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Main in Chinese / Japanese...

Buy a Main calligraphy wall scroll here!

Start your custom "Main" project by clicking the button next to your favorite "Main" title below...

  1. Daniel
  2. Ice / Frost
  3. Sun Wukong / Son Goku
  4. Zhuge Liang
  5. Body
  6. Brief and to the Point
  7. True Love
  8. Gay Pride
  9. Worldwide Wish for Peace and Prosperity
10. Zen / Chan / Meditation

Daniel

Alternate form
China dān ní
Daniel

丹尼 is another common transliteration to Mandarin Chinese for the name Daniel.

This version drops off the third character, so it sounds a bit more like Danny than Daniel. I think our main version of Daniel is better but this is a popular transliteration according to our research on Chinese Google.

Ice / Frost

China bīng
Ice / Frost

冰 is the Chinese character used to express "ice" or "frost."

The main part of the character on the right holds the meaning of "water" and on the left, is a radical (the two dots) that also means water. Together, they create the character that means "ice" (solid water).


This is similar to the character for frost in Japanese. However, Japanese drop the radical from the left side.

Sun Wukong / Son Goku

Monkey King
China sūn wù kōng
Japan son go kuu
Sun Wukong / Son Goku

孫悟空 is the name, Sun Wukong, also known as the Monkey King. He is a main character with supernatural powers in the ancient Chinese novel Journey to the West.

This title is also known as the real name of the Monkey King in Japanese. This can also be the Son Goku better known as simply Goku, a fictional character of the Dragon Ball Japanese manga series.

Zhuge Liang

China zhū gě liàng
Zhuge Liang

諸葛亮 is the name Zhuge Liang, written in Chinese.

Zhuge Liang lived from 181 to 234 A.D.
He was a military leader and prime minister of Shu Han (蜀漢) during the Three Kingdoms period.
He was the main hero of the fictional Romance of Three Kingdoms.
He is considered a famous sage, philosopher, and military genius.

Body

China shēn
Japan mi
Body

身 is how to write "body" as in your human body, in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and Korean Hanja. Depending on context and certain language issues, this character can also mean: main part, hull, oneself, somebody, person, I, me, sword, lifetime, one's station in life, etc.

While this written word is universal in three languages, it still makes a rather odd selection for a wall scroll. Also, they tend to use 体 (karada) in Japanese for body (depending on context).


See Also:  Karada

Brief and to the Point

Speak simply, while expressing your idea completely
China yán jiǎn yì gāi
Brief and to the Point

This Chinese proverb is a suggestion that is it better to be brief, use fewer words, while still expressing your main point or idea. In another way to explain this, one should not use 100 words when 50 will do, Or, being more concise with your speech.

This can also be translated as concise, compendious, "brief in form but comprehensive in scope" or succinct.

言簡意賅 is a bit more positive than our other proverb for brevity.

True Love

China zhēn ài
Japan shinai
True Love

真愛 is literally "True Love" in Chinese.

The first character means "real," "true" and "genuine." The second character means "love" and "affection."

During the customization of your calligraphy wall scroll, there is a place to add an inscription. You might want that inscription to be your names in Chinese down the side of your wall scroll, or perhaps just below these two main characters (just $9 extra). A nice gift to celebrate an anniversary or marriage!

Gay Pride

China tóng xìng liàn zì háo gǎn
Gay Pride

Gay Pride is kind of a new idea in China. In fact, it's so new, that we may have just started the movement by translating this phrase.

If they ever do start having gay pride parades in China, my best guess is that these 6 characters will constitute the term they use to title the parade / movement.

Who knows, maybe in 10 years they will have a pride parade march straight past Tian'anmen Square on Chang An Street (the main drag in Beijing).

Worldwide Wish for Peace and Prosperity

China qǐ shèng shì kāi tài píng
Worldwide Wish for Peace and Prosperity

This means "To bring flourishing peace and security to the world (our current era)."

It's really a wish that a new door leading to peace and prosperity could be opened to mankind.

Character and word breakdown:
啟 to open; to start; to initiate; to enlighten or awaken.
盛世 a flourishing period; period of prosperity; a golden age.
開 to open; to start; to turn on.
太平 peace and security; peace and tranquility; peace; tranquility.
I don't really like to do breakdowns like this, as the words altogether create their own unique meaning (encompassed in the main title above). Please take that into consideration.

Zen / Chan / Meditation

...as in Zen Buddhism
China chán
Japan zen
Zen / Chan / Meditation

First let's correct something: The Japanese romanization for this character, "Zen" has penetrated the English language. In English, it's almost always incorrectly used for phrases like "That's so zen." Nobody says "That's so meditation" - right? As the title of a sect, this would be like saying, "That's soooo Baptist!"

禪 by itself just means "meditation." In that context, it should not be confined to use by any one religion or sect.

Regardless of the dictionary definition, more often than not, this character is associated with Buddhism. And here is one of the main reasons:
Zen is used as the title of a branch of Mahayana Buddhism which strongly emphasizes the practice of meditation.
However, it should be noted that Buddhism came from India, and "Chan Buddhism" evolved and developed in medieval China. The Chinese character "Chan" was eventually pronounced as "Zen" in Japanese. Chan Buddhists in China have a lot in common with Zen Buddhists in Japan.

More about the history of Zen Buddhism here.

Please also note that the Japanese Kanji character for Zen has evolved a little in Japan, and the two boxes (kou) that you see at the top of the right side of the character have been replaced by three dots with tails. Japanese Zen Kanji The original character would still be generally understood and recognized in Japanese (it's considered an ancient version in Japan) but if you want the specifically modern Japanese version, please click on the zen Kanji to the right. Technically, there is no difference in Tensho and Reisho versions of Zen since they are ancient character styles that existed long before Japan had a written language.

Chinese Zen/Chan CharacterThere is also an alternate/shorthand/simplified Chinese version which has two dots or tails above the right-side radical. This version is also popular for calligraphy in China. If you want this version, just click the character to the right.


Further notes: Zen is just one of seven sects of Buddhism practiced in Japan. The others are 律 Ritsu (or Risshū), 法相 Hossō, 論 Sanron 華嚴 Kegon, 天台 Tendai, and 眞言 Shingon.

Search for Main in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Daniel丹尼dān ní / dan1 ni2 / dan ni / dannitan ni / tanni
Ice
Frost
bīng / bing1 / bingping
Sun Wukong
Son Goku
孫悟空
孙悟空
son go kuu / songokuu / son go ku / songokusūn wù kōng
sun1 wu4 kong1
sun wu kong
sunwukong
sun wu k`ung
sunwukung
sun wu kung
Zhuge Liang諸葛亮
诸葛亮
zhū gě liàng
zhu1 ge3 liang4
zhu ge liang
zhugeliang
chu ko liang
chukoliang
Bodymishēn / shen1 / shen
Brief and to the Point言簡意賅
言简意赅
yán jiǎn yì gāi
yan2 jian3 yi4 gai1
yan jian yi gai
yanjianyigai
yen chien i kai
yenchienikai
True Love真愛
真爱
shinaizhēn ài / zhen1 ai4 / zhen ai / zhenaichen ai / chenai
Gay Pride同性戀自豪感
同性恋自豪感
tóng xìng liàn zì háo gǎn
tong2 xing4 lian4 zi4 hao2 gan3
tong xing lian zi hao gan
tongxinglianzihaogan
t`ung hsing lien tzu hao kan
tunghsinglientzuhaokan
tung hsing lien tzu hao kan
Worldwide Wish for Peace and Prosperity啟盛世開太平
启盛世开太平
qǐ shèng shì kāi tài píng
qi3 sheng4 shi4 kai1 tai4 ping2
qi sheng shi kai tai ping
qishengshikaitaiping
ch`i sheng shih k`ai t`ai p`ing
chishengshihkaitaiping
chi sheng shih kai tai ping
Zen
Chan
Meditation

zenchán / chan2 / chanch`an / chan
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.



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All of our calligraphy wall scrolls are handmade.

When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
After we create your wall scroll, it takes at least two weeks for air mail delivery from Beijing to you.

Allow a few weeks for delivery. Rush service speeds it up by a week or two for $10!

When you select your calligraphy, you'll be taken to another page where you can choose various custom options.


A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

The wall scroll that Sandy is holding in this picture is a "large size"
single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Main Kanji, Main Characters, Main in Mandarin Chinese, Main Characters, Main in Chinese Writing, Main in Japanese Writing, Main in Asian Writing, Main Ideograms, Chinese Main symbols, Main Hieroglyphics, Main Glyphs, Main in Chinese Letters, Main Hanzi, Main in Japanese Kanji, Main Pictograms, Main in the Chinese Written-Language, or Main in the Japanese Written-Language.