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Chan2 in Chinese / Japanese...

Buy a Chan2 calligraphy wall scroll here!

Personalize your custom “Chan2” project by clicking the button next to your favorite “Chan2” title below...


  1. Zen / Chan / Meditation

  2. Inner Bliss and Peace from Meditation

  3. Reach Peace and Calm by Meditation

  4. Sit in Meditation

  5. Zen Buddhism

  6. Zen Garden

  7. Zen Understanding

  8. Shaolin Chan

  9. Zendo / The Zen Way


Zen / Chan / Meditation

...as in Zen Buddhism
chán
zen
Zen / Chan / Meditation Scroll

First let's correct something: The Japanese romanization for this character, "Zen" has penetrated the English language. In English, it's almost always incorrectly used for phrases like "That's so zen". Nobody says "That's so meditation" - right? As the title of a sect, this would be like saying, "That's soooo Baptist!"

禪 by itself just means "meditation". In that context, it should not be confined to use by any one religion or sect.

Regardless of the dictionary definition, more often than not, this character is associated with Buddhism. And here is one of the main reasons:
Zen is used as the title of a branch of Mahayana Buddhism which strongly emphasizes the practice of meditation.
However, it should be noted that Buddhism came from India, and "Chan Buddhism" evolved and developed in medieval China. The Chinese character "Chan" was eventually pronounced as "Zen" in Japanese. Chan Buddhists in China have a lot in common with Zen Buddhists in Japan.

More about the history of Zen Buddhism here.

Please also note that the Japanese Kanji character for Zen has evolved a little in Japan, and the two boxes (kou) that you see at the top of the right side of the character have been replaced by three dots with tails. Japanese Zen Kanji The original character would still be generally understood and recognized in Japanese (it's considered an ancient version in Japan) but if you want the specifically modern Japanese version, please click on the zen Kanji to the right. Technically, there is no difference in Tensho and Reisho versions of Zen since they are ancient character styles that existed long before Japan had a written language.

Chinese Zen/Chan CharacterThere is also an alternate/shorthand/simplified Chinese version which has two dots or tails above the right-side radical. This version is also popular for calligraphy in China. If you want this version, just click the character to the right.


Further notes: Zen is just one of seven sects of Buddhism practiced in Japan. The others are 律 Ritsu (or Risshū), 法相 Hossō, 論 Sanron 華嚴 Kegon, 天台 Tendai, and 眞言 Shingon.

Inner Bliss and Peace from Meditation

chán yuè
Inner Bliss and Peace from Meditation Scroll

This title refers to the inner bliss and peace that you can achieve from meditation.

This term transcends a few religions, including Taoism and Buddhism. It can also be translated as "joy of the mystic trance" or simply "meditative bliss".

Amazing that such a complex idea can be expressed in just two Chinese characters. Note that the first character is Chan/Zen (Chinese/Japanese) which means "meditation" in both languages.

Reach Peace and Calm by Meditation

ān chán
an zen
Reach Peace and Calm by Meditation Scroll

These two Chinese characters create a title that means to reach peace and calm through meditation.

安禪 is an excellent wall scroll for your relaxation or meditation room.

安禪 is also a Buddhist-related term that encompasses the idea of entering into dhyana meditation.

安禪 is also used in Japanese, but in modern times, the second character has changed, so it's 安禅 now. If you want the modern Japanese version, just choose a Japanese calligrapher, and let me know when you place your order.

Sit in Meditation

Zazen
zuò chán
za zen
Sit in Meditation Scroll

This describes the act of sitting in the state of deep meditation. You'll notice that the second character is Chan/Zen, which is often used to title the meditative form of Buddhism. In Korean Hanja, this means "religious meditation" (basically the same as the Chinese definition). This can also be defined as abstract meditation, fixed abstraction, or contemplation.

Buddhists may define this as, sitting in dhyāna, abstract meditation, fixed abstraction, or contemplation.


座禅Japanese note: This will make sense in Japanese but the Kanji shown to the left are partially in ancient/traditional Japanese form. Japanese Buddhists may use 坐禪, 坐禅, 座禪, or 座禅. The most standard/modern Japanese form of this word is shown to the right. Click on the Kanji to the right (instead of the button above) if you want this specifically Japanese version.

Zen Buddhism

chán zōng
zen shuu
Zen Buddhism Scroll

禪宗 is one way to title "Zen Buddhism". Because the original pronunciation of Zen in Chinese is Chan, you'll also see this expressed as Chan Buddhism.

From the Buddhist Dictionary:
The Chan, meditative or intuitional, sect usually said to have been established in China by Bodhidharma, the twenty-eighth patriarch, who brought the tradition of the Buddha-mind from India. This sect, believing in direct enlightenment, disregarded ritual and sūtras and depended upon the inner light and personal influence for the propagation of its tenets, founding itself on the esoteric tradition supposed to have been imparted to Kāśyapa by the Buddha, who indicated his meaning by plucking a flower without further explanation. Kāśyapa smiled in apprehension and is supposed to have passed on this mystic method to the patriarchs. The successor of Bodhidharma was 慧可 Huike, and he was succeeded by 僧璨 Sengcan; 道信 Daoxin; 弘忍 Hongren; 慧能 Huineng, and 神秀 Shenxiu, the sect dividing under the two latter into the southern and northern schools: the southern school became prominent, producing 南嶽 Nanyue and 靑原 Qingyuan, the former succeeded by 馬祖 Mazu, the latter by 石頭 Shitou. From Mazu's school arose the five later schools.

Zen Garden

chán yuán
zen sono
Zen Garden Scroll

禪園 literally means "meditation garden".

The first character happens to be known as Zen in the west (pronunciation coming from Japanese) but this title is not often used in Japan (won't be recognized as a Japanese title).

In fact, the title "Zen Garden" is basically made up by westerners.

Zen Understanding

cān chán
Zen Understanding Scroll

This title speaks of reaching an understanding (of Zen or the world). It also means "to practice meditation". The two concepts lead you to the idea that meditation leads to understanding. 參禪 is pretty deep, so you can do your own research, or decide what this means for you.

This can also be defined in a more complex way as "thoroughly penetrating with meditative insight".

Shaolin Chan

shǎo lín chán
sho rin zen
Shaolin Chan Scroll

少林禪 literally translates as "Little Forest Meditation".

少林禪 is part of a movement to provide spiritual and mental health by integrating the practices of martial arts and meditation.

More information at Shaolin Chan Foundation.

Zendo / The Zen Way

chán dào
zen dou
Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll

This title is used in certain contexts but is not widely-known by the general population of China or Japan.

From Japanese, you will see this title romanized as "zendo", which is the brand name of a board game, and also a title used by some martial arts studios and karate dojos. Oddly, many translate this as "zen fist" although there is no "fist" in the title. If you literally translated this title, it would be "meditation way" or "meditation method".

In Chinese, this would be "chan dao" with the same literal meaning as the Japanese title. It's used in China by just a handful of martial arts styles/studios.

You should only order this title if you really understand the meaning, and it has some personal connection to you (such as practicing a martial art style that uses this title, or if you love the board game Zendo). Many who see your wall scroll will not be familiar with this title, and you'll have some explaining to do.


禪The first character can also be written in a more complex traditional way as shown to the right. Let us know in the special instructions for your calligraphy project if you want this style.

禅If you order this from the Japanese master calligrapher, the first character will automatically be written with an extra dot on top. This is the variant form of the original Chinese character which is commonly used in modern Japan Kanji. See sample to the right.


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Zen
Chan
Meditation

zenchán / chan2 / chanch`an / chan
Inner Bliss and Peace from Meditation禪悅
禅悦
chán yuè / chan2 yue4 / chan yue / chanyuech`an yüeh / chanyüeh / chan yüeh
Reach Peace and Calm by Meditation安禪
安禅
an zen / anzenān chán / an1 chan2 / an chan / anchanan ch`an / anchan / an chan
Sit in Meditation坐禪
坐禅
za zen / zazenzuò chán / zuo4 chan2 / zuo chan / zuochantso ch`an / tsochan / tso chan
Zen Buddhism禪宗
禅宗
zen shuu / zenshuu / zen shu / zenshuchán zōng
chan2 zong1
chan zong
chanzong
ch`an tsung
chantsung
chan tsung
Zen Garden禪園
禅园
zen sono / zensonochán yuán
chan2 yuan2
chan yuan
chanyuan
ch`an yüan
chanyüan
chan yüan
Zen Understanding參禪
参禅
cān chán / can1 chan2 / can chan / canchants`an ch`an / tsanchan / tsan chan
Shaolin Chan少林禪
少林禅
sho rin zen
shorinzen
shǎo lín chán
shao3 lin2 chan2
shao lin chan
shaolinchan
shao lin ch`an
shaolinchan
shao lin chan
Zendo
The Zen Way
禅道 / 禪道
禅道
zen dou / zendou / zen do / zendochán dào / chan2 dao4 / chan dao / chandaoch`an tao / chantao / chan tao
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Not the results for chan2 that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your chan2 search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

參禪


参禅

see styles
cān chán / can1 chan2
ts`an ch`an / tsan chan
 noshi wo ri
Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll
to practice Chan Buddhist meditation; to practice Zen meditation; to sit in meditation
To inquire, discuss, seek religious instruction; to thoroughly penetrate with meditative insight

坐禪


坐禅

see styles
zuò chán / zuo4 chan2
tso ch`an / tso chan
 zazen
Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll
to sit in meditation; to meditate
To sit in dhyāna, i.e. abstract meditation, fixed abstraction, contemplation; its introduction to China is attributed to Bodhidharma (though it came earlier), and its extension to Tiantai; sitting meditation

安禪


安禅

see styles
ān chán / an1 chan2
an ch`an / an chan
 anzen
Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll
To enter into dhyāna meditation; sitting meditation

禪宗


禅宗

see styles
chán zōng / chan2 zong1
ch`an tsung / chan tsung
 Zenshū
Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll
Zen Buddhism
The Chan, meditative or intuitional, sect usually said to have been established in China by Bodhidharma, v. 達, the twenty-eighth patriarch, who brought the tradition of the Buddha-mind from India. Cf. 楞 13 Laṅkāvatāra sūtra. This sect, believing in direct enlightenment, disregarded ritual and sūtras and depended upon the inner light and personal influence for the propagation of its tenets, founding itself on the esoteric tradition supposed to have been imparted to Kāśyapa by the Buddha, who indicated his meaning by plucking a flower without further explanation. Kāśyapa smiled in apprehension and is supposed to have passed on this mystic method to the patriarchs. The successor of Bodhidharma was 慧可 Huike, and he was succeeded by 僧璨 Sengcan; 道信 Daoxin; 弘忍 Hongren; 慧能 Huineng, and 神秀 Shenxiu, the sect dividing under the two latter into the southern and northern schools: the southern school became prominent, producing 南嶽 Nanyue and 靑原 Qingyuan, the former succeeded by 馬祖 Mazu, the latter by 石頭 Shitou. From Mazu's school arose the five later schools, v. 禪門; meditation school

禪悅


禅悦

see styles
chán yuè / chan2 yue4
ch`an yüeh / chan yüeh
 zenetsu
Joy of the mystic trance. 禪悅食 Its mystic nourishing powers; meditative bliss

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
to revile; to abuse

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
indecisive; irresolute

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
bore; cut; polish


see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
beautiful; graceful

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
weak; feeble; lowly

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
cliff

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
market place

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
sandalwood (Santalum album), a Nepalese tree producing valuable fragrant oil; comet

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
cunning; artful

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
flow; trickle (of water)

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
still (as of water); still water

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
Chanshui river in Henan

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
sound of water

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
cliff; peak


see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
 ten / まとめ
to wind around; to wrap round; to coil; tangle; to involve; to bother; to annoy
(given name) Matome
To bind with cords; bonds; another name for 煩惱 the passions and delusions, etc; actively binding (affliction)

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
 ten / まとめ
old variant of 纏|缠[chan2]
(given name) Matome
afflictions in an active, manifest state

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
large ship


see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
cicada
See:

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
 hiki / ひき
moon; (striped) toad
(kana only) toad (esp. the Japanese toad, Bufo japonicus)


see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
 zan / ざん
to slander; to defame; to misrepresent; to speak maliciously
(See 讒言) false charge; slander; defamation
slander

see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
course of stars; follow precedent


see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
sharp instrument for digging


see styles
chán / chan2
ch`an / chan
gluttonous; greedy; to have a craving

一禪


一禅

see styles
chán / yi1 chan2
i ch`an / i chan
 Ichizen
Ilseon

三禪


三禅

see styles
sān chán / san1 chan2
san ch`an / san chan
 sanzen
The third dhyāna heaven of form, the highest paradise of form; third meditation

Many custom options...


Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll
Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll
Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll
Zendo / The Zen Way Scroll


And formats...

Zendo / The Zen Way Vertical Portrait
Zendo / The Zen Way Horizontal Wall Scroll
Zendo / The Zen Way Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

Lookup Chan2 in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


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When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Chan2 Kanji, Chan2 Characters, Chan2 in Mandarin Chinese, Chan2 Characters, Chan2 in Chinese Writing, Chan2 in Japanese Writing, Chan2 in Asian Writing, Chan2 Ideograms, Chinese Chan2 symbols, Chan2 Hieroglyphics, Chan2 Glyphs, Chan2 in Chinese Letters, Chan2 Hanzi, Chan2 in Japanese Kanji, Chan2 Pictograms, Chan2 in the Chinese Written-Language, or Chan2 in the Japanese Written-Language.

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