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| 1. Teacher / Master / Old Sage
2. Sensei / Master / Teacher / Mister
3. Respected Teacher
4. Past experience is the teacher for the future.
5. When Three People Gather,...
6. Always with a Book in Hand
7. The Sea of Knowledge Has No Limits
8. River of Literacy, Sea of Learning
9. There is no royal road to learning
10. We are not born with knowledge,...
13. Kyousei / Kyōsei
15. Fatherly Master / Sifu / Shi Fu / Shifu
16. Confucius: Universal Education
17. Hunter / Huntsmen
19. Beware of the Lawyers
20. Master / Skilled Worker
老師 directly translates as, "old teacher," "old master," or "old sage."
Together, they are understood as "teacher." When you think about that, also realize that with age comes respect in Asian cultures. So calling someone old is actually a term of respect (not like the way we mean it in English). You could actually replace "old" with "respected" and be closer to the way this is meant in Chinese.
Teachers, in general, are more respected by their students and the population in China. When I was a teacher in China, I certainly felt that.
This term is also used for masters of certain fields. For instance, a master calligrapher would respectfully be addressed as "teacher." In fact, in this case, "master" and "teacher" are synonymous.
Other artists (especially those are famous or accomplished) should be addressed with this term. Also, some schools of martial arts use this term of respect for their masters/teachers/instructors.
This title is recognized in Japanese as "roushi" with the same meaning but it's rarely used in Japan.
If you've taken even a single karate class in your life, you know this term. 先生 is sensei, which is associated in the west with a master or instructor of karate, aikido, judo, and other Japanese martial arts.
In reality, this is a term of respect for almost any professional or skilled person (doctor, lawyer, teacher, etc). In some cases, it is used for musicians and artists who have achieved a certain level of fame, skill, or accomplishment.
It should be noted that this is also a courtesy title in Chinese but more like calling someone "mister" or "gentleman." It doesn't really have the "master" or "teacher" meaning in Chinese - see our Chinese "Master / Sifu / Shi Fu" entry if your audience is Chinese.
In Korean Hanja, this means teacher, instructor, schoolmaster, or schoolmistress.
This entry is more for educational purposes. 先生 is kind of a strange thing to put on a wall scroll. It's a title that is used more orally to show respect, rather than something written in calligraphy. If you feel that it is appropriate in your circumstances, we are very willing to create a piece of sensei Japanese calligraphy artwork for you.
The most literal translation to English of this ancient Chinese proverb is:
"Past events not forgotten serve as teachers for later events."
However, it's been translated several ways:
Don't forget past events, they can guide you in future.
Benefit from past experience.
Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future.
Past calamity is my teacher.
A good memory for the past is a teacher for the future.
The remembrance of the past is the teacher of the future.
If one remembers the lessons of the past; They will serve as a guide to avoid mistakes in the future.
This proverb comes from the 5th century B.C. just before the Warring States Period in the territory now known as China.
The head of the State of Jin, Zhi Bo, seized power in a coup. He did this with help from the armies of the State of Han and Wei. Instead of being grateful for the help from Han and Wei, he treacherously took the land of Han and Wei. Never satisfied, Zhi Bo employed the armies of Han and Wei to attack and seize the State of Zhao.
The king of Zhao took advice from his minister Zhang Mengtan and secretly contacted the Han and Wei armies to reverse their plans and attack the army of Zhi Bo instead. The plan was successful, and the State of Zhao was not only saved but was set to become a powerful kingdom in the region.
Zhang Mengtan immediately submitted his resignation to a confused king of Zhao. When asked why, Zhang Mengtan said, "I've done my duty to save my kingdom but looking back at past experience, I know sovereign kings are never satisfied with the power or land at hand. They will join others and fight for more power and more land. I must learn from past experiences, as those experiences are the teachers of future events."
The king could not dispute the logic in that statement and accepted Zhang Mengtan's resignation.
For generations, the State of Zhao continued to fight for power and land until finally being defeated and decimated by the State of Qin (which lead to the birth of the Qin Dynasty in 221 B.C.).
This literally means, "when three people meet, one becomes the teacher."
This famous Chinese philosophy suggests that when people come together, they can always learn from each other.
One person must be the teacher and others learn. And in turn, the others become the teachers of the knowledge they posses.
It is important to remember that we all have something to teach, and we all have something to learn as well.
This Chinese proverb literally means, "always with a book in hand."
手不釋卷 is used to refer to a student or scholar who is diligent and hardworking. 手不釋卷 is a great gift for a student or scholar who loves books.
This Chinese proverb reads, "sea of learning, no horizon."
Colloquially, it means there are no limits to what one still has left to learn.
This would be the Chinese equivalent to the quote from Hippocrates, "ars longa, vita brevis," meaning, "it takes a long time to acquire and perfect one's expertise."
See Also: Learning Is Eternal
This Chinese proverb reads, "river of literacy, sea of learning"
This suggests that there is a lot to learn in the world, with an eternal amount of reading and things to study.
文江學海 is one way to translate the quote from Hippocrates, "ars longa, vita brevis," meaning, "it takes a long time to acquire and perfect one's expertise."
See Also: Learning Is Eternal
This Chinese proverb reads, "There is no royal road to learning."
This suggests that the path of learning can never be smooth, there will be difficulties and troubles along the way.
See Also: Learning Is Eternal
This figuratively means, "Without a teacher, how can we learn/mature?"
人非生而知之者熟能無惑 is a philosophic pondering by Han Yu, a Tang Dynasty essayist and philosopher (618–907 A.D.). This Chinese proverb can be translated as, "Knowledge is not innate to man, how can we overcome doubt?" or, "We are not born with knowledge, how does one achieve maturity?."
This infers that we need the guidance of a teacher if we wish to learn, mature, and become better.
工程師 is the occupational title of an engineer in Chinese. In China, an engineer might have a sign on his desk or a name badge that has his/her name on it, and this title. It's not too common to see this on a wall scroll in China but you are allowed to take such liberties in the west.
Note that in China, a wall scroll like this is sometimes given to a teacher who builds (engineers) the spirits of their students. It's a way to honor a teacher, and in this case, the meaning departs from an occupational title.
Shihan is a Japanese term, often used in Japanese martial arts.
In typical Japanese language, it can refer to a teacher or instructor. However, in martial arts, it's often an honorific title for an expert or master instructor.
Example: In Aikido the title can refer to someone with the rank of 7th dan. But other schools us it to mean a master who has earned the right to award black belts.
This term is also used in Chinese, where it refers to teacher-training or the art of teaching by example. It's used within the proper name of certain types of universities in China.
師父 means master in Chinese (occasionally used in Korean Hanja and Japanese as well). In the context of Martial Arts, this is the master and teacher who instructs students.
The second character by itself means father. Thus, you get the "Fatherly Master" translation. There's an old Chinese saying that goes something like, "One who is your teacher for one day, is your father for life."
Language notes: I've often seen this romanized as "sifu," this is actually the Cantonese romanization. In Mandarin Chinese, it's "shifu." The pronunciation in Mandarin is actually like "sure foo" (using typical English pronunciation). There's an "R-sound" in there, which is not obvious from the romanization. Many martial arts studios incorrectly pronounce this like "she foo" (which is actually the Japanese pronunciation). In Cantonese, it sounds like "Sea foo" (almost like "sea food," minus the "d" on the end).
師父 is kind of a weird selection for a calligraphy wall scroll, this entry is more for educational purposes. But you are welcome to buy it if you feel it's appropriate for your circumstances.
This quote from the Analects of Confucius translates as:
For anyone who brings even the smallest token of appreciation, I have yet to refuse instruction.
Another way to put it is: If a student (or potential student) shows just an ounce of interest, desire, or appreciation for the opportunity to learn, a teacher should offer a pound of knowledge.
This was written over 2500 years ago. The composition is in ancient Chinese grammar and phrasing. A modern Chinese person would need a background in Chinese literature to understand this without the aid of a reference.
This his hunter or huntsman in Japanese Kanji.
There are several ways to say "hunter" in Japanese but this is probably the most common.
The first Kanji means hunting or game.
The second Kanji means master, specialist, or teacher. In this case, it will be read as "master." So this is also "game master" or "hunt master."
悉達多 is the name Siddhartha (as in Siddhartha Gautama), the personal name for Śākyamuni.
This same Buddha is also known as "Shakyamuni Gautama," "Gotama Buddha," or "Tathagata."
Siddhartha Gautama was a spiritual teacher in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent who founded Buddhism. He is generally seen by Buddhists as the Supreme Buddha (Sammāsambuddha) of known human history.
The actual meaning of this name in Chinese is the realization of all aims, or simply being prosperous.
This name is sometimes romanized from the original Sanskrit or Pali as Siddhattha (from Siddhattha Gotama), Siddharth, Siddhārtha, or Sarvāthasiddha.
Siddhārtha or Sarvāthasiddha can also be written as 悉達, 悉多, 悉多頞他, or 悉陀.
提防律師 is kind of a joke. The first two characters mean "guard yourself against (an attack)" or simply "beware." The last two characters can be translated as lawyer, attorney, or solicitor. Separately, those characters mean law/regulation/control and master/expert/teacher. Here, you can see the attorney meaning is pretty clear in the individual characters.
Please note, this is Chinese only (it won't make sense in Japanese, and the last two characters are sometimes translated together as "Buddhist Priest" in Japanese).
師傅 is “sifu” as in the “master” in the context of martial arts.
But there are two sifu titles floating around. This one can simply mean “skilled worker.”
Historically, this term has been used for a lot of things, such as, “The tutor of a king or emperor.” But now it's more commonly used to mean, master worker, or qualified worker.
Currently, within the field of skilled labor, a master (shifu) is higher than a journeyman, and is considered to be one worthy to teach others.
Note: In the 1970's and 1980's this term was used as a common form of polite address between people. You might say, "master, do you know were Tian'anmen Square is?" to just a person on the street at that time. This usage has almost passed, however, for some reason, people still often refer to taxi cab drivers as "master" in China (though I think/hope this is fading).
In Mandarin Chinese, this is pronounced like "Sure Foo," and in Cantonese like, "See Foo."
The second character is the difference between this sifu and the other. In this case, the second character by itself means tutor, instructor, or teacher.
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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji(Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|lǎo shī / lao3 shi1 / lao shi / laoshi||lao shih / laoshih|
|先生||sen sei / sensei||xiān shēng
|son shi / sonshi||zūn shī / zun1 shi1 / zun shi / zunshi||tsun shih / tsunshih|
|Past experience is the teacher for the future.||前事不忘后事之師|
|qián shì bú wàng hòu shí zhī shī
qian2 shi4 bu2 wang4 hou4 shi2 zhi1 shi1
qian shi bu wang hou shi zhi shi
|ch`ien shih pu wang hou shih chih shih
chien shih pu wang hou shih chih shih
|When Three People Gather, One Becomes a Teacher||三人行必有我師|
|sān rén xíng bì yǒu wǒ shī
san1 ren2 xing2 bi4 you3 wo3 shi1
san ren xing bi you wo shi
|san jen hsing pi yu wo shih
|Always with a Book in Hand||手不釋卷|
|shǒu bù shì juàn
shou3 bu4 shi4 juan4
shou bu shi juan
|shou pu shih chüan
|The Sea of Knowledge Has No Limits||學海無涯|
|xué hǎi wú yá
xue2 hai3 wu2 ya2
xue hai wu ya
|hsüeh hai wu ya
|River of Literacy, Sea of Learning||文江學海|
|wén jiāng xué hǎi
wen2 jiang1 xue2 hai3
wen jiang xue hai
|wen chiang hsüeh hai
|There is no royal road to learning||求學無坦途|
|qiú xué wú tǎn tú
qiu2 xue2 wu2 tan3 tu2
qiu xue wu tan tu
|ch`iu hsüeh wu t`an t`u
chiu hsüeh wu tan tu
|We are not born with knowledge, how does one achieve maturity?||人非生而知之者熟能無惑||rén fēi shēng ér zhī zhī zhě shú néng wú huò
ren2 fei1 sheng1 er2 zhi1 zhi1 zhe3 shu2 neng2 wu2 huo4
ren fei sheng er zhi zhi zhe shu neng wu huo
|jen fei sheng erh chih chih che shu neng wu huo|
|In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.|
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.
Successful Chinese Character and Japanese Kanji calligraphy searches within the last few hours...
All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.
When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.
Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!
When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.
The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.
Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.
There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.
Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.
The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.
Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.
Some people may refer to this entry as Teacher Kanji, Teacher Characters, Teacher in Mandarin Chinese, Teacher Characters, Teacher in Chinese Writing, Teacher in Japanese Writing, Teacher in Asian Writing, Teacher Ideograms, Chinese Teacher symbols, Teacher Hieroglyphics, Teacher Glyphs, Teacher in Chinese Letters, Teacher Hanzi, Teacher in Japanese Kanji, Teacher Pictograms, Teacher in the Chinese Written-Language, or Teacher in the Japanese Written-Language.