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Samsara in Chinese / Japanese...

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Samsara / Endless Cycle of Rebirth

China lún huí
Japan rinne
Samsara / Endless Cycle of Rebirth

輪廻 is one of a few ways to express संसार or Saṃsāra in Chinese, Japanese, and old Korean.

The Buddhist term can be translated several ways, including:
Endless cycle of death and rebirth.
The turning of the wheel.
To revolve.
Transmigration in the six ways.
The wheel of transmigration.
The round of existence.

Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls

China lún huí
Japan rin ne
Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls

輪回 / 輪廻 is a universal word in Japanese and Chinese that expresses the Buddhist idea of "reincarnation," "transmigration of souls" or "the eternal cycle of birth and death."

In some context, this can also mean "karma," and others will say it represents "samsara."

The first character means wheel, ring, turn, circle, loop or rotate.
The second character can be thought of as a suffix meaning "-times." This second character can also refer to something that revolves, returns, goes back, or a counter for the number of occurrences of some event.
Together the sum supersedes the parts and it means reincarnation. But knowing the seeing the essence of each character may help you understand some of the meaning behind the word.


廻Shown to the right is the more common way to write the second character in Japanese. It's an alternate form of this character in Chinese (so neither way is technically wrong in either language). If you select a Japanese calligrapher, expect that is will look like the Kanji to the right.


See Also:  Buddhism | Rebirth


Not the results for samsara that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your samsara search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

輪廻


轮迴

see styles
Mandarin lún huí / lun2 hui2
Taiwan lun hui
Japanese rinne / りんね    kururu / くるる
Japanese (noun/participle) (Buddhist term) samsara; endless cycle of death and rebirth; (female given name) Rinne; (female given name) Kururu
輪轉 saṃsāra, the turning of the wheel, to revolve, i.e. transmigration in the six ways, the wheel of transmigration; the round of existence.

三乘

see styles
Mandarin sān chéng / san1 cheng2
Taiwan san ch`eng / san cheng
Japanese minori / みのり
Japanese (surname) Minori
Triyāna, the three vehicles, or conveyances which carry living beings across saṁsāra or mortality (births-and-deaths) to the shores of nirvāṇa. The three are styled 小,中, and 大. Sometimes the three vehicles are defined as 聲聞 Śrāvaka, that of the hearer or obedient disciple; 緣覺Pratyeka-buddha, that of the enlightened for self; these are described as 小乘 because the objective of both is personal salvation; the third is 菩薩Bodhisattva, or 大乘 Mahāyāna, because the objective is the salvation of all the living. The three are also depicted as 三車 three wains, drawn by a goat, a deer, an ox. The Lotus declares that the three are really the One Buddha-vehicle, which has been revealed in three expedient forms suited to his disciples' capacity, the Lotus Sūtra being the unifying, complete, and final exposition. The Three Vehicles are differently explained by different exponents, e.g. (1) Mahāyāna recognizes (a) Śrāvaka, called Hīnayāna, leading in longer or shorter periods to arhatship; (b) Pratyeka-buddha, called Madhyamayāna, leading after still longer or shorter periods to a Buddhahood ascetically attained and for self; (c) Bodhisattva, called Mahayana, leading after countless ages of self-sacrifce in saving others and progressive enlightenment to ultimate Buddhahood. (2) Hīnayāna is also described as possessing three vehicles 聲, 緣, 菩 or 小, 中, 大, the 小 and 中 conveying to personal salvation their devotees in ascetic dust and ashes and mental annihilation, the 大 leading to bodhi, or perfect enlightenment, and the Buddha's way. Further definitions of the Triyāna are: (3) True bodhisattva teaching for the 大; pratyeka-buddha without ignorant asceticism for the 中; and śrāvaka with ignorant asceticism for the 小. (4) (a) 一乘 The One-Vehicle which carries all to Buddhahood: of this the 華嚴 Hua-yen and 法華 Fa-hua are typical exponents; (b) 三乘法 the three-vehicle, containing practitioners of all three systems, as expounded in books of the 深密般若; (c) 小乘 the Hīnayāna pure and simple as seen in the 四阿合經 Four Āgamas. Śrāvakas are also described as hearers of the Four Truths and limited to that degree of development; they hear from the pratyeka-buddhas, who are enlightened in the Twelve Nidānas 因緣; the bodhisattvas make the 六度 or six forms of transmigration their field of sacrificial saving work, and of enlightenment. The Lotus Sūtra really treats the 三乘. Three Vehicles as 方便 or expedient ways, and offers a 佛乘 Buddha Vehicle as the inclusive and final vehicle.

三車


三车

see styles
Mandarin sān chē / san1 che1
Taiwan san ch`e / san che
Japanese sansha
triyāna. 三乘 or 三乘法門 (1) The three vehicles across saṃsāra into nirvāṇa, i.e. the carts offered by the father in the Lotus Sutra to lure his children out of the burning house: (a) goat carts, representing śrāvakas; (b) deer carts, pratyekabuddhas; (c) bullock carts, bodhisattvas. (2) The three principal schools of Buddhism— Hīnayāna, Madhyamayāna, Mahāyāna; three carts

六度

see styles
Mandarin liù dù / liu4 du4
Taiwan liu tu
Japanese rokudo / ろくど
Japanese (surname) Rokudo
The six things that ferry one beyond the sea of mortality to nirvana, i. e. the six pāramitās 波羅蜜 (波羅蜜多): (1) 布施 dāna, charity, or giving, including the bestowing of the truth on others; (2) 持戒 śīla, keeping the command rents; (3) 忍辱 kṣānti, patience under insult; (4) 精進 vīrya, zeal and progress; (5) 闡定 dhyāna, meditation or contemplation; (6) 智慧 prajñā; wisdom, the power to discern reality or truth. It is the last that carries across the saṃsāra (sea of incarnate life) to the shores of nirvana. The opposites of these virtues are meanness, wickedness, anger, sloth, a distracted mind, and ignorance. The 唯識論 adds four other pāramitās: (7) 方便 upāya, the use of appropriate means; (8) 願 praṇidhāna, pious vows; (9) 力 bala, power of fulfillment; (10) 智 jñāna knowledge; six perfections

彼岸

see styles
Mandarin bǐ àn / bi3 an4
Taiwan pi an
Japanese higan / ひがん
Chinese the other shore; (Buddhism) paramita
Japanese (1) equinoctial week (when Buddhist services are held); (2) (abbreviation) (See 彼岸会) Buddhist services during the equinoctial week; (3) {Buddh} (See 此岸) nirvana
波羅 parā, yonder shore i. e. nirvāṇa. The saṃsāra life of reincarnation is 此岸 this shore; the stream of karma is 中流 the stream between the one shore and the other. Metaphor for an end to any affair. pāramitā (an incorrect etymology, no doubt old) is the way to reach the other shore.; The other shore; nirvāṇa.

流轉


流转

see styles
Mandarin liú zhuǎn / liu2 zhuan3
Taiwan liu chuan
Japanese ruten
Chinese to be on the move; to roam or wander; to circulate (of goods or capital)
saṃsāra, transmigration, flowing and returning, flowing back again; continuity

生死

see styles
Mandarin shēng sǐ / sheng1 si3
Taiwan sheng ssu
Japanese seishi(p);shoushi;shouji / seshi(p);shoshi;shoji / せいし(P);しょうし;しょうじ
Chinese life or death
Japanese (1) life and death; (2) (しょうし, しょうじ only) {Buddh} samsara (cycle of death and rebirth); (3) (しょうし, しょうじ only) death
saṃsāra: birth and death: rebirth and redeath; life and death; 生死, 死生; 生生死死 ever-recurring saṃsāra or transmigrations; the round of mortality. There are two, three, four, seven, and twelve kinds of 生死; the two are 分斷生死 the various karmaic transmigrations, and 不思義變易生死 (or simply 變易生死) the inconceivable transformation life in the Pure Land. Among the twelve are final separation from mortality of the arhat, with 無餘 no remains of it causing return; one final death and no rebirth of the anāgāmin; the seven advancing rebirths of the srota-āpanna; down to the births-cum-deaths of hungry ghosts.

輪回

see styles
Mandarin lún huí / lun2 hui2
Taiwan lun hui
Japanese meguru / めぐる
Chinese variant of 輪迴|轮回[lun2 hui2]
Japanese (irregular kanji usage) (noun/participle) (Buddhist term) samsara; endless cycle of death and rebirth; (female given name) Meguru

僵娑洛

see styles
Mandarin jiāng suō luò / jiang1 suo1 luo4
Taiwan chiang so lo
Japanese sōsharaku
saṃsāra, course, transmigration, v. 散 and 生死.

散拓羅

see styles
Mandarin sàn tà luō / san4 ta4 luo1
Taiwan san t`a lo / san ta lo
saṃsāra, course, passage, transmigration.

有漏道

see styles
Mandarin yǒu lòu dào / you3 lou4 dao4
Taiwan yu lou tao
Japanese uro dō
(or 有漏路) The way of mortal saṃsāra, in contrast with 無漏道 that of nirvāṇa; contaminated path

九縛一脫


九缚一脱

see styles
Mandarin jiǔ fù yī tuō / jiu3 fu4 yi1 tuo1
Taiwan chiu fu i t`o / chiu fu i to
Japanese ku baku ichi datsu
The nine states of bondage and the one state of liberation. The nine states are the hells of fire, of blood, of swords; asuras, men, devas, māras, nirgranthas, form and formless states; these are all saṃsāra states, i.e. of reincarnation. The one state of freedom, or for obtaining freedom, is nirvāṇa.

有爲生死


有为生死

see styles
Mandarin yǒu wéi shēng sǐ / you3 wei2 sheng1 si3
Taiwan yu wei sheng ssu
Japanese ui shōji
The mortal saṃsāra life of births and deaths, contrasted with 無爲生死 effortless mortality, e. g. transformation such as that of the Bodhisattva; conditioned birth and death

生死大海

see styles
Mandarin shēng sǐ dà hǎi / sheng1 si3 da4 hai3
Taiwan sheng ssu ta hai
Japanese shōshi daikai
The ocean of mortality, mortal life, 輪迴 saṃsāra, or transmigrations; great ocean of birth and death

輪廻;輪回(iK)

see styles
Japanese rinne / りんね Japanese (noun/participle) {Buddh} samsara; endless cycle of death and rebirth

Search for Samsara in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Samsara
Endless Cycle of Rebirth
輪廻
轮廻
rinnelún huí / lun2 hui2 / lun hui / lunhui
Reincarnation
Transmigration of Souls
輪回 / 輪廻
轮回
rin ne / rinnelún huí / lun2 hui2 / lun hui / lunhui
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.



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Some people may refer to this entry as Samsara Kanji, Samsara Characters, Samsara in Mandarin Chinese, Samsara Characters, Samsara in Chinese Writing, Samsara in Japanese Writing, Samsara in Asian Writing, Samsara Ideograms, Chinese Samsara symbols, Samsara Hieroglyphics, Samsara Glyphs, Samsara in Chinese Letters, Samsara Hanzi, Samsara in Japanese Kanji, Samsara Pictograms, Samsara in the Chinese Written-Language, or Samsara in the Japanese Written-Language.