Self-Defense in Chinese / Japanese...

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Self-Defense

zì wèi
ji ei
Self-Defense Scroll

自衛 means self-defense in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

Kenpo / Kempo / Quan Fa / Chuan Fa

quán fǎ
kenpou
Kenpo / Kempo / Quan Fa / Chuan Fa Scroll

This form of martial arts can be translated in several ways. Some will call it "fist principles" or "the way of the fist", or even "law of the fist". The first character literally means fist. The second can mean law, method, way, principle or Buddhist teaching.

Kempo is really a potluck of martial arts. Often a combination of Chinese martial arts such as Shaolin Kung Fu with Japanese martial arts such as Karate, Jujutsu (Jujitsu), Aikido, and others. You may see the term "Kempo Karate" which basically means Karate with other disciplines added. In this way, Kempo becomes an adjective rather than a title or school of martial arts.

These facts will long be argued by various masters and students of Kempo. Even the argument as to whether it should be spelled "kenpo" or "Kempo" ensues at dojos around the world (the correct Romaji should actually be "kenpou" if you precisely follow the rules).

The benefit of Kempo is that the techniques are easier to learn and master compared to pure Kung Fu (wu shu). Students are often taught basic Karate moves, kicks, and punches before augmenting the basic skills with complex Kung Fu techniques. This allows students of Kempo achieve a level where they can defend themselves or fight in a relatively short amount of time (a few years rather than a decade or more).

Because the definition of this word is so fluid, I should make some notes here:

1. Purists in Okinawa will claim that "Okinawa Kenpo" or "Ryukyu Hon Kenpo" is the original and true version of this martial art from the old kingdom. There is actually little or no connection between Okinawa Kenpo and the way the word is used elsewhere.

2. In Chinese, where these characters are pronounced "quan fa" (sometimes Romanized as "chuan fa" because the Chinese-pinyin "q" actually sounds like an English "ch" sound), these characters do not hold the connotation of being a mixed martial art. It is simply defined as "the law of the fist".

3. In my Japanese dictionary, it oddly defines Kenpo as "Chinese art of self-defense". I personally don't feel this is the most common way that people perceive the word but just something you should know.

Five Reflections / Gosei

shi se i ni moto ru na ka ri shi ka? gen kou ni ha zu ru na ka ri shi ka?
ki ryo ku ni ka ku ru na ka ri shi ka? do ryo ku ni u ra mi na ka ri shi ka?
bu sho u ni wa ta ru na ka ri shi ka?
Five Reflections / Gosei Scroll

These are the "Five Reflections" of Vice Admiral Hajime Matsushita of the Japanese Imperial Navy.

These days, the Five Reflections are recited or contemplated daily by Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force recruits in training. This long proverb is popularly translated into English this way:

Hast thou not gone against sincerity?
Hast thou not felt ashamed of thy words and deeds?
Hast thou not lacked vigor?
Hast thou not exerted all possible efforts?
Hast thou not become slothful?


Note: Because this selection contains some special Japanese Hiragana characters, it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.

tái quán dào
te kon do
Taekwondo Scroll

跆拳道 is one of the most widespread types of martial arts in the world as well as being an Olympic sport. Taekwondo was born in Korea with influences of Chinese and Japanese styles, combined with traditional Korean combat skills. Some will define it as the "Korean art of empty-handed self-defense".

In the simplest translation, the first character means "kick", the second character can mean either "fist" or "punching" the third means "way" or "method". Altogether, you could say this is "Kick Punch Method". When heard or read in various Asian languages, all will automatically think of this famous Korean martial art. It is written the same in Japanese Kanji, Chinese, and Korean Hanja characters - so the appearance of the characters are rather universal. However, you should note that there is another way to write this in modern Korean Hangul characters which looks like the image to the right. Taekwondo Hangul Characters

We suggest the original Korean Hanja (Chinese characters) for a wall scroll but if you really need the Hangul version, you must use master calligrapher Xing An-Ping: Order Taekwondo in Korean Hangul

Note: Taekwondo is sometimes Romanized as Tae-Kwondo, Tae Kwon Do, Taekwon-do, Taegwondo, Tae Gweon Do, Tai Kwon Do, Taikwondo, Taekwando, Tae Kwan Do and in Chinese Taiquandao, Tai Quan Dao, Taichuando, or Tai Chuan Tao.


Not the results for self-defense that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your self-defense search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

武術


武术

see styles
wǔ shù
    wu3 shu4
wu shu
 bujutsu
    ぶじゅつ
Taekwondo Scroll
military skill or technique (in former times); all kinds of martial art sports (some claiming spiritual development); self-defense; tradition of choreographed fights from opera and film (recent usage); also called kungfu 功夫; CL:種|种[zhong3]
(1) martial arts; military arts; (2) (See 武術太極拳) wushu (Chinese martial art)

自衛


自卫

see styles
zì wèi
    zi4 wei4
tzu wei
 jiei / jie
    じえい
Taekwondo Scroll
to defend oneself; self-defense
(n,vs,vt,vi,adj-no) self-defense; self-defence

護身術

see styles
 goshinjutsu
    ごしんじゅつ
Taekwondo Scroll
art of self-defense (defence)

守刀

see styles
 mamorigatana
    まもりがたな
(irregular okurigana usage) sword for self-defense; sword for self-defence

海自

see styles
 kaiji
    かいじ
(abbreviation) (See 海上自衛隊) Maritime Self-Defense Force

空佐

see styles
 kuusa / kusa
    くうさ
(Self Defense Force's Air Force) colonel (defence); lieutenant; major

空将

see styles
 kuushou / kusho
    くうしょう
(Self Defense Force's Air Force) general (defence); lieutenant; major

空尉

see styles
 kuui / kui
    くうい
(Self Defense Force's Air Force) captain (defence); lieutenant

空曹

see styles
 kuusou / kuso
    くうそう
noncommissioned officer of the Japanese Air Self Defense Forces (Defence)

空自

see styles
 kuuji / kuji
    くうじ
(abbreviation) (See 航空自衛隊・こうくうじえいたい) Air Self-Defense Force; ASDF; (o) (abbreviation) Air Self-Defense Force; ASDF

自保

see styles
zì bǎo
    zi4 bao3
tzu pao
to defend oneself; self-defense; self-preservation

陸自

see styles
 rikuji
    りくじ
(abbreviation) (See 陸上自衛隊) Japan Ground Self-Defense Force; JGSDF

守り刀

see styles
 mamorigatana
    まもりがたな
sword for self-defense; sword for self-defence

普通科

see styles
 futsuuka / futsuka
    ふつうか
(1) infantry (in the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force); (2) (See 普通課程) general education curriculum

自衛団

see styles
 jieidan / jiedan
    じえいだん
(1) self defense group; self defence group; (2) self-protection

自衛官

see styles
 jieikan / jiekan
    じえいかん
Japanese Self-Defense Force official; Self-Defense Force official

自衛権

see styles
 jieiken / jieken
    じえいけん
right of self defense; right of self defence

自衛艦

see styles
 jieikan / jiekan
    じえいかん
Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force ship; Self-Defense Force ship; JMSDF ship

自衛隊


自卫队

see styles
zì wèi duì
    zi4 wei4 dui4
tzu wei tui
 jieitai / jietai
    じえいたい
self-defense force; the Japanese armed forces
(1) Japan Self-Defense Forces; JSDF; (2) self-defence force; self-defense force

護衛艦


护卫舰

see styles
hù wèi jiàn
    hu4 wei4 jian4
hu wei chien
 goeikan / goekan
    ごえいかん
corvette
escort vessel; destroyer (Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force)

護身刀

see styles
 goshintou / goshinto
    ごしんとう
(See 守り刀) sword used for self-defense

護身用

see styles
 goshinyou / goshinyo
    ごしんよう
(adj-no,n) (for) self-defense; (for) self-protection

正当防衛

see styles
 seitoubouei / setoboe
    せいとうぼうえい
(yoji) {law} legitimate self-defence; legitimate self-defense

正當防衛


正当防卫

see styles
zhèng dàng fáng wèi
    zheng4 dang4 fang2 wei4
cheng tang fang wei
reasonable self-defense; legitimate defense

海外派遣

see styles
 kaigaihaken
    かいがいはけん
overseas dispatch (e.g. of the Japan Self-Defense Forces)

自己防衛

see styles
 jikobouei / jikoboe
    じこぼうえい
self-defense

自我防衛


自我防卫

see styles
zì wǒ fáng wèi
    zi4 wo3 fang2 wei4
tzu wo fang wei
self-defense

自衛手段

see styles
 jieishudan / jieshudan
    じえいしゅだん
(noun/participle) measures to defend oneself (for self-defense) (defence)

自衛艦隊

see styles
 jieikantai / jiekantai
    じえいかんたい
(o) Self-Defense Fleet

自衛隊員

see styles
 jieitaiin / jietain
    じえいたいいん
member of the Japan Self-Defense Forces

Click here for more self-defense results from our dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Self-Defense自衛
自卫
ji ei / jieizì wèi / zi4 wei4 / zi wei / ziweitzu wei / tzuwei
Kenpo
Kempo
Quan Fa
Chuan Fa
拳法kenpou / kenpoquán fǎ / quan2 fa3 / quan fa / quanfach`üan fa / chüanfa / chüan fa
Five Reflections
Gosei
一至誠に悖るなかりしか一言行に恥づるなかりしか一氣力に缺くるなかりしか一努力に憾みなかりしか一不精に亘るなかりしかshi se i ni moto ru na ka ri shi ka? gen kou ni ha zu ru na ka ri shi ka?
ki ryo ku ni ka ku ru na ka ri shi ka? do ryo ku ni u ra mi na ka ri shi ka?
bu sho u ni wa ta ru na ka ri shi ka?
shi se i ni moto ru na ka ri shi ka? gen ko ni ha zu ru na ka ri shi ka?
ki ryo ku ni ka ku ru na ka ri shi ka? do ryo ku ni u ra mi na ka ri shi ka?
bu sho u ni wa ta ru na ka ri shi ka?
Taekwondo跆拳道te kon do / tekondotái quán dào
tai2 quan2 dao4
tai quan dao
taiquandao
t`ai ch`üan tao
taichüantao
tai chüan tao
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


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Taekwondo Scroll
Taekwondo Scroll
Taekwondo Scroll
Taekwondo Scroll


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Taekwondo Vertical Portrait
Taekwondo Horizontal Wall Scroll
Taekwondo Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

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When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

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