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This is the way that hell is written in modern Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.
There's more than one way to express hell, but this is the one that has stood the test of time.
The first character refers to ground or the earth.
The second character means jail or prison.
You can also translate this word as infernal, inferno, Hades, or underworld.
It should be noted that this is a somewhat terrible selection for a wall scroll. Hanging this in your home is like telling the world that your home is hell. Oddly, a lot of people search for this on our website, so I added it for reference.
This is the ancient way to say "Hell" or "Netherworld" in Chinese.
This can also refer to the officials of hell or the judges of hades or the netherworld.
It should be noted that this is a somewhat terrible selection for a wall scroll. Hanging this in your home is like telling the world that your home is hell. Oddly, a lot of people search for this on our website, so we added it for reference.
This can mean Hell, Hades, Kingdom of the Underworld, or the Netherworld.
When Chinese people have a conversation about Hell, this is usually the term they use. Please note that this is a somewhat oral and informal word.
This is a really weird selection for a wall scroll, so consider this for educational purposes only.
Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your hell search...
|Character Images||Characters / Kanji
If shown, second row is Simplified Chinese
|Simple Dictionary Definition|
|ヘル|| heru ヘル
|| (1) hell; (2) Mr (ger: Herr); (place-name) Hel (Poland), Hell
|七趣|| qī qù / qi1 qu4
ch`i ch`ü / chi chü
| The seven gati or states of sentient beings- nārakagati, in hell; preta, hungry ghost; tiryagyoni, animal; manuṣya, man; ṛṣi, a genius or higher spiritual being; deva, god; asura, demon of the higher order.
| sān tú / san1 tu2
san t`u / san tu
| The 塗 mire is interpreted by 途 a road, i.e. the three unhappy gati or ways; (a) 火塗 to the fires of hell; (b) 血塗 to the hell of blood, where as animals they devour each other; (c) 刀塗 the asipattra hell of swords, where the leaves and grasses are sharp-edged swords. Cf. 三惡趣.
|三悪|| sanmaku さんまく
| (Buddhist term) (abbreviation) the world of hungry spirits and the world of animals; three evil worlds hell; (1) (Buddhist term) (abbreviation) the world of hungry spirits and the world of animals; three evil worlds hell; (2) three evils (e.g. prostitution, drugs and venereal diseases)
|仆街|| pū jiē / pu1 jie1
p`u chieh / pu chieh
|drop dead!; go to hell!; fuck you! (Cantonese)|
|堕獄|| dagoku だごく
|| going to hell; falling into hell
| duò yù / duo4 yu4
| fall into hell
|大叫|| dà jiào / da4 jiao4
|This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
|夜摩|| yè mó / ye4 mo2
| Yama, 'originally the Aryan god of the dead, living in a heaven above the world, the regent of the South; but Brahminism transferred his abode to hell. Both views have been retained by Buddhism.' Eitel. Yama in Indian mythology is ruler over the dead and judge in the hells, is 'grim in aspect, green in colour, clothed in red, riding on a buffalo, and holding a club in one hand and noose in the other': he has two four-eyed watch-dogs. M. W. The usual form is 閻摩 q. v.
|奈利|| nài lì / nai4 li4
| Nari (given name)
idem 泥梨 niraya, hell.
|奈落|| nài luò / nai4 luo4
| (1) (Buddhist term) hell; hades; (2) very bottom; the end; worst possible circumstances; (3) theatre basement; theater basement
| pó sǒu / po2 sou3
p`o sou / po sou
| vasu 婆萸; good; rich; sweet; dry; according to Monier-Williams, eight personifications of natural phenomena; eight; the sun, etc.; father of Kṛṣṇa; intp. as the first to offer slain sacrifices to Heaven, to have been cast into hell, but after countless kalpas to have become a disciple of Buddha. Also called Vasudeva. Also name of certain devas, e.g. Viṣṇu; and other beings whom men serve, e.g. a father.
|幽冥|| yōu míng / you1 ming2
yuumei / yume ゆうめい
| dark; hell; netherworld; hades
semidarkness; deep and strange; hades; the present and the other world; dark and light
|地府|| dì fǔ / di4 fu3
| hell; the nether world; Hades
| dì yù / di4 yu4
| hell; infernal; underworld
hell; Jigoku (place-name)
naraka, 捺落迦 (or 那落迦) ; niraya 泥犂; explained by 不樂 joyless; 可厭 disgusting, hateful; 苦具, 苦器 means of suffering; if 地獄 earth-prison; 冥府 the shades, or departments of darkness. Earth-prison is generally intp. as hell or the hells; it may also be termed purgatory; one of the six gati or ways of transmigration. The hells are divided into three classes: I. Central, or radical, 根本地獄 consisting of (1) The eight hot hells. These were the original hells of primitive Buddhism, and are supposed to be located umder the southern continent Jambudvīpa 瞻部州, 500 yojanas below the surface. (a) 等活 or 更活 Saṃjīva, rebirth, where after many kinds of suffering a cold wind blows over the soul and returns it to this life as it was before, hence the name 等活. (b) 黑繩 Kaslasūtra, where the sufferer is bound with black chains and chopped or sawn asunder. (c) 線合; 衆合; 堆壓 Saṃghāta, where are multitudes of implements of torture, or the falling of mountains upon the sufferer. (d) 號呌; 呼呼; 叫喚 Raurava, hell of wailing. (e) 大呌; 大號呌; 大呼 Mahāraurava, hell of great wailing. (f) 炎熱; 燒炙 Tapana, hell of fames and burning. (g) 大熱; 大燒炙; 大炎熱 Pratāpana, hell of molten lead. (h) 無間; 河鼻旨; 阿惟越致; 阿毗至; 阿鼻; 阿毗 Avīci, unintermitted suffering, where sinners die and are reborn to suffer without interval. (2) The eight cold hells 八寒地獄. (a) 頞浮陀地獄 Arbuda, where the cold causes blisters. (b) 尼刺部陀 Nirarbuda, colder still causing the blisters to burst. (c) 頞哳吒; 阿吒吒 Atata, where this is the only possible sound from frozen lips. (d) 臛臛婆; 阿波波 Hahava or Apapa, where it is so cold that only this sound can be uttered. (e) 虎虎婆 Hāhādhara or Huhuva, where only this sound can be uttered. (f) 嗢鉢羅; 鬱鉢羅 (or 優鉢羅) Utpala, or 尼羅鳥 (or 漚) 鉢羅 Nīlotpala, where the skin is frozen like blue lotus buds. (g) 鉢特摩 Padma, where the skin is frozen and bursts open like red lotus buds. (h) 摩訶鉢特摩 Mahāpadma, ditto like great red lotus buds. Somewhat different names are also given. Cf. 倶舍論 8; 智度論 16; 涅槃經 11. II. The secondary hells are called 近邊地獄 adjacent hells or 十六遊增 each of its four sides, opening from each such door are four adjacent hells, in all sixteen; thus with the original eight there are 136. A list of eighteen hells is given in the 十八泥梨經. III. A third class is called the 孤地獄 (獨地獄) Lokāntarika, or isolated hells in mountains, deserts, below the earth and above it. Eitel says in regard to the eight hot hells that they range 'one beneath the other in tiers which begin at a depth of 11,900 yojanas and reach to a depth of 40,000 yojanas'. The cold hells are under 'the two Tchahavālas and range shaft-like one below the other, but so that this shaft is gradually widening to the fourth hell and then narrowing itself again so that the first and last hell have the shortest, those in the centre the longest diameter'. 'Every universe has the same number of hells, ' but 'the northern continent has no hell whatever, the two continents east and west of Meru have only small Lokāntarika hells... whilst all the other hells are required for the inhabitants of the southern continent '. It may be noted that the purpose of these hells is definitely punitive, as well as purgatorial. Yama is the judge and ruler, assisted by eighteen officers and a host of demons, who order or administer the various degrees of torture. 'His sister performs the same duties with regard to female criminals, ' and it may be mentioned that the Chinese have added the 血盆池 Lake of the bloody bath, or 'placenta tank' for women who die in childbirth. Release from the hells is in the power of the monks by tantric means.
More info / calligraphy:
|地藏|| dì zàng / di4 zang4
| Kṣitigarbha, the Bodhisattva of the Great Vow (to save all souls before accepting Bodhi); also translated Earth Treasury, Earth Womb, or Earth Store Bodhisattva
Ti-tsang, J. Jizō, Kṣitigarbha, 乞叉底蘗沙; Earth-store, Earth-treasury, or Earthwomb. One of the group of eight Dhvani- Bodhisattvas. With hints of a feminine origin, he is now the guardian of the earth. Though associated with Yama as overlord, and with the dead and the hells, his role is that of saviour. Depicted with the alarum staff with its six rings, he is accredited with power over the hells and is devoted to the saving of all creatures between the nirvana of Śākyamuni and the advent of Maitreya the fifth century he has been especially considered as the deliverer from the hells. His central place in China is at Chiu-hua-shan, forty li south-west of Ch'ing-yang in Anhui. In Japan he is also the protector of travellers by land and his image accordingly appears on the roads; bereaved parents put stones by his images to seek his aid in relieving the labours of their dead in the task of piling stones on the banks of the Buddhist Styx; he also helps women in labour. He is described as holding a place between the gods and men on the one hand and the hells on the other for saving all in distress; some say he is an incarnation of Yama. At dawn he sits immobile on the earth 地 and meditates on the myriads of its beings 藏. When represented as a monk, it may be through the influence of a Korean monk who is considered to be his incarnation, and who came to China in 653 and died in 728 at the age of 99 after residing at Chiu-hua-shan for seventy-five years: his body, not decaying, is said to have been gilded over and became an object of worship. Many have confused 眞羅 part of Korea with 暹羅 Siam. There are other developments of Ti-tsang, such as the 六地藏 Six Ti-tsang, i. e. severally converting or transforming those in the hells, pretas, animals, asuras, men, and the devas; these six Ti-tsang have different images and symbols. Ti-tsang has also six messengers 六使者: Yama for transforming those in hell; the pearl-holder for pretas; the strong one or animals; the devīof mercy for asuras; the devī of the treasure for human beings; one who has charge of the heavens for the devas. There is also the 延命地藏 Yanming Ti-tsang, who controls length of days and who is approached, as also may be P'u-hsien, for that Purpose; his two assistants are the Supervisors of good and evil 掌善 and 掌惡. Under another form, as 勝軍地藏 Ti-tsang is chiefly associated with the esoteric cult. The benefits derived from his worship are many, some say ten, others say twenty-eight. His vows are contained in the 地藏菩薩本願經. There is also the 大乘大集地藏十電經 tr. by Xuanzang in 10 juan in the seventh century, which probably influenced the spread of the Ti-tsang cult.
| jiàn shān / jian4 shan1
| 劍樹地獄 Asipattra. The hill of swords, or sword-leaf trees hell, one of the sixteen hells; also called 刀刃路.
|去死|| qù sǐ / qu4 si3
ch`ü ssu / chü ssu
| go to hell!; drop dead!
| pū jiē / pu1 jie1
p`u chieh / pu chieh
|drop dead!; go to hell!; fuck you! (Cantonese)|
| wà bō / wa4 bo1
| (嗢鉢羅) utpala, the blue lotus; the 6th cold hell.
|呼呼|| hū hū / hu1 hu1
| (onom.) sound of the wind or the breathing of sb who is sound asleep
Raurava (Sanskrit) or fourth hot hell.
|儘よ|| mamayo ままよ
|| (interjection) (kana only) whatever; never mind; I don't care; the hell with it
|冥府|| míng fǔ / ming2 fu3
meifu / mefu めいふ
| underworld; hell
hades; realm of the dead; sheol
The palace of darkness, Hades.
|冥王|| míng wáng / ming2 wang2
meiou / mēō めいおう
| the king of hell
|冥界|| míng jiè / ming2 jie4
meikai / mekai めいかい
| ghost world
hades; realm of the dead
Hades, or the three lower forms of incarnation, i.e. hell, preta, animal.
|捺落|| naraku ならく
|| (1) (Buddhist term) hell; hades; (2) very bottom; the end; worst possible circumstances
| yè huǒ / ye4 huo3
gouka / goka ごうか
| hell fire
The fires of evil karma; the fires of the hells.
|死王|| sǐ wáng / si3 wang2
| Yama, 焰魔 as lord of death and hell.
|泥人|| ní rén / ni2 ren2
| A sufferer in niraya, or hell, or doomed to it.
|泥犁|| ní lí / ni2 li2
| niraya, intp. as joyless, i. e. hell; also 泥梨 (泥梨耶); 泥梨迦; 泥黎; 泥囉耶; 泥底 v. 捺趣迦 naraka.
All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.
When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.
Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up a week or two for $10!
When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.
The scroll that I am holding in this picture is a "medium size"
4-character wall scroll.
As you can see, it is a great size to hang on your wall.
(We also offer custom wall scrolls in larger sizes)
Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.
There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.
Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.
The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.
If your search is not successful, just post your request on our forum, and we'll be happy to do research or translation for any reasonable request.
Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...
Bless and Protect
Cause and Effect
Daito Ryu Aiki Jujutsu
Faith in God
Five Tenets of Confucius
God is Always With You
God is Love
God of Abraham
Grace from Heaven
I Love You
I Need You
Live for the Moment
Live for Today
Love and Devotion
Love and Respect
Love of My Life
Love You Always
Love You Forever
Peace and Love
|Peace and Tranquility|
Peace of Mind
The Ease of the Scholar
Trust No One
Year of the Dragon
With so many searches, we had to upgrade to our own Linux server.
Of course, only one in 500 searches results in a purchase - Hey buy a wall scroll!!!
The following table is only helpful for those studying Chinese (or Japanese), and perhaps helps search engines to find this page when someone enters Romanized Chinese or Japanese
|Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|Hell / Judges of Hell||阴司|
|Hell / Kingdom of the Underworld||阴曹地府|
|n/a||yīn cáo dì fǔ|
yin cao di fu
yin ts`ao ti fu
|yin1 cao2 di4 fu3|
yin tsao ti fu
If you have not set up your computer to display Chinese, the characters in this table probably look like empty boxes or random text garbage.
This is why I spent hundreds of hours making images so that you could view the characters in the "hell" listings above.
If you want your Windows computer to be able to display Chinese characters you can either head to your Regional and Language options in your Win XP control panel, select the [Languages] tab and click on [Install files for East Asian Languages]. This task will ask for your Win XP CD to complete in most cases. If you don't have your Windows XP CD, or are running Windows 98, you can also download/run the simplified Chinese font package installer from Microsoft which works independently with Win 98, ME, 2000, and XP. It's a 2.5MB download, so if you are on dial up, start the download and go make a sandwich.
Some people may refer to this entry as Hell Kanji, Hell Characters, Hell in Mandarin Chinese, Hell Characters, Hell in Chinese Writing, Hell in Japanese Writing, Hell in Asian Writing, Hell Ideograms, Chinese Hell symbols, Hell Hieroglyphics, Hell Glyphs, Hell in Chinese Letters, Hell Hanzi, Hell in Japanese Kanji, Hell Pictograms, Hell in the Chinese Written-Language, or Hell in the Japanese Written-Language.
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