Daodejing Tao Te Ching - Chapter 33 in Chinese / Japanese...

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Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Chapter 33

zhī rén zhě zhī yě zì zhī zhě míng yě shèng rén zhě yǒu lì yě zì shèng zhě qiáng yě zhī zú zhě fù yě qiáng xíng zhě yǒu zhì yě bù zhī qí suǒ zhě jiǔ yě sǐ ér bù wáng zhě shòu yě
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Chapter 33 Scroll

This is referred to as passage or chapter 33 of the Dao De Jing (often Romanized as "Tao Te Ching").

These are the words of the philosopher Laozi (Lao Tzu).

The following is one translation of this passage:
To know others is wisdom;
To know oneself is acuity/intelligence.
To conquer others is power,
To conquer oneself is strength.
To know contentment is to have wealth.
To act resolutely is to have purpose.
To stay one's ground is to be enduring.
To die and yet not be forgotten is to be long-lived.
Another translation:
To understand others is to be knowledgeable;
To understand yourself is to be wise.
To conquer others is to have strength;
To conquer yourself is to be strong.
To know when you have enough is to be rich.
To go forward with strength is to have ambition.
To not lose your place is to be long lasting.
To die but not be forgotten -- that's true long life.
A third translation of the second half:
He who is content is rich;
He who acts with persistence has will;
He who does not lose his roots will endure;
He who dies physically but preserves the Dao
will enjoy a long after-life.


Notes:

During our research, the Chinese characters shown here are probably the most accurate to the original text of Laozi. These were taken for the most part from the Mawangdui 1973 and Guodan 1993 manuscripts which pre-date other Daodejing texts by about 1000 years.

Grammar was a little different in Laozi’s time. So you should consider this to be the ancient Chinese version. Some have modernized this passage by adding, removing, or swapping articles and changing the grammar (we felt the oldest and most original version would be more desirable). You may find other versions printed in books or online - sometimes these modern texts are simply used to explain to Chinese people what the original text really means.

This language issue can be compared in English by thinking how the King James (known as the Authorized version in Great Britain) Bible from 1611 was written, and comparing it to modern English. Now imagine that the Daodejing was probably written around 403 BCE (2000 years before the King James Version of the Bible). To a Chinese person, the original Daodejing reads like text that is 3 times more detached compared to Shakespeare’s English is to our modern-day speech.

Extended notes:

While on this Biblical text comparison, it should be noted, that just like the Bible, all the original texts of the Daodejing were lost or destroyed long ago. Just as with the scripture used to create the Bible, various manuscripts exist, many with variations or copyist errors. Just as the earliest New Testament scripture (incomplete) is from 170 years after Christ, the earliest Daodejing manuscript (incomplete) is from 100-200 years after the death of Laozi.

The reason that the originals were lost probably has a lot to do with the first Qin Emperor. Upon taking power and unifying China, he ordered the burning and destruction of all books (scrolls/rolls) except those pertaining to Chinese medicine and a few other subjects. The surviving Daodejing manuscripts were either hidden on purpose or simply forgotten about. Some were not unearthed until as late as 1993.

We compared a lot of research by various archeologists and historians before deciding on this as the most accurate and correct version. But one must allow that it may not be perfect, or the actual and original as from the hand of Laozi himself.




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersVarious forms of Romanized Chinese
Daodejing
Tao Te Ching - Chapter 33
知人者知也自知者明也勝人者有力也自勝者強也知足者富也強行者有志也不失其所者久也死而不亡者壽也
知人者知也自知者明也胜人者有力也自胜者强也知足者富也强行者有志也不失其所者久也死而不亡者寿也
zhī rén zhě zhī yě zì zhī zhě míng yě shèng rén zhě yǒu lì yě zì shèng zhě qiáng yě zhī zú zhě fù yě qiáng xíng zhě yǒu zhì yě bù zhī qí suǒ zhě jiǔ yě sǐ ér bù wáng zhě shòu yě
zhi1 ren2 zhe3 zhi1 ye3 zi4 zhi1 zhe3 ming2 ye3 sheng4 ren2 zhe3 you3 li4 ye3 zi4 sheng4 zhe3 qiang2 ye3 zhi1 zu2 zhe3 fu4 ye3 qiang2 xing2 zhe3 you3 zhi4 ye3 bu4 zhi1 qi2 suo3 zhe3 jiu3 ye3 si3 er2 bu4 wang2 zhe3 shou4 ye3
zhi ren zhe zhi ye zi zhi zhe ming ye sheng ren zhe you li ye zi sheng zhe qiang ye zhi zu zhe fu ye qiang xing zhe you zhi ye bu zhi qi suo zhe jiu ye si er bu wang zhe shou ye
chih jen che chih yeh tzu chih che ming yeh sheng jen che yu li yeh tzu sheng che ch`iang yeh chih tsu che fu yeh ch`iang hsing che yu chih yeh pu chih ch`i so che chiu yeh ssu erh pu wang che shou yeh
chih jen che chih yeh tzu chih che ming yeh sheng jen che yu li yeh tzu sheng che chiang yeh chih tsu che fu yeh chiang hsing che yu chih yeh pu chih chi so che chiu yeh ssu erh pu wang che shou yeh
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your daodejing tao te ching - chapter 33 search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition


see styles
gān
    gan1
kan
 ken
    けん
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Chapter 33 Scroll
dry; clean; in vain; dried food; foster; adoptive; to ignore
qian (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: heaven, northwest); (surname) Nukui
Dry, dried up, clean; heaven, male, masculine, enduring, continual. Translit. gan and h; dry

四大

see styles
sì dà
    si4 da4
ssu ta
 shidai
    しだい
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Chapter 33 Scroll
the four elements: earth, water, fire, and wind (Buddhism); the four freedoms: speaking out freely, airing views fully, holding great debates, and writing big-character posters, 大鳴大放|大鸣大放[da4 ming2 da4 fang4], 大辯論|大辩论[da4 bian4 lun4], 大字報|大字报[da4 zi4 bao4] (PRC)
(1) {Buddh} the four elements (earth, water, fire, wind); (2) the human body; (3) Tao, heaven, earth and king
mahābhūta, 四界; 四大界. The four elements of which all things are made; or the four realms; i. e. earth, water, fire, and wind (or air); they represent 堅, 濕, 煖, and 動 solid, liquid, heat, and motion; motion produces and maintains life. As 實 active or formative forces they are styled 四界 (四大界) ; as 假 passive or material objects they are 四大; but the 成實論 Satyasiddhi śāstra disputes the 實 and recognizes only the 假; four great elements

易經


易经

see styles
yì jīng
    yi4 jing1
i ching
Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Chapter 33 Scroll
The Book of Changes ("I Ching")


see styles
duì
    dui4
tui
 da
    だ
to cash; to exchange; to add (liquid); to blend; one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦[ba1 gua4], symbolizing swamp; ☱
dui (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: swamp, west); (given name) Tooru

see styles
kǎn
    kan3
k`an
    kan
 kan
    かん
pit; threshold; one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦[ba1 gua4], symbolizing water; ☵
(1) (archaism) pit; hole; (2) kan (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: water, north); (surname) Kita

see styles
kūn
    kun1
k`un
    kun
 kon
    こん
one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦[ba1 gua4], symbolizing earth; female principle; ☷; ancient Chinese compass point: 225° (southwest)
kun (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: earth, southwest); (given name) Mamoru
earth

see styles
 tao
    たお
(place-name) Tao

see styles
xùn
    xun4
hsün
 son
    そん
to obey; one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦[ba1 gua4], symbolizing wood and wind; ☴; ancient Chinese compass point: 135° (southeast)
xun (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: wind, southeast); (given name) Yuzuru

see styles

    yi4
i
 eki
    えき
easy; amiable; to change; to exchange; prefix corresponding to the English adjective suffix "-able" or "-ible"
(1) type of cleromancy divination (described in the Book of Changes) performed with long sticks; (2) (abbreviation) (See 易経) The Book of Changes; Yijing; I Ching; (given name) Yasushi
Change; easy; to change

see styles
gèn
    gen4
ken
 gon; kon; e
    ごん; こん; え
one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦[ba1 gua4], symbolizing mountain; ☶; ancient Chinese compass point: 45° (northeast)
gen (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: mountain, northeast); (given name) Gon


see styles

    li2
li
 ri
    り
to leave; to part from; to be away from; (in giving distances) from; without (something); independent of; one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦[ba1 gua4], symbolizing fire; ☲
li (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: fire, south); (surname) Mato
To leave, part from, apart from. abandon; translit. li, le, r, re, rai; to separate

see styles
zhèn
    zhen4
chen
 shin
    しん
to shake; to vibrate; to jolt; to quake; excited; shocked; one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦[ba1 gua4], symbolizing thunder; ☳
zhen (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: thunder, east); (surname) Tatsumi
To shake, thunder, tremble, awe, quicken; translit. cin, ci; to shake

タオ

see styles
 tao
    タオ
(female given name) Tao

チン

see styles
 chin
    チン
jing (Korean gong) (kor:); (place-name) Chin (Burmah); Ching; Chinn; Zinn

南山

see styles
nán shān
    nan2 shan1
nan shan
 nanzan
    なんざん
Nanshan or Namsan, common place name; Nanshan district of Shenzhen City 深圳市, Guangdong
(1) (See 北嶺・1) Mount Kōya (esp. Kongōbu-ji); (2) (orig. meaning) southern mountain; (place-name, surname) Minamiyama
Southern hill, name of a monastery which gave its name to 道宣 Tao-hsuan of the Tang dynasty, founder of the 四分律 school; Nanshan

吒王


咤王

see styles
zhà wáng
    zha4 wang2
cha wang
 Taō
Caṇḍa-Kaniṣka

周易

see styles
zhōu yì
    zhou1 yi4
chou i
 shuueki / shueki
    しゅうえき
another name for Book of Changes (I Ching) 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1]
(See 易経) divination (based on the Book of Changes); (personal name) Shuueki

夕緒

see styles
 tao
    たお
(female given name) Tao

多尾

see styles
 tao
    たお
(surname) Tao

多緒

see styles
 tao
    たお
(female given name) Tao

導引


导引

see styles
dǎo yǐn
    dao3 yin3
tao yin
 douin / doin
    どういん
same as 引導|引导[yin3 dao3]; Dao Yin, Daoist exercises involving breathing, stretching and self-massage
(1) guidance; showing the way; (2) (See あん摩・あんま・1) massage; (3) tao yin; Taoist Neigong; Taoist exercises
To lead; to lead

常道

see styles
cháng dào
    chang2 dao4
ch`ang tao
    chang tao
 joudou / jodo
    じょうどう
normal and proper practice; conventional practice; common occurrence
normal practice; proper practice; (surname, given name) Tsunemichi
Eternal Tao; the way of eternity; regular ways, the regulation path; constant way

易傳


易传

see styles
yì zhuàn
    yi4 zhuan4
i chuan
Yi Zhuan, commentary on the "Book of Changes" or "I Ching" 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1]

易経

see styles
 ekikyou / ekikyo
    えききょう
(See 五経) The Book of Changes; Yijing; I Ching

星島


星岛

see styles
xīng dǎo
    xing1 dao3
hsing tao
 hoshijima
    ほしじま
Sing Tao, Hong Kong media group and publisher of Sing Tao Daily 星島日報|星岛日报
(surname) Hoshijima

書経

see styles
 shokyou / shokyo
    しょきょう
(See 五経) The Book of Documents; The Book of History; Shujing; Shu Ching

汰生

see styles
 tao
    たお
(personal name) Tao

玄覺


玄觉

see styles
xuán jué
    xuan2 jue2
hsüan chüeh
 Genkaku
    げんかく
(personal name) Genkaku
Hsüan-chio, a Wenchow monk, also named 明道 Ming-tao, who had a large following; he is said to have attained to enlightenment in one night, hence is known as 一宿覺; Xuanjue

田王

see styles
 taou / tao
    たおう
(surname) Taou

石濤


石涛

see styles
shí tāo
    shi2 tao1
shih t`ao
    shih tao
Shi Tao (1642-1707), Chinese landscape painter and poet

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Daodejing / Tao Te Ching - Chapter 33 Scroll
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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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