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Not what you want?

Try other similar-meaning words, fewer words, or just one word.

Relentless Stubborn in Chinese / Japanese...

Buy a Relentless Stubborn calligraphy wall scroll here!

Personalize your custom “Relentless Stubborn” project by clicking the button next to your favorite “Relentless Stubborn” title below...


  1. Relentless / Stubborn

  2. Persistence

  3. Tenacious / Tenacity

  4. Perseverance

  5. Perseverance / Fortitude

  6. Perseverance

  7. Perseverance / Indomitable / Invincible Fortitude


Relentless / Stubborn

 zhí niù
 shitsu you
Relentless / Stubborn Scroll

執拗 means relentless or stubborn in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

It can also be translated as willful, pigheaded, persistent, obstinate, tenacious, insistent, importunate, or persevering.


This is a rather negative word. it’s really inappropriate for a wall scroll, so please don’t order this unless you really want to shock Asian people who see it.

 gù zhí
 koshuu
Persistence Scroll

固執 can also mean “opinionated” or “stubborn” in Chinese and Japanese, but in the nicest way possible (still bad).

This just means “stubborn” in Korean (not a good scroll if your audience is Korean, in fact, we don't recommend this word at all). There are better ways to express this idea, such as tenacity/tenacious or perseverance... ...see the links below...


See Also:  Tenacious | Fortitude | Perseverance

Tenacious / Tenacity

 wán qiáng
 gan kyou
Tenacious / Tenacity Scroll

頑強 means “Tenacious,” “Hard to Defeat,” or “Dogged.”

Alone, the first character means mischievous, obstinate, or stubborn. But it loses some of the mischievous meaning when the second character is added.

The second character means strength, force, power, or better.


See Also:  Determination | Dedication | Devotion | Never Give Up

Perseverance

 yì
 see note
 
Perseverance Scroll

毅 is the simplest way to express perseverance in Chinese and Korean Hanja.
This single-character version leaves a bit of mystery about what kind of perseverance you might want to convey.

In Korean, this is usually associated with “strength of character.”

In Japanese, this character can be pronounced in a dozen different ways (so we have left out the Japanese pronunciation guide that normally appears above). In Japanese, this Kanji would usually be translated as “strong” (perhaps strong-willed).


See Also:  Tenacity | Fortitude | Strength | Undaunted

Perseverance / Fortitude

 jiān rèn
Perseverance / Fortitude Scroll

堅韌 is a short word meaning “fortitude,” “steadfast,” and “persistent.”

Perseverance

 jiān rèn bù bá
Perseverance Scroll

堅韌不拔 is about perseverance, being steadfast and persistent.

堅韌不拔 is a great phrase for you if you commit to your goals and overcome obstacles, no matter how long it takes.

The translation of this proverb literally means “something so persistent or steadfast, that it is not uprootable, movable, or surpassable.”

Other translations include being firm and indomitable or tenacious and unyielding.


See Also:  Tenacious | Devotion | Persistence | Indomitable

Perseverance / Indomitable / Invincible Fortitude

 jiān rěn bù bá
 kenninfubatsu
Perseverance / Indomitable / Invincible Fortitude Scroll

堅忍不抜 means determined, steadfast, unswerving, or unshakable in Japanese.

This is the Japanese version of an old Chinese 4-character perseverance proverb.
This would be understood in Chinese, but it's not commonly written this way in Chinese.


忍Note that when writing this as Kanji, Japanese calligraphers sometimes write the second Kanji in the form shown to the right. Yes, it’s just one stroke that is slightly different in location, crossing another stroke in this alternate Japanese Kanji form. If you have a preference, let us know when you order.

Due to some odd computer coding conventions, these two character forms were combined/merged into the same code point - thus, you will not see Kanji images of more Japanese form as you select options for your scroll.


Not the results for relentless stubborn that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your relentless stubborn search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

執拗


执拗

see styles
zhí niù
    zhi2 niu4
chih niu
 shitsuyou / shitsuyo
    しつよう
    shitsuou / shitsuo
    しつおう

More info & calligraphy:

Relentless / Stubborn
stubborn; willful; pigheaded; Taiwan pr. [zhi2 ao4]
(adjectival noun) persistent; obstinate; tenacious; relentless; insistent; importunate; persevering; stubborn

執よう

see styles
 shitsuyou / shitsuyo
    しつよう
(adjectival noun) persistent; obstinate; tenacious; relentless; insistent; importunate; persevering; stubborn

Variations:
執拗
執よう

see styles
 shitsuyou; shitsuou(執拗) / shitsuyo; shitsuo(執拗)
    しつよう; しつおう(執拗)
(adjectival noun) persistent; obstinate; tenacious; relentless; insistent; importunate; persevering; stubborn

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Relentless
Stubborn
執拗
执拗
shitsu you / shitsuyou / shitsu yozhí niù / zhi2 niu4 / zhi niu / zhiniuchih niu / chihniu
Persistence固執
固执
koshuu / koshugù zhí / gu4 zhi2 / gu zhi / guzhiku chih / kuchih
Tenacious
Tenacity
頑強
顽强
gan kyou / gankyou / gan kyowán qiáng
wan2 qiang2
wan qiang
wanqiang
wan ch`iang
wanchiang
wan chiang
Perseverancesee note / seenote / se noteyì / yi4 / yii
Perseverance
Fortitude
堅韌
坚韧
jiān rèn / jian1 ren4 / jian ren / jianrenchien jen / chienjen
Perseverance堅韌不拔
坚韧不拔
jiān rèn bù bá
jian1 ren4 bu4 ba2
jian ren bu ba
jianrenbuba
chien jen pu pa
chienjenpupa
Perseverance
Indomitable
Invincible Fortitude
堅忍不抜 / 堅忍不拔
坚忍不拔
kenninfubatsujiān rěn bù bá
jian1 ren3 bu4 ba2
jian ren bu ba
jianrenbuba
chien jen pu pa
chienjenpupa
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Dictionary

Lookup Relentless Stubborn in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.


A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

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