) (See 度を失う) presence of mind; composure; (given name) Wataru
pāramitā, 波羅蜜; intp. by 渡 to ferry over; to save. The mortal life of reincarnations is the sea; nirvana is the other shore; v. pāramitā, 波. Also, to leave the world as a monk or nun, such is a 度得 or 度者; to cross over (to the shore of liberation)

see styles
jiè / jie4
chieh
 kai / かい;いんごと(ok)
to guard against; to exhort; to admonish or warn; to give up or stop doing something; Buddhist monastic discipline; ring (for a finger)
(1) (かい only) {Buddh} admonition; commandment; (2) sila (precept)
śīla, 尸羅. Precept, command, prohibition, discipline, rule; morality. It is applied to the five, eight, ten, 250, and other commandments. The five are: (1) not to kill; (2 ) not to steal; (3) not to commit adultery; (4) not to speak falsely; (5) not to drink wine. These are the commands for lay disciples; those who observe them will be reborn in the human realm. The Sarvāstivādins did not sanction the observance of a limited selection from them as did the 成實宗 Satyasiddhi school. Each of the five precepts has five guardian spirits, in all twenty-five, 五戒二十五神. The eight for lay disciples are the above five together with Nos. 7, 8, and 9 of the following; the ten commands for the ordained, monks and nuns, are the above five with the following: (6) not to use adornments of flowers, nor perfumes; (7) not to perform as an actor, juggler, acrobat, or go to watch and hear them; (8) not to sit on elevated, broad, and large divans (or beds); (9) not to eat except in regulation hours; (10) not to possess money, gold or silver, or precious things. The 具足戒full commands for a monk number 250, those for a nun are 348, commonly called 500. Śīla is also the first of the 五分法身, i.e. a condition above all moral error. The Sutra of Brahma's Net has the following after the first five: (6) not to speak of the sins of those in orders; (7) not to vaunt self and depreciate others; (8) not to be avaricious; (9) not to be angry; (10) not to slander the triratna.


see styles
/ xi4
hsi
 ke
trick; drama; play; show; CL:齣|出[chu1],場|场[chang3],臺|台[tai2]
khelā, krīḍā. Play, sport, take one's pleasure; theatricals, which are forbidden to a monk or nun; to play

see styles
fáng / fang2
fang
 bō / ぼう
house; room; CL:間|间[jian1]; branch of an extended family; classifier for family members (or concubines)
(1) chamber; room; cell (prison); atrium; (2) (See 坊・2) home of a monk; monk; (3) {astron} (See 二十八宿,蒼竜・そうりょう・3) Chinese "room" constellation (one of the 28 mansions); (surname) Bou
House, room. The rooms for monks and nuns in a monastery or nunnery; monk's quarters


see styles
/ bo1
po
 hatsu
small earthenware plate or basin; a monk's alms bowl; Sanskrit paatra
begging bowl

see styles
xīng / xing1
hsing
 namagusa / なまぐさ
fishy (smell)
(1) something that smells of fish or blood; (2) meat and fish; (3) (abbreviation) degenerate monk; corrupt priest

see styles
/ yi1
i
 e / ころも
to dress; to wear; to put on (clothes)
(1) clothes; garment; (2) gown; robe; (3) coating (e.g. glaze, batter, icing); (female given name) Matoi
Clothes, especially a monk's robes which are of two kinds, the compulsory three garments of five, seven, or nine pieces; and the permissive clothing for the manual work of the monastery, etc. The 三衣 or three garments are (1) 安陀會衣 antarvāsas, an inner garment; the five-piece 袈裟 cassock; (2) 鬱多羅僧衣 uttarāsaṇga, outer garment, the seven-piece cassock; (3) 僧伽梨衣 saṁghāti, assembly cassock of from nine to twenty-five pieces. The permissive clothing is of ten kinds; clothes

see styles
/ na4
na
 nō / のと
cassock; to line
(surname) Noto
To patch, line, pad; a monk's garment, supposed to be made of rags; monk's robe

see styles
jiā / jia1
chia
Buddhist monk's robe

see styles
shā / sha1
sha
 sha / このかわ
Buddhist monk's robe
(personal name) Konokawa
monks robe; monks robe


see styles
/ xi2
hsi
 shaku / すず(P);スズ
tin (chemistry); to bestow; to confer; to grant; Taiwan pr. [xi2]
(kana only) tin (Sn); (given name) Tamau
Pewter, tin; to bestow; a monk's staff; pewter


see styles
zhāi / zhai1
chai
 hitoshi / ひとし
to fast or abstain from meat, wine etc; vegetarian diet; study room; building; to give alms (to a monk)
(surname) Hitoshi
To reverence: abstinence; to purify as by fasting, or abstaining, e.g. from flesh food; religious or abstinential duties, or times; upavasatha (uposatha), a fast; the ritual period for food, i.e. before noon; a room for meditation, a study, a building, etc., devoted to abstinence, chastity, or the Buddhist religion; mourning (for parents); to abstain


see styles
kān / kan1
k`an / kan
 gan / がん
niche; shrine
(1) niche or alcove for an image; (2) (in Okinawa) portable shrine used to move a deceased from their house to the graveyard
A shrine; a cabinet, box; a coffin (for a monk); to contain; (Skt. stūpa)

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To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll


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To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Portrait
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Horizontal Wall Scroll
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

Lookup Monk in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary




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Ji Gong<br>The Mad Monk<br>Wall Scroll
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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Sangha
Order of Monks
sou / sosēng / seng1 / seng
Buddhist Monk僧侶 / 僧侶
僧侶
sou ryo / souryo / so ryo / soryo
Warrior Monk
Soldier Priest
藩士sou hei / souhei / so hei / soheisēng bīng
seng1 bing1
seng bing
sengbing
seng ping
sengping
If you have not been a monk, how can you know what it is like to be a vegetarian?不當和尚不知齋戒苦
不当和尚不知斋戒苦
bù dāng hé shang bù zhī zhāi jiè kǔ
bu4 dang1 he2 shang bu4 zhi1 zhai1 jie4 ku3
bu dang he shang bu zhi zhai jie ku
pu tang ho shang pu chih chai chieh k`u
pu tang ho shang pu chih chai chieh ku
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It不當和尚不知頭冷
不当和尚不知头冷
bù dāng hé shàng bù zhī tóu lěng
bu4 dang1 he2 shang4 bu4 zhi1 tou2 leng3
bu dang he shang bu zhi tou leng
pu tang ho shang pu chih t`ou leng
pu tang ho shang pu chih tou leng
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.



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Some people may refer to this entry as Monk Kanji, Monk Characters, Monk in Mandarin Chinese, Monk Characters, Monk in Chinese Writing, Monk in Japanese Writing, Monk in Asian Writing, Monk Ideograms, Chinese Monk symbols, Monk Hieroglyphics, Monk Glyphs, Monk in Chinese Letters, Monk Hanzi, Monk in Japanese Kanji, Monk Pictograms, Monk in the Chinese Written-Language, or Monk in the Japanese Written-Language.

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