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Winter in Chinese / Japanese...

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Winter Season

China dōng
Japan fuyu
Winter Season

冬 is the word/character used to describe the Winter season in Chinese and Japanese. It also means winter in Korean Hanja, though a second character is usually added in Korean.

You must endure a harsh winter
to appreciate the warmth of springtime

You must know hardship to appreciate happiness
China bù jīng dōng hán bù zhī chūn nuǎn
You must endure a harsh winter / to appreciate the warmth of springtime

This literally translates as: Without having experienced the cold of winter, one cannot appreciate the warmth of spring.

Figuratively, this means: One cannot truly appreciate happiness without having gone through hardship.

There are many contrasts in life. One simply cannot fully know what joy is without having experienced misery, difficulty, and pain. How could you explain "light" if you did not have "darkness" to compare it to?

Embrace hardship, as it makes the good times seem even better.

To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It

China bù dāng hé shàng bù zhī tóu lěng
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It

This Chinese proverb literally translates as: [One who has] not been a monk [does] not know [the feeling of a] cold head.
I need to explain that a Chinese Buddhist monk always has a shaved head, and thus a cold head in winter.

Figuratively, this means: One cannot know the true meaning of hardship until one has experienced it oneself.


This is an idiom in Chinese, so the figurative meaning is what people perceive when they hear or read this phrase. Just as in English, when someone says, "The grass is always greener," one will think about the idea of jealousy, rather than the quality of one's lawn.


Not the results for winter that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your winter search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin dōng / dong1
Taiwan tung
Japanese fuyu / ふゆ
Chinese winter
Japanese (n-adv,n-t) winter; (female given name) Fuyu; (female given name) Natsu; (given name) Toumin; (personal name) Tou
hima; hemanta; winter.
More info / calligraphy:
Winter Season

四季

see styles
Mandarin sì jì / si4 ji4
Taiwan ssu chi
Japanese shiki / しき
Chinese four seasons, namely: spring 春, summer 夏, autumn 秋 and winter
Japanese four seasons; (female given name) Yomogi; (surname, female given name) Shiki
More info / calligraphy:
The Four Seasons

春夏秋冬

see styles
Mandarin chūn xià qiū dōng / chun1 xia4 qiu1 dong1
Taiwan ch`un hsia ch`iu tung / chun hsia chiu tung
Japanese shunkashuutou / shunkashuto / しゅんかしゅうとう
Chinese the four seasons; spring, summer, autumn and winter
Japanese (n-adv,n-t) (yoji) spring, summer, autumn (fall) and winter; the four seasons; (personal name) Hitotose; (female given name) Hitotoki
More info / calligraphy:
The Four Seasons

see styles
Mandarin zuò / zuo4
Taiwan tso
Japanese nara / なら
Chinese oak; Quercus serrata
Japanese (kana only) oak (esp. Quercus serrata); Distylium racemosum (evergreen tree of the winter-hazel genus); (personal name) Nara

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see styles
Mandarin jiǎ / jia3
Taiwan chia
Japanese enoki / えのき    eno / えの    eki / えき
Chinese (evergreen shrub); Celtis sinensis
Japanese (1) (kana only) Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica); Chinese nettle tree; (2) (kana only) (abbreviation) enoki mushroom (Flammulina velutipes); winter mushroom; velvet shank; enokitake; enokidake; (surname) Enoki; (place-name) Eno; (surname) Eki

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see styles
Mandarin shòu / shou4
Taiwan shou
Japanese kari / かり
Chinese to hunt; to go hunting (as winter sport in former times); hunting dog; imperial tour
Japanese (1) hunting; (n,n-suf) (2) harvesting (e.g. berries, fruit); picking; gathering; (surname) Kari

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see styles
Mandarin/ la4
Taiwan la
Japanese rou / ro / ろう
Chinese 12th lunar month; preserved (meat, fish etc)
Japanese (1) {Buddh} offering ceremony held on the third day of the dog after the winter solstice; (2) twelfth month of the lunisolar calendar; (3) (See 臈) year in the Buddhist order (after the completion of the first meditation retreat)
Dried flesh; to sacrifice to the gods three days after the winter solstice; the end of the year; a year; a monastic year, i.e. the end of the annual summer retreat, also called 戒臘; 夏臘; 法臘.

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三冬

see styles
Japanese santou / santo / さんとう Japanese three winter months; (female given name) Mifuyu

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三季

see styles
Mandarin sān jì / san1 ji4
Taiwan san chi
Japanese miki / みき
Japanese (female given name) Miki
The "three seasons" of an Indian year— spring, summer, and winter; a year.

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中夜

see styles
Mandarin zhōng yè / zhong1 ye4
Taiwan chung yeh
Japanese chuuya / chuya / ちゅうや
Japanese (1) {Buddh} (See 六時) midnight period; midnight service; (2) (archaism) winter solstice; (surname) Nakaya
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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二至

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Japanese nishi / にし Japanese the two solstices (summer and winter)

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交九

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Mandarin jiāo jiǔ / jiao1 jiu3
Taiwan chiao chiu
Chinese the coldest period of the year; three nine day periods after the winter solstice

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今冬

see styles
Japanese kontou / konto / こんとう Japanese (n-adv,n-t) this winter; next winter; last winter

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余寒

see styles
Japanese yokan / よかん Japanese lingering winter

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六時


六时

see styles
Mandarin liù shí / liu4 shi2
Taiwan liu shih
Japanese rokuji / ろくじ
Japanese (1) six o'clock; (2) (Buddhist term) six periods of a day (morning, midday, afternoon, evening, midnight, late night)
The six 'hours' or periods in a day, three for night and three for day, i. e. morning noon, evening; night, midnight, and dawn. Also, the six divisions of the year, two each of spring, summer, and winter; six hours

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冬令

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Mandarin dōng lìng / dong1 ling4
Taiwan tung ling
Chinese winter; winter climate

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冬作

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Japanese fuyusaku / ふゆさく Japanese (See 冬作物) winter crops

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冬型

see styles
Japanese fuyugata / ふゆがた Japanese (can act as adjective) (1) wintery; (2) (abbreviation) (See 冬型気圧配置) atmospheric pressure pattern in winter; winter pressure pattern

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冬場

see styles
Japanese fuyuba / ふゆば Japanese the winter season

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冬夏

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Mandarin dōng xià / dong1 xia4
Taiwan tung hsia
Japanese fuyuka / ふゆか
Chinese winter and summer
Japanese (female given name) Fuyuka

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冬夜

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Mandarin dōng yè / dong1 ye4
Taiwan tung yeh
Japanese touya / toya / とうや
Japanese (female given name) Touya
The night before the 冬至 winter solstice; evening before the winter solstice

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冬天

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Mandarin dōng tiān / dong1 tian1
Taiwan tung t`ien / tung tien
Japanese touten / toten / とうてん
Chinese winter; CL:個|个[ge4]
Japanese winter sky; wintry weather

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冬季

see styles
Mandarin dōng jì / dong1 ji4
Taiwan tung chi
Japanese touki / toki / とうき
Chinese winter
Japanese (n-adv,n-t) (season of) winter; (personal name) Fuyuki; (female given name) Toki

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冬宮


冬宫

see styles
Mandarin dōng gōng / dong1 gong1
Taiwan tung kung
Japanese toukyuu / tokyu / とうきゅう
Chinese Winter Palace (St Petersburg); Hermitage Museum
Japanese (place-name) Winter Palace (in Saint Petersburg); Zimniy Dvorets

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冬尺

see styles
Japanese fuyushaku;fuyushaku / ふゆしゃく;フユシャク Japanese (kana only) winter moth (Geometridae spp.)

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冬山

see styles
Mandarin dōng shān / dong1 shan1
Taiwan tung shan
Japanese fuyuyama / ふゆやま
Chinese Tungshan or Dongshan township in Yilan county 宜蘭縣|宜兰县[Yi2 lan2 xian4], Taiwan
Japanese (1) wintry mountain; (2) mountain that is often climbed during the winter; (surname) Fuyuyama; (given name) Touzan

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冬日

see styles
Japanese fuyubi / ふゆび Japanese the winter sun

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冬月

see styles
Mandarin dōng yuè / dong1 yue4
Taiwan tung yüeh
Japanese tougetsu / togetsu / とうげつ
Chinese eleventh lunar month
Japanese (1) winter; winter season; (2) winter moon; (female given name) Fuyutsuki

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冬服

see styles
Japanese fuyufuku / ふゆふく Japanese winter clothing

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冬期

see styles
Japanese touki / toki / とうき Japanese (n-adv,n-t) winter; wintertime; winter term

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Search for Winter in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Winter Seasonfuyudōng / dong1 / dongtung
You must endure a harsh winter
to appreciate the warmth of springtime
不經冬寒不知春暖
不经冬寒不知春暖
bù jīng dōng hán bù zhī chūn nuǎn
bu4 jing1 dong1 han2 bu4 zhi1 chun1 nuan3
bu jing dong han bu zhi chun nuan
pu ching tung han pu chih ch`un nuan
pu ching tung han pu chih chun nuan
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It不當和尚不知頭冷
不当和尚不知头冷
bù dāng hé shàng bù zhī tóu lěng
bu4 dang1 he2 shang4 bu4 zhi1 tou2 leng3
bu dang he shang bu zhi tou leng
pu tang ho shang pu chih t`ou leng
pu tang ho shang pu chih tou leng
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.



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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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single-character wall scroll.
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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Winter Kanji, Winter Characters, Winter in Mandarin Chinese, Winter Characters, Winter in Chinese Writing, Winter in Japanese Writing, Winter in Asian Writing, Winter Ideograms, Chinese Winter symbols, Winter Hieroglyphics, Winter Glyphs, Winter in Chinese Letters, Winter Hanzi, Winter in Japanese Kanji, Winter Pictograms, Winter in the Chinese Written-Language, or Winter in the Japanese Written-Language.