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Believer in Chinese / Japanese...

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China xìn tú
Japan shinto
Believer Vertical Wall Scroll

信徒 is the Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja word for "believer."

Just as in English, this word can be used for a follower of virtually any religion.

信徒 can also be translated into English as layman, adherent, follower, laity, disciple, or devotee.


China rì lián
Japan nichi ren
Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll

日蓮 is the title Nichiren.

This title refers to a Buddhist priest, who lived from 1222 to 1282. He is the founder of the Nichiren sect of Buddhism.
According to historical documents, the Nichiren sect was established in 1252. Adding the character for sect, this would be 日蓮宗 (Nichiren sect), which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect.

According to Soothill-Hodous...
Nichiren's chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya:
1. 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i.e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha.
2. 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, "Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law," for it is Buddha's spiritual body.
3. 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your believer search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

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Mandarin shàn / shan4
Taiwan shan
Japanese yuzuri / ゆずり
Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to abdicate
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (1) (Buddhist term) dhyana (profound meditation); (2) (abbreviation) Zen (Buddhism)
To level a place for an altar, to sacrifice to the hills and fountains; to abdicate. Adopted by Buddhists for dhyāna, 禪 or 禪那, i.e. meditation, abstraction, trance. dhyāna is 'meditation, thought, reflection, especially profound and abstract religious contemplation'. M.W. It was intp. as 'getting rid of evil', etc., later as 靜慮 quiet meditation. It is a form of 定, but that word is more closely allied with samādhi, cf. 禪定. The term also connotes Buddhism and Buddhist things in general, but has special application to the 禪宗 q.v. It is one of the six pāramitās, cf. 波. There are numerous methods and subjects of meditation. The eighteen brahmalokas are divided into four dhyāna regions 'corresponding to certain frames of mind where individuals might be reborn in strict accordance with their spiritual state'. The first three are the first dhyāna, the second three the second dhyāna, the third three the third dhyāna, and the remaining nine the fourth dhyāna. See Eitel. According to Childers' Pali Dictionary, 'The four jhānas are four stages of mystic meditation, whereby the believer's mind is purged from all earthly emotions, and detached as it were from his body, which remains plunged in a profound trance.' Seated cross-legged, the practiser 'concentrates his mind upon a single thought. Gradually his soul becomes filled with a supernatural ecstasy and serenity', his mind still reasoning: this is the first jhāna. Concentrating his mind on the same subject, he frees it from reasoning, the ecstasy and serenity remaining, which is the second jhāna. Then he divests himself of ecstasy, reaching the third stage of serenity. Lastly, in the fourth stage the mind becomes indifferent to all emotions, being exalted above them and purified. There are differences in the Mahāyāna methods, but similarity of aim.


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Mandarin xìn tú / xin4 tu2
Taiwan hsin t`u / hsin tu
Japanese shinto / しんと
Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese believer
Japanese layman; believer; adherent; follower; laity
a believer; a believer



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Mandarin rì lián / ri4 lian2
Taiwan jih lien
Japanese nichiren / にちれん
Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll
Nichiren, the Japanese founder, in A. D. 1252, of the 日蓮宗 Nichiren sect, which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect. Its chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya: (1) 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i. e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha; (2) 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-gwe-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, 'Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law, ' for it is Buddha's spiritual body; (3) 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.

see styles
Mandarin/ tu2
Taiwan t`u / tu
Japanese to / と
Chinese disciple; apprentice; believer; on foot; bare or empty; to no avail; only; prison sentence
Japanese party; set; gang; company; person
On foot; a follower, disciple; in vain; banishment.


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Mandarin fú zi / fu2 zi
Taiwan fu tzu
Japanese busshi / ぶっし
Son of Buddha; a bodhisattva; a believer in Buddhism, for every believer is becoming Buddha; a term also applied to all beings, because all are of Buddha-nature. There is a division of three kinds: 外子 external sons, who have not yet believed; 度子 secondary sons, Hīnayānists; 眞子 true sons, Mahāyānists; children of the Buddha



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Mandarin lái yíng / lai2 ying2
Taiwan lai ying
Japanese raikou / raiko / らいこう
The coming of Buddhas to meet the dying believer and bid welcome to the Pure Land; the three special welcomers are Amitābha, Avalokiteśvara, and Mahāsthāmaprāpta; welcoming


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Mandarin xìn shì / xin4 shi4
Taiwan hsin shih
Japanese shinji;shinshi / しんじ;しんし
Japanese (1) {Buddh} male lay devotee; (suffix) (2) (title affixed to man's posthumous Buddhist name) (See 信女・2) believer; (3) (しんし only) (archaism) believer
upāsaka, 信事男 a male devotee, who remains in the world as a lay disciple. A bestower of alms. Cf. 優.


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Mandarin xìn nǚ / xin4 nv3
Taiwan hsin nü
Japanese shinnyo / しんにょ
Japanese (1) {Buddh} female lay devotee; (suffix) (2) (title affixed to woman's posthumous Buddhist name) believer
upāsikā. A female devotee, who remains at home. Cf. 優; female lay practitioner


see styles
Mandarin xìn zhě / xin4 zhe3
Taiwan hsin che
Japanese shinja / しんじゃ
Japanese believer; adherent; devotee


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Mandarin zài jiào / zai4 jiao4
Taiwan tsai chiao
Chinese to be a believer (in a religion, esp. Islam)


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Japanese shuuto / shuto / しゅうと Japanese believer; follower


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Japanese kie / きえ Japanese (noun/participle) becoming a devout believer; (religious) conversion


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Mandarin jiào tú / jiao4 tu2
Taiwan chiao t`u / chiao tu
Japanese kyouto / kyoto / きょうと
Chinese disciple; follower of a religion
Japanese believer; adherent
a follower



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Mandarin lián tāi / lian2 tai1
Taiwan lien t`ai / lien tai
Japanese rentai
The Lotus-womb in which the believers of Amitābha are born into his paradise; it is also described as the believer's heart in embryo.


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Mandarin qián xìn / qian2 xin4
Taiwan ch`ien hsin / chien hsin
Chinese piety; devotion (to a religion); pious (believer); devout



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Mandarin mén tú / men2 tu2
Taiwan men t`u / men tu
Japanese monto / もんと
Chinese disciple
Japanese follower (of religion; esp. Jōdo Shinshū practitioners); believer


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Mandarin xìn yǎng zhě / xin4 yang3 zhe3
Taiwan hsin yang che
Japanese shinkousha / shinkosha / しんこうしゃ
Chinese believer
Japanese believer; devotee; follower; adherent; convert; disciple; admirer


see styles
Japanese shinpousha / shinposha / しんぽうしゃ Japanese adherent; devotee; believer


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Mandarin xìn shén zhě / xin4 shen2 zhe3
Taiwan hsin shen che
Chinese a believer


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Mandarin shàn nǚ rén / shan4 nv3 ren2
Taiwan shan nü jen
Japanese zennyonin / ぜんにょにん
Japanese {Buddh} (See 善女) pious woman; female believer
good women



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Mandarin dà yuàn chuán / da4 yuan4 chuan2
Taiwan ta yüan ch`uan / ta yüan chuan
Japanese daigan sen
The great vow boat, i.e. that of Amitābha, which ferries the believer over the sea of mortality to the Pure Land; vessel of the great vow



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Mandarin niè pán fēng / nie4 pan2 feng1
Taiwan nieh p`an feng / nieh pan feng
Japanese nehan fū
The nirvāṇa-wind which wafts the believer into bodhi; wind of nirvāṇa


see styles
Mandarin qián xìn zhě / qian2 xin4 zhe3
Taiwan ch`ien hsin che / chien hsin che
Chinese pious believer; devotee; fundamentalist


see styles
Mandarin pì zhī fú / pi4 zhi1 fu2
Taiwan p`i chih fu / pi chih fu
Japanese byakushi butsu
(辟支迦) (辟支佛陀) (辟支迦佛陀) pratyekabuddha, one who seeks enlightenment for himself, defined in the Lotus Sūtra as a believer who is diligent and zealous in seeking wisdom, loves loneliness and seclusion, and understands deeply the nidānas. Also called 緣覺; 獨覺; 倶存. It is a stage above the śrāvaka 聲聞 and is known as the 中乘 middle vehicle. Tiantai distinguishes 獨覺 as an ascetic in a period without a Buddha, 緣覺 as a pratyekabuddha. He attains his enlightenment alone, independently of a teacher, and with the object of attaining nirvāṇa and his own salvation rather than that of others, as is the object of a bodhisattva. Cf. 畢.



see styles
Mandarin sān zūn lái yíng / san1 zun1 lai2 ying2
Taiwan san tsun lai ying
Japanese sanson raigō
Amitābha, Avalokiteśvara, Mahāsthāmaprāpta, receive into the western paradise the believer who calls on Amitābha; three honored ones who come to greet


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Japanese wagashuunoto / wagashunoto / わがしゅうのと Japanese believer of my denomination


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Mandarin zhǐ fāng lì xiāng / zhi3 fang1 li4 xiang1
Taiwan chih fang li hsiang
Japanese shihō rissō
To point to the west, the location of the Pure Land, and to set up in the mind the presence of Amitābha; to hold this idea, and to trust in Amitābha, and thus attain salvation. The mystics regard this as a mental experience, while the ordinary believer regards it as an objective reality; to point out distinct forms



see styles
Mandarin yǒu shén lùn zhě / you3 shen2 lun4 zhe3
Taiwan yu shen lun che
Chinese theist (believer in one or more Deities)

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Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll
Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll
Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll
Nichiren Vertical Wall Scroll

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Nichiren Horizontal Wall Scroll
Nichiren Vertical Portrait

Lookup Believer in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Believer信徒shintoxìn tú / xin4 tu2 / xin tu / xintuhsin t`u / hsintu / hsin tu
nichi ren / nichirenrì lián / ri4 lian2 / ri lian / rilianjih lien / jihlien
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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