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Kong in Chinese / Japanese...

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Sky / Ether / Void / Emptiness / Unreality

(Used in Japanese version of five elements)
China kōng
Japan kuu / kara / sora / ron
Sky / Ether / Void / Emptiness / Unreality Vertical Wall Scroll

This single character means empty, void, hollow, vacant, vacuum, blank, nonexistent, vacuity, voidness, emptiness, non-existence, immateriality, unreality, the false or illusory nature of all existence, being unreal.

In Buddhist context, this relates to the doctrine that all phenomena and the ego have no reality but are composed of a certain number of skandhas or elements, which disintegrate. The void, the sky, space. The universal, the absolute, complete abstraction without relativity. The doctrine further explains that all things are compounds, or unstable organisms, possessing no self-essence, i.e. are dependent, or caused, come into existence only to perish. The underlying reality, the principle of eternal relativity, or non-infinity, i.e. śūnya, permeates all phenomena making possible their evolution.

From Sanskrit and/or Pali, this is the translation to Chinese and Japanese of the title śūnya or śūnyatā.

In Japanese, when pronounced as "ron" (sounds like "roan") this can be a given name. It should be noted that this Kanji has about 5 different possible pronunciations in Japanese: kuu, kara, sora, ron, and uro. 空 is also an element in the Japanese version of the five elements.

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Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin kòng // kōng / kong4 // kong1
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Japanese kuu / ku / くう    kara / から
Chinese to empty; vacant; unoccupied; space; leisure; free time; empty; air; sky; in vain
Japanese (1) empty air; sky; (2) {Buddh} shunyata; emptiness; the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon; (3) (abbreviation) (See 空軍) air force; (noun or adjectival noun) (4) fruitlessness; meaninglessness; (5) (See 五大・1) void (one of the five elements); (can be adjective with の) (6) {math} empty (e.g. set); (noun - becomes adjective with の) emptiness; vacuum; blank; (female given name) Ron; (personal name) Hiroshi; (female given name) Hikari; (female given name) Haruka; (female given name) Noa; (surname) Sorasaki; (female given name) Sora; (female given name) Sukai; (female given name) Shieru; (personal name) Kuukai; (surname, female given name) Kuu; (female given name) Kanata; (female given name) Kasumi; (female given name) Urue; (surname, female given name) Aki; (female given name) Aoi
śūnya, empty, void, hollow, vacant, nonexistent. śūnyatā, 舜若多, vacuity, voidness, emptiness, non-existence, immateriality, perhaps spirituality, unreality, the false or illusory nature of all existence, the seeming 假 being unreal. The doctrine that all phenomena and the ego have no reality, but are composed of a certain number of skandhas or elements, which disintegrate. The void, the sky, space. The universal, the absolute, complete abstraction without relativity. There are classifications into 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 13, 16, and 18 categories. The doctrine is that all things are compounds, or unstable organisms, possessing no self-essence, i.e. are dependent, or caused, come into existence only to perish. The underlying reality, the principle of eternal relativity, or non-infinity, i.e. śūnya, permeates all phenomena making possible their evolution. From this doctrine the Yogācārya school developed the idea of the permanent reality, which is Essence of Mind, the unknowable noumenon behind all phenomena, the entity void of ideas and phenomena, neither matter nor mind, but the root of both.

天空

see styles
Mandarin tiān kōng / tian1 kong1
Taiwan t`ien k`ung / tien kung
Japanese tenkuu / tenku / てんくう
Sky / Ether / Void / Emptiness / Unreality Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese sky
Japanese sky; air; ether; firmament; the heavens; (female given name) Hirari; (female given name) Tinku; (female given name) Tiara; (female given name) Takara; (female given name) Sora; (female given name) Sukai; (female given name) Shieru

孔子

see styles
Mandarin kǒng/ kong3 zi3
Taiwan k`ung tzu / kung tzu
Japanese koushi / koshi / こうし
Sky / Ether / Void / Emptiness / Unreality Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Confucius (551-479 BC), Chinese thinker and social philosopher, also known as 孔夫子[Kong3 fu1 zi3]
Japanese Confucius; (female given name) Yoshiko; (female given name) Koushi; (female given name) Kouko
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

孔雀

see styles
Mandarin kǒng què / kong3 que4
Taiwan k`ung ch`üeh / kung chüeh
Japanese kujaku;kuzaku;kujaku / くじゃく;くざく;クジャク
Sky / Ether / Void / Emptiness / Unreality Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese peacock
Japanese (kana only) peafowl (incl. the male peacock, female peahen, and young peachick); (given name) Kujaku
mayūra, 摩裕羅 a peacock; the latter form is also given by Eitel for Mauriya as 'an ancient city on the north-east frontier of Matipura, the residence of the ancient Maurya (Morya) princes. The present Amrouah near Hurdwar'; the peacock

恐龍


恐龙

see styles
Mandarin kǒng lóng / kong3 long2
Taiwan k`ung lung / kung lung
Japanese kyouryuu / kyoryu / きょうりゅう
Chinese dinosaur; CL:頭|头[tou2]; (slang) ugly person
Japanese dinosaur

悟空

see styles
Mandarinkōng / wu4 kong1
Taiwan wu k`ung / wu kung
Japanese gokuu / goku / ごくう
Sky / Ether / Void / Emptiness / Unreality Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Sun Wukong, the Monkey King, character with supernatural powers from the novel Journey to the West 西遊記|西游记[Xi1 You2 Ji4]
Japanese (surname, given name) Gokuu

空手

see styles
Mandarin kōng shǒu / kong1 shou3
Taiwan k`ung shou / kung shou
Japanese karate / からて
Sky / Ether / Void / Emptiness / Unreality Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese empty-handed; unarmed; karate
Japanese (1) karate; (2) empty handed; (surname) Sorate

空氣


空气

see styles
Mandarin kōng/ kong1 qi4
Taiwan k`ung ch`i / kung chi
Chinese air; atmosphere

空無


空无

see styles
Mandarin kōng/ kong1 wu2
Taiwan k`ung wu / kung wu
Japanese kūmu
Unreality, or immateriality, of things, which is defined as nothing existing of independent or self-contained nature; emptiness

空軍


空军

see styles
Mandarin kōng jun / kong1 jun1
Taiwan k`ung chün / kung chün
Japanese kuugun / kugun / くうぐん
Chinese air force
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) Air Force

虛空


虚空

see styles
Mandarinkōng / xu1 kong1
Taiwan hsü k`ung / hsü kung
Japanese kokū
Chinese void; hollow; empty
śūnya; empty, void, space; ākāśa, in the sense of space, or the ether; gagana, the sky, atmosphere, heaven; kha, space, sky, ether, 虛 is defined as that which is without shape or substantiality, 空 as that which has no resistance. The immaterial universe behind all phenomena.

孫悟空


孙悟空

see styles
Mandarin sūn wù kōng / sun1 wu4 kong1
Taiwan sun wu k`ung / sun wu kung
Japanese songokuu / songoku / そんごくう
Chinese Sun Wukong, the Monkey King, character with supernatural powers in the novel Journey to the West 西遊記|西游记[Xi1 you2 Ji4]; Son Goku, the main character in Dragon Ball 七龍珠|七龙珠[Qi1 long2 zhu1]
Japanese (personal name) Sun Wukong; Monkey King (character in the classic Chinese novel Journey to the West)

空手道

see styles
Mandarin kōng shǒu dào / kong1 shou3 dao4
Taiwan k`ung shou tao / kung shou tao
Japanese karatedou / karatedo / からてどう
Sky / Ether / Void / Emptiness / Unreality Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese karate
Japanese the way of karate; karate

see styles
Mandarin kǒng // kōng / kong3 // kong1
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Chinese urgent; pressed; ignorant; blank-minded

see styles
Mandarin kǒng / kong3
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Japanese ana / あな
Chinese hole; CL:個|个[ge4]; classifier for cave dwellings; surname Kong
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) hole; (2) deficit; shortage; missing person (in a team, meeting, etc.); (3) vacancy; opening; (4) flaw; (5) profitable place (or item, etc.) not well known by others; (6) upset victory (with a large payoff); (7) (slang) pit (of a theater); (8) (archaism) hiding place; (9) (archaism) underbelly (of society, etc.); (given name) Tooru; (given name) Takashi; (surname) Kon; (surname) Kou
A hole: surname of Confucius; great, very; a peacock.

see styles
Mandarin kōng / kong1
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Chinese name of a mountain

see styles
Mandarin kǒng / kong3
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Japanese kowa / こわ    kashiko / かしこ    kashiku / かしく
Chinese afraid; frightened; to fear
Japanese (interjection) (kana only) frightening; terrifying; (expression) (kana only) (feminine speech) yours sincerely (used to sign off on letters); respectfully yours
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin kōng / kong1
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Chinese simple-minded; sincere

see styles
Mandarin kòng / kong4
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Chinese to control; to accuse; to charge; to sue; to invert a container to empty it; (suffix) (slang) buff; enthusiast; devotee; -phile or -philia

see styles
Mandarin kòng // hōng / kong4 // hong1
Taiwan k`ung // hung / kung // hung
Chinese see 焢肉[kong4 rou4]; angry appearance (archaic)

see styles
Mandarin kuàng // kuǎng // kòng // huǎng / kuang4 // kuang3 // kong4 // huang3
Taiwan k`uang // k`ung // huang / kuang // kung // huang
Chinese old variant of 曠|旷[kuang4]; bright and spacious; flame light; see 爌肉[kong4 rou4]; old variant of 晃[huang3]; bright

see styles
Mandarin kōng / kong1
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Chinese ancient harp; cf 箜篌, Chinese harp

see styles
Mandarin kòng / kong4
Taiwan k`ung / kung
Chinese bridle; reins

一空

see styles
Mandarinkōng / yi1 kong1
Taiwan i k`ung / i kung
Japanese ikkuu / ikku / いっくう
Chinese leaving none left; (sold etc) out
Japanese (given name) Ikkuu
All is empty, or of the void, non-material; singular emptiness

七孔

see styles
Mandarinkǒng / qi1 kong3
Taiwan ch`i k`ung / chi kung
Chinese the seven apertures of the human head: 2 eyes, 2 ears, 2 nostrils, 1 mouth

七空

see styles
Mandarinkōng / qi1 kong1
Taiwan ch`i k`ung / chi kung
Japanese shichikū
The seven unrealities or illusions,v.空. There are two lists:(1)相空,性自性空,行空,無行空,一切法離言説空,第一義聖智大空 and彼彼空; v.Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 1.(2) 性空, 自相空, 諸法空, 不可得空,無法空, 有法空, and 有法無法空.智度論36; seven emptinesses

三空

see styles
Mandarin sān kōng / san1 kong1
Taiwan san k`ung / san kung
Japanese sankū
The three voids or immaterialities. The first set of three is (a) 空, (b) 無相, (c) 無願, v. 三三昧. The second, (a) 我空 , (b) 法空 , (c) 倶空 the self, things, all phenomena as "empty" or immaterial. The third relates to charity: (a) giver, (b) receiver, (c) gift, all are "empty"; three levels of apprehension of emptiness

上空

see styles
Mandarin shàng kōng / shang4 kong1
Taiwan shang k`ung / shang kung
Japanese joukuu / joku / じょうくう
Chinese overhead; in the sky
Japanese sky; the skies; high-altitude sky; upper air; (surname) Uesora

不空

see styles
Mandarinkōng / bu4 kong1
Taiwan pu k`ung / pu kung
Japanese fukuu / fuku / ふくう    fuku / ふく
Japanese (given name, person) Fukuu; (female given name) Fuku
Amogha, Amoghavajra. 不空三藏; 智藏; 阿目佉跋折羅 Not empty (or not in vain) vajra. The famous head of the Yogācāra school in China. A Singhalese of northern brahmanic descent, having lost his father, he came at the age of 15 with his uncle to 東海, the eastern sea, or China, where in 718 he became a disciple of 金剛智 Vajrabodhi. After the latter's death in 732, and at his wish, Eliot says in 741, he went to India and Ceylon in search of esoteric or tantric writings, and returned in 746, when he baptized the emperor Xuan Tsung. He was especially noted for rain-making and stilling storms. In 749 he received permission to return home, but was stopped by imperial orders when in the south of China. In ?756 under Su Tsung he was recalled to the capital. His time until 771 was spent translating and editing tantric books in 120 volumes, and the Yogacara 密教 rose to its peak of prosperity. He died greatly honoured at 70 years of age, in 774, the twelfth year of Tai Tsung, the third emperor under whom he had served. The festival of feeding the hungry spirits 孟蘭勝會 is attributed to him. His titles of 智藏 and 不空三藏 are Thesaurus of Wisdom and Amogha Tripitaka.

中空

see styles
Mandarin zhōng kōng / zhong1 kong1
Taiwan chung k`ung / chung kung
Japanese chuukuu;nakazora / chuku;nakazora / ちゅうくう;なかぞら
Chinese hollow; empty interior
Japanese (adj-no,n) (1) (ちゅうくう only) hollow; (noun - becomes adjective with の) (2) mid-air; air; sky; (surname) Nakazora; (surname) Nakasora

Search for Kong in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Sky
Ether
Void
Emptiness
Unreality
kuu / kara / sora / ron
ku / kara / sora / ron
ku/kara/sora/ron
kōng / kong1 / kongk`ung / kung



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Some people may refer to this entry as Kong Kanji, Kong Characters, Kong in Mandarin Chinese, Kong Characters, Kong in Chinese Writing, Kong in Japanese Writing, Kong in Asian Writing, Kong Ideograms, Chinese Kong symbols, Kong Hieroglyphics, Kong Glyphs, Kong in Chinese Letters, Kong Hanzi, Kong in Japanese Kanji, Kong Pictograms, Kong in the Chinese Written-Language, or Kong in the Japanese Written-Language.