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Nine in Chinese / Japanese...

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The number nine
China jiǔ
Japan kyuu
Nine Vertical Wall Scroll

九 is the number nine in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

九 / 玖 is a strange selection for a wall scroll, so it's here mostly for reference. I guess it's OK if the number nine is important to you.

玖 Because this character is rather simple (just two strokes), there is an anti-fraud way to write nine on bank documents. This version is shown to the right.

Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons

China yī yán jiǔ dǐng
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Wall Scroll

Highly-Valued Bronze Tripod Caldron 一言九鼎 is an ancient Chinese proverb used in modern times talk of profound or powerful words.

The literal meaning is, "one word [worth] nine [sacred] tripods." The tripod is a highly-prized three-legged (sometimes four-legged) metal pot or kettle of ancient China. They are often made of bronze, and the Emperor would have very large ones gilded in gold. See the image to the right for an example.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your nine search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin shàn / shan4
Taiwan shan
Japanese yuzuri / ゆずり
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to abdicate
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (1) (Buddhist term) dhyana (profound meditation); (2) (abbreviation) Zen (Buddhism)
To level a place for an altar, to sacrifice to the hills and fountains; to abdicate. Adopted by Buddhists for dhyāna, 禪 or 禪那, i.e. meditation, abstraction, trance. dhyāna is 'meditation, thought, reflection, especially profound and abstract religious contemplation'. M.W. It was intp. as 'getting rid of evil', etc., later as 靜慮 quiet meditation. It is a form of 定, but that word is more closely allied with samādhi, cf. 禪定. The term also connotes Buddhism and Buddhist things in general, but has special application to the 禪宗 q.v. It is one of the six pāramitās, cf. 波. There are numerous methods and subjects of meditation. The eighteen brahmalokas are divided into four dhyāna regions 'corresponding to certain frames of mind where individuals might be reborn in strict accordance with their spiritual state'. The first three are the first dhyāna, the second three the second dhyāna, the third three the third dhyāna, and the remaining nine the fourth dhyāna. See Eitel. According to Childers' Pali Dictionary, 'The four jhānas are four stages of mystic meditation, whereby the believer's mind is purged from all earthly emotions, and detached as it were from his body, which remains plunged in a profound trance.' Seated cross-legged, the practiser 'concentrates his mind upon a single thought. Gradually his soul becomes filled with a supernatural ecstasy and serenity', his mind still reasoning: this is the first jhāna. Concentrating his mind on the same subject, he frees it from reasoning, the ecstasy and serenity remaining, which is the second jhāna. Then he divests himself of ecstasy, reaching the third stage of serenity. Lastly, in the fourth stage the mind becomes indifferent to all emotions, being exalted above them and purified. There are differences in the Mahāyāna methods, but similarity of aim.


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Mandarin shào lín sì / shao4 lin2 si4
Taiwan shao lin ssu
Japanese shourinji / shorinji / しょうりんじ
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Shaolin Temple, Buddhist monastery famous for its kung fu monks
The monastery at 少室 in 登封 Dengfeng xian, Henanfu, where Bodhidharma sat with his face to a wall for nine years; Shaolin Temple


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Mandarin yī yán jiǔ dǐng / yi1 yan2 jiu3 ding3
Taiwan i yen chiu ting
Chinese one word worth nine sacred tripods (idiom); words of enormous weight


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Japanese korobanusakinotsue / ころばぬさきのつえ Japanese (expression) (proverb) prevention is better than cure; an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure; look before you leap; forewarned is forearmed; a stitch in time saves nine; a walking stick before stumbling

see styles
Mandarin jiǔ / jiu3
Taiwan chiu
Japanese chuu / chu / チュー
Chinese nine; 9
Japanese (numeric) (クー, キュー or チュー in mahjong) nine (chi: jiǔ)
Navan; nava. Nine.

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Mandarin màn / man4
Taiwan man
Japanese man
Chinese slow
māna. Pride, arrogance, self-conceit, looking down on others, supercilious, etc.; there are categories of seven and nine kinds of pride.

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Mandarin jiǔ / jiu3
Taiwan chiu
Japanese kokono / ここの    koko / ここ    ku / く    kyuu / kyu / きゅう
Chinese black jade; nine (banker's anti-fraud numeral)
Japanese (numeric) nine

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Mandarin jié / jie2
Taiwan chieh
Japanese ribon / りぼん
Chinese knot; sturdy; bond; to tie; to bind; to check out (of a hotel)
Knot, tie, bond; bound; settle, wind up; to form. The bond of transmigration. There are categories of three, five, and nine bonds; e.g. false views, the passions, etc; to tie up

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Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Japanese koromo / ころも
Chinese to dress; to wear; to put on (clothes)
Japanese (1) clothes; garment; (2) gown; robe; (3) coating (e.g. glaze, batter, icing)
Clothes, especially a monk's robes which are of two kinds, the compulsory three garments of five, seven, or nine pieces; and the permissive clothing for the manual work of the monastery, etc. The 三衣 or three garments are (1) 安陀會衣 antarvāsas, an inner garment; the five-piece 袈裟 cassock; (2) 鬱多羅僧衣 uttarāsaṇga, outer garment, the seven-piece cassock; (3) 僧伽梨衣 saṁghāti, assembly cassock of from nine to twenty-five pieces. The permissive clothing is of ten kinds.

see styles
Mandarin lún / lun2
Taiwan lun
Japanese rin / りん
Chinese wheel; disk; ring; steamship; to take turns; to rotate; by turn; classifier for big round objects: disk, or recurring events: round, turn
Japanese (counter) counter for wheels and flowers
cakra; wheel, disc, rotation, to revolve; v. 研. The three wheels are 惑業苦illusion, karma, suffering, in constant revolution. The five are earth, water, fire, wind, and space; the earth rests on revolving spheres of water, fire, wind, and space. The nine are seen on the tops of pagodas, cf. 九輪.; The two wheels of a cart compared by the Tiantai school to 定 (or to its Tiantai form 止觀) and 慧 meditation and wisdom; see 止觀 5. Also 食 food and 法 the doctrine, i. e. food physical and spiritual.

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Mandarin/ si4
Taiwan ssu
Japanese shoku / しょく
Chinese to feed
Japanese (1) food; foodstuff; (2) eating; appetite; (n,ctr) (3) meal
āhāra, 阿賀羅 food; to eat, feed. The rules are numerous, and seem to have changed; originally flesh food was not improper and vegetarianism was a later development; the early three rules in regard to 'clean' foods are that 'I shall not have seen the creature killed, nor heard it killed for me, nor have any doubt that it was killed for me'. The five 'unclean' foods are the above three, with creatures that have died a natural death; and creatures that have been killed by other creatures. The nine classes add to the five, creatures not killed for me; raw flesh, or creatures mauled by other creatures; things not seasonable or at the right time; things previously killed. The Laṅkavātāra Sutra and certain other sutras forbid all killed food.


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Japanese ippaku / いっぱく Japanese (1) (See 九星) first of nine traditional astrological signs (corresponding to Mercury and north); (2) white patch on one foot of a horse; horse with such a patch; (3) surface (landscape) that is white all over; pure white


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Japanese ittsuu / ittsu / いっつう Japanese (1) one copy (of a document); one letter; (2) (abbreviation) (See 一方通行) one-way traffic; (3) (abbreviation) {mahj} (sometimes written イッツー) (See 一気通貫・いっきつうかん) pure straight; winning hand containing nine consecutive tiles of the same suit (i.e. 1-9)


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Mandarin qī qī / qi1 qi1
Taiwan ch`i ch`i / chi chi
Japanese nana / なな
The period of forty-nine days after death, when masses are said every seventh day till the seventh seventh day; forty-nine [days]



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Mandarin qī zhòng / qi1 zhong4
Taiwan ch`i chung / chi chung
Japanese shichishu / しちしゅ
Japanese seven orders of Buddhist disciples (monks, nuns, probationary nuns, male novices, female novices, male lay devotees, female lay devotees)
The seven classes of disciples:―(1)比丘 bhikṣu,monk;(2) bhikṣuṇī a female observer of all commandments; (3) 式叉摩那śikṣamāṇa, a novice, or observer of the six commandments; (4) 沙彌 śrāmaṇera, and (5) 沙彌尼 śrāmaṇerika, male and female observers of the minor commandments; (6) 優婆塞 upāsaka, male observers of the five commandments; and (7) 優婆夷upāsikā, female ditto. The first five have left home, the last two remain at home. Tiantai makes nine groups by dividing the last two into four, two remaining at home, two leaving home and keeping the eight commandments. Others make four groups, i.e. (1), (2), (6), and (7) of the above. Tiantai also has a four-group; seven groups (of Buddhist disciples)


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Japanese shichiseki / しちせき Japanese (See 九星) seventh of nine traditional astrological signs (corresponding to Venus and west)


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Japanese sanpeki / さんぺき Japanese (See 九星) third of nine traditional astrological signs (corresponding to Jupiter and east)


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Mandarin shàng zuò / shang4 zuo4
Taiwan shang tso
Japanese kamiza;jouza / kamiza;joza / かみざ;じょうざ
Chinese seat of honor
Japanese (n,vs,adj-no) chief seat; seat of honor; seat of honour; head of the table
Sthavira; or Mahāsthavira. Old man, or elder; head monk, president, or abbot; the first Buddhist fathers; a title of Mahākāśyapa; also of monks of twenty to forty-nine years standing, as 中座 are from ten to nineteen and 下座 under ten. The 釋氏要覽 divides presiding elders into four classes, those presiding over monasteries, over assemblies of monks, over sects, and laymen presiding over feasts to monks; ecclesiastical officials


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Mandarin xià pǐn / xia4 pin3
Taiwan hsia p`in / hsia pin
Japanese gehin / げひん
Japanese (noun or adjectival noun) vulgar; indecent; coarse; crude
The three lowest of the nine classes born in the Amitābha Pure Land, v. 無量壽經. These three lowest grades are (1) 下品上生 The highest of the three lowest classes who enter the Pure Land of Amitābha, i.e. those who have committed all sins except dishonouring the sūtras. If at the end of life the sinner clasps hands and says "Namo Amitābha", such a one will be born in His precious lake. (2) 下品中生 The middle class consists of those who have broken all the commandments, even stolen from monks and abused the law. If at death such a one hears of the great power of Amitābha, and assents with but a thought, he will be received into paradise. (3) 下品下生 The lowest class, because of their sins, should have fallen into the lowest gati, but by invoking the name of Amitābha, they can escape countless ages of reincarnation and suffering and on dying will behold a lotus flower like the sun, and, by the response of a single thought, will enter the Pure Land of Amitābha.



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Mandarin zhōng yīn / zhong1 yin1
Taiwan chung yin
Japanese chuuin / chuin / ちゅういん
Japanese {Buddh} bardo; state (or period) of intermediate existence between one's death and rebirth (in Japan, 49 days)
The intermediate existence between death and reincarnation, a stage varying from seven to forty-nine days, when the karma-body will certainly be reborn; v. 中有.


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Japanese kokonotsu / ここのつ Japanese (numeric) nine


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Mandarin jiǔ shì / jiu3 shi4
Taiwan chiu shih
Japanese guse
In past, present, and future worlds, each has its own past, present, and future, hence nine worlds or ages; nine time periods



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Mandarin jiǔ yí / jiu3 yi2
Taiwan chiu i
Japanese ku gi
The nine "Indian" ways of showing respect, according to Xuanzang — asking about welfare; bowing the head; holding high the hands; bowing with folded hands; bending the knee; kneeling; hands and knees on the ground; elbows and knees ditto; the whole body prostrate; nine postures


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Japanese kubu / くぶ Japanese nine parts; nine percent; almost


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Mandarin jiǔ jié / jiu3 jie2
Taiwan chiu chieh
Japanese ku kō
The nine kalpas; though Śākyamuni and Maitreya started together, the zeal of the first enabled him to become Buddha nine kalpas sooner; see 大賓積經 111; nine eons


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Mandarin jiǔ qīng / jiu3 qing1
Taiwan chiu ch`ing / chiu ching
Japanese kyuukei / kyuke / きゅうけい
Chinese the Nine Ministers (in imperial China)
Japanese (1) (archaism) nine ministers (of the ancient Chinese government); (2) (See 公卿・くぎょう・1) nobility


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Mandarin jiǔ pǐn / jiu3 pin3
Taiwan chiu p`in / chiu pin
Japanese kuhon;kokonoshina / くほん;ここのしな
Japanese (1) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 浄土・1) nine levels of Amitabha's Pure Land; (2) (くほん only) (See 九品浄土) Amitabha's Pure Land; (3) (くほん only) (See 九品蓮台) nine-tiered lotus leaf platform in Amitabha's Pure Land
Nine classes, or grades, i.e. 上上, 上中, 上下 upper superior, middle superior, lower superior, and so on with 中 and 下. They are applied in many ways, e.g. 上品上生 the highest type of incarnate being, to 下品下生, the lowest, with corresponding karma; see 九品淨土. Each grade may also be subdivided into nine, thus making a list of eighty-one grades, with similar further subdivision ad infinitum.


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Mandarin jiǔ yù / jiu3 yu4
Taiwan chiu yü
Japanese kuyu
The nine similes: stars, eye-film, lamp, prestidigitation, dew, bubble, dream, lightning, cloud. There is also another group; nine examples


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Japanese kyuukai / kyukai / きゅうかい Japanese (1) nine times; (noun/participle) (2) twisting around many times


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Mandarin jiǔ de / jiu3 de
Taiwan chiu te
Japanese kyuuchi / kyuchi / きゅうち
Japanese very low land
The nine lands, i.e. the 欲界 realm of desire or sensuous realm the four 色界 realms of form or material forms; and the four 無色界 formless realms, or realms beyond form; v. 九有, 九有情居, 禪 and 定. The nine realms are:—(1) 欲界五趣地; the desire realm with its five gati, i.e. hells, hungry ghosts, animals, men, and devas. In the four form-realms are:— (2) 離生喜樂地 Paradise after earthly life, this is also the first dhyāna, or subject of meditation, 初禪. (3) 定生喜樂地 Paradise of cessation of rebirth, 二禪. (4) 離喜妙樂地 Land of wondrous joy after the previous joys, 三禪. (5) 捨念淸淨地 The Pure Land of abandonment of thought, or recollection (of past delights), 四禪. The four formless, or infinite realms, catur arūpa dhātu, are:—(6) 空無邊處地 ākāśānantyā-yatanam, the land of infinite space; also the first samādhi, 第一定. (7) 識無邊處地 vijñānānamtyāyatanam, the land of omniscience, or infinite perception, 二定. (8) 無所有處地 ākiñcanyāyatana, the land of nothingness, 三定. (9) 非想非非想處地 naivasaṁjñānā-saṁjñāyatana, the land (of knowledge) without thinking or not thinking, or where there is neither consciousness nor unconsciousness, i.e. above either; this is the 四定. Eitel says that in the last four, "Life lasts 20,000 great kalpas in the 1st, 40,000 in the 2nd, 60,000 in the 3rd, and 80,000 great kalpas in the 4th of these heavens."; nine levels of existence

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Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Wall Scroll
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Wall Scroll
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Wall Scroll
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Wall Scroll

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Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Portrait
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Horizontal Wall Scroll
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons Vertical Portrait

Lookup Nine in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Nine九 / 玖kyuu / kyujiǔ / jiu3 / jiuchiu
Words Have Enormous Weight: One Word Worth Nine Caldrons一言九鼎yī yán jiǔ dǐng
yi1 yan2 jiu3 ding3
yi yan jiu ding
i yen chiu ting

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.

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Some people may refer to this entry as Nine Kanji, Nine Characters, Nine in Mandarin Chinese, Nine Characters, Nine in Chinese Writing, Nine in Japanese Writing, Nine in Asian Writing, Nine Ideograms, Chinese Nine symbols, Nine Hieroglyphics, Nine Glyphs, Nine in Chinese Letters, Nine Hanzi, Nine in Japanese Kanji, Nine Pictograms, Nine in the Chinese Written-Language, or Nine in the Japanese Written-Language.

38 people have searched for Nine in Chinese or Japanese in the past year.
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