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Mahjong in Chinese / Japanese...

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China má jiàng

麻將 is the Chinese title for the game of mahjong.

Mahjong can also be spelled majiang, mah-jongg, and numerous other variants when played by people of other dialects. While the game originated in China, you will also find it played in Vietnam, South Korea and Japan.


China má què
Japan maa jan

麻雀 is the common and specific name for a hemp sparrow bird in Chinese.

This was also the original name for the game known commonly as Mahjong. You will still see boxes of Mahjong tiles with the title 麻雀 for sparrow instead of the modern 麻將 in Southern China. This title is also used for Mahjong in Japan.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your mahjong search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin/ he2
Taiwan ho
Japanese wataru わたる
 wazusaki わずさき
 wazaki わざき
 wasaki わさき
 wakana わかな
 yoshi よし
 yawara やわら
 yamato やまと
 yasura やすら
 yasushi やすし
 yasu やす
 mutsumi むつみ
 madoka まどか
 masa まさ
 honoka ほのか
 hiyori ひより
 hina ひな
 hitoshi ひとし
 hasuyo はすよ
 hasumura はすむら
 nodoka のどか
 nishizaki にしざき
 niko にこ
 nigi にぎ
 nami なみ
 nagoya なごや
 nagomu なごむ
 nagomi なごみ
 nagi なぎ
 takashi たかし
 taira たいら
 shizu しず
 koharu こはる
 kotau こたう
 kanon かん
 kanoo かのん
 kanoe かのお
 kanou / kano かのえ
 kanao かのう
 kanae かなお
 kanau かなえ
 kazuyuki かなう
 kazunori かずゆき
 kazutomo かずのり
 kazuji かずとも
 kazuzaki かずじ
 kazuko かずざき
 kazuki かずこ
 kazu かずき
 izumi かず
 amane いずみ
 aeru あまね
 ai あえる
Chinese to mix (ingredients) together; to blend; classifier for rinses of clothes; classifier for boilings of medicinal herbs; to combine a powdery substance (flour, plaster etc) with water; Taiwan pr. [huo4]; to complete a set in mahjong or playing cards; to compose a poem in reply (to sb's poem) using the same rhyme sequence; to join in the singing; to chime in with others; and; together with; with; sum; union; peace; harmony; Taiwan pr. [han4] when it means "and" or "with"; surname He; Japanese (food, clothes etc)
Japanese (1) (mathematics term) sum; (2) harmony; peace; (n,n-pref,adj-no) (3) Japan; Japanese-style; (noun or adjectival noun) (kana only) soft; fragile; weak; poorly built; insubstantial; (adj-nari) (archaism) tranquil; calm; quiet; peaceful; calm (at sea); lull; (given name) Wataru; (surname) Wazusaki; (surname) Wazaki; (surname) Wasaki; (female given name) Wakana; (surname, given name) Wa; (female given name) Yori; (given name) Yoshi; (surname, female given name) Yawara; (female given name) Yamato; (female given name) Yasura; (given name) Yasushi; (female given name) Yasu; (female given name) Mutsumi; (female given name) Madoka; (personal name) Masa; (female given name) Honoka; (female given name) Hiyori; (female given name) Hina; (male given name) Hito
Harmony, peace; to blend, mix; with, unite with; respond, rhyme; to be soft
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Peace / Harmony



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Mandarin má jiàng / ma2 jiang4
Taiwan ma chiang
Chinese mahjong; CL:副[fu4]
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Mandarin má què / ma2 que4
Taiwan ma ch`üeh / ma chüeh
Japanese maajan / majan マージャン
Chinese sparrow; (dialect) mahjong
Japanese mahjong (chi:); mah-jongg
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Mandarin zi / zi
Taiwan tzu
Japanese nene ねね
 shigeru しげる
 konoe このえ
Chinese (noun suffix); son; child; seed; egg; small thing; 1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat; Viscount, fourth of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wu3 deng3 jue2 wei4]; ancient Chinese compass point: 0° (north)
Japanese (1) fruit; nut; (2) seed; (3) (in broth) pieces of meat, vegetable, etc.; (4) content; substance; first sign of Chinese zodiac (The Rat, 11pm-1am, north, November); (suffix) (archaism) (honorific or respectful language) honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name; (1) child (esp. a boy); (2) viscount; (3) (honorific or respectful language) master (founder of a school of thought, esp. Confucius); (4) philosophy (branch of Chinese literature); non-Confucian Hundred Schools of Thought writings; (5) (archaism) you (of one's equals); (suffix noun) (6) -er (i.e. a man who spends all his time doing...); (1) (obscure) child; (n,n-suf) (2) (obscure) interest; (n,n-suf) (1) child; (2) young (animal); (3) young woman; young geisha; (4) offshoot; (5) interest; (6) (abbreviation) new shares; (7) player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.); (n,n-suf) (8) (archaism) bird egg; (suffix noun) (9) -er (often of young women); (personal name) Nene; (place-name) Ne; (given name) Shigeru; (female given name) Konoe; (surname) Ko
kumāra; son; seed; sir; 11-1 midnight; child

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Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Japanese mamoru まもる
 mamori まもり
 oose おおせ
 en えん
 eki えき
Chinese forced labor; corvée; obligatory task; military service; to use as servant; to enserf; servant (old); war; campaign; battle
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) use; service; role; (2) post; position; (3) scoring combination (e.g. in mahjong, card games, etc.); hand; (1) war; campaign; battle; (2) (archaism) unpaid work (ritsuryo system); forced labor; (given name) Mamoru; (personal name) Mamori; (surname) Oose; (surname) En; (surname) Eki

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Mandarin ér / er2
Taiwan erh
Japanese kosaki こさき
Chinese Japanese variant of 兒|儿[er2]
Japanese baby; child; (n-suf,n) (1) child; boy; (pronoun) (2) (archaism) I; me; (n,n-suf) (1) child; (2) young (animal); (3) young woman; young geisha; (4) offshoot; (5) interest; (6) (abbreviation) new shares; (7) player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.); (n,n-suf) (8) (archaism) bird egg; (suffix noun) (9) -er (often of young women); (surname) Kosaki

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Mandarin/ zu3
Taiwan tsu
Japanese takaso たかそ
Chinese ancestor; forefather; grandparents; surname Zu
Japanese ancestor; forefather; progenitor; (irregular kanji usage) (1) parent; parents; (2) dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.); (3) founder; (4) (pet) owner; (surname) Takaso; (surname) So
Grandfather; ancestor; patriarch; founder; origin. See 二十八祖.

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Mandarin pái / pai2
Taiwan p`ai / pai
Japanese pai パイ
 hai はい
Chinese mahjong tile; playing card; game pieces; signboard; plate; tablet; medal; CL:片[pian4],個|个[ge4],塊|块[kuai4]
Japanese (n,ctr) (mahj) tile (chi: pai); (1) medal; shield; badge; (2) card on which dharani (etc.) are written; (3) notice board (in a Zen temple); (4) tile (mahjong, dominos, etc.)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Mandarin zhuāng / zhuang1
Taiwan chuang
Japanese teien / teen ていえん
 chon ちょん
 tadashi ただし
 soo そお
 sousaki / sosaki そうさき
 sou / so そう
 shou / sho しょう
 kazari かざり
 kagari かがり
Chinese Japanese variant of 莊|庄
Japanese (suf,ctr) (mahj) counter for games of mahjong (chi: zhuang); (n,n-suf) manor; (surname) Teien; (personal name) Chon; (personal name) Tadashi; (surname) Soo; (surname) Sousaki; (surname) Sou; (given name) Shou; (surname) Kazari; (surname) Kagari

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Mandarin qīn / qin1
Taiwan ch`in / chin
Japanese yoshimi よしみ
 chikara ちから
 chikashi ちかし
 chika ちか
 shinji しんじ
 shin しん
 oyazaki おやざき
Chinese parents-in-law of one's offspring; parent; one's own (flesh and blood); relative; related; marriage; bride; close; intimate; in person; first-hand; in favor of; pro-; to kiss; (Internet slang) dear
Japanese (1) intimacy; closeness; friendliness; (2) close relative; (prefix noun) (3) pro- (e.g. pro-American, pro-Japanese, etc.); (1) parent; parents; (2) dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.); (3) founder; (4) (pet) owner; (personal name) Yoshimi; (surname) Chikara; (female given name) Chikashi; (female given name) Chika; (personal name) Shinji; (personal name) Shin; (surname) Oyazaki
Personally related, own, intimate; family; a wife, marriage; feeling of intimacy

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Mandarin/ hu2
Taiwan hu
Japanese fu
 kou / ko こう
 ebisuzaki えびすざき
 ebisu えびす
Chinese non-Han people, esp. from central Asia; reckless; outrageous; what?; why?; to complete a winning hand at mahjong (also written 和[hu2]); surname Hu
Japanese (archaism) barbarian tribes surrounding ancient China; (surname) Fu; (surname) Go; (surname) Kou; (surname, given name) Ko; (surname) Ebisuzaki; (surname, given name) Ebisu; (surname) U
How? Why? Hun; Turk; random; hemp; long-lived; pepper, etc.; translit. go, hu.

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Japanese uma ウマ
Japanese horse; (mahj) points paid and received at the end of a game of mahjong based on position (rank)

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Mandarin hú pái / hu2 pai2
Taiwan hu p`ai / hu pai
Chinese to win in mahjong

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Japanese mekuru めくる
 makuru まくる
Japanese (transitive verb) (kana only) to turn over; to turn pages of a book; to tear off; to strip off; (transitive verb) (1) (kana only) to turn up; to roll up (e.g. sleeves); (suf,v5r,vt) (2) (kana only) to do a lot of ...; (transitive verb) (3) (slang) (kana only) to stage a comeback (against) (in mahjong, horse racing, etc.); to come from behind

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Mandarin bān zhuān / ban1 zhuan1
Taiwan pan chuan
Chinese to do hard physical labor (as a job); (fig.) to play mahjong

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Mandarin xǐ pái / xi3 pai2
Taiwan hsi p`ai / hsi pai
Japanese shiipai / shipai シーパイ
 senpai せんパイ
Chinese to shuffle cards
Japanese (mahj) shuffling of tiles; (1) (mahj) shuffling of tiles; (2) cleaning mahjong tiles

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Mandarin fāng chéng / fang1 cheng2
Taiwan fang ch`eng / fang cheng
Japanese houjou / hojo ほうじょう
Chinese square castle; mahjong layout (with the tiles laid out as a square); Fangcheng county in Nanyang 南陽|南阳[Nan2 yang2], Henan
Japanese (place-name, surname) Houjou

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Mandarin mō pái / mo1 pai2
Taiwan mo p`ai / mo pai
Japanese moopai モーパイ
 moohai モーはい
Chinese to draw a tile (at mahjong); to play mahjong
Japanese (noun/participle) (mahj) identifying a piece by touch

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Mandarin dǎ pái / da3 pai2
Taiwan ta p`ai / ta pai
Japanese dahai だはい
Chinese to play mahjong or cards
Japanese (noun/participle) (mahj) discarding a tile

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Mandarin wán pái / wan2 pai2
Taiwan wan p`ai / wan pai
Chinese to play cards; to play mahjong

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Mandarin pái jú / pai2 ju2
Taiwan p`ai chü / pai chü
Chinese gambling get-together; game of cards, mahjong etc

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Mandarin pái xíng / pai2 xing2
Taiwan p`ai hsing / pai hsing
Chinese hand (in mahjong or card games)

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Mandarin xiàng gong / xiang4 gong5
Taiwan hsiang kung
Chinese lord; master; young gentleman; male prostitute; catamite; mahjong player disqualified by unintentionally taking in the wrong number of dominoes; (old form of address for one's husband) husband


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Mandarin miàn zi / mian4 zi5
Taiwan mien tzu
Japanese mentsu メンツ
 menko めんこ
Chinese outer surface; outside; honor; reputation; face (as in "losing face"); self-respect; feelings; (medicinal) powder
Japanese (1) face (chi: mianzi); honour; honor; (2) (mahj) combination of three tiles that form a set; (3) personnel; members; lineup; (4) making up a four to play mahjong; game of slapping cards down to overturn opponent's

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Mandarin gǔ pái / gu3 pai2
Taiwan ku p`ai / ku pai
Japanese koppai こっぱい
 karuta かるた
Chinese dominoes
Japanese (1) playing cards; (2) (mahj) mahjong tiles made of animal bone; (kana only) karuta (por: carta); traditional Japanese playing cards

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Japanese jantaku ジャンたく
Japanese (mahj) mahjong board

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Japanese janshi ジャンし
Japanese (mahj) mahjong player; mahjong enthusiast

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Japanese jankyuu / jankyu ジャンきゅう
Japanese jankyu; combination of Japanese pinball and mahjong

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Japanese janpai ジャンパイ
Japanese (mahj) (abbreviation) mahjong tile

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Japanese jansou / janso ジャンそう
Japanese (mahj) mahjong parlour; mahjong parlor

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Search for Mahjong in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Mahjong 麻將
má jiàng / ma2 jiang4 / ma jiang / majiang ma chiang / machiang
Sparrow 麻雀maa jan / maajan / ma jan / majanmá què / ma2 que4 / ma que / maque ma ch`üeh / machüeh / ma chüeh
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

Ba Gua Zhang
Forever in My Heart
Happy Buddha
I Love You
Live Laugh Love
Long Life
Love and Protect
Wing Chun

All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.

A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Mahjong Kanji, Mahjong Characters, Mahjong in Mandarin Chinese, Mahjong Characters, Mahjong in Chinese Writing, Mahjong in Japanese Writing, Mahjong in Asian Writing, Mahjong Ideograms, Chinese Mahjong symbols, Mahjong Hieroglyphics, Mahjong Glyphs, Mahjong in Chinese Letters, Mahjong Hanzi, Mahjong in Japanese Kanji, Mahjong Pictograms, Mahjong in the Chinese Written-Language, or Mahjong in the Japanese Written-Language.