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天地 in Chinese / Japanese...

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Heaven and Earth

China tiān dì
Japan tenchi
Heaven and Earth Vertical Wall Scroll

天地 is "Heaven and Earth" in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

This title is used in many different contexts. It can be a general term but also used by Buddhists and in other religions.

This can also be used to refer to all of nature, the universe, the top and bottom, realm of life, or sphere of existence.

Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis

China dào tiān dì jiàng fǎ
Japan dou ten chi shou hou
Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis Vertical Wall Scroll

The first chapter of Sun Tzu's Art of War lists five key points to analyzing your situation.

It reads like a 5-part military proverb. Sun Tzu says that to sharpen your skills, you must plan. To plan well, you must know your situation. Therefore, you must consider and discuss the following:

1. Philosophy and Politics: Make sure your way or your policy is agreeable among all of your troops (and the citizens of your kingdom as well). For when your soldiers believe in you and your way, they will follow you to their deaths without hesitation, and will not question your orders.

2. Heaven/Sky: Consider climate / weather. This can also mean to consider whether God is smiling on you. In the modern military, this could be waiting for clear skies so that you can have air support for an amphibious landing.

3. Ground/Earth: Consider the terrain in which the battle will take place. This includes analyzing defensible positions, exit routes, and using varying elevation to your advantage. When you plan an ambush, you must know your terrain, and the best location from which to stage that ambush. This knowledge will also help you avoid being ambushed, as you will know where the likely places in which to expect an ambush from your enemy.

4. Leadership: This applies to you as the general, and also to your lieutenants. A leader should be smart and be able to develop good strategies. Leaders should keep their word, and if they break a promise, they should punish themselves as harshly as they would punish subordinates. Leaders should be benevolent to their troops, with almost a fatherly love for them. Leaders must have the ability to make brave and fast decisions. Leaders must have steadfast principles.

5. [Military] Methods: This can also mean laws, rules, principles, model, or system. You must have an efficient organization in place to manage both your troops and supplies. In the modern military, this would be a combination of how your unit is organized, and your SOP (Standard Operating Procedure).

Notes: This is a simplistic translation and explanation. Much more is suggested in the actual text of the Art of War (Bing Fa). It would take a lot of study to master all of these aspects. In fact, these five characters can be compared to the modern military acronyms such as BAMCIS or SMEAC.

CJK notes: I have included the Japanese and Korean pronunciations but in Chinese, Korean and Japanese, this does not make a typical phrase (with subject, verb, and object) it is a list that only someone familiar with Sun Tzu's writings would understand.

Not the results for 天地 that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your 天地 search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition


see styles
Mandarin tiān dì / tian1 di4
Taiwan t`ien ti / tien ti
Japanese tenchi(p);ametsuchi / てんち(P);あめつち
Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese heaven and earth; world; scope; field of activity
Japanese (1) heaven and earth; the universe; nature; top and bottom; realm; sphere; world; (2) (てんち only) top and bottom; (3) (あめつち only) gods of heaven and earth; (surname) Amachi
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


see styles
Japanese bettenchi / べってんち Japanese another world


see styles
Japanese tenchijin / てんちじん Japanese heaven, earth and man



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Mandarin tiān dì huì / tian1 di4 hui4
Taiwan t`ien ti hui / tien ti hui
Chinese Tiandihui (Chinese fraternal organization)



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Mandarin tiān de jìng / tian1 de jing4
Taiwan t`ien te ching / tien te ching
Japanese tenchi kyō
The mirror of heaven and earth, i. e. the Prajñāpāramitā-sūtra, see 般若經.


see styles
Japanese shoutenchi / shotenchi / しょうてんち Japanese a small world


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Mandarin bài tiān dì / bai4 tian1 di4
Taiwan pai t`ien ti / pai tien ti
Chinese to worship heaven and earth; ritual kneeling by bride and groom in a old-fashioned wedding ceremony; also called 拜堂


see styles
Mandarin xīn tiān dì / xin1 tian1 di4
Taiwan hsin t`ien ti / hsin tien ti
Japanese shintenchi / しんてんち
Chinese Xintiandi (shopping, eating and entertainment district of Shanghai)
Japanese new land; new world; new sphere of activity; (place-name) Shintenchi


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Japanese rakutenchi / らくてんち Japanese paradise; (place-name) Rakutenchi


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Japanese ittenchiroku / いってんちろく Japanese (exp,n) (1) (yoji) die; dice; (2) gambling with dice; playing hazard; (3) You can never tell what will pop up


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Japanese fugyoutenchi / fugyotenchi / ふぎょうてんち Japanese (yoji) looking up and down, from heaven to earth (having nothing to be ashamed of); swearing by Heaven and Earth (having done nothing to be ashamed of)



see styles
Mandarin bié yǒu tiān dì / bie2 you3 tian1 di4
Taiwan pieh yu t`ien ti / pieh yu tien ti
Chinese enchanting scenery; beautiful surroundings; world of its own


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Japanese tenchibanbutsu / てんちばんぶつ Japanese (yoji) the whole creation; everything in heaven and earth


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Japanese tenchisouzou / tenchisozo / てんちそうぞう Japanese creation



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Mandarin tiān dì xuán gé / tian1 di4 xuan2 ge2
Taiwan t`ien ti hsüan ko / tien ti hsüan ko
Japanese tenchi harukani hedataru
Chinese lit. a gulf between heaven and earth; wide difference of opinion (idiom)
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition


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Japanese tenchikaimei / tenchikaime / てんちかいめい Japanese (expression) (yoji) The world is covered in darkness; All is plunged into darkness


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Japanese tenchiujou / tenchiujo / てんちうじょう Japanese (yoji) the sentient world; all sentient beings


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Japanese tenchimuyou / tenchimuyo / てんちむよう Japanese (expression) (yoji) do not turn upside down



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Mandarin tiān dì xuán huáng / tian1 di4 xuan2 huang2
Taiwan t`ien ti hsüan huang / tien ti hsüan huang
Chinese first line of the Thousand Character Classic 千字文[Qian1 zi4 wen2]
Japanese See: 天地玄黄


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Japanese tenchigenkou / tenchigenko / てんちげんこう Japanese (expression) (yoji) Heaven is black and earth is yellow; heaven and earth


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Japanese tenchishinmei / tenchishinme / てんちしんめい Japanese (yoji) the gods of heaven and earth


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Mandarin tiān dì liáng xīn / tian1 di4 liang2 xin1
Taiwan t`ien ti liang hsin / tien ti liang hsin
Chinese in all honesty; truth to tell


see styles
Japanese tenchichoukyuu / tenchichokyu / てんちちょうきゅう Japanese (expression) (yoji) Heaven and earth are eternal


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Japanese tenchikaibyaku / てんちかいびゃく Japanese (yoji) creation of heaven and earth


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Japanese tenchimeidou / tenchimedo / てんちめいどう Japanese (noun/participle) (yoji) rumbling and shaking of the earth

Search for 天地 in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Heaven and Earth天地tenchitiān dì / tian1 di4 / tian di / tiandit`ien ti / tienti / tien ti
Art of War: 5 Points of Analysis道天地將法
dou ten chi shou hou
do ten chi sho ho
dào tiān dì jiàng fǎ
dao4 tian1 di4 jiang4 fa3
dao tian di jiang fa
tao t`ien ti chiang fa
tao tien ti chiang fa
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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