Defense in Chinese / Japanese...

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Self-Defense

 zì wèi
 ji ei
Self-Defense Scroll

自衛 means self-defense in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

Defense / Defend

 fáng
 bou
 
Defense / Defend Scroll

防 is a single Chinese character and Korean Hanja that means to protect, defend, guard against, prevent, ward off, or counter.

防 means the same thing in Japanese, though seldom seen alone as a single Kanji. When written alone, it could be the Japanese surname Fusegi.

Kenpo / Kempo / Quan Fa / Chuan Fa

 quán fǎ
 kenpou
Kenpo / Kempo / Quan Fa / Chuan Fa Scroll

拳法 is a form of martial arts that can be translated in several ways.

Some will call it “fist principles,” “the way of the fist,” or even “law of the fist.” The first character literally means fist. The second can mean law, method, way, principle, or Buddhist teaching.

Kempo is really a potluck of martial arts. Often a combination of Chinese martial arts such as Shaolin Kung Fu with Japanese martial arts such as Karate, Jujutsu (Jujitsu), Aikido, and others. You may see the term “Kempo Karate,” which basically means Karate with other disciplines added. In this way, Kempo becomes an adjective rather than a title or school of martial arts.

These facts will long be argued by various masters and students of Kempo. Even the argument as to whether it should be spelled “kenpo” or “Kempo” ensues at dojos around the world (the correct Romaji should actually be “kenpou” if you precisely follow the rules).

The benefit of Kempo is that the techniques are easier to learn and master than pure Kung Fu (wu shu). Students are often taught basic Karate moves, kicks, and punches before augmenting the basic skills with complex Kung Fu techniques. This allows students of Kempo to achieve a level where they can defend themselves or fight in a relatively short amount of time (a few years rather than a decade or more).

Because the definition of this word is so fluid, I should make some notes here:

1. Purists in Okinawa will claim that “Okinawa Kenpo” or “Ryukyu Hon Kenpo” is the original and true version of this martial art from the old kingdom. It is actually little or no connection between Okinawa Kenpo and the way the word is used elsewhere.

2. In Chinese, where these characters are pronounced “quan fa” (sometimes Romanized as “chuan fa” because the Chinese-pinyin “q” actually sounds like an English “ch” sound), these characters do not hold the connotation of being a mixed martial art. It is simply defined as “the law of the fist.”

3. My Japanese dictionary oddly defines Kenpo as the “Chinese art of self-defense.” I personally don't feel this is the most common way that people perceive the word but just something you should know.

Furinkazan

military strategy

 fēng lín huǒ shān
 fuu rin ka zan
Furinkazan Scroll

風林火山 is the battle strategy and proverb of Japanese feudal lord Takeda Shingen (1521-1573 AD).

This came from the Art of War by Chinese strategist and tactician Sun Tzu (Sunzi).

You can think of this as an abbreviation to remind officers and troops how to conduct battle.

風林火山 is a word list: Wind, Forest, Fire, Mountain.

The more expanded meaning is supposed to be...

“Swift as the wind, quiet as the forest, fierce as fire, and immovable as a mountain”

“As fast as the wind, as quiet as the forest, as daring as fire, and immovable as the mountain”

“Move as swift as the wind, stay as silent as a forest, attack as fierce as fire, undefeatable defense like a mountain”

“Move swiftly like the wind, stay silent like the forest, attack fiercely like fire, take a tactical position on the mountain”


See Also:  Art of War


These search terms might be related to Defense:

Alert / on Guard / Lingering Mind

Blessings and Protection

Divine Protection

Guard

Police / Public Security Bureau

Protect Guard Treasure Cherish

Protection

Sorry / Apology

Under the Protection of the Dragon Saint

Not the results for defense that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your defense search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

防毒

see styles
fáng dú
    fang2 du2
fang tu
 boudoku / bodoku
    ぼうどく
defense against poison; defense against poison gas; anti-narcotics measures; defense against computer viruses
gasproofing

自衛隊


自卫队

see styles
zì wèi duì
    zi4 wei4 dui4
tzu wei tui
 jieitai / jietai
    じえいたい
self-defense force; the Japanese armed forces
(1) Japan Self-Defense Forces; JSDF; (2) self-defence force; self-defense force

航空自衛隊


航空自卫队

see styles
háng kōng zì wèi duì
    hang2 kong1 zi4 wei4 dui4
hang k`ung tzu wei tui
    hang kung tzu wei tui
 koukuujieitai / kokujietai
    こうくうじえいたい
air self-defense force
{mil} Japan Air Self-Defense Force; JASDF; (o) Air Self-Defense Force; ASDF

自衛


自卫

see styles
zì wèi
    zi4 wei4
tzu wei
 jiei / jie
    じえい

More info & calligraphy:

Self-Defense
to defend oneself; self-defense
(n,vs,vt,vi,adj-no) self-defense; self-defence

攻防

see styles
gōng fáng
    gong1 fang2
kung fang
 koubou / kobo
    こうぼう
attack and defense; the midfield (in soccer)
offense and defense; offence and defence

海防

see styles
hǎi fáng
    hai3 fang2
hai fang
 haifon
    ハイフォン
coastal defense
coastal defense; coastal defence; (place-name) Haiphong (Vietnam); Haifeng; Hai Phong

空自

see styles
 kuuji / kuji
    くうじ
(abbreviation) (See 航空自衛隊・こうくうじえいたい) Air Self-Defense Force; ASDF; (o) (abbreviation) Air Self-Defense Force; ASDF

防禦


防御

see styles
fáng yù
    fang2 yu4
fang yü
 bougyo / bogyo
    ぼうぎょ
defense; to defend
(n,vs,adj-no) defense; defence; safeguard; protection

防空

see styles
fáng kōng
    fang2 kong1
fang k`ung
    fang kung
 boukuu / boku
    ぼうくう
anti-aircraft defense
air defense; air defence

防衛


防卫

see styles
fáng wèi
    fang2 wei4
fang wei
 bouei / boe
    ぼうえい
to defend; defensive; defense
(noun, transitive verb) defense; defence; protection

国防費

see styles
 kokubouhi / kokubohi
    こくぼうひ
defence expenditure; defense expenditure; defence cost; defense cost

國防部


国防部

see styles
guó fáng bù
    guo2 fang2 bu4
kuo fang pu
Defense Department; Ministry of National Defense

自衛官

see styles
 jieikan / jiekan
    じえいかん
Japanese Self-Defense Force official; Self-Defense Force official

自衛艦

see styles
 jieikan / jiekan
    じえいかん
Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force ship; Self-Defense Force ship; JMSDF ship

防衛庁

see styles
 boueichou / boecho
    ぼうえいちょう
(See 防衛省) Japan Defense Agency (became Ministry of Defense in January 2007); (place-name) Boueichō

防衛費

see styles
 boueihi / boehi
    ぼうえいひ
defense spending; defense costs

国防支出

see styles
 kokuboushishutsu / kokuboshishutsu
    こくぼうししゅつ
defense outlay; defense spending

國防部長


国防部长

see styles
guó fáng bù zhǎng
    guo2 fang2 bu4 zhang3
kuo fang pu chang
Defense secretary; Defense Minister

攻勢防御

see styles
 kouseibougyo / kosebogyo
    こうせいぼうぎょ
attack as a form of defense; attacking (active) defense

正當防衛


正当防卫

see styles
zhèng dàng fáng wèi
    zheng4 dang4 fang2 wei4
cheng tang fang wei
reasonable self-defense; legitimate defense

軍事産業

see styles
 gunjisangyou / gunjisangyo
    ぐんじさんぎょう
defense contractor; defence contractor; defense industry; defence industry

防衛大臣


防卫大臣

see styles
fáng wèi dà chén
    fang2 wei4 da4 chen2
fang wei ta ch`en
    fang wei ta chen
 boueidaijin / boedaijin
    ぼうえいだいじん
minister of defense (esp. in Japan)
(See 防衛相) Minister of Defense; Minister of Defence

防衛過當


防卫过当

see styles
fáng wèi guò dàng
    fang2 wei4 guo4 dang4
fang wei kuo tang
excessive self-defense (self-defense with excessive force)

自衛隊派遣

see styles
 jieitaihaken / jietaihaken
    じえいたいはけん
Self-Defense Force mission; Self-Defense Force dispatch

日本海上自衛隊

see styles
 nihonkaijoujieitai / nihonkaijojietai
    にほんかいじょうじえいたい
Japan maritime self defense force (defence); (o) Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force; JMSDF

日本航空自衛隊

see styles
 nihonkoukuujieitai / nihonkokujietai
    にほんこうくうじえいたい
Japan air self defense force (defence); (o) Japan Air Self-Defense Force; JASDF

日本陸上自衛隊

see styles
 nihonrikujoujieitai / nihonrikujojietai
    にほんりくじょうじえいたい
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force; (o) Japan Ground Self-Defense Force; JGSDF

武術


武术

see styles
wǔ shù
    wu3 shu4
wu shu
 bujutsu
    ぶじゅつ

More info & calligraphy:

Martial Arts / Wushu
military skill or technique (in former times); all kinds of martial art sports (some claiming spiritual development); self-defense; tradition of choreographed fights from opera and film (recent usage); also called kungfu 功夫; CL:種|种[zhong3]
(1) martial arts; military arts; (2) (See 武術太極拳) wushu (Chinese martial art)

薩德


萨德

see styles
sà dé
    sa4 de2
sa te

More info & calligraphy:

Sade
THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense), US Army anti-ballistic missile system

護身術

see styles
 goshinjutsu
    ごしんじゅつ

More info & calligraphy:

Goshin Jutsu
art of self-defense (defence)

Click here for more defense results from our dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Self-Defense自衛
自卫
ji ei / jieizì wèi / zi4 wei4 / zi wei / ziweitzu wei / tzuwei
Defense
Defend
bou / bofáng / fang2 / fang
Kenpo
Kempo
Quan Fa
Chuan Fa
拳法kenpou / kenpoquán fǎ / quan2 fa3 / quan fa / quanfach`üan fa / chüanfa / chüan fa
Furinkazan風林火山
风林火山
fuu rin ka zan
fuurinkazan
fu rin ka zan
fēng lín huǒ shān
feng1 lin2 huo3 shan1
feng lin huo shan
fenglinhuoshan
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


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Furinkazan Scroll
Furinkazan Scroll
Furinkazan Scroll
Furinkazan Scroll


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Furinkazan Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


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Some people may refer to this entry as Defense Kanji, Defense Characters, Defense in Mandarin Chinese, Defense Characters, Defense in Chinese Writing, Defense in Japanese Writing, Defense in Asian Writing, Defense Ideograms, Chinese Defense symbols, Defense Hieroglyphics, Defense Glyphs, Defense in Chinese Letters, Defense Hanzi, Defense in Japanese Kanji, Defense Pictograms, Defense in the Chinese Written-Language, or Defense in the Japanese Written-Language.

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