Altar in Chinese / Japanese...

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Mandala / Altar

Mandala / Altar Scroll

壇 is the Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja for mandala or altar.

This can also mean platform, podium, rostrum, or "objects of worship grouped together".

In Japanese, this can be the given name Mayumi.

rì lián
nichi ren
Nichiren Scroll

日蓮 is the title Nichiren.

This title refers to a Buddhist priest, who lived from 1222 to 1282. He is the founder of the Nichiren sect of Buddhism.
According to historical documents, the Nichiren sect was established in 1252. Adding the character for sect, this would be 日蓮宗 (Nichiren sect), which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect.

According to Soothill-Hodous...
Nichiren's chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya:
1. 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i.e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha.
2. 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, "Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law", for it is Buddha's spiritual body.
3. 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.

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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese

dantán / tan2 / tant`an / tan
nichi ren / nichirenrì lián / ri4 lian2 / ri lian / rilianjih lien / jihlien
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

Not the results for altar that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your altar search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Nichiren Scroll
platform; rostrum; altar
(1) platform; podium; rostrum; pulpit; (2) (ceremonial) mound; (suffix noun) (3) world (of haiku, art, etc.); (literary) circles; (4) (archaism) mandala; (given name) Mayumi
An altar; an open altar. In the esoteric cult it also means a maṇḍala, objects of worship grouped together; platform

see styles
Nichiren Scroll
to abdicate
(out-dated kanji) (1) (Buddhist term) dhyana (profound meditation); (2) (abbreviation) Zen (Buddhism); (surname) Yuzuri
To level a place for an altar, to sacrifice to the hills and fountains; to abdicate. Adopted by Buddhists for dhyāna, 禪 or 禪那, i.e. meditation, abstraction, trance. dhyāna is 'meditation, thought, reflection, especially profound and abstract religious contemplation'. M.W. It was intp. as 'getting rid of evil', etc., later as 靜慮 quiet meditation. It is a form of 定, but that word is more closely allied with samādhi, cf. 禪定. The term also connotes Buddhism and Buddhist things in general, but has special application to the 禪宗 q.v. It is one of the six pāramitās, cf. 波. There are numerous methods and subjects of meditation. The eighteen brahmalokas are divided into four dhyāna regions 'corresponding to certain frames of mind where individuals might be reborn in strict accordance with their spiritual state'. The first three are the first dhyāna, the second three the second dhyāna, the third three the third dhyāna, and the remaining nine the fourth dhyāna. See Eitel. According to Childers' Pali Dictionary, 'The four jhānas are four stages of mystic meditation, whereby the believer's mind is purged from all earthly emotions, and detached as it were from his body, which remains plunged in a profound trance.' Seated cross-legged, the practiser 'concentrates his mind upon a single thought. Gradually his soul becomes filled with a supernatural ecstasy and serenity', his mind still reasoning: this is the first jhāna. Concentrating his mind on the same subject, he frees it from reasoning, the ecstasy and serenity remaining, which is the second jhāna. Then he divests himself of ecstasy, reaching the third stage of serenity. Lastly, in the fourth stage the mind becomes indifferent to all emotions, being exalted above them and purified. There are differences in the Mahāyāna methods, but similarity of aim.



see styles
rì lián
    ri4 lian2
jih lien
Nichiren Scroll
(given name) Nichiren; (person) Nichiren (Buddhist priest, 1222-82, founder of the Nichiren sect)
Nichiren, the Japanese founder, in A. D. 1252, of the 日蓮宗 Nichiren sect, which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect. Its chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya: (1) 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i. e. the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha; (2) 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-gwe-kyo, preceded by Namo, or, 'Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law, ' for it is Buddha's spiritual body; (3) 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.

see styles

a stand for food at sacrifice
altar of sacrifice

see styles
 taku(p); shoku
    たく(P); しょく
(1) table; desk; (counter) (2) (たく only) counter for tables, desks, etc.; (3) (しょく only) {Buddh} offering table before an altar (sometimes used in tea ceremony); (4) (しょく only) (abbreviation) (See 卓香炉) tabletop incense burner; (given name) Masaru
Lofty, tall erect; high

see styles
mound; embankment; the earthen altar to the god of the soil

see styles
side altar inside ancestral temple



see styles
shàng tán
    shang4 tan2
shang t`an
    shang tan
upper altar; upper altar


see styles
shàng jì
    shang4 ji4
shang chi
To place offerings on an altar; also 下祭; to place offerings on the altar


see styles
xià jì
    xia4 ji4
hsia chi
place offerings on the altar; place offerings on the altar



see styles
zhōng tán
    zhong1 tan2
chung t`an
    chung tan
 chū dan
middle altar; middle altar


see styles
 butsugu; bugu
    ぶつぐ; ぶぐ
Buddhist ritual implements (esp. altar fittings); (surname) Butsugu


see styles
(1) (before a) Buddhist altar; before the Buddha; (2) (oft. as 御〜) offering placed on a Buddhist altar; incense money; condolatory offering; (surname) Butsuzen


see styles
Buddhist altar fittings; (surname) Butsuki


see styles
Buddhist (household) altar


see styles
 bukkou / bukko
maker of Buddhist images and altar fittings


see styles
 bukka; butsuka; butsubana
    ぶっか; ぶつか; ぶつばな
flowers or flower arrangements for a butsudan (household Buddhist altar)


see styles
Buddhist family chapel; altar room


see styles
fó jù
    fo2 ju4
fo chü
(surname) Butsugu
Articles used on an altar in worship of Buddha; articles for worship



see styles
fó tán
    fo2 tan2
fo t`an
    fo tan
Buddha altar; Buddha altar


see styles
shì zhě
    shi4 zhe3
shih che
attendant; waiter
attendant; valet; altar boy; acolyte
An attendant, e. g. as Ānanda was to the Buddha; assistants in general, e. g. the incense-assistant in a temple; an attendant


see styles
gòng fèng
    gong4 feng4
kung feng
to consecrate; to enshrine and worship; an offering (to one's ancestors); a sacrifice (to a god)
(noun/participle) (1) accompanying; being in attendance on; (2) (abbreviation) (See 内供奉) inner offerer (any of the 10 high-ranking monks serving at the inner offering hall)
To offer; the monk who serves at the great altar; inner offerer


see styles
 sotou / soto
ancient altar of sacrifice



see styles
rù tán
    ru4 tan2
ju t`an
    ju tan
To go to the altar (for baptism, in the esoteric sect); to go to the platform



see styles
nèi zhèn
    nei4 zhen4
nei chen
The inner ranks, i. e. the part of a temple near the altar, where the monks sit; inner sanctum


see styles
dāo zǔ
    dao1 zu3
tao tsu
sacrificial knife and altar



see styles
huà tán
    hua4 tan2
hua t`an
    hua tan
The altar of transformation, i. e. a crematorium; altar of cremation



see styles
hé tán
    he2 tan2
ho t`an
    ho tan
United, or common altar, or altars, as distinguished from 離壇 separate altars; united altar


see styles
jun tú
    jun1 tu2
chün t`u
    chün tu
kuṇḍa, firepot, brazier, or fire-hole used by the esoterics in fire-worship.; (or 軍荼) kuṇḍa, a hole in the ground for the fire at the fire altar: the homa or fire altar.



see styles
yuán tán
    yuan2 tan2
yüan t`an
    yüan tan
Round altar; a complete group of objects of worship, a maṇḍala; round platform

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Nichiren Scroll
Nichiren Scroll
Nichiren Scroll
Nichiren Scroll

And formats...

Nichiren Vertical Portrait
Nichiren Horizontal Wall Scroll
Nichiren Vertical Portrait

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Altar Kanji, Altar Characters, Altar in Mandarin Chinese, Altar Characters, Altar in Chinese Writing, Altar in Japanese Writing, Altar in Asian Writing, Altar Ideograms, Chinese Altar symbols, Altar Hieroglyphics, Altar Glyphs, Altar in Chinese Letters, Altar Hanzi, Altar in Japanese Kanji, Altar Pictograms, Altar in the Chinese Written-Language, or Altar in the Japanese Written-Language.

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