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Cold in Chinese / Japanese...

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lěng
rei
Cold Vertical Wall Scroll

冷 is "cold" in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

This can also mean: cool; chilled; unheated.

In Chinese, this can be the surname, Leng.

In Japanese, it can be the given/surname Rei.

冷 is an unusual title for a wall scroll but it's OK if "cold" has special meaning to you, or your name is Leng or Rei.

To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It

bù dāng hé shàng bù zhī tóu lěng
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It Vertical Wall Scroll

This Chinese proverb literally translates as: [One who has] not been a monk [does] not know [the feeling of a] cold head.
I need to explain that a Chinese Buddhist monk always has a shaved head, and thus a cold head in winter.

Figuratively, this means: One cannot know the true meaning of hardship until one has experienced it oneself.


This is an idiom in Chinese, so the figurative meaning is what people perceive when they hear or read this phrase. Just as in English, when someone says, "The grass is always greener," one will think about the idea of jealousy, rather than the quality of one's lawn.

Relentless / Ruthless

lěng kù
reikoku
Relentless / Ruthless Vertical Wall Scroll

冷酷 means relentless or ruthless in Chinese, and Japanese Kanji.

It can also be translated as: grim; unfeeling; callous; cruel; cold hearted.


This is a rather negative word. It's really inappropriate for a wall scroll, so please don't order this unless you really want to shock Asian people who see it.

You must endure a harsh winter to appreciate the warmth of springtime

You must know hardship to appreciate happiness
bù jīng dōng hán bù zhī chūn nuǎn
You must endure a harsh winter to appreciate the warmth of springtime Vertical Wall Scroll

This literally translates as: Without having experienced the cold of winter, one cannot appreciate the warmth of spring.

Figuratively, this means: One cannot truly appreciate happiness without having gone through hardship.

There are many contrasts in life. One simply cannot fully know what joy is without having experienced misery, difficulty, and pain. How could you explain "light" if you did not have "darkness" to compare it to?

Embrace hardship, as it makes the good times seem even better.

Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu

yuǎn shàng hán shān shí jìng xiá bái yún shēng chù yǒu rén jiā tíng chē zuò ài fēng lín wǎn shuàng yè hóng yú èr yuè huā
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll

This poem was written almost 1200 years ago during the Tang dynasty.

It depicts traveling up a place known as Cold Mountain, where some hearty people have built their homes. The traveler is overwhelmed by the beauty of the turning leaves of the maple forest that surrounds him just as night overtakes the day, and darkness prevails. His heart implores him to stop, and take in all of the beauty around him.

First before you get to the full translation, I must tell you that Chinese poetry is a lot different than what we have in the west. Chinese words simply don't rhyme in the same way that English, or other western languages do. Chinese poetry depends on rhythm and a certain beat of repeated numbers of characters.

I have done my best to translate this poem keeping a certain feel of the original poet. But some of the original beauty of the poem in it's original Chinese will be lost in translation.


Far away on Cold Mountain, a stone path leads upwards.
Among white clouds, people's homes reside.
Stopping my carriage I must, as to admire the maple forest at nights fall.
In awe of autumn leaves showing more red than even flowers of early spring.


Hopefully, this poem will remind you to stop, and "take it all in" as you travel through life.
The poet's name is "Du Mu" in Chinese that is: 杜牧.
The title of the poem, "Mountain Travels" is: 山行
You can have the title, poet's name, and even Tang Dynasty written as an inscription on your custom wall scroll if you like.

More about the poet:

Dumu lived from 803-852 AD and was a leading Chinese poet during the later part of the Tang dynasty.
He was born in Chang'an, a city of central China and former capital of the ancient Chinese empire in 221-206 BC. In present-day China, his birthplace is currently known as Xi'an, the home of the Terracotta Soldiers.

He was awarded his Jinshi degree (an exam administered by the emperor's court which leads to becoming an official of the court) at the age of 25, and went on to hold many official positions over the years. However, he never achieved a high rank, apparently because of some disputes between various factions, and his family's criticism of the government. His last post in the court was his appointment to the office of Secretariat Drafter.

During his life, he wrote scores of narrative poems, as well as a commentary on the Art of War and many letters of advice to high officials.

His poems were often very realistic, and often depicted every day life. He wrote poems about everything, from drinking beer in a tavern to weepy poems about lost love.

The thing that strikes you most is the fact even after 1200 years, not much has changed about the beauty of nature, toils and troubles of love and beer drinking.




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Coldreilěng / leng3 / leng
To Know Hardship, One Must Experience It不當和尚不知頭冷
不当和尚不知头冷
bù dāng hé shàng bù zhī tóu lěng
bu4 dang1 he2 shang4 bu4 zhi1 tou2 leng3
bu dang he shang bu zhi tou leng
pu tang ho shang pu chih t`ou leng
pu tang ho shang pu chih tou leng
Relentless
Ruthless
冷酷reikokulěng kù / leng3 ku4 / leng ku / lengkuleng k`u / lengku / leng ku
You must endure a harsh winter to appreciate the warmth of springtime不經冬寒不知春暖
不经冬寒不知春暖
bù jīng dōng hán bù zhī chūn nuǎn
bu4 jing1 dong1 han2 bu4 zhi1 chun1 nuan3
bu jing dong han bu zhi chun nuan
pu ching tung han pu chih ch`un nuan
pu ching tung han pu chih chun nuan
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu遠上寒山石徑斜白雲生處有人家停車坐愛楓林晚霜葉紅於二月花
远上寒山石径斜白云生处有人家停车坐爱枫林晚霜叶红于二月花
yuǎn shàng hán shān shí jìng xiá bái yún shēng chù yǒu rén jiā tíng chē zuò ài fēng lín wǎn shuàng yè hóng yú èr yuè huā
yuan3 shang4 han2 shan1 shi2 jing4 xia2 bai2 yun2 sheng1 chu4 you3 ren2 jia1 ting2 che1 zuo4 ai4 feng1 lin2 wan3 shuang4 ye4 hong2 yu2 er4 yue4 hua1
yuan shang han shan shi jing xia bai yun sheng chu you ren jia ting che zuo ai feng lin wan shuang ye hong yu er yue hua
yüan shang han shan shih ching hsia pai yün sheng ch`u yu jen chia t`ing ch`e tso ai feng lin wan shuang yeh hung yü erh yüeh hua
yüan shang han shan shih ching hsia pai yün sheng chu yu jen chia ting che tso ai feng lin wan shuang yeh hung yü erh yüeh hua
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Not the results for cold that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your cold search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
bīng / bing1
ping
 hyō / ひよう
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll
ice; CL:塊|块[kuai4]; to chill something; (of an object or substance) to feel cold; (of a person) cold; unfriendly; (slang) methamphetamine
(1) (archaism) ice; (2) hail; (personal name) Hiyou
Ice, chaste; ice

see styles
lěng / leng3
leng
 rei / re / れい
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll
cold
(1) (abbreviation) (on floor plans) (See 冷蔵庫) refrigerator; (noun or adjectival noun) (2) (obscure) cold; cool; (3) (abbreviation) (obscure) (See 冷酒・れいしゅ) cold sake; (surname, given name) Rei
Cold; cold

see styles
jīn / jin1
chin
 kin / きん
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll
gold; chemical element Au; generic term for lustrous and ductile metals; money; golden; highly respected; one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]
(1) gold (Au); golden (color); gold (medal, cup); (adj-no,n) (2) valuable; of highest value; (3) money; gold coin; (4) (abbreviation) (See 金曜) Friday; (5) (See 五行・1) metal (fourth of the five elements); (6) Jin dynasty (China, 1115-1234); Chin dynasty; Jurchen dynasty; (n,n-suf) (7) (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 金将) gold general; (8) (abbreviation) (colloquialism) (See 金玉・きんたま) testicles; (suf,ctr) (9) karat; carat; (surname) Kimu; Kim
hiraṇya, 伊爛拏 which means cold, any precious metal, semen, etc.; or 蘇伐刺 suvarṇa, which means "of a good or beautiful colour", "golden", "yellow", "gold", "a gold coin", etc. The Chinese means metal, gold, money.

地獄


地狱

see styles
dì yù / di4 yu4
ti yü
 jigoku / じごく
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll
hell; infernal; underworld
hell; (place-name) Jigoku
naraka, 捺落迦 (or 那落迦) ; niraya 泥犂; explained by 不樂 joyless; 可厭 disgusting, hateful; 苦具, 苦器 means of suffering; if 地獄 earth-prison; 冥府 the shades, or departments of darkness. Earth-prison is generally intp. as hell or the hells; it may also be termed purgatory; one of the six gati or ways of transmigration. The hells are divided into three classes: I. Central, or radical, 根本地獄 consisting of (1) The eight hot hells. These were the original hells of primitive Buddhism, and are supposed to be located umder the southern continent Jambudvīpa 瞻部州, 500 yojanas below the surface. (a) 等活 or 更活 Saṃjīva, rebirth, where after many kinds of suffering a cold wind blows over the soul and returns it to this life as it was before, hence the name 等活. (b) 黑繩 Kaslasūtra, where the sufferer is bound with black chains and chopped or sawn asunder. (c) 線合; 衆合; 堆壓 Saṃghāta, where are multitudes of implements of torture, or the falling of mountains upon the sufferer. (d) 號呌; 呼呼; 叫喚 Raurava, hell of wailing. (e) 大呌; 大號呌; 大呼 Mahāraurava, hell of great wailing. (f) 炎熱; 燒炙 Tapana, hell of fames and burning. (g) 大熱; 大燒炙; 大炎熱 Pratāpana, hell of molten lead. (h) 無間; 河鼻旨; 阿惟越致; 阿毗至; 阿鼻; 阿毗 Avīci, unintermitted suffering, where sinners die and are reborn to suffer without interval. (2) The eight cold hells 八寒地獄. (a) 頞浮陀地獄 Arbuda, where the cold causes blisters. (b) 尼刺部陀 Nirarbuda, colder still causing the blisters to burst. (c) 頞哳吒; 阿吒吒 Atata, where this is the only possible sound from frozen lips. (d) 臛臛婆; 阿波波 Hahava or Apapa, where it is so cold that only this sound can be uttered. (e) 虎虎婆 Hāhādhara or Huhuva, where only this sound can be uttered. (f) 嗢鉢羅; 鬱鉢羅 (or 優鉢羅) Utpala, or 尼羅鳥 (or 漚) 鉢羅 Nīlotpala, where the skin is frozen like blue lotus buds. (g) 鉢特摩 Padma, where the skin is frozen and bursts open like red lotus buds. (h) 摩訶鉢特摩 Mahāpadma, ditto like great red lotus buds. Somewhat different names are also given. Cf. 倶舍論 8; 智度論 16; 涅槃經 11. II. The secondary hells are called 近邊地獄 adjacent hells or 十六遊增 each of its four sides, opening from each such door are four adjacent hells, in all sixteen; thus with the original eight there are 136. A list of eighteen hells is given in the 十八泥梨經. III. A third class is called the 孤地獄 (獨地獄) Lokāntarika, or isolated hells in mountains, deserts, below the earth and above it. Eitel says in regard to the eight hot hells that they range 'one beneath the other in tiers which begin at a depth of 11,900 yojanas and reach to a depth of 40,000 yojanas'. The cold hells are under 'the two Tchahavālas and range shaft-like one below the other, but so that this shaft is gradually widening to the fourth hell and then narrowing itself again so that the first and last hell have the shortest, those in the centre the longest diameter'. 'Every universe has the same number of hells, ' but 'the northern continent has no hell whatever, the two continents east and west of Meru have only small Lokāntarika hells... whilst all the other hells are required for the inhabitants of the southern continent '. It may be noted that the purpose of these hells is definitely punitive, as well as purgatorial. Yama is the judge and ruler, assisted by eighteen officers and a host of demons, who order or administer the various degrees of torture. 'His sister performs the same duties with regard to female criminals, ' and it may be mentioned that the Chinese have added the 血盆池 Lake of the bloody bath, or 'placenta tank' for women who die in childbirth. Release from the hells is in the power of the monks by tantric means.

波恩

see styles
bō ēn / bo1 en1
po en
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll
Bonn, a small town on the Rhine, Cold War capital of West Germany 1949-1990

see styles
liè / lie4
lieh
 hageshi / はげし
cold and raw
(given name) Hageshi

see styles
/ qi1
ch`i / chi
intense cold; frigid; dismal; grim; bleak; sad; mournful; also written 淒|凄[qi1]


see styles
dòng / dong4
tung
 kooru / こおる
to freeze; to feel very cold; aspic or jelly
(female given name) Kooru

see styles
/ li4
li
cold; frigid

see styles
cāng / cang1
ts`ang / tsang
cold

see styles
 rinna / りんな (adj-t,adv-to) (1) cold; frigid; bracing; (2) dignified; (female given name) Rinna


see styles
lǐn / lin3
lin
 rin / りん
cold; to shiver with cold; to tremble with fear; afraid; apprehensive; strict; stern; severe; austere; awe-inspiring; imposing; majestic
(adj-t,adv-to) (1) cold; frigid; bracing; (2) dignified; (female given name) Rin

see styles
 kogarashi / こがらし cold wintry wind; (surname, female given name) Kogarashi

see styles
yīn / yin1
yin
 in / いん
cause; reason; because
(1) cause; factor; (2) {Buddh} (See 縁・えん・5) hetu (direct cause, esp. as opposed to indirect conditions); (3) (See 因明) the basis of one's argument (in hetuvidya); (personal name) Yukari
hetu: a cause: because: a reason: to follow, it follows, that which produces a 果 result or effect. 因 is a primary cause in comparison with 緣 pratyaya which is an environmental or secondary cause. In the 十因十果 ten causes and ten effects, adultery results in the iron bed, the copper pillar, and the eight hot hells; covetousness in the cold hells; and so on, as shown in the 楞嚴經. Translit. in, yin. Cf. 印.

see styles
hán / han2
han
 samu;sabu / さむ;さぶ
cold; poor; to tremble
(n,int) cold; (surname) Kan
śīta. Cold; in poverty; plain; cold


see styles
lín / lin2
lin
cold; frigid

see styles
liǎo / liao3
liao
clear; intelligible; severe; cold

see styles
zhá / zha2
cha
penetrating (as of cold); struggle

see styles
liàng / liang4
liang
to dry in the air; (fig.) to cold-shoulder


see styles
shài / shai4
shai
(of the sun) to shine on; to bask in (the sunshine); to dry (clothes, grain etc) in the sun; (fig.) to expose and share (one's experiences and thoughts) on the Web (loanword from "share"); (coll.) to give the cold shoulder to
See:
To dry in the sun.

see styles
chóu / chou2
ch`ou / chou
species of tree resistant to cold weather

see styles
 bandou / bando / ばんどう (1) teapot-like object made typically of lacquerware and used to pour hot and cold liquids; (2) basin of water with two handles on either side used for washing one's face or hands; (surname) Bandou


see styles
/ qi1
ch`i / chi
intense cold; frigid; dismal; grim; bleak; sad; mournful


see styles
cāng / cang1
ts`ang / tsang
 sō / そうがい
blue-green or azure (of water); vast (of water); cold
(given name) Sougai
vast

see styles
qiú / qiu2
ch`iu / chiu
 kiyuu / kiyu / きゆう
fur; fur coat
(1) fur coat (to protect against the cold); (2) clothes made with the down of birds; fur coat; (surname) Kiyuu


see styles
chù / chu4
ch`u / chu
 soku / ふれ
to touch; to make contact with something; to stir up sb's emotions
(surname) Fure
To butt, strike against; contact. sparśa, touch, contact, collision, the quality of tangibility, feeling, sensation. M.W. Eleven kinds of sensation are given— hot, cold, hard, soft, etc. sparśa is one of the twelve nidānas, cf. 十二因緣, and of the sadāyatana, cf. 六入. It is also used with the meaning of 濁 unclean.


see styles
liù / liu4
liu
to steam; to cook in a steamer; to reheat cold food by steaming it

see styles
nóng / nong2
nung
cold in the head catarrh of the nose

お冷

see styles
 ohiya / おひや cold (drinking) water; cold boiled rice

保暖

see styles
bǎo nuǎn / bao3 nuan3
pao nuan
to stay warm; to protect against the cold

Many custom options...


Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Wall Scroll


And formats...

Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Portrait
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Horizontal Wall Scroll
Mountain Travels Poem by Dumu Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


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Some people may refer to this entry as Cold Kanji, Cold Characters, Cold in Mandarin Chinese, Cold Characters, Cold in Chinese Writing, Cold in Japanese Writing, Cold in Asian Writing, Cold Ideograms, Chinese Cold symbols, Cold Hieroglyphics, Cold Glyphs, Cold in Chinese Letters, Cold Hanzi, Cold in Japanese Kanji, Cold Pictograms, Cold in the Chinese Written-Language, or Cold in the Japanese Written-Language.

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