Chuan-Fa in Chinese / Japanese...

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Kenpo / Kempo / Quan Fa / Chuan Fa

quán fǎ
kenpou
Kenpo / Kempo / Quan Fa / Chuan Fa Scroll

This form of martial arts can be translated in several ways. Some will call it "fist principles" or "the way of the fist", or even "law of the fist". The first character literally means fist. The second can mean law, method, way, principle or Buddhist teaching.

Kempo is really a potluck of martial arts. Often a combination of Chinese martial arts such as Shaolin Kung Fu with Japanese martial arts such as Karate, Jujutsu (Jujitsu), Aikido, and others. You may see the term "Kempo Karate" which basically means Karate with other disciplines added. In this way, Kempo becomes an adjective rather than a title or school of martial arts.

These facts will long be argued by various masters and students of Kempo. Even the argument as to whether it should be spelled "kenpo" or "Kempo" ensues at dojos around the world (the correct Romaji should actually be "kenpou" if you precisely follow the rules).

The benefit of Kempo is that the techniques are easier to learn and master compared to pure Kung Fu (wu shu). Students are often taught basic Karate moves, kicks, and punches before augmenting the basic skills with complex Kung Fu techniques. This allows students of Kempo achieve a level where they can defend themselves or fight in a relatively short amount of time (a few years rather than a decade or more).

Because the definition of this word is so fluid, I should make some notes here:

1. Purists in Okinawa will claim that "Okinawa Kenpo" or "Ryukyu Hon Kenpo" is the original and true version of this martial art from the old kingdom. There is actually little or no connection between Okinawa Kenpo and the way the word is used elsewhere.

2. In Chinese, where these characters are pronounced "quan fa" (sometimes Romanized as "chuan fa" because the Chinese-pinyin "q" actually sounds like an English "ch" sound), these characters do not hold the connotation of being a mixed martial art. It is simply defined as "the law of the fist".

3. In my Japanese dictionary, it oddly defines Kenpo as "Chinese art of self-defense". I personally don't feel this is the most common way that people perceive the word but just something you should know.

Pushing Hands / Tui Sau

tuī shǒu
Pushing Hands / Tui Sau Scroll

推手 is the martial arts title "Pushing Hands".

推手 is the title for two-person training routines practiced in internal Chinese martial arts such as Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, Tai Chi Chuan (Taijiquan), Liuhebafa, Chuan Fa, and Yiquan.

The first character means "pushing".
The second character means "hand" (or "hands").

This term can be romanized as "Tui Sau", "Tui Sao", or from Mandarin, "Tui Shou".

If you are looking for this term, chances are, you already know the meaning within the context of Tai Chi and other martial arts.


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Kenpo
Kempo
Quan Fa
Chuan Fa
拳法kenpou / kenpoquán fǎ / quan2 fa3 / quan fa / quanfach`üan fa / chüanfa / chüan fa
Pushing Hands
Tui Sau
推手tuī shǒu / tui1 shou3 / tui shou / tuishout`ui shou / tuishou / tui shou


Not the results for chuan-fa that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your chuan-fa search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

太極拳


太极拳

see styles
tài jí quán
    tai4 ji2 quan2
t`ai chi ch`üan
    tai chi chüan
 taikyokuken
    たいきょくけん
Pushing Hands / Tui Sau Scroll
shadowboxing or Taiji, T'aichi or T'aichichuan; traditional form of physical exercise or relaxation; a martial art
{MA} grand ultimate fist; Tai Chi Chuan

形意拳

see styles
xíng yì quán
    xing2 yi4 quan2
hsing i ch`üan
    hsing i chüan
 keiiken / keken
    けいいけん
Pushing Hands / Tui Sau Scroll
Xingyiquan (Chinese martial art)
{MA} shape-of-the-mind fist; Hsing I Chuan

仲庵

see styles
 chuuan / chuan
    ちゅうあん
(personal name) Chuuan

大品

see styles
dà pǐn
    da4 pin3
ta p`in
    ta pin
 Daihon
The larger, or fuller edition of a canonical work, work, especially of the next. | | 般若經 ; 摩訶般若波羅蜜經 The Mahaprajnaparamita sutra as tr. by Kumarajiva in 27 chuan, in contrast with the 10 chuan edition; Great Chapter

忠庵

see styles
 chuuan / chuan
    ちゅうあん
(place-name) Chuuan

智顗


智𫖮

see styles
zhì yǐ
    zhi4 yi3
chih i
 Chigi
Zhiyi (538-597), founder of the Tiantai sect of Buddhism
Zhiyi, founder of the Tiantai school, also known as 智者 and 天台 (天台大師); his surname was 陳 Chen; his 字 was 德安, De-an; born about A. D. 538, he died in 597 at 60 years of age. He was a native of 頴川 Ying-chuan in Anhui, became a neophyte at 7, was fully ordained at 20. At first a follower of 慧思, Huisi, in 575 he went to the Tiantai mountain in Chekiang, where he founded his famous school on the Lotus Sūtra as containing the complete gospel of the Buddha.

中邊論


中边论

see styles
zhōng biān lùn
    zhong1 bian1 lun4
chung pien lun
 Chūben ron
A treatise by Vasubandhu, translated by Xuanzang in three chuan and by 陳眞諦Chen Zhen-ti in two fascicles. It is an explanation of the 辨中邊論頌 Madhyānta-vibhāga-śāstra, said to have been given by Maitreya to Asaṅga.

九會說


九会说

see styles
jiǔ huì shuō
    jiu3 hui4 shuo1
chiu hui shuo
 kue setsu
The Huayan sutra 華嚴經 in its older sixty chuan version is said to have been delivered at eight assemblies in seven places; the newer eighty chuan at nine assemblies in seven places; cf. 九處; nine teaching assemblies

五蘊論


五蕴论

see styles
wǔ yùn lùn
    wu3 yun4 lun4
wu yün lun
 Goun ron
大乘五蘊論 A śāstra by Vasubandhu on the Mahāyāna interpretation of the five skandhas, tr. by Xuanzang; 1 chuan. Other works are the 五蘊皆空經 tr. by Yijing of the Tang dynasty. 五蘊譬喩經 tr. by 安世高 An Shih Kao of the Han dynasty: both are in the 雜阿含經 2 and 10 respectively; also 五蘊論釋 a commentary by Vinītaprabha; Treatise on the Five Aggregates

四分律

see styles
sì fēn lǜ
    si4 fen1 lv4
ssu fen lü
 Shibun ritsu
The four-division Vinaya or discipline of the Dharmagupta school, divided into four sections of 20, 15, 14, and 11 chuan. The 四分律藏 Dharma-gupta-vinaya was tr. in A. D. 405 by Buddhayasas and 竺佛念 Chu Fo-nien; the 四分比丘尼羯磨法 Dharmagupta-bhikṣuṇī-karman was tr. by Gunavarman in 431: and there are numerous other works of this order; Four-Part Vinaya

大意經


大意经

see styles
dà yì jīng
    da4 yi4 jing1
ta i ching
 Daii kyō
tr. by Gunabhadra of the Liu Sung dynasty, 1 chuan; Sūtra of Great Meaning

大日經


大日经

see styles
dà rì jīng
    da4 ri4 jing1
ta jih ching
 Dainichi kyō
The Vairocana sutra, styled in full 毘盧遮那成佛神變加持經, tr. in the Tang dynasty by Śubhākarasiṃha 善無畏 in 7 chuan, of which the first six are the text and the seventh instructions for worship. It is one of the three sutras of the esoteric school. Its teaching pairs with that of the 金剛頂經. There are two versions of notes and comments on the text, the 大日經疏 20 chuan, and 大日經義疏 14 chuan; and other works, e.g. 大日經義釋; 大日經不思議疏; 大日經義軌 in four versions with different titles; Mahāvairocana-sūtra

二十犍度

see styles
èr shí jiān dù
    er4 shi2 jian1 du4
erh shih chien tu
 nijū kendo
The twenty skandhas intp. as 章篇 sections or chapters, i.e. the thirty-one to the fifty-three chuan of the 四分律, beginning with受戒犍度 and ending with 雜犍度; they are twenty sections containing rules for the monastic life and intercourse; twenty chapters

傳法寶紀


传法宝纪

see styles
chuán fǎ bǎo jì
    chuan2 fa3 bao3 ji4
ch`uan fa pao chi
    chuan fa pao chi
 Denhō bōki
Chuan fabao ji

四律五論


四律五论

see styles
sì lǜ wǔ lùn
    si4 lv4 wu3 lun4
ssu lü wu lun
 shiritsu goron
The four vinaya and the five śāstras. The four vinaya 四律, or disciplinary regulations, are the 十誦律 Sarvāstivāda version tr. in 61 chuan by Punyatara; 四分律 Dharmagupta's version, tr. in 60 chuan by Buddhayaśas; 僧祗律 Sāṃghika version or Mahāsāṃghika version, tr. in 40 chuan, by Buddhabhadra; and 五部律 Mahīśāsaka version, tr. in 30 chuan by Buddhajīva and others, also known as Mahīśāsaka-nikāya-pañcavargavinaya. The five śāstras 五論 are 毘尼母論; 摩得勒伽論; 善見論; 薩婆多論; and 明了論. v. 論; four vinayas and five treatises

大智度論


大智度论

see styles
dà zhì dù lùn
    da4 zhi4 du4 lun4
ta chih tu lun
 Dai chido ron
A śāstra ascribed to Nāgārjuna on the greater Prajna-paramita sutra; the sastra was tr. by Kumārajīva, A.D. 397―415, in 100 chuan; Mahāprajñāpāramitā-śāstra

大品般若經


大品般若经

see styles
dà pǐn bō rě jīng
    da4 pin3 bo1 re3 jing1
ta p`in po je ching
    ta pin po je ching
 Daihon hannya kyō
摩訶般若波羅蜜經 The Mahāprajñāpāramitā-sūtra as tr. by Kumārajīva in 27 chuan, in contrast with the 10 chuan edition; Mahāprajñāpāramitā-sūtra

大樹緊那羅


大树紧那罗

see styles
dà shù jǐn nà luó
    da4 shu4 jin3 na4 luo2
ta shu chin na lo
 Daiju Kinnara
The King of the mahādruma Kinnaras, Indra's musicians, who lives on Gandha-mādana. His sutra is 大樹緊那羅王所門經, 4 chuan, tr. by Kumārajīva; great tree kiṃnara

法華經傳記


法华经传记

see styles
fǎ huā jīng zhuàn jì
    fa3 hua1 jing1 zhuan4 ji4
fa hua ching chuan chi
 Hokkekyō denki
Fahua jing chuan ji

大乘莊嚴經論


大乘庄严经论

see styles
dà shéng zhuāng yán jīng lùn
    da4 sheng2 zhuang1 yan2 jing1 lun4
ta sheng chuang yen ching lun
 Daijō sōgon kyō ron
Mahāyānasūtra-laṃkāra-ṭīkā. An exposition of the teachings of the Vijñāna-vāda School, by Asaṅga, tr. A.D. 630-3 by Prabhākaramitra. 13 chuan; Treatise on the Scripture of Adorning the Great Vehicle

川老金剛經註


川老金刚经注

see styles
chuān lǎo jīn gāng jīng zhù
    chuan1 lao3 jin1 gang1 jing1 zhu4
ch`uan lao chin kang ching chu
    chuan lao chin kang ching chu
 Senrō Kongōkyō chū
Commentary to the Diamond Sūtra by the Elder Chuan

方廣大莊嚴經


方广大庄严经

see styles
fāng guǎng dà zhuāng yán jīng
    fang1 guang3 da4 zhuang1 yan2 jing1
fang kuang ta chuang yen ching
 Hōkō dai shōgon kyō
A vaipulya sutra, the Lalita-vistara, in 12 chuan, giving an account of the Buddha in the Tuṣita heaven and his descent to earth as Śākyamuni: tr. by Divākara under the Tang dynasty; another tr. is the 普曜經; Extensive Merriment

大方廣佛華嚴經


大方广佛华严经

see styles
dà fāng guǎng fó huá yán jīng
    da4 fang1 guang3 fo2 hua2 yan2 jing1
ta fang kuang fo hua yen ching
 Daihōkō butsu kegon kyō
Avatamsaka sutra of the Huayan school; also called Buddhavatamsaka-mahavaipulya Sutra, the Flower adornment sutra or the Garland sutra
Buddhāvataṃsaka-mahāvaipulya-sūtra ; the Avataṃsaka, Hua-yen, or Kegon sutra ; tr. by Buddhabhadra and others A.D. 418-420. The various translations are in 60, 80, and 40 chuan, v. 華嚴經; Dafangguangfo huayan jing

大方廣如來祕密藏經


大方广如来祕密藏经

see styles
dà fāng guǎng rú lái mì mì zàng jīng
    da4 fang1 guang3 ru2 lai2 mi4 mi4 zang4 jing1
ta fang kuang ju lai mi mi tsang ching
 Daihōkō nyorai himitsuzō kyō
Tathāgatagarbha-sūtra, tr. A.D.350-431, idem 大方等如來藏經, tr. by Buddhabhadra A.D. 417-420, 1 chuan.

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Pushing Hands / Tui Sau Scroll
Pushing Hands / Tui Sau Scroll
Pushing Hands / Tui Sau Scroll
Pushing Hands / Tui Sau Scroll


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Dictionary

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


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Some people may refer to this entry as Chuan-Fa Kanji, Chuan-Fa Characters, Chuan-Fa in Mandarin Chinese, Chuan-Fa Characters, Chuan-Fa in Chinese Writing, Chuan-Fa in Japanese Writing, Chuan-Fa in Asian Writing, Chuan-Fa Ideograms, Chinese Chuan-Fa symbols, Chuan-Fa Hieroglyphics, Chuan-Fa Glyphs, Chuan-Fa in Chinese Letters, Chuan-Fa Hanzi, Chuan-Fa in Japanese Kanji, Chuan-Fa Pictograms, Chuan-Fa in the Chinese Written-Language, or Chuan-Fa in the Japanese Written-Language.

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