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3. Koi Fish
5. Trigger Fish
16. Mermaid / Merman
20. A Bright Future
魚 is the character that means fish in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.
金魚 is the title for goldfish in Chinese and Japanese.
There was a time in ancient China when only the Emperor could possess the true yellow-gold colored fish. 金魚 is why alternate coloration such as orange, black, red, and white were bred. Many believe this is why colors other than yellow-gold are more common for "goldfish" found in pet shops today.
鯉 is the Japanese Kanji which created the title "koi fish". 鯉 is pronounced "koi" in Japanese.
Here is the reality: 鯉 actually means "carp" in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja. Koi fish really are carp (by species) and were breed to obtain colorful variations in ancient China. Some generations later, some of these colorful fish were transported to Japan, where they also became vastly popular.
Note: Please see our other entry for koi fish (Nishiki Goi) which is a more normal selection for a Japanese koi fish enthusiast to have on their wall.
If you like or collect and maintain koi fish, this is the wall scroll for you.
Technically, this is a certain and revered species of "koi fish" in Japan but it is the most normal selection for a wall scroll (more normal than the actual Kanji for "koi" or "fish" alone.
This literally means "brocade carp" or "embroidered carp". This term is also used to mean the same thing in China (which is the origin of koi fish breeding and cultivation, several generations before they became popular in Japan).
For those of you that don't know, the Kanji for "koi" (which is pronounced "goi" in this entry) really means "carp". If you want the word that means "koi fish", it would just be the generic word for "carp fish". That would include both colorful carp, and the more mundane gray carp (the ones people eat, if they don't mind lots of bones).
Kill the goose that lays the golden eggs
In 632 BC, Duke Wen of the Kingdom of Jin was about to lead an army against the forces of the Kingdom of Chu.
The Duke asked one of his advisers, Jiu Fan, how they could possibly win the impending battle, as they were drastically outnumbered.
Jiu Fan said, "All is fair in war", and went on to suggest a plan of dishonorable tactics (cheating).
The Duke was not sure of this advice, so he asked another adviser, Yong Ji, who replied, "If you catch fish by draining the pond, you can certainly get all the fish. But there will be no fish the following year. You can cheat this one time in battle but such tactics can only be used once, as the enemy will be wise in future encounters".
The Duke heard the words of his wiser adviser but cheated to gain victory in the battle. However, he rewarded Yong Ji more than Jiu Fan at the victory celebration, stating that while Jiu Fan's advice gained one victory, the wise words of Yong Ji would last forever.
This Chinese idiom/proverb is still used, over 2600 years later to remind people not to burn bridges, cheat, or dishonor oneself in exchange for a short term gain, while sacrificing the future.
竭澤而漁 is very similar to the meaning of the English phrase, "Kill the goose that lays the golden eggs".
This Chinese proverb literally translates as: [if one does] not cast a big net, [one can] not get big fish.
Figuratively, this means: One cannot make great accomplishments without making great efforts or taking great pains.
不撒大網不得大魚 is sort of the fishing version of, "No pain, no gain".
A 鲲 (Kun) is a famous sea monster, often associated or used interchangeably with a 鵬 (Peng).
鯤 is comparable to Leviathan or Jonah's whale.
In Chinese mythology, the Kun is a giant fish said to be able to turn into a bird.
鯤 and the mythological creature is also known in Japanese and Korean. However, in some context, this character can refer to fry (fish babies).
沈魚落雁 is an old proverb that literally means, "fish sink, goose alights".
...But this takes some explaining. 沈魚落雁 is a proverb from Zhuangzi (莊子) who lived in the late 4th century BC.
This figuratively refers to female beauty that is so captivating that even the birds and beasts take notice.
Perhaps a better way to and more accurate way to describe this is to say that it speaks of the charms of a uniquely beautiful woman who is so beautiful that fish stay on the bottom of the water, and flying wild geese fall from the sky in shame.
This proverb is so famous that it is also known and used in Japan (same characters, different pronunciation).
Note: This can also be written 沉魚落雁 instead of 沈魚落雁 (just the first character varies slightly).
年年有餘 is a common proverb or wish of prosperity you'll hear around the time of Chinese New Years.
Directly translated character by character it means, "Year Year Have Surplus". A more natural English translation including the deeper meaning would be "Every Year may you Have Abundance in your life".
On a side note, this phrase often goes with a gift of something related to fish. 年年有餘 is because the last character "yu" which means surplus or abundance has exactly the same pronunciation in Mandarin as the word for "fish".
年年有餘 is also one of the most common titles for traditional paintings that feature koi fish.
In China, this phrase might make an odd wall scroll - a customer asked especially for this common phrase which is why it appears here. See my other abundance-related words if you want a wall scroll that will seem more comfortable in Chinese culture.
Note: This can be pronounced in Korean, but it's not a commonly used term.
美人魚 is the Chinese word for mermaid.
It literally means "beautiful human fish".
人魚 is the Japanese Kanji, Korean Hanja and Chinese word for "merman" or "mermaid".
It literally means "human fish".
人魚 is a non-gender-specific or unisex word in all three languages.
魚座 is the Japanese way to write Pisces (fish) of western astrology.
Please note this version is only used in Japanese (see other version if Chinese is your audience).
See Also: Chinese Zodiac
雙魚座 is the Chinese way to write Pisces (fish) of western astrology.
Please note this version is only used in Chinese (see other version if Japanese is your audience).
See Also: Chinese Zodiac
This single Chinese character means shark.
However, in Japanese, it can refer to the family of goby fish.
鯊 is good if you're looking for shark in Chinese but Japanese may misunderstand it.
鮪 is the Chinese and Japanese character for tuna.
In Chinese, this is usually used to mean the "little tunny" (Euthynnus alletteratus), the most common tuna in the Atlantic Ocean. However, it can refer to any fish of the Thunnus genus.
In Japanese, it can refer to the Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis).
Incredible 10,000-Mile Flight of the Peng
鵬程萬里 is an ancient Chinese proverb used in modern times to wish someone a long and successful career.
It's really about the 10,000 Flight of the Peng (Peng, also known as Roc is a mythical fish that can turn into a bird and take flight).
Zhuangzi or Chuang Tzu
Breaking down each character:
1. Peng or Roc (a kind of bird).
2. Journey (in this case, a flight).
3. 10,000 (Ten Thousand).
4. Li is a unit of distance often referred to as a "Chinese Mile", though the real distance is about half a kilometer.
Direct Translation: "Peng's Journey [of] 10,000 Li".
Literal meaning: "The 10,000-Li Flying Range Of The Roc".
Perceived meaning: "To have a bright future" or "To go far".
This proverb/idiom comes from the book of Zhuangzi or Chuang Tzu. It tells the tale of a huge fish which could turn into a gigantic bird. This bird was called "peng" and was many miles long. This legendary size allowed the Peng to fly from the Northern Sea to the Southern Sea in a single bound.
Wishing someone "a Peng's Journey of 10,000 Li", will imply that they will be able to travel far without stopping, and will have great success, a long career, and a prosperous future.
This in-stock artwork might be what you are looking for, and ships right away...
The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji (Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|sakana / gyo / uo||yú / yu2 / yu||yü|
|kin gyo / kingyo||jīn yú / jin1 yu2 / jin yu / jinyu||chin yü / chinyü|
|koi||lǐ / li3 / li|
|lǐ yú / li3 yu2 / li yu / liyu||li yü / liyü|
|bān jī yú|
ban1 ji1 yu2
ban ji yu
|pan chi yü
|Teach A Man To Fish||授人以魚不如授人以漁|
|shòu rén yǐ yú bù rú shòu rén yǐ yú|
shou4 ren2 yi3 yu2 bu4 ru2 shou4 ren2 yi3 yu2
shou ren yi yu bu ru shou ren yi yu
|shou jen i yü pu ju shou jen i yü|
|jǐn lǐ / jin3 li3 / jin li / jinli||chin li / chinli|
|Drain the pond to get all the fish||竭澤而漁|
|jié zé ér yú|
jie2 ze2 er2 yu2
jie ze er yu
|chieh tse erh yü
|Without a big net, how can you catch fish?||不撒大網不得大魚|
|bù sā dà wǎng bù dé dà yú|
bu4 sa1 da4 wang3 bu4 de2 da4 yu2
bu sa da wang bu de da yu
|pu sa ta wang pu te ta yü
|kon||kūn / kun1 / kun||k`un / kun|
|Beautiful Woman Proverb||沈魚落雁|
|chin gyo raku gan|
|chén yú luò yàn|
chen2 yu2 luo4 yan4
chen yu luo yan
|ch`en yü lo yen
chen yü lo yen
|Year-In Year-Out Have Abundance||年年有餘|
|nián nián yǒu yú|
nian2 nian2 you3 yu2
nian nian you yu
|nien nien yu yü
|měi rén yú|
mei3 ren2 yu2
mei ren yu
|mei jen yü
|shā yú / sha1 yu2 / sha yu / shayu||sha yü / shayü|
|Suzuki||スズキ||su zu ki / suzuki|
|nin gyo / ningyo||rén yú / ren2 yu2 / ren yu / renyu||jen yü / jenyü|
|Pisces Zodiac Symbol|
|uo-za||yú zuò / yu2 zuo4 / yu zuo / yuzuo||yü tso / yütso|
|Pisces Zodiac Symbol|
|shuāng yú zuò|
shuang1 yu2 zuo4
shuang yu zuo
|shuang yü tso
|haze||shā / sha1 / sha|
|maguro||wěi / wei3 / wei|
|A Bright Future||鵬程萬里|
|péng chéng wàn lǐ|
peng2 cheng2 wan4 li3
peng cheng wan li
|p`eng ch`eng wan li
peng cheng wan li
|In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.|
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.
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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.
When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.
Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!
When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.
The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.
Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.
There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.
Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.
The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.
Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.
Some people may refer to this entry as Fish Kanji, Fish Characters, Fish in Mandarin Chinese, Fish Characters, Fish in Chinese Writing, Fish in Japanese Writing, Fish in Asian Writing, Fish Ideograms, Chinese Fish symbols, Fish Hieroglyphics, Fish Glyphs, Fish in Chinese Letters, Fish Hanzi, Fish in Japanese Kanji, Fish Pictograms, Fish in the Chinese Written-Language, or Fish in the Japanese Written-Language.
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