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Dynasty in Chinese / Japanese...

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China dài
Japan dai

代 is the word used to designate dynasties in Asia. 代 alone can mean generation; age; period; historical era; eon; world; society; reign; era. 代 comes after the name of the dynasty, for example, the Tang Dynasty is the "Tang Dai" in Chinese.

Some have suggested that the word dynasty comes from the this Chinese word "dai" (as "dai" sounds like the first syllable of dynasty). However, dynasty is derived from the Greek word δυναστεία (dunasteia) meaning lordship and/or domination.

Sometimes this word is used in a different context where it can mean to represent or substitute. In this case, it can mean representative of; on behalf of; acting for, e.g. to offer incense in place of another.

In ancient Japan, this could also be a "shiro" (a unit of land area equal to one-fiftieth of a tan or about 20 square miles).

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your dynasty search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin dài / dai4
Taiwan tai
Japanese daisaki だいさき
 takadai たかだい
 sakishiro さきしろ
 kawaru かわる
Chinese to substitute; to act on behalf of others; to replace; generation; dynasty; age; period; (historical) era; (geological) eon
Japanese world; society; age; generation; (n,n-suf) (1) charge; cost; price; (2) generation; age; reign; (3) (geol) era; (4) a representative of; on behalf of; for (someone); (5) used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number; (counter) (6) counter for decades of ages, eras, etc.; (7) counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.); (8) (abbreviation) proxy application company; (9) (abbreviation) pronoun; (1) substitution; (2) material; (3) price; (4) margin (e.g. for stapling, etc.); area required for something; (5) (archaism) shiro (unit of land area equal to one-fiftieth of a tan; ~19.83 m.sq.); (surname) Daisaki; (surname) Dai; (surname) Takadai; (surname) Shiro; (surname) Sakishiro; (given name) Kawaru
Instead of, in place of, acting for, for; e. g. 代香 to offer incense in place of another; a generation, v. 世代.
More info / calligraphy:

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Mandarin xià / xia4
Taiwan hsia
Japanese pain ぱいん
 natsu なつ
 shiya しや
 samaa / sama さまー
 kaho かほ
 kasumi かすみ
 akari あかり
Chinese summer; the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC; Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432); surname Xia
Japanese (n-adv,n-t) summer; (Buddhist term) summer (on the lunisolar calendar: 16th day of the 4th month to the 15th day of the 7th month); Xia (dynasty of China; perhaps mythological); (female given name) Pain; (surname, female given name) Natsu; (surname) Shiya; (female given name) Sama; (female given name) Kaho; (personal name) Kasumi; (surname, given name) Ka; (female given name) Akari
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Summer Season

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Mandarin zhōu / zhou1
Taiwan chou
Japanese meguru めぐる
 meguri めぐり
 makoto まこと
 hiroshi ひろし
 tsukashi つかし
 chikashi ちかし
 chika ちか
 suzaki すざき
 susaki すさき
 juu / ju じゅう
 shiyu しゆ
 shuutei / shute しゅうてい
 shuuji / shuji しゅうじ
 shuukichi / shukichi しゅうきち
 shuuki / shuki しゅうき
 shuu / shu しゅう
 shu しゅ
 kane かね
 osamu おさむ
 itaru いたる
 amane あまね
Chinese to make a circuit; to circle; circle; circumference; lap; cycle; complete; all; all over; thorough; to help financially; surname Zhou; Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)
Japanese (1) Zhou (dynasty of China); Chou; (2) (geometry term) perimeter; (n-suf,ctr) (3) counter for laps or circuits; (female given name) Meguru; (female given name) Meguri; (given name) Makoto; (personal name) Hiroshi; (personal name) Tsukashi; (given name) Chikashi; (female given name) Chika; (surname) Suzaki; (surname) Susaki; (personal name) Juu; (surname) Shiyu; (given name) Shuutei; (personal name) Shuuji; (personal name) Shuukichi; (given name) Shuuki; (surname, given name) Shuu; (surname) Shu; (surname) Kane; (personal name) Osamu; (given name) I
Around, on every side, complete; to go around
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Chow / Zhou

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Mandarin táng / tang2
Taiwan t`ang / tang
Japanese touzaki / tozaki とうざき
 tou / to とう
 tan たん
 tau たう
 tai たい
 karazaki からざき
 karasaki からさき
 kara から
Chinese to exaggerate; empty; in vain; old variant of 螗[tang2]; Tang dynasty (618-907); surname Tang
Japanese (1) (archaism) China; (prefix noun) (2) Chinese; (1) Tang Dynasty (China, 618-907); (2) (archaism) China; foreign country; (n,n-pref) (archaism) China (sometimes also used in ref. to Korea or other foreign countries); (surname) Touzaki; (surname) Tou; (surname) Tan; (surname) Tau; (surname) Tai; (surname) Kara
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
More info / calligraphy:

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Mandarin qīng / qing1
Taiwan ch`ing / ching
Japanese seiji / seji せいじ
 sei / se せい
 suminori すみのり
 sumitomo すみとも
 sumitaka すみたか
 sumizaki すみざき
 suzu すず
 sugashi すがし
 suga すが
 shin しん
 sayaka さやか
 saya さや
 kiyora きよら
 kiyonori きよのり
 kiyotsugu きよつぐ
 kiyozumi きよずみ
 kiyosumi きよすみ
 kiyosue きよすえ
 kiyoji きよじ
 kiyoshi きよし
 kiyozaki きよざき
 kiyosaki きよさき
 kiyokatsu きよかつ
 kiyoi きよい
 kiyo きよ
 kyoji きょじ
 isami いさみ
Chinese clear; distinct; quiet; just and honest; pure; to settle or clear up; to clean up or purge; Qing or Ch'ing dynasty of Imperial China (1644-1911); surname Qing
Japanese Qing (dynasty of China, 1616-1912); Ch'ing; (adverb) (1) (archaism) clearly; brightly; (2) cleanly; purely; (personal name) Seiji; (surname, female given name) Sei; (personal name) Suminori; (personal name) Sumitomo; (personal name) Sumitaka; (surname) Sumizaki; (surname) Sumi; (personal name) Suzu; (personal name) Sugashi; (surname, female given name) Suga; (place-name) Shin; (female given name) Sayaka; (female given name) Saya; (female given name) Kiyora; (personal name) Kiyonori; (personal name) Kiyotsugu; (personal name) Kiyozumi; (personal name) Kiyosumi; (personal name) Kiy
More info / calligraphy:

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Mandarin/ lu:3
Japanese taya たや
Chinese trip; travel; to travel; brigade (army)
Japanese 500-man battalion (Zhou-dynasty Chinese army); (noun/participle) travel; trip; journey; (surname) Taya
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Journey / Travel

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Mandarin qín / qin2
Taiwan ch`in / chin
Japanese yasushi やすし
 minato みなと
 hiroshi ひろし
 hada はだ
 hata はた
 chin ちん
 sou / so そう
 jin じん
 shinno しんの
 shinji しんじ
 shin しん
 kana かな
Chinese surname Qin; Qin dynasty (221-207 BC) of the first emperor 秦始皇[Qin2 Shi3 huang2]; abbr. for 陝西|陕西[Shan3 xi1]
Japanese Qin (dynasty of China; 221-206 BCE); Ch'in; (surname) Yasushi; (surname) Minato; (surname) Hiroshi; (place-name, surname) Hada; (place-name, surname) Hata; (surname, given name) Chin; (surname) Sou; (surname) Jin; (surname) Shinno; (personal name) Shinji; (surname) Shin; (surname) Kana
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
More info / calligraphy:
Qin / Chin / Yasushi

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Mandarin guó / guo2
Taiwan kuo
Chinese Guo, a kinship group whose members held dukedoms within the Zhou Dynasty realm, including Western Guo 西虢國|西虢国 and Eastern Guo 東虢國|东虢国; surname Guo
More info / calligraphy:

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Mandarin ruǎn / ruan3
Taiwan juan
Japanese min みん
 gen げん
 ken けん
 gan がん
 en えん
Chinese surname Ruan; small state during the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 BC) located in the southeast of modern-day Gansu Province
Japanese (surname) Min; (surname) Gen; (surname) Ken; (surname) Gan; (surname) En
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Nguyen / Ruan

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Mandarin jīn / jin1
Taiwan chin
Japanese kimu キム
 yun ゆん
 chin ぢん
 chiyon ちん
 jin ちよん
 jiyon じん
 jun じよん
 jiyai じゅん
 kon じやい
 kintaka こん
 kinji きんたか
 kin きんじ
 kiyon きん
 kaneyuki きよん
 kanenori かねゆき
 kanetaka かねのり
 kaneshi かねたか
 kanekatsu かねし
 kane かねかつ
 kanuchi かね
 kanaya かぬち
 kanataka かなや
 kanazaki かなたか
 kanasaki かなざき
 kana かなさき
Chinese gold; chemical element Au; generic term for lustrous and ductile metals; money; golden; highly respected; one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]; surname Jin; surname Kim (Korean); Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234)
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) gold; (n,n-suf) (1) gold (Au); golden (color); gold (medal, cup); (adj-no,n) (2) valuable; of highest value; (3) gold coin; money; (4) (abbreviation) Friday; (5) metal (fourth of the five elements); (6) Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE); (n,n-suf) (7) (shogi) (abbreviation) gold general; (8) (abbreviation) (colloquialism) testicles; (suf,ctr) (9) karat; carat; (1) money; (2) metal; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) (1) money; (2) metal; (surname) Kimu; Kim; (surname) Yun; (personal name) Dzin; (personal name) Chin; (surname) Chiyon; (personal name) Jin; (surname) Jiyon; (surname) Jun; (surname) Jiyai; (surname) Kon; (surname) Kintaka; (personal name) Kinji; (surname, female given name) Kin; (surname) Kiyon; (personal name) Kaneyuki; (personal name) Kanenori; (surname) Kanetaka; (personal name) Kaneshi; (personal name) Kanekatsu; (surname) Kane
hiraṇya, 伊爛拏 which means cold, any precious metal, semen, etc.; or 蘇伐刺 suvarṇa, which means "of a good or beautiful colour", "golden", "yellow", "gold", "a gold coin", etc. The Chinese means metal, gold, money.
More info / calligraphy:
Gold / Metal


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Mandarin yìn dù / yin4 du4
Taiwan yin tu
Japanese indo いんど
Chinese India
Japanese (ateji / phonetic) (kana only) India; (place-name) India
印特伽; 身毒; 賢豆; 天竺 Indu (meaning 'moon' in Sanskrit), Hindu, Sindhu; see also 信度 and 閻浮 India in general. In the Tang dynasty its territory is described as extending over 90, 000 li in circuit, being bounded on three sides by the sea; north it rested on the Snow mountains 雪山, i. e. Himālayas; wide at the north, narrowing to the south, shaped like a half-moon; it contained over seventy kingdoms, was extremely hot, well watered and damp; from the centre eastwards to 震旦 China was 58, 000 li; and the same distance southwards to 金地國, westwards to 阿拘遮國, and northwards to 小香山阿耨達.
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Mandarin sī tú / si1 tu2
Taiwan ssu t`u / ssu tu
Japanese shito しと
Chinese minister of education (history); two-character surname Situ
Japanese Minister of Civil Administration and Social Welfare (Zhou-dynasty China)
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Mandarin ān xī / an1 xi1
Taiwan an hsi
Japanese ansoku あんそく
Chinese to rest; to go to sleep; to rest in peace; (history) Parthia
Japanese (adverbial noun) rest; repose
(安息國) Parthia, 波斯 modern Persia, from which several monks came to China in the later Han dynasty, such as 安世高 An Shigao, 安玄 Anxuan, 曇無諦 Tan Wudi, 安法欽 An Faqin, 安淸 Anqing.; To rest; to be refreshed
More info / calligraphy:
Sleep / Rest / Repose



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Mandarin yuè fēi / yue4 fei1
Taiwan yüeh fei
Japanese gakuhi がくひ
Chinese Yue Fei (1103-1142), Song dynasty patriot and general
Japanese (personal name) Gakuhi
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Yue Fei



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Mandarin liú bèi / liu2 bei4
Taiwan liu pei
Japanese ryuubi / ryubi りゅうび
Chinese Liu Bei (161-223), warlord at the end of the Han dynasty and founder of the Han kingdom of Shu 蜀漢|蜀汉 (c. 200-263), later the Shu Han dynasty
Japanese (personal name) Ryuubi; (person) Liu Bei (161-223)
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Liu Bei



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Mandarin qǐ méng / qi3 meng2
Taiwan ch`i meng / chi meng
Chinese to instruct the young; to initiate; to awake sb from ignorance; to free sb from prejudice or superstition; primer; enlightened; the Enlightenment; Western learning from the late Qing dynasty
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Mandarin bān gù / ban1 gu4
Taiwan pan ku
Japanese hanko はんこ
Chinese Ban Gu (32-92), Eastern Han dynasty historian, wrote the Dynastic History of Western Han 漢書|汉书
Japanese (surname) Hanko
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Mandarin lǎo zi / lao3 zi
Taiwan lao tzu
Japanese roushi / roshi ろうし
 oigo おいご
 oiko おいこ
Chinese father; daddy; "I, your father" (in anger, or out of contempt); I (used arrogantly or jocularly); Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism; the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi
Japanese Laozi; Lao Tzu; Lao Tse; (personal name) Roushi; (surname) Oigo; (surname) Oiko
Laozi, or Laocius, the accepted founder of the Daoists. The theory that his soul went to India and was reborn as the Buddha is found in the 齊書 History of the Qi dynasty 顧歡傳.
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Lao Tzu / Laozi



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Mandarin hán guó / han2 guo2
Taiwan han kuo
Japanese kankoku かんこく
Chinese South Korea (Republic of Korea); Han, one of the Seven Hero States of the Warring States 戰國七雄|战国七雄[zhan4 guo2 qi1 xiong2]; Korea from the fall of the Joseon dynasty in 1897
Japanese (personal name) Kankoku

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Mandarin jìng tǔ zōng / jing4 tu3 zong1
Taiwan ching t`u tsung / ching tu tsung
Japanese Jōdo Shū
Chinese Pure Land Buddhism
The Pure-land sect, whose chief tenet is salvation by faith in Amitābha; it is the popular cult in China, also in Japan, where it is the Jōdo sect; it is also called 蓮宗(蓮花宗) the Lotus sect. Established by Hui-yuan 慧遠 of the Chin dynasty (317— 419), it claims P'u-hsien 普賢 Samantabhadra as founder. Its seven chief textbooks are 無量淸淨平等覺經; 大阿彌陀經; 無量壽經; 觀無量壽經; 阿彌陀經; 稱讚淨土佛攝受經; and 鼓音聲三陀羅尼經. The淨土眞宗 is the Jōdo-Shin, or Shin sect of Japan; Pure Land School

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Mandarin pú tí shù / pu2 ti2 shu4
Taiwan p`u t`i shu / pu ti shu
Japanese bodaiju ぼだいじゅ
Chinese pipal tree (Ficus religiosa); bo fig tree; Bodhi tree (sacred to Buddhism and Hinduism)
Japanese (1) lime tree; linden (Tilia); (2) bo tree; peepul (Ficus religiosa); (given name) Bodaiju
bodhidruma, bodhitaru, bodhivṛkṣa; the wisdom-tree, i.e. that under which Śākyamuni attained his enlightenment, and became Buddha. The Ficus religiosa is the pippala, or aśvattha, wrongly identified by Faxian as the palm-tree; it is described as an evergreen, to have been 400 feet high, been cut down several times, but in the Tang dynasty still to be 40 or 50 feet high. A branch of it is said to have been sent by Aśoka to Ceylon, from which sprang the celebrated Bo-tree still flourishing there; bodhi-tree

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Mandarin qīng / qing1
Taiwan ch`ing / ching
Japanese akira あきら
Chinese high ranking official (old); term of endearment between spouses (old); (from the Tang Dynasty onwards) term used by the emperor for his subjects (old); honorific (old)
Japanese (1) state minister (i.e. under the ritsuryo system); (pn,adj-no) (2) (archaism) (masculine speech) (honorific or respectful language) you (in reference to someone of lower status); (suffix noun) (1) (honorific or respectful language) lord; sir; (2) state minister (i.e. under the ritsuryo system); (pn,adj-no) (3) (archaism) (masculine speech) (honorific or respectful language) you (in reference to someone of lower status); (given name) Akira
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Mandarin/ mo4
Taiwan mo
Chinese wife of the last ruler of the Xia dynasty

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Mandarin/ ji1
Taiwan chi
Chinese woman; concubine; female entertainer (archaic); surname Ji; family name of the Zhou Dynasty 周代[Zhou1 dai4] (1046-256 BC)

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Mandarin sòng / song4
Taiwan sung
Japanese son そん
 sou / so そう
 san さん
Chinese surname Song; the Song dynasty (960-1279); also Song of the Southern dynasties 南朝宋 (420-479)
Japanese Song (dynasty of China); (surname) Son; (surname) Sou; (surname) So; (personal name) San
The Sung dynasty, A.D. 960-1280; Song

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Mandarin/ ba1
Taiwan pa
Japanese he
 hamon はもん
 tomomi ともみ
 tomoe ともえ
Chinese to long for; to wish; to cling to; to stick to; something that sticks; close to; next to; spread open; informal abbr. for bus 巴士[ba1 shi4]; bar (unit of pressure); nominalizing suffix on certain nouns, such as 尾巴[wei3 ba5], tail; Ba state during Zhou dynasty (in east of modern Sichuan); abbr. for east Sichuan or Chongqing; surname Ba; abbr. for Palestine or Palestinian; abbr. for Pakistan
Japanese huge comma design; (personal name) He; (surname) Ba; (surname) Hamon; (personal name) Ha; (female given name) Tomomi; (surname, female given name) Tomoe
The open hand, palm; to lay hold of; to flatter.

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Mandarin shī / shi1
Taiwan shih
Japanese morosaki もろさき
 moro もろ
 tsukasa つかさ
 shiwasu しわす
Chinese teacher; master; expert; model; army division; (old) troops; to dispatch troops; surname Shi
Japanese (1) teacher; master; one's mentor; (n,suf) (2) religious leader; (suffix) (3) specialist; (4) (archaism) five-battalion brigade comprising 2500 men (Zhou-dynasty Chinese army); (surname) Morosaki; (surname) Moro; (given name) Tsukasa; (personal name) Shiwasu
A host, army; a leader, preceptor, teacher, model; tr. of upādhyāya, an 'under-teacher', generally intp. as a Buddhist monk.

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Mandarin fēng // běng / feng1 // beng3
Taiwan feng // peng
Chinese landmark used during the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD); variant of 埲[beng3]

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Mandarin wěi / wei3
Taiwan wei
Japanese gi
Chinese variant of 偽|伪[wei3]
False, counterfeit, forged. False or forged sūtras which were produced after the Wei dynasty; catalogues of these forged sūtras are given in various books.

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Mandarin zhǐ / zhi3
Taiwan chih
Japanese ata あた
Chinese 8 in. length unit of Zhou dynasty
Japanese (n,n-suf,ctr) (archaism) distance between outstretched thumb and middle finger (approx. 18 cm)

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Search for Dynasty in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

This in-stock artwork might be what you are looking for, and ships right away...

Gallery Price: $304.00

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Gallery Price: $304.00

Your Price: $168.88

Gallery Price: $304.00

Your Price: $168.88

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Dynasty daidài / dai4 / dai tai

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

A Life of Serenity
Big Dream
Family Over Everything
Martial Arts
Miyamoto Musashi
Peace and Prosperity
Pursuit of Happiness
Shotokan Karate-Do

All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.

A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Dynasty Kanji, Dynasty Characters, Dynasty in Mandarin Chinese, Dynasty Characters, Dynasty in Chinese Writing, Dynasty in Japanese Writing, Dynasty in Asian Writing, Dynasty Ideograms, Chinese Dynasty symbols, Dynasty Hieroglyphics, Dynasty Glyphs, Dynasty in Chinese Letters, Dynasty Hanzi, Dynasty in Japanese Kanji, Dynasty Pictograms, Dynasty in the Chinese Written-Language, or Dynasty in the Japanese Written-Language.