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Effort in Chinese / Japanese...

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6. Right Effort / Right Endeavor / Perfect Effort

Samyag Vyayama / Samma Vayama
China zhèng jīng jìn
Japan sei shou jin
6. Right Effort / Right Endeavor / Perfect Effort

正精進 is one of the Noble Eightfold Paths of Buddhism. Right Effort, along with Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration constitute the path to Concentration or Perfect Thought.

Proper effort is not the effort to make something particular happen. It is the effort to be aware and awake in each moment, the effort to overcome laziness and defilement, the effort to make each activity of our day meditation. This concept is about pursuing wholesome things that promote good karma.

Another definition: Cultivation of what is karmically wholesome and avoidance of what is karmically unwholesome.

This term is exclusively used by devout Buddhists. It is not a common term, and is remains an unknown concept to most Japanese and Chinese people.

See Also:  Buddhism | Enlightenment

Spare No Effort

China bù yí yú lì
Spare No Effort

This is a Chinese proverb that can be translated many ways. Here's some of them: go to any lengths; with all one's might; spare no pain; do one's utmost.

If you feel hard work and holding nothing back is your philosophy, then this is the phrase for you.

Put out a burning wood cart
with a cup of water

An utterly inadequate measure
China bēi shuǐ chē xīn
Put out a burning wood cart / with a cup of water

杯水車薪 is a warning against a futile effort. This proverb literally refers to one who is "trying to put out a burning cart of wood with a cup of water," or "throw a cup of water on a cartload of wood." The lesson to be learned is about using the right measure or tool for the job, and not to waste your effort if you are inadequately equipped for the task at hand - in other words the postscript should be "go get a bucket or a fire hose."

Not the results for effort that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your effort search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin qiáng / qiang2
Taiwan ch`iang / chiang
Japanese tsuyomi つよみ
 tsuyoshi つよし
 tsuyosaki つよさき
 tsuyoi つよい
 tsutomu つとむ
 susumu すすむ
 gouji / goji ごうじ
 gou / go ごう
 kowa こわ
 kyouji / kyoji きょうじ
 kyou / kyo きょう
Chinese to force; to compel; to strive; to make an effort; strong; powerful; better; slightly more than; vigorous; violent; best in their category, e.g. see 百強|百强[bai3 qiang2]; stubborn; unyielding; surname Qiang
Japanese (suffix noun) (1) a little over; a little more than; (2) powerhouse; one of the biggest; one of the most powerful; (personal name) Tsuyomi; (male given name) Tsuyoshi; (surname) Tsuyosaki; (personal name) Tsuyoi; (male given name) Tsutomu; (given name) Susumu; (personal name) Gouji; (personal name) Gou; (surname) Kowa; (personal name) Kyouji; (given name) Kyou
Strong, forceful, violent; to force; to strengthen.
More info / calligraphy:
Strong / Powerful / Force

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Mandarin/ li4
Taiwan li
Japanese teiriki / teriki ていりき
 tsuyoshi つよし
 tsutome つとめ
 tsutomu つとむ
 chikara ちから
 takariki たかりき
 isamu いさむ
 isao いさお
Chinese power; force; strength; ability; strenuously; surname Li
Japanese (suffix) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (1) strength; power; proficiency; ability; (suffix noun) (2) the strength of ... people; the strength of ... men; (1) force; strength; might; vigour (vigor); energy; (2) capability; ability; proficiency; capacity; faculty; (3) efficacy; effect; (4) effort; endeavours (endeavors); exertions; (5) power; authority; influence; good offices; agency; (6) support; help; aid; assistance; (7) stress; emphasis; (8) means; resources; (given name) Riki; (given name) Teiriki; (male given name) Tsuyoshi; (given name) Tsutome; (male given name) Tsutomu; (surname, female given name) Chikara; (surname) Takariki; (given name) Isamu; (given name) Isao
bala; power, strength, of which there are several categories: 二力 power of choice and of practice; 三力 the power of Buddha; of meditation (samādhi) and of practice. 五力 pañcabala, the five powers of faith, zeal, memory (or remembering), meditation, and wisdom. 六力 A child's power is in crying; a woman's in resentment; a king's in domineering; an arhat's in zeal (or progress); a Buddha's in mercy; and a bhikṣu's in endurance (of despite) . 十力 q.v. The ten powers of Buddhas and bodhisattvas.
More info / calligraphy:
Power / Strength



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Mandarin xié lì / xie2 li4
Taiwan hsieh li
Japanese kyouryoku / kyoryoku きょうりょく
Chinese to unite in common effort
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) cooperation; collaboration
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Mandarin nǔ lì / nu3 li4
Taiwan nu li
Japanese nuriki ぬりき
Chinese great effort; to strive; to try hard
Japanese (noun/participle) great effort; exertion; endeavour; endeavor; effort; (surname) Nuriki
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
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Great Endeavor / To Strive


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Mandarin gōng fu / gong1 fu5
Taiwan kung fu
Japanese norio のりお
 kouo / koo こうお
 katsuo かつお
 isao いさお
Chinese skill; art; kung fu; labor; effort
Japanese (martial arts term) (kana only) kung fu (chi: go'ngfu); (noun/participle) (1) scheme; device; scheming; devising; figuring out; coming up with; solving ingeniously; (2) dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation); (male given name) Norio; (personal name) Kouo; (male given name) Katsuo; (given name) Isao
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition
More info / calligraphy:
Kung Fu / Gong Fu



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Mandarin zì qiáng / zi4 qiang2
Taiwan tzu ch`iang / tzu chiang
Japanese jikyou / jikyo じきょう
Chinese to strive for self-improvement
Japanese (noun/participle) strenuous effort
More info / calligraphy:
Inner Strength / Self-Improvement



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Mandarin zhèng jīng jìn / zheng4 jing1 jin4
Taiwan cheng ching chin
Japanese shō shōjin
samyagvyāyāma, right effort, zeal, or progress, unintermitting perseverance, the sixth of the 八正道; 'right effort, to suppress the rising of evil states, to eradicate those which have arisen, to stimulate good states, and to perfect those which have come into being. ' Keith; correct effort

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Mandarin shào / shao4
Taiwan shao
Japanese tsutomu つとむ
 takashi たかし
 susumu すすむ
 shou / sho しょう
 atsumu あつむ
Chinese stimulate to effort; surname Shao
Japanese (female given name) Tsutomu; (given name) Takashi; (given name) Susumu; (given name) Shou; (given name) Atsumu

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Mandarin láo / lao2
Taiwan lao
Japanese rou / ro ろう
 tsutomu つとむ
Chinese Japanese variant of 勞|劳
Japanese labor; labour; toil; trouble; pains; work; effort; striving; (given name) Rou; (male given name) Tsutomu

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Mandarin gōng / gong1
Taiwan kung
Japanese tsutomu つとむ
 kousou / koso こうそう
 kouji / koji こうじ
 koushou / kosho こうしょう
 kou / ko こう
 isoshi いそし
 isamu いさを
 isao いさむ
 isa いさお
Chinese meritorious deed or service; achievement; result; service; accomplishment; work (physics)
Japanese (1) merit; success; meritorious deed; (2) achievement; accumulated experience; (archaism) service; labor; labour; trouble; meritorious deed; distinguished service; meritorious service; (male given name) Tsutomu; (personal name) Kousou; (personal name) Kouji; (personal name) Koushou; (surname, given name) Kou; (given name) Isoshi; (given name) Isao (Isawo); (given name) Isamu; (female given name) Isao; (given name) Isa
Merit, meritorious; achievement, hence 功力 achieving strength, earnest effort after the good); efficacy

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Mandarin huá / hua2
Taiwan hua
Chinese to row; to paddle; profitable; worth (the effort); it pays (to do something)

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Mandarin chū / chu1
Taiwan ch`u / chu
Japanese takade たかで
 suguru すぐる
 sakide さきで
 idezaki いでざき
 idesaki いでさき
 itaru いづる
 izuru いたる
 izuzaki いずる
 izusaki いずざき
 izaki いずさき
Chinese to go out; to come out; to occur; to produce; to go beyond; to rise; to put forth; to happen; classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) coming out; going out; outflow; efflux; rising (of the sun or moon); (2) attending (work); appearing (on stage); one's turn to go on; (3) start; beginning; (4) origins; background; person (or item) originating from ...; graduate of ...; native of ...; member of ... (lineage); (5) architectural member that projects outward; (6) highest point of the stern of a ship; (7) (kana only) amount (comprising something); amount of time or effort required to do something; (1) coming out; emerging; (2) being born into (a certain family); being a native of (a particular place); (surname) De; (surname) Takade; (given name) Suguru; (surname) Sakide; (surname) Idezaki; (surname) Idesaki; (female given name) Idzuru; (personal name) Itaru; (surname, female given name) Izuru; (surname) Izuzaki; (surname) Izusaki; (surname) Izaki
To go out, come forth, put forth; exit; beyond; to emerge

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Mandarin mài / mai4
Taiwan mai
Chinese put forth effort

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Mandarin miǎn / mian3
Taiwan mien
Japanese masaru まさる
 ben べん
 tsutomu つとむ
 susumu すすむ
Chinese to exhort; to make an effort
Japanese (given name) Masaru; (given name) Ben; (surname, given name) Tsutomu; (given name) Susumu
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Mandarin shǒu / shou3
Taiwan shou
Japanese tezaki てざき
 tesaki てさき
 tasome たそめ
 takade たかで
Chinese hand; (formal) to hold; person engaged in certain types of work; person skilled in certain types of work; personal(ly); convenient; classifier for skill; CL:雙|双[shuang1],隻|只[zhi1]
Japanese (1) hand; arm; (2) (colloquialism) forepaw; foreleg; (3) handle; (4) hand; worker; help; (5) trouble; care; effort; (6) means; way; trick; move; technique; workmanship; (7) hand; handwriting; (8) kind; type; sort; (9) one's hands; one's possession; (10) ability to cope; (11) hand (of cards); (12) direction; (n,n-suf,ctr) (13) move (in go, shogi, etc.); (surname) Tezaki; (surname) Tesaki; (place-name) Te; (personal name) Tasome; (surname) Takade
pāṇī; hasta; kara; hand, arm.

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Mandarin mài / mai4
Taiwan mai
Japanese mai
Chinese to sell; to betray; to spare no effort; to show off or flaunt
To sell.

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Japanese tansei / tanse たんせい
Japanese (noun/participle) working earnestly; sincerity; diligence; effort; pains

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Japanese tansei / tanse たんせい
Japanese (noun/participle) working earnestly; sincerity; diligence; effort; pains

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Mandarin yī xī / yi1 xi1
Taiwan i hsi
Japanese hitoiki ひといき
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (1) one breath; pause; rest; (2) one go (i.e. in a short time); (3) small amount of effort
A breath, i.e. inspiration-cum-expiration; a rest, or cessation.

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Japanese ikkyo いっきょ
Japanese (n-adv,n) one effort; one action

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Mandarin yī shǒu / yi1 shou3
Taiwan i shou
Japanese hitote ひとて
 itte いって
 isshu いっしゅ
Chinese a skill; mastery of a trade; by oneself; without outside help
Japanese move (in game); method; single-handed; monopoly; (1) one hand; (2) one's own effort
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Mandarin rén lì / ren2 li4
Taiwan jen li
Japanese jinryoku じんりょく
 jinriki じんりき
Chinese manpower; labor power
Japanese human power; human strength; human effort; human agency

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Mandarin rén shǒu / ren2 shou3
Taiwan jen shou
Japanese hitode ひとで
Chinese manpower; staff; human hand
Japanese (1) someone else's hands; other hands; (2) hand (worker); aide; (3) labor; work; manpower; effort; (4) help; assistance; (1) (kana only) starfish; sea star; asteroid; any echinoderm of the class Asteroidea; (2) (kana only) northern Pacific seastar (Asterias amurensis)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

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Mandarin rén wéi / ren2 wei2
Taiwan jen wei
Japanese jini じんい
Chinese artificial; man-made; having human cause or origin; human attempt or effort
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) human work; human agency; art; artificiality

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Japanese torikumi とりくみ
Japanese (1) bout (in sports, etc.); match; (2) effort; initiative; dealing with; grappling with; wrestling with; (place-name) Torikumi

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Mandarin chī lì / chi1 li4
Taiwan ch`ih li / chih li
Chinese to entail strenuous effort; to toil at a task; strenuous; laborious; strain

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Mandarin fèn lì / fen4 li4
Taiwan fen li
Chinese to do everything one can; to spare no effort; to strive

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Japanese funtou / funto ふんとう
Japanese (noun/participle) hard struggle; strenuous effort
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Strive / Struggle



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Mandarin gū diào / gu1 diao4
Taiwan ku tiao
Japanese kochō
Self-arranging, the Hīnayāna method of salvation by individual effort.

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Mandarin kè guǒ / ke4 guo3
Taiwan k`o kuo / ko kuo
Japanese kokka
To obtain the fruit of endeavour; the fruit of effort, i.e. salvation; to attain the fruit

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Search for Effort in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
6. Right Effort
Right Endeavor
Perfect Effort
sei shou jin
sei sho jin
zhèng jīng jìn
zheng4 jing1 jin4
zheng jing jin
cheng ching chin
Spare No Effort 不遺餘力 / 不遺余力
bù yí yú lì
bu4 yi2 yu2 li4
bu yi yu li
pu i yü li
Put out a burning wood cart
with a cup of water
bēi shuǐ chē xīn
bei1 shui3 che1 xin1
bei shui che xin
pei shui ch`e hsin
pei shui che hsin
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...

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Love Yourself First
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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

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Some people may refer to this entry as Effort Kanji, Effort Characters, Effort in Mandarin Chinese, Effort Characters, Effort in Chinese Writing, Effort in Japanese Writing, Effort in Asian Writing, Effort Ideograms, Chinese Effort symbols, Effort Hieroglyphics, Effort Glyphs, Effort in Chinese Letters, Effort Hanzi, Effort in Japanese Kanji, Effort Pictograms, Effort in the Chinese Written-Language, or Effort in the Japanese Written-Language.