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Eldest Son in Chinese / Japanese...

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First Born Son

China zhǎng nán
Japan chounan
First Born Son Vertical Wall Scroll

長男 is a Chinese, old Korean Hanja, and Japanese Kanji title for eldest son (may be the only son), first born son.

This can also be the Japanese personal name "Nobuo."

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your eldest son search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



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Mandarin zhǎng nán / zhang3 nan2
Taiwan chang nan
Japanese chounan / chonan / ちょうなん
Chinese eldest son
Japanese eldest son (may be the only son); first-born son; (personal name) Nobuo; (given name) Nagao; (given name) Takeo; (given name) Osao


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Japanese ichinan / いちなん Japanese boy; eldest son; (personal name) Hatsuo; (personal name) Kadzuo; (given name) Katsuo; (given name) Kazuo; (personal name) Itsuo; (given name) Ichio


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Japanese hakkei / hakke / はっけい Japanese the eldest son


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Japanese chakuson / ちゃくそん Japanese eldest son's descendants


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Japanese chakuryuu / chakuryu / ちゃくりゅう Japanese lineage of eldest son


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Japanese chakunan / ちゃくなん Japanese heir; eldest son



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Mandarin zhì jī / zhi4 ji1
Taiwan chih chi
Japanese chishaku / ちしゃく
Japanese (place-name) Chishaku
Jñānākara. Accumulation of knowledge. Eldest son of Mahābhijñā; also said to be Akṣobhya. Prajñākūṭa. A Bodhisattva in the retinue of Prabhūtratna, v. Lotus Sūtra; accumulate wisdom


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Mandarin yǒu yì / you3 yi4
Taiwan yu i
Japanese yuui / yui / ゆうい
Chinese to intend; intentionally; interested in
Japanese (adj-na,adj-no,n) (1) significant; meaningful; (adj-no,adj-na,n) (2) intentional; volitional
mati; matimant; possessing mind, intelligent; a tr. of manuṣya, man, a rational being. The name of the eldest son of Candra-sūrya-pradīpa.


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Japanese konokami / このかみ    ujinokami / うじのかみ Japanese (1) (archaism) eldest son; (2) (archaism) older brother; older sister; (3) (archaism) older person; (4) (archaism) head of a clan; head of a region; (5) (archaism) skilled craftsman; (archaism) head of a clan; (personal name) Ujinokami; (surname) Ujiue



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Mandarin jìng cáng / jing4 cang2
Taiwan ching ts`ang / ching tsang
Japanese jō zō
Vimalagarbha, eldest son of Śubhavyūha in the Lotus Sutra.


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Mandarin zhòu zǐ / zhou4 zi3
Taiwan chou tzu
Chinese eldest son



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Mandarin nà zhā / na4 zha1
Taiwan na cha
Japanese Nata
Naṭa, said to be the eldest son of Vaiśravaṇa, and represented with three faces, eight arms, a powerful demon-king.



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Mandarin zhǎng zǐ / zhang3 zi3
Taiwan chang tzu
Japanese choushi;eko(ok) / choshi;eko(ok) / ちょうし;えこ(ok)
Chinese eldest son; Zhangzi county in Shanxi 山西[Shan1 xi1]
Japanese (1) (ちょうし only) (See 末子・ばっし) eldest child; oldest child; first child; (2) eldest son; oldest son; (female given name) Hisako; (female given name) Nagako; (surname, given name) Choushi; (surname, female given name) Chouko; (female given name) Takeko; (female given name) Kazuko


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Mandarin ā chù / a1 chu4
Taiwan a ch`u / a chu
Japanese Ashuku
Akṣobhya, 阿閦鞞; 阿閦婆; 阿芻閦耶 unmoved, imperturbable; tr. 不動; 無動 also 無怒; 無瞋恚 free from anger, according to his Buddha-vow. One of the Five Buddhas, his realm Abhirata, Delightful, now being in the east, as Amitābha's is in the west. He is represented in the Lotus as the eldest son of Mahābhijñābhibhū 大通智勝, and was the Bodhisattva ? jñānākara 智積 before he became Buddha; he has other appearances. akṣobhya is also said to mean 100 vivara s, or 1 followed by 17 ciphers, and a 大通智勝 is ten times that figure.


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Japanese anko / あんこ Japanese (1) (Izu Oshima dialect) daughter; young lady; (2) (thb:) (hob:) young man; eldest son; (3) (prison slang) (See 女役・3) passive role in a male homosexual relationship; (female given name) Anko



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Mandarin kāng sēng kǎi / kang1 seng1 kai3
Taiwan k`ang seng k`ai / kang seng kai
Japanese Kōsōgai
or 康僧會 Saṅghavarman, also said to be Saṅghapāla; an Indian monk supposed to be of Tibetan descent; but Saṅghapāla is described as the eldest son of the prime minister of Soghdiana, and is probably a different person. Saṅghavarman tr. at the White Horse Temple, Luoyang, in A.D. 252; inter alia the 無量壽經 is accredited to him, but a more reliable tradition of the Canon ascribes the tr. to Dharmarakṣa A.D. 308; Saṃghavarman


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Japanese souryousei / soryose / そうりょうせい Japanese soryo system; organization of regional landholding families based on divided inheritance under the leadership of a main heir, usu. the eldest son (Kamakura period)


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Mandarin lǐ jiàn chéng / li3 jian4 cheng2
Taiwan li chien ch`eng / li chien cheng
Chinese Li Jiancheng (589-626), eldest son of first Tang emperor Li Yuan 唐高祖李淵|唐高祖李渊, murdered by his brother 李世民 in the Xuanwu Gate coup 玄武門之變|玄武门之变; Professor Li Jiancheng (1993-), geophysicist and specialist in satellite geodesy



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Mandarin lǐ xiǎn lóng / li3 xian3 long2
Taiwan li hsien lung
Chinese Lee Hsien Loong (1952-), Singapore PAP politician, eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew 李光耀[Li3 Guang1 yao4], prime minister from 2004



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Mandarin huān xǐ tiān / huan1 xi3 tian1
Taiwan huan hsi t`ien / huan hsi tien
Japanese kangi ten
大聖歡喜天; 聖天; (大聖天) The joyful devas, or devas of pleasure, represented as two figures embracing each other, with elephants' heads and human bodies; the two embracing figures are interpreted as Gaṇeśa (the eldest son of Śiva) and an incarnation of Guanyin; the elephant-head represents Gaṇeśa; the origin is older than the Guanyin idea and seems to be a derivation from the Śivaitic linga-worship.



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Mandarin luó hóu luō / luo2 hou2 luo1
Taiwan lo hou lo
Japanese Ragora
Rāhula, the eldest son of Śākyamuni and Yaśodharā; also羅睺; 羅吼; 羅云; 羅雲; 曷怙羅 or 何怙羅 or 羅怙羅. He is supposed to have been in the womb for six years and born when his father attained buddhahood; also said to have been born during an eclipse, and thus acquired his name, though it is defined in other ways; his father did not see him till he was six years old. He became a disciple of the Hīnayāna, but is said to have become a Mahāyānist when his father preached this final perfect doctrine, a statement gainsaid by his being recognized as founder of the Vaibhāṣika school. He is to be reborn as the eldest son of every buddha, hence is sometimes called the son of Ānanda.


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Mandarin jīn zhèng nán / jin1 zheng4 nan2
Taiwan chin cheng nan
Chinese Kim Jong-nam (1971-2017), the eldest son of Kim Jong-il 金正日[Jin1 Zheng4 ri4]



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Mandarin shàng xíng pú sà / shang4 xing2 pu2 sa4
Taiwan shang hsing p`u sa / shang hsing pu sa
Japanese Jōgyō bosatsu
Viśiṣṭa-cāritra Bodhisattva, who suddenly rose out of the earth as Buddha was concluding one of his Lotus sermons; v. Lotus sūtra 15 and 21. He is supposed to have been a convert of the Buddha in long past ages and to come to the world in its days of evil. Nichiren in Japan believed himself to be this Bodhisattva's reincarnation, and the Nichiren trinity is the Buddha, i.e. the eternal Śākyamuni Buddha; the Law, i.e. the Lotus Truth; and the Saṅgha, i.e. this Bodhisattva, in other words Nichiren himself as the head of all living beings, or eldest son of the Buddha; Viśiṣṭacāritra Bodhisattva


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Mandarin jū lì tài zi / ju1 li4 tai4 zi
Taiwan chü li t`ai tzu / chü li tai tzu
Japanese Kuri taishi
Kolita, the eldest son of Droṇodana, uncle of Śākyamuni; said to be Mahānāma, but others say Mahāmaudgalyāyana. Also 拘栗; 拘肄多.


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Japanese souryoumusuko / soryomusuko / そうりょうむすこ Japanese eldest son


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Japanese heyazumi / へやずみ Japanese an adult-age eldest son who has yet to come into his inheritance; (a young adult still) living at home; a dependent


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Japanese konokami / このかみ Japanese (1) (archaism) (See 長男) eldest son; (2) (archaism) older brother; older sister; (3) (archaism) older person; (4) (archaism) (See 氏上) head of a clan; head of a region; (5) (archaism) skilled craftsman

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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
First Born Son長男
chounan / chonanzhǎng nán
zhang3 nan2
zhang nan
chang nan
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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