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Science in Chinese / Japanese...

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The rules of life, the universe, and everything.
Japan kotowari
Science Vertical Wall Scroll

At essence, this word means science. But it's a very ambiguous and open term. 理 speaks to the reason that all things exist, and how things work from the microscopic to the cosmic level.

There are many translations for this word, including: inner essence; intrinsic order; reason; logic; truth; science; natural science (esp. physics); principle; the underlying principles of the cosmos; way of things; ruling principle; fundamental law; intrinsicality; universal basis; essential element.

If you are a scientist, or just searching for, "the answer to life, the universe, and everything," this could be the character for you.

Study / Learn / School

China xué
Japan gaku
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll

學 is "study" or "learn" in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

學 is a very broad character that can mean a lot of things related to scholarship. It can refer to a school (in fact, if you put the character for "big" in front of this, you have "college" or "university," if you put the word for "middle," you have "middle school." This can also mean science; the process of acquiring knowledge; learning; scholarship; erudition; knowledge. It can also add the Chinese or Japanese version of "-ology" (the study of) to many words.

学There is a very common simplified version of this character. You will see this form in modern Japan and mainland China, Singapore, and other places. If you want this simplified version, please click on the character shown to the right instead of the "select and customize" button above.

Not the results for science that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your science search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Japanese manabu / まなぶ
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to learn; to study; to imitate; science; -ology
śikṣ; to study, learn, the process of acquiring knowledge; learning.

see styles
Japanese megumi / めぐみ
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese intelligent
Japanese (1) wisdom; enlightenment; (2) (Buddhist term) prajna (one of the three divisions of the noble eightfold path); wisdom
prajñā ; sometimes jñāna. Wisdom, discernment, understanding; the power to discern things and their underlying principles and to decide the doubtful. It is often interchanged with 智, though not correctly, for zhi means knowledge, the science of the phenomenal, while hui refers more generally to principles or morals. It is part of the name of many monks, e.g. 慧可 Huike; 慧思Huisi.

see styles
Mandarin/ li3
Taiwan li
Japanese ri / り
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese texture; grain (of wood); inner essence; intrinsic order; reason; logic; truth; science; natural science (esp. physics); to manage; to pay attention to; to run (affairs); to handle; to put in order; to tidy up
Japanese (1) reason; principle; logic; (2) {Buddh} (See 事・じ) general principle (as opposed to individual concrete phenomenon); (3) (in neo-Confucianism) the underlying principles of the cosmos
siddhānta; hetu. Ruling principle, fundamental law, intrinsicality, universal basis, essential element; nidāna, reason; pramāṇa, to arrange, regulate, rule, rectify.



see styles
Mandarin zhōng yī / zhong1 yi1
Taiwan chung i
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese traditional Chinese medical science; a doctor trained in Chinese medicine
Japanese See: 中医



see styles
Mandarin dòng tài / dong4 tai4
Taiwan tung t`ai / tung tai
Japanese doutai / dotai / どうたい
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese movement; motion; development; trend; dynamic (science)
Japanese (See 静態) movement; dynamic state



see styles
Mandarin guī lǜ / gui1 lu:4
Taiwan kuei lü
Japanese kiritsu / きりつ
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese rule (e.g. of science); law of behavior; regular pattern; rhythm; discipline
Japanese (1) order; observance; discipline; (2) rules; law; regulations

see styles
Mandarin/ ge2
Taiwan ko
Japanese kyaku / きゃく
Chinese square; frame; rule; (legal) case; style; character; standard; pattern; (grammar) case; (classical) to obstruct; to hinder; (classical) to arrive; to come; (classical) to investigate; to study exhaustively
Japanese (archaism) (See 律令) amendment (of the ritsuryo)
A rule, line, pattern; reach, research, science; to ascertain

see styles
Mandarin zhì // shí / zhi4 // shi2
Taiwan chih // shih
Japanese shiki / しき
Chinese to record; to write a footnote; to know; knowledge; Taiwan pr. [shi4]
Japanese (1) acquaintanceship; (2) {Buddh} vijnana; consciousness; (3) (after a signature) written by...
vijñāna, "the art of distinguishing, or perceiving, or recognizing, discerning, understanding, comprehending, distinction, intelligence, knowledge, science, learning . . . wisdom." M.W. parijñāna, "perception, thorough knowledge," etc. M.W. It is intp. by 心 the mind, mental discernment, perception, in contrast with the object discerned; also by 了別 understanding and discrimination. There are classifications of 一識 that all things are the one mind, or are metaphysical; 二識 q. v. discriminating the ālaya-vijñāna or primal undivided condition from the mano-vijñāna or that of discrimination; 三識 in the Laṅkāvatāra Sutra, fundamental, manifested and discriminate; 五識 q.v. in the 起信論, i.e. 業, 轉, 現, 知, and 相續識; 六識 the perceptions and discernings of the six organs of sense; also of 8, 9, 10, and 11 識. The most important is the eight of the 起信論, i.e. the perceptions of the six organs of sense, eye, ear, nose, tongue, body (or touch), and mind, together with manas, intp. as 意識 the consciousness of the previous moment, on which the other six depend; the eighth is the ālaya-vijñāna, v. 阿賴耶, in which is contained the seed or stock of all phenomena and which 無沒 loses none, or nothing, is indestructible; a substitute for the seventh is ādāna 'receiving' of the 唯識, which is intp. as 無解 undiscriminated, or indefinite perception; there is a difference of view between the 相 and the 性 schools in regard to the seventh and eight 識; and the latter school add a ninth called the amala, or pure vijñāna, i.e. the non-phenomenal 眞如識. The esoterics add that all phenomena are mental and all things are the one mind, hence the one mind is 無量識 unlimited mind or knowledge, every kind of knowledge, or omniscience. vijñāna is one of the twelve nidānas.; Ālaya-vijñāna and mano-vijñāna; i. e. 阿梨耶 | and 分別事 |; v. 識.


see styles
Japanese gigaku / ぎがく Japanese false science; science out of line with the world of thought



see styles
Mandarin nèi hé / nei4 he2
Taiwan nei ho
Chinese kernel (computer science)


see styles
Japanese heigaku / hegaku / へいがく Japanese military science; strategy; tactics



see styles
Mandarin bīng shū / bing1 shu1
Taiwan ping shu
Japanese heisho / hesho / へいしょ
Chinese a book on the art of war
Japanese book on military science



see styles
Mandarin lěng mén / leng3 men2
Taiwan leng men
Chinese a neglected branch (of arts, science, sports etc); fig. a complete unknown who wins a competition


see styles
Mandarin qián yán / qian2 yan2
Taiwan ch`ien yen / chien yen
Chinese front-line; forward position; outpost; extending ahead; frontier (of science, technology etc)


see styles
Japanese igaku / いがく Japanese medical science; medicine


see styles
Japanese ika / いか Japanese medical science; medical department


see styles
Mandarin bó wù / bo2 wu4
Taiwan po wu
Japanese hakubutsu / はくぶつ
Chinese natural science
Japanese (1) (abbreviation) (See 博物学・はくぶつがく) natural history; (2) (orig. meaning) wide learning; broad area of learning


see styles
Japanese shougaku / shogaku / しょうがく Japanese commercial science


see styles
Mandarin yīn míng / yin1 ming2
Taiwan yin ming
Japanese inmyou / inmyo / いんみょう
Japanese (See 五明) hetuvidya (ancient Indian logic for determining right from wrong, truth from falsehood, etc.)
Hetuvidya, 醯都費陀, the science of cause, logical reasoning, logic, with its syllogistic method of the proposition, the reason, the example. The creation of this school of logic is attributed to Akṣapāda, probably a name for the philosopher Gautama (not Śākyamuni). The 因明論 or Hetu-vidyā-śāstra is one of the 五明論 pañcavidya-śāstras, a treatise explaining causality, or the nature of truth and error.



see styles
Mandarin tú líng / tu2 ling2
Taiwan t`u ling / tu ling
Chinese Alan Turing (1912-1954), English mathematician, considered as the father of computer science



see styles
Chinese the masses; the great bulk of the population; popular (of music, science etc); Volkswagen (automobile manufacturer)


see styles
Japanese gakumon / がくもん Japanese (noun/participle) (1) scholarship; study; learning; (2) discipline; branch of learning; (a) science


see styles
Japanese gakujutsu / がくじゅつ Japanese science; learning; scholarship; arts and sciences; academic pursuits



see styles
Chinese learning; science; academic; CL:個|个[ge4]


see styles
Japanese jitsugaku / じつがく Japanese practical science


see styles
Japanese youryou / yoryo / ようりょう Chinese capacity; volume; quantitative (science)
Japanese (1) capacity; volume; (2) (abbreviation) (See 電気容量) capacitance



see styles
Chinese practical; functional; pragmatic; applied (science)



see styles
Chinese engineering; industrial science
Japanese See: 工学


see styles
Chinese (computer science) macro (primarily Hong Kong and Taiwan)


see styles
Japanese ichi Chinese known (to science)
has understood

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Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll
Study / Learn / School Vertical Wall Scroll

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Study / Learn / School Vertical Portrait
Study / Learn / School Horizontal Wall Scroll
Study / Learn / School Vertical Portrait

Lookup Science in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Sciencekotowarilǐ / li3 / li

gakuxué / xue2 / xuehsüeh
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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Some people may refer to this entry as Science Kanji, Science Characters, Science in Mandarin Chinese, Science Characters, Science in Chinese Writing, Science in Japanese Writing, Science in Asian Writing, Science Ideograms, Chinese Science symbols, Science Hieroglyphics, Science Glyphs, Science in Chinese Letters, Science Hanzi, Science in Japanese Kanji, Science Pictograms, Science in the Chinese Written-Language, or Science in the Japanese Written-Language.

27 people have searched for Science in Chinese or Japanese in the past year.
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