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Consciousness of Self in Chinese / Japanese...

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Consciousness of Self

China zì jué
Japan jikaku
Consciousness of Self Vertical Wall Scroll

自覺 is the idea of being conscious, self-aware and sometimes "on one's own initiative."

覚After WWII, they started using a simplified form of the second Kanji for this word in Japan. That version is shown to the right, and you can click on that Kanji if you want the modern Japanese form. Otherwise, the characters shown in the upper left are the correct ones for ancient/old/traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.

Self Consciousness

Japan jiishiki
Self Consciousness Vertical Wall Scroll

自意識 is the idea of being conscious and self-aware in Japanese Kanji and old Korean Hanja.

自意識 is not a normal word in Chinese.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your consciousness of self search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



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Mandarin jiàn xìng / jian4 xing4
Taiwan chien hsing
Japanese kenshō / けんしょう
Self Consciousness Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese self-awareness; consciousness of one's own character
To behold the Buddha-nature within oneself, a common saying of the Chan (Zen) or Intuitive School; to see the (buddha-)nature


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Japanese jiishiki / jishiki / じいしき
Self Consciousness Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese self-consciousness


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Mandarin wǔ zhì / wu3 zhi4
Taiwan wu chih
Japanese gochi / ごち
Japanese (place-name, surname) Gochi
The five kinds of wisdom of the 眞言宗 Shingon School. Of the six elements 六大 earth, water, fire, air (or wind), ether (or space) 曇空, and consciousness (or mind 識 ), the first five form the phenomenal world, or Garbhadhātu, the womb of all things 胎藏界, the sixth is the conscious, or perceptive, or wisdom world, the Vajradhātu 金剛界, sometimes called the Diamond realm. The two realms are not originally apart, but one, and there is no consciousness without the other five elements. The sixth element, vijñāna, is further subdivided into five called the 五智 Five Wisdoms: (1) 法界體性智 dharmadhātu-prakṛti-jñāna, derived from the amala-vijñāna, or pure 識; it is the wisdom of the embodied nature of the dharmadhātu, defined as the six elements, and is associated with Vairocana 大日, in the centre, who abides in this samādhi; it also corresponds to the ether 空 element. (2) 大圓鏡智 adarśana-jñāna, the great round mirror wisdom, derived from the ālaya-vijñāna, reflecting all things; corresponds to earth, and is associated with Akṣobhya and the east. (3) 平等性智 samatā-jñāna, derived from mano-vijñāna, wisdom in regard to all things equally and universally; corresponds to fire, and is associated with Ratnasaṃbhava and the south. (4) 妙觀察智 pratyavekṣaṇa-jñāna, derived from 意識, wisdom of profound insight, or discrimination, for exposition and doubt-destruction; corresponds to water, and is associated with Amitābha and the west. (5) 成所作智 kṛtyānuṣṭhāna-jñāna, derived from the five senses, the wisdom of perfecting the double work of self-welfare and the welfare of others; corresponds to air 風 and is associated with Amoghasiddhi and the north. These five Dhyāni-Buddhas are the 五智如來. The five kinds of wisdom are the four belonging to every Buddha, of the exoteric cult, to which the esoteric cult adds the first, pure, all-refecting, universal, all-discerning, and all-perfecting; five kinds of cognition



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Mandarin bā shì / ba1 shi4
Taiwan pa shih
Japanese hasshiki / はっしき;はちしき
Japanese {Buddh} eight consciousnesses (one for each of the five senses, consciousness of the mind, self-consciousness and store consciousness)
The eight parijñāna, or kinds of cognition, perception, or consciousness. They are the five senses of cakṣur-vijñāna, śrotra-v., ghrāna-v., jihvā-v., and kāya-v., i.e. seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, and touch. The sixth is mano-vijñāna, the mental sense, or intellect, v. 末那. It is defined as 意 mentality, apprehension, or by some as will. The seventh is styled kliṣṭa-mano-vijñāna 末那識 discriminated from the last as 思量 pondering, calculating; it is the discriminating and constructive sense, more than the intellectually perceptive; as infected by the ālaya-vijñāna., or receiving "seeds" from it, it is considered as the cause of all egoism and individualizing, i.e. of men and things, therefore of all illusion arising from assuming the seeming as the real. The eighth is the ālaya-vijñāna, 阿頼耶識 which is the storehouse, or basis from which come all "seeds"of consciousness. The seventh is also defined as the ādāna 阿陀那識 or "laying hold of" or "holding on to" consciousness; eight consciousnesses


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Mandarin mò nà / mo4 na4
Taiwan mo na
Japanese mana / まな
Japanese {Buddh} (See 末那識) manas (defiled mental consciousness, which gives rise to the perception of self)
manāḥ; manas; intp. by 意 mind, the (active) mind. Eitel says: 'The sixth of the chadâyatana, the mental faculty which constitutes man as an intelligent and moral being. ' The 末那識 is defined by the 唯識論 4 as the seventh of the 八識, namely 意, which means 思量 thinking and measuring, or calculating. It is the active mind, or activity of mind, but is also used for the mind itself; (Skt. manas)


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Japanese jikaku / じかく Japanese (noun/participle) self-consciousness; self-awareness; (surname) Jigaku



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Mandarin mò nà shì / mo4 na4 shi4
Taiwan mo na shih
Japanese māna shiki / まなしき
Japanese {Buddh} manas-vijnana (defiled mental consciousness, which gives rise to the perception of self)
(Skt. manas)



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Mandarin wú fēn bié xīn / wu2 fen1 bie2 xin1
Taiwan wu fen pieh hsin
Japanese mu funbetsu shin
The mind free from particularization, especially from affection and feelings; passionless; translates avikalpa; (a) unconditioned or absolute, as in the 眞如; (b) conditioned, as in dhyāna. Particularization includes memory, reason, self-consciousness; the mind free from particularization is free from these; mind free of discrimination



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Mandarin dì èr néng biàn / di4 er4 neng2 bian4
Taiwan ti erh neng pien
Japanese daini nōhen
The second power of change, the kliṣṭamano-vijñāna, disturbed-mind, consciousness, or self-consciousness which gives form to the universe. The first power of change is the ālaya-vijñāna; second transformer [consciousness]


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Japanese jikoishiki / じこいしき Japanese self-consciousness



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Mandarin zì wǒ yì shí / zi4 wo3 yi4 shi2
Taiwan tzu wo i shih
Japanese jigaishiki / じがいしき
Chinese self-awareness
Japanese self-consciousness


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Japanese jiishikikajou / jishikikajo / じいしきかじょう Japanese (n,adj-no,adj-na) excessive self-consciousness; excessively self-conscious person

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Self Consciousness Vertical Wall Scroll
Self Consciousness Vertical Wall Scroll
Self Consciousness Vertical Wall Scroll
Self Consciousness Vertical Wall Scroll

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Self Consciousness Vertical Portrait
Self Consciousness Horizontal Wall Scroll
Self Consciousness Vertical Portrait

Lookup Consciousness of Self in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Consciousness of Self自覺
自觉 / 自覚
jikakuzì jué / zi4 jue2 / zi jue / zijuetzu chüeh / tzuchüeh
Self Consciousness自意識
jiishiki / jishiki
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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