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This can be translated literally as "Praying Mantis Fist."
螳螂拳 is sometimes called Shandong Praying Mantis after its place of origin. It was created by Wang Lang and was named after the praying mantis, an insect, the aggressiveness of which inspired the style.
Shaolin records document that Wang Lang was one of the 18 masters gathered by the Shaolin Abbot Fu Ju, which dates him and Northern Praying Mantis style to the Song Dynasty (960–1279).
The fact that the word "Northern" is used in the English title has more to do with where this style came from (Shandong is in northern China) but "north" is absent from this Chinese title.
Note: 螳螂拳 is also a title in Japanese - however, only a Japanese person who practices or is familiar with "Praying Mantis Fist" style would recognize it.
This can be translated literally as "Southern School Praying Mantis" or "Southern Style Praying Mantis."
Despite its name, the Southern Praying Mantis style of Chinese martial arts is unrelated to the Northern Praying Mantis style. Southern Praying Mantis is instead related most closely to fellow Hakka styles such as Dragon and more distantly to the Fujian family of styles that includes Fujian White Crane, Five Ancestors, and Wing Chun.
This style of martial arts focuses more on fighting skills rather than aesthetics.
Of course, you already knew that if you were looking for this term.
Note: This title can be pronounced and does have meaning in Korean but only to Koreans familiar with Chinese martial arts.
Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your northern praying mantis search...
If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese
|Simple Dictionary Definition|
| běi pài táng láng quán / bei3 pai4 tang2 lang2 quan2
pei p`ai t`ang lang ch`üan / pei pai tang lang chüan
| Beipai Tanglang Quan - "Northern Praying Mantis" (Chinese Martial Art)
The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji(Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|Northern Praying Mantis||螳螂拳||tou rou ken|
to ro ken
|táng láng quán
tang2 lang2 quan2
tang lang quan
|t`ang lang ch`üan
tang lang chüan
|Southern Praying Mantis||南派螳螂||nán pài táng láng
nan2 pai4 tang2 lang2
nan pai tang lang
|nan p`ai t`ang lang
nan pai tang lang
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