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Hou4 in Chinese / Japanese...

Buy a Hou4 calligraphy wall scroll here!

Personalize your custom “Hou4” project by clicking the button next to your favorite “Hou4” title below...

  1. Sorry / Apologetic / Repent / Regret

  2. Empress

  3. Gentleness

  4. Orchid Queen

  5. Queen / Empress

  6. From this Moment Forward / From this Day Forward

  7. Love and Honor

  8. Carry On, Undaunted

  9. Learn From Your Predecessors

10. Past experience is the teacher for the future.

11. In Wine there is Truth

12. Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body

Sorry / Apologetic / Repent / Regret

hòu huǐ
kou kai / go ke
Sorry / Apologetic / Repent / Regret Scroll

後悔 is the feeling of being or feeling repentant, apologetic, and regret.

後悔 is not sorrow.

This term is often used in the context of Buddhism and other religions.

Note: This is a strange thing to write on a wall scroll for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean people - but you can bend the rules if you want in the west.


huáng hòu
kou gou
Empress Scroll

皇后 is the title of empress or emperess, the female form of emperor.

皇后 is used in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

While the emperor's reign was for life, if he died, his wife would hold his power. In this case, a woman was the ultimate ruler of the greater part of East Asia (what is now China) until her death and the succession of the emperor's firstborn son to lead the empire. Numerous times in various Chinese dynasties, an empress took power in this way.

The first character means emperor by itself.

The second character alone can mean "wife of an emperor or king" (the first character clarifies that we are talking about an empress and not a queen). It can also mean sovereign or last offspring, depending on context.

Note: In some books, this word is translated as queen. While only incorrect if you get technical (because an empress is theoretically a higher level than a queen), the meaning is very similar.

皇后 is sometimes used for the title of queen but more technically, this is the wife of the emperor (a higher level than a queen).

See Also:  Emperor | King | Queen | Phoenix


wēn hòu
on kou
Gentleness Scroll

溫厚 is a Chinese, Japanese and old Korean word for "gentle" or "gentleness".

This can also mean "kindness" (more as an adjective like "kind person").

温The modern Japanese version of the first character looks like the one to the right. If you want this modern Japanese form, just click on that Kanji instead of the button above.

See Also:  Kindness | Caring

Orchid Queen

Short Version
lán hòu
Orchid Queen Scroll

蘭后 is the short way write "Orchid Queen" in Chinese.

This abbreviated version is open to interpretation but it's a cool title.

Queen / Empress

Wife of the King
wáng hòu
ou kou
Queen / Empress Scroll

王后 is another way to write queen in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

王后 is sometimes used for the title of empress.

The first character means "king" and the second means "wife", or a short form to say "wife of the king / emperor". So this is literally, "king's wife" or "emperor's wife". Some will translate this as "queen consort".

See Also:  Queen | Goddess | King | Emperor

From this Moment Forward / From this Day Forward

cóng cǐ yǐ hòu
From this Moment Forward / From this Day Forward Scroll

In simple terms, this means "from now on" but you can also interpret it as "Now is the beginning of the future" or "From this day forward.

The first two characters roughly mean "henceforth". The last two characters mean later, afterward, following, or "in the future".

Love and Honor

shēn qíng hòu yì
Love and Honor Scroll

深情厚義 means to love and honor. 深情厚義 is more or less the kind of thing you'd find in marriage vows.

The first two characters suggest deep love or deep emotions, passion, and feelings.
The last two characters mean generous justice or thick honor (the third character is an adjective that means generous or thick). It just means that you will honor your lover's wishes, and treat them justly and righteously (fairly).

This is the longer four-character version, there is also a short and sweet two character version.

See Also:  Love and Honor

Carry On, Undaunted

qián fù hòu jì
Carry On, Undaunted Scroll

This Chinese proverb figuratively means, "to advance dauntlessly in wave upon wave".

It suggests that you should or can carry on, and have the strength to keep going.

While this proverb is a little bit militaristic, it suggests that in spite of a fallen comrade (or perhaps a loved one), you should keep going and work towards the goal they intended.

Learn From Your Predecessors

When the cart in front overturns, be cautions with your own
qián chē zhī fù hòu chē zhī jiàn
Learn From Your Predecessors Scroll

This Chinese proverb suggests looking at the circumstances and toils of those you proceeded before you, and learning from their experience.

This more literally means, "the cart in front overturns, a warning to the following cart".

前車之覆后車之鑒 is figuratively translated as, "draw lesson from the failure of one's predecessor", "learn from past mistakes", or compared to the English idiom, "once bitten twice shy".

Other more-direct translations:
Make the overturning of the chariot in front a warning for the chariot behind.
Learn caution through an unpleasant experience.
The wrecked coach in front should be a warning.
The overturned cart in front serves as a warning to the carts behind.

Past experience is the teacher for the future.

Past events not forgotten serve as teachers for later events.
qián shì bú wàng hòu shí zhī shī
Past experience is the teacher for the future. Scroll

The most literal translation to English of this ancient Chinese proverb is:
"Past events not forgotten serve as teachers for later events".

However, it's been translated several ways:
Don't forget past events, they can guide you in future.
Benefit from past experience.
Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future.
Past calamity is my teacher.
A good memory for the past is a teacher for the future.
The remembrance of the past is the teacher of the future.
If one remembers the lessons of the past; They will serve as a guide to avoid mistakes in the future.

The origin:
This proverb comes from the 5th century B.C. just before the Warring States Period in the territory now known as China.
The head of the State of Jin, Zhi Bo, seized power in a coup. He did this with help from the armies of the State of Han and Wei. Instead of being grateful for the help from Han and Wei, he treacherously took the land of Han and Wei. Never satisfied, Zhi Bo employed the armies of Han and Wei to attack and seize the State of Zhao.

The king of Zhao took advice from his minister Zhang Mengtan and secretly contacted the Han and Wei armies to reverse their plans and attack the army of Zhi Bo instead. The plan was successful, and the State of Zhao was not only saved but was set to become a powerful kingdom in the region.

Zhang Mengtan immediately submitted his resignation to a confused king of Zhao. When asked why, Zhang Mengtan said, "I've done my duty to save my kingdom but looking back at past experience, I know sovereign kings are never satisfied with the power or land at hand. They will join others and fight for more power and more land. I must learn from past experiences, as those experiences are the teachers of future events".
The king could not dispute the logic in that statement and accepted Zhang Mengtan's resignation.

For generations, the State of Zhao continued to fight for power and land until finally being defeated and decimated by the State of Qin (which lead to the birth of the Qin Dynasty in 221 B.C.).

In Wine there is Truth

jiǔ hòu tǔ zhēn yán
In Wine there is Truth Scroll

This is a nice Asian proverb if you know a vintner or wine seller - or wine lover - although the actual meaning might not be exactly what you think or hope.

The literal meaning is that someone drinking wine is more likely to let the truth slip out. It can also be translated as, "People speak their true feelings after drinking alcohol".

It's long-believed in many parts of Asia that one can not consciously hold up a facade of lies when getting drunk, and therefore the truth will come out with a few drinks.

I've had the experience where a Korean man would not trust me until I got drunk with him (I was trying to gain access to the black market in North Korea which is tough to do as an untrusted outsider) - so I think this idea is still well-practiced in many Asian countries.

后 VS 後

Please note that there are two common ways to write the second character of this phrase. The way it's written will be left up to the mood of the calligrapher, unless you let us know that you have a certain preference.

See Also:  Honesty | Truth

Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body

téng tòng jiù shì shuāi ruò lí nǐ ér qù de shí hòu
Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Scroll

I remember this being shouted a lot during U.S. Marine Corps boot camp. This is how to write that phrase in Chinese. At least, this is as close as we could compose/translate it, and hold the full original meaning and connotations.

The version shown here is really, "Pain is weakness leaving your body". Although, it's said in English both ways (the or your), it works better in Chinese with "your".

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
後悔kou kai / go ke
koukai / goke
ko kai / go ke
kokai / goke
hòu huǐ / hou4 hui3 / hou hui / houhui
Empress皇后kou gou / kougou / ko go / kogohuáng hòu
huang2 hou4
huang hou
on kou / onkou / on ko / onkowēn hòu / wen1 hou4 / wen hou / wenhou
Orchid Queen蘭后
lán hòu / lan2 hou4 / lan hou / lanhou
王后ou kou / oukou / o ko / okowáng hòu / wang2 hou4 / wang hou / wanghou
From this Moment Forward
From this Day Forward
cóng cǐ yǐ hòu
cong2 ci3 yi3 hou4
cong ci yi hou
ts`ung tz`u i hou
tsung tzu i hou
Love and Honor深情厚義
shēn qíng hòu yì
shen1 qing2 hou4 yi4
shen qing hou yi
shen ch`ing hou i
shen ching hou i
Carry On, Undaunted前赴後繼
qián fù hòu jì
qian2 fu4 hou4 ji4
qian fu hou ji
ch`ien fu hou chi
chien fu hou chi
Learn From Your Predecessors前車之覆后車之鑒
qián chē zhī fù hòu chē zhī jiàn
qian2 che1 zhi1 fu4 hou4 che1 zhi1 jian4
qian che zhi fu hou che zhi jian
ch`ien ch`e chih fu hou ch`e chih chien
chien che chih fu hou che chih chien
Past experience is the teacher for the future.前事不忘后事之師
qián shì bú wàng hòu shí zhī shī
qian2 shi4 bu2 wang4 hou4 shi2 zhi1 shi1
qian shi bu wang hou shi zhi shi
ch`ien shih pu wang hou shih chih shih
chien shih pu wang hou shih chih shih
In Wine there is Truth酒后吐真言 / 酒後吐真言
jiǔ hòu tǔ zhēn yán
jiu3 hou4 tu3 zhen1 yan2
jiu hou tu zhen yan
chiu hou t`u chen yen
chiu hou tu chen yen
Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body疼痛就是衰弱離你而去的時候
téng tòng jiù shì shuāi ruò lí nǐ ér qù de shí hòu
teng2 tong4 jiu4 shi4 shuai1 ruo4 li2 ni3 er2 qu4 de shi2 hou4
teng tong jiu shi shuai ruo li ni er qu de shi hou
t`eng t`ung chiu shih shuai jo li ni erh ch`ü te shih hou
teng tung chiu shih shuai jo li ni erh chü te shih hou
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Not the results for hou4 that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your hou4 search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
hòu huǐ
    hou4 hui3
hou hui
 koukai / kokai
Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Scroll
to regret; to repent
(n,vs,adj-no) regret; repentance; remorse
to repent; regret



see styles
wēn hòu
    wen1 hou4
wen hou
Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Scroll
good-natured; warm and generous; gentle
See: 温厚


see styles
wáng hòu
    wang2 hou4
wang hou
 oukou / oko
Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Scroll
queen; CL:個|个[ge4],位[wei4]


see styles
huáng hòu
    huang2 hou4
huang hou
 kougou / kogo
Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Scroll
empress; imperial consort
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (Japanese) empress; queen; (surname) Kougou

see styles
 soro; sou; sau; su / soro; so; sau; su
    そろ; そう; さう; す
to wait; to inquire after; to watch; season; climate; (old) period of five days
(auxiliary) (1) (archaism) (polite language) (auxiliary used in place of ある after で or に when forming a copula) to be; (auxiliary) (2) (archaism) (polite language) (auxiliary used in place of ます) (See 候ふ・2) to do; (surname, given name) Kou

see styles
thick; deep or profound; kind; generous; rich or strong in flavor; to favor; to stress
(suffix) thickness; (given name) Makoto

see styles
empress; queen; (archaic) monarch; ruler
(out-dated kanji) (suffix) after; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) empress; queen; (female given name) Kisaki

see styles

see styles
mounds for beacons

see styles
back; behind; rear; afterwards; after; later; post-
(noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) (kana only) later; afterwards; since; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (2) (kana only) future; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (3) after one's death; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (4) (archaism) descendant; (surname) Nochi
After, behind, 1ater, posterior; after

see styles
grunting of pigs

see styles
to meet unexpectedly

see styles
surname Hou; place name

see styles
place name

see styles
see 鱯|鳠[hu4]

see styles
horseshoe crab



see styles
zhōng hòu
    zhong1 hou4
chung hou
(surname) Nakago
middle and latter



see styles
jiǔ hòu
    jiu3 hou4
chiu hou
(surname) Hisago
in the future



see styles
zhī hòu
    zhi1 hou4
chih hou
afterwards; following; later; after



see styles
shì hòu
    shi4 hou4
shih hou
after the event; in hindsight; in retrospect
(can be adjective with の) (See 事前) after; post; ex-; after the fact; ex post


see styles
rén hòu
    ren2 hou4
jen hou
 masaatsu / masatsu
kindhearted; tolerant; honest and generous
(personal name) Masaatsu



see styles
jīn hòu
    jin1 hou4
chin hou
hereafter; henceforth; in the future; from now on
(n-adv,n-t) from now on; hereafter; (surname) Imago



see styles
    yi3 hou4
i hou
after; later; afterwards; following; later on; in the future
(n-adv,n-t) (1) after this; from now on; hereafter; (2) thereafter; since (verb) (after -te form of verb); after (time); since (then); (surname) Igozaki


see styles
    ci4 hou4
tz`u hou
    tzu hou
 shikou / shiko
to serve; to wait upon
(noun/participle) waiting upon (someone)


see styles
shì hòu
    shi4 hou4
shih hou
to serve; to wait upon


see styles
    si4 hou4
ssu hou
to wait (literary)


see styles
hòu chéng
    hou4 cheng2
hou ch`eng
    hou cheng
to wait for a train or bus


see styles
hòu rèn
    hou4 ren4
hou jen
-elect; designate; (i.e. elected or appointed but not yet installed)


see styles
hòu mìng
    hou4 ming4
hou ming
to await orders; to be on call



see styles
hòu chǎng
    hou4 chang3
hou ch`ang
    hou chang
(of an actor, athlete etc) to prepare to make one's entrance; to wait in the wings

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Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Scroll
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Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Scroll
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Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Vertical Portrait
Pain is Weakness Leaving the Body Horizontal Wall Scroll
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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Hou4 Kanji, Hou4 Characters, Hou4 in Mandarin Chinese, Hou4 Characters, Hou4 in Chinese Writing, Hou4 in Japanese Writing, Hou4 in Asian Writing, Hou4 Ideograms, Chinese Hou4 symbols, Hou4 Hieroglyphics, Hou4 Glyphs, Hou4 in Chinese Letters, Hou4 Hanzi, Hou4 in Japanese Kanji, Hou4 Pictograms, Hou4 in the Chinese Written-Language, or Hou4 in the Japanese Written-Language.