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Empress in Chinese / Japanese...

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Empress

China huáng hòu
Japan kou gou
Empress Wall Scroll

皇后 is the title of empress or emperess, the female form of emperor. 皇后 is used in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

While the emperor's reign was for life, if he died, his wife would hold his power. In this case, a woman was the ultimate ruler of the greater part of East Asia (what is now China) until her death and the succession of the emperor's first born son to lead the empire. Numerous times in various Chinese dynasties, an empress took power in this way.

The first character means emperor by itself.

The second character alone can mean "wife of an emperor or king" (the first character clarifies that we are talking about an empress, and not a queen). It can also mean sovereign or last offspring, depending on context.

Note: In some books, this word is translated as queen. While only incorrect if you get technical (because an empress is theoretically a higher level than a queen), the meaning is very similar.

皇后 is sometimes used for the title of queen but more technically, this is the wife of the emperor (a higher level than a queen).


See Also:  Emperor | King | Queen | Phoenix

Queen / Empress

Wife of the King
China wáng hòu
Japan ou kou
Queen / Empress Wall Scroll

王后 is another way to write queen in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

王后 is sometimes used for the title of empress.

The first character means "king" and the second means "wife," or a short form to say "wife of the king / emperor." So this is literally, "king's wife" or "emperor's wife." Some will translate this as "queen consort."


See Also:  Queen | Goddess | King | Emperor


Not the results for empress that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your empress search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

皇后

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Mandarin huáng hòu / huang2 hou4
Taiwan huang hou
Japanese kougou / kogo こうごう
Chinese empress; imperial consort
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (Japanese) empress; queen; (surname) Kougou
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
More info / calligraphy:
Empress

葉卡捷琳娜


叶卡捷琳娜

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Mandarin yè kǎ jié lín nà / ye4 ka3 jie2 lin2 na4
Taiwan yeh k`a chieh lin na / yeh ka chieh lin na
Chinese Yekaterina or Ekaterina (name); Catherine the Great or Catherine the Second (1684-1727), Empress of Russia
More info / calligraphy:
Ekaterina

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Mandarin hòu / hou4
Taiwan hou
Japanese kisaki きさき
Chinese empress; queen; surname Hou
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (suffix) after; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) empress; queen; (female given name) Kisaki

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Mandarin fēi / fei1
Taiwan fei
Japanese hime ひめ
 hi
 kisaki きさき
 kikasa きかさ
Chinese imperial concubine
Japanese princess; consort; empress; queen; (female given name) Hime; (given name) Hi; (surname, female given name) Kisaki; (female given name) Kikasa
An imperial concubine; as implying production, or giving birth, it is used by the esoteric cult for samaya and dhāraṇī; Queen or princess (Skt. rājñī)

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Mandarin yuán / yuan2
Taiwan yüan
Chinese name of an empress

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Mandarin zhào / zhao4
Taiwan chao
Chinese name invented for herself by Tang empress Wu Zetian 武則天|武则天[Wu3 Ze2 tian1]

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中宮

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Japanese nakamiya なかみや
 nakanomiya なかのみや
 chuuguu / chugu ちゅうぐう
Japanese (1) the empress, the empress dowager and the grand empress dowager; (2) emperor's second consort; (3) empress; palace of the empress; (4) building of a Shinto shrine built on middle ground; (5) demesne of the imperial palace; (place-name, surname) Nakamiya; (surname) Nakanomiya; (given name) Chuuguu

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三后

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Japanese sankou / sanko さんこう
Japanese Grand Empress Dowager, the Empress Dowager and the Empress Consort

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三宮

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Japanese mimiya みみや
 minomiya みのみや
 mitsumiya みつみや
 sanmiya さんみや
 sannomiya さんのみや
 sanguu / sangu さんぐう
 sangu さんぐ
Japanese (obscure) Grand Empress Dowager, the Empress Dowager and the Empress Consort; (surname) Mimiya; (surname) Minomiya; (surname, given name) Mitsumiya; (surname) Sanmiya; (place-name, surname) Sannomiya; (place-name, surname) Sanguu; (surname) Sangu

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乾陵

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Mandarin qián líng / qian2 ling2
Taiwan ch`ien ling / chien ling
Chinese Qianling at Xianyang 咸陽市|咸阳市 in Shaanxi, burial site of third Tang emperor 高宗 and empress Wuzetian 武則天|武则天

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亮闇

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Japanese ryouan / ryoan りょうあん
Japanese court mourning (for the late emperor or empress); national mourning

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佛爺


佛爷

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Mandarin fó ye / fo2 ye5
Taiwan fo yeh
Chinese Buddha (term of respect for Sakyamuni 釋迦牟尼|释迦牟尼[Shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2]); His Holiness (refers to a Buddhist grandee); Buddha; God; emperor; in late Qing court, refers exclusively to Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后[Ci2 xi3 tai4 hou4]

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台覧

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Japanese tairan たいらん
Japanese inspection by the empress or the crown prince

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台臨

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Japanese tairin たいりん
Japanese visit by the empress or the crown prince

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后宮

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Japanese kouguu / kogu こうぐう
Japanese (1) empress's palace; queen's palace; (2) empress; queen

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后座

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Mandarin hòu zuò / hou4 zuo4
Taiwan hou tso
Chinese empress's throne; (fig.) first place in a feminine competition

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大宮

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Japanese oomiya おおみや
 ooguu / oogu おおぐう
 oumiya / omiya おうみや
Japanese (1) (honorific or respectful language) imperial palace; shrine; (2) Grand Empress Dowager; Empress Dowager; (3) woman of imperial lineage who has borne a child; (4) elderly woman of imperial lineage; (place-name, surname) Oomiya; (surname) Ooguu; (surname) Oumiya

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天后

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Mandarin tiān hòu / tian1 hou4
Taiwan t`ien hou / tien hou
Japanese tenkou / tenko てんこう
Chinese Tin Hau, Empress of Heaven, another name for the goddess Matsu 媽祖|妈祖[Ma1 zu3]; Tin Hau (Hong Kong area around the MTR station with same name)
Japanese queen of heaven
Queen of Heaven, v. 摩利支.

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太后

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Mandarin tài hòu / tai4 hou4
Taiwan t`ai hou / tai hou
Japanese taikou / taiko たいこう
Chinese Empress Dowager
Japanese empress dowager; queen mother

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女帝

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Japanese jotei / jote じょてい
Japanese empress

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女皇

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Mandarin nǚ huáng / nu:3 huang2
Taiwan nü huang
Japanese jokou / joko じょこう
Chinese empress
Japanese empress; queen

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女雛

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Japanese mebina めびな
Japanese Empress doll (in display with Emperor doll)

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女院

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Japanese nyouin / nyoin にょういん
Japanese (honorific or respectful language) woman bestowed with the title "in" (usu. the empress, imperial princesses, etc.); (personal name) Nyouin

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娘娘

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Mandarin niáng niang / niang2 niang5
Taiwan niang niang
Japanese nyannyan ニャンニャン
Chinese queen; empress; imperial concubine; Goddess, esp. Xi Wangmu 王母娘娘 or 西王母, Queen Mother of the West; mother; aunt
Japanese Niangniang (chi:); Chinese goddess

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宮主


宫主

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Mandarin gōng zhǔ / gong1 zhu3
Taiwan kung chu
Japanese miyanushi みやぬし
Chinese imperial empress; milady
Japanese (personal name) Miyanushi

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帝后

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Mandarin dì hòu / di4 hou4
Taiwan ti hou
Chinese empress; imperial consort

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哀家

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Mandarin āi jiā / ai1 jia1
Taiwan ai chia
Chinese I, me (self-referring by a widowed empress etc, used in historical novels and operas)

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儀宸

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Japanese gishin ぎしん
Japanese empress dowager's home

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冊立


册立

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Mandarin cè lì / ce4 li4
Taiwan ts`e li / tse li
Japanese sakuryuu / sakuryu さくりゅう
 sakuritsu さくりつ
Chinese to confer a title on (an empress or a prince)
Japanese (noun/participle) imperial investiture

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内裏

see styles
Japanese dairi だいり
Japanese (1) imperial palace; (2) (abbreviation) festival dolls representing the emperor and the empress; (place-name) Dairi

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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Empress 皇后kou gou / kougou / ko go / kogohuáng hòu
huang2 hou4
huang hou
huanghou
Queen
Empress
王后ou kou / oukou / o ko / okowáng hòu / wang2 hou4 / wang hou / wanghou

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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.


A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Empress Kanji, Empress Characters, Empress in Mandarin Chinese, Empress Characters, Empress in Chinese Writing, Empress in Japanese Writing, Empress in Asian Writing, Empress Ideograms, Chinese Empress symbols, Empress Hieroglyphics, Empress Glyphs, Empress in Chinese Letters, Empress Hanzi, Empress in Japanese Kanji, Empress Pictograms, Empress in the Chinese Written-Language, or Empress in the Japanese Written-Language.