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The name Mandala in Chinese / Japanese...

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Mandala / Altar

Mandala / Altar Scroll

壇 is the Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja for mandala or altar.

This can also mean platform, podium, rostrum, or “objects of worship grouped together.”

In Japanese, this can be the given name Mayumi.

 rì lián
 nichi ren
Nichiren Scroll

日蓮 is the title Nichiren.

This title refers to a Buddhist priest who lived from 1222 to 1282. He is the founder of the Nichiren sect of Buddhism.
According to historical documents, the Nichiren sect was established in 1252. Adding the character 宗 for sect, this would be 日蓮宗 (Nichiren sect), which is also known as the 法華宗 or Lotus sect.

According to Soothill-Hodous...
Nichiren's chief tenets are the three great mysteries 三大祕法, representing the trikāya:
1. 本尊 or chief object of worship, being the great maṇḍala of the worlds of the ten directions, or universe, i.e., the body or nirmāṇakāya of Buddha.
2. 題目 the title of the Lotus Sutra 妙法蓮華經 Myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo, preceded by Namo, or “Adoration to the scripture of the lotus of the wonderful law,” for it is Buddha's spiritual body.
3. 戒壇 the altar of the law, which is also the title of the Lotus as above; the believer, wherever he is, dwells in the Pure-land of calm light 寂光淨土, the saṃbhogakāya.

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Not the results for mandala that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your mandala search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
màn tú luó
    man4 tu2 luo2
man t`u lo
    man tu lo
(Buddhism) (loanword from Sanskrit) mandala
mandala; Buddhist visual schema of the enlightened mind; (given name) Mandara
曼怛羅; 曼特羅; 曼陀羅; 曼拏羅; 蔓陀囉; 滿荼邏 maṇḍala, a circle, globe, wheel ring; "any circular figure or diagram" (M.W.); a magic circle; a plot or place of enlightenment; a round or square altar on which buddhas and bodhisattvas are placed; a group of such, especially the garbhadhātu and vajradhātu groups of the Shingon sect; these were arranged by Kōbō Daishi to express the mystic doctrine of the two dhātu by way of illustration, the garbhadhātu representing the 理 and the 因 principle and cause, the vajradhātu the 智 and the 果 intelligence (or reason) and the effect, i.e. the fundamental realm of being, and mind as inherent in it; v. 胎 and 金剛. The two realms are fundamentally one, as are the absolute and phenomenal, e.g. water and wave. There are many kinds of maṇḍalas, e.g. the group of the Lotus Sutra; of the 觀經; of the nine luminaries; of the Buddha's entering into nirvana, etc. The real purpose of a maṇḍala is to gather the spiritual powers together, in order to promote the operation of the dharma or law. The term is commonly applied to a magic circle, subdivided into circles or squares in which are painted Buddhist divinities and symbols. Maṇḍalas also reveal the direct retribution of each of the ten worlds of beings (purgatory, pretas, animals, asuras, men, devas, the heavens of form, formless heavens, bodhisattvas, and buddhas). Each world has its maṇḍala which represents the originating principle that brings it to completion. The maṇḍala of the tenth world indicates the fulfilment and completion of the nine worlds.



see styles
dà màn tú luó
    da4 man4 tu2 luo2
ta man t`u lo
    ta man tu lo
{Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅・ししゅまんだら) great mandala (in Shingon); mandala with an image of each deity
(大曼) The great maṇḍala; one of four groups of Buddhas and bodhisattvas of the esoteric school. The esoteric word 阿 "a " is styled the great maṇḍala-king.



see styles
màn tuó luó
    man4 tuo2 luo2
man t`o lo
    man to lo
(botany) devil's trumpet (Datura stramonium) (loanword from Sanskrit "māndāra"); mandala (loanword from Sanskrit "maṇḍala")
mandala; Buddhist visual schema of the enlightened mind; (f,p) Mandara
or 曼阤羅; 漫陀羅 mandāra(va), the coral-tree; the erythrina indica, or this tree regarded as one of the five trees of Paradise, i.e, Indra's heaven; a white variety of Calotropis gigantea. Name of a noted monk, and of one called Mandra.



see styles
sān mèi yé màn tú luó
    san1 mei4 ye2 man4 tu2 luo2
san mei yeh man t`u lo
    san mei yeh man tu lo
{Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅・ししゅまんだら) samya mandala (in Shingon); mandala where each deity is represented by an object (lotus flower, gem, sword, etc.)
samaya-maṇḍala. One of the four kinds of magic circles in which the saints are represented by the symbols of their power, e.g. pagoda, jewel, lotus, sword.


see styles
 taizoukai / taizokai
(1) {Buddh} (See 金剛界・こんごうかい・1) Garbhadhatu; Womb Realm; Matrix Realm; (2) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 胎蔵界曼荼羅・たいぞうかいまんだら) Garbhadhatu Mandala; Womb Realm Mandala; Matrix Realm Mandala


see styles
 taizoumandara / taizomandara
{Buddh} (See 胎蔵界曼荼羅) Garbhadhatu Mandala; Womb Realm Mandala; Matrix Realm Mandala


see styles
 taizoukaimandara / taizokaimandara
{Buddh} (See 金剛界曼荼羅・こんごうかいまんだら,両界曼荼羅・りょうかいまんだら) Garbhadhatu Mandala; Womb Realm Mandala; Matrix Realm Mandala



see styles
jīn gāng jiè màn tú luó
    jin1 gang1 jie4 man4 tu2 luo2
chin kang chieh man t`u lo
    chin kang chieh man tu lo
 kongoukaimandara / kongokaimandara
{Buddh} (See 胎蔵界曼荼羅・たいぞうかいまんだら,両界曼荼羅・りょうかいまんだら) Vajradhatu Mandala; Diamond Realm Mandala
maṇḍala of the adamantine realm

see styles

More info & calligraphy:

Mandala / Altar
altar; platform; rostrum; (bound form) (sporting, literary etc) circles; world
(1) platform; podium; rostrum; pulpit; (2) (ceremonial) mound; (suffix noun) (3) world (of haiku, art, etc.); (literary) circles; (4) (archaism) mandala; (given name) Mayumi
An altar; an open altar. In the esoteric cult it also means a maṇḍala, objects of worship grouped together.


see styles
zhōng tāi
    zhong1 tai1
chung t`ai
    chung tai
(中胎藏) The central figure of the eight-petalled group of the Garbhadhātu maṇḍala; i. e. the phenomenal Vairocana who has around him four Buddhas and four bodhisattvas, each on a petal. From this maṇḍala spring the four other great maṇḍalas.


see styles
mǔ zhǔ
    mu3 zhu3
mu chu
The 'mother-lord', or mother, as contrasted with 主 and 母, lord and mother, king and queen, in the maṇḍala of Vajradhātu and Garbhadhātu; Vairocana, being the source of all things, has no 'mnother'as progenitor, and is the 部主 or lord of the maṇḍala; the other four dhyāni-buddhas have 'mothers' called 部母, who are supposed to arise from the paramitas; thus, Akṣobhya has 金剛波羅蜜 for mother; Ratnasaṃbhava has 寳波羅蜜 for mother; Amitābha has 法波羅蜜 for mother; Amoghasiddhi has 羯磨波羅蜜 for mother.



see styles
lún yuán
    lun2 yuan2
lun yüan
(輪圓具足) A complete maṇḍala showing the Buddhas and others, symbolizing their works; a magic circle.



see styles
mén dǎ lè
    men2 da3 le4
men ta le
maṇḍala, v. 曼.



see styles
mǎn dá luó
    man3 da2 luo2
man ta lo
滿荼邏 v. 曼 maṇḍala.



see styles
màn tú luó
    man4 tu2 luo2
man t`u lo
    man tu lo
(or 漫怛羅 or漫陀羅) v. 曼 maṇḍala.


see styles
tāi zàng jiè
    tai1 zang4 jie4
t`ai tsang chieh
    tai tsang chieh
 taizō kai
Garbhadhātu, or Garbhakośa-(dhātu), the womb treasury, the universal source from which all things are produced; the matrix; the embryo; likened to a womb in which all of a child is conceived— its body, mind, etc. It is container and content; it covers and nourishes; and is the source of all supply. It represents the 理性 fundamental nature, both material elements and pure bodhi, or wisdom in essence or purity; 理 being the garbhadhātu as fundamental wisdom, and 智 acquired wisdom or knowledge, the vajradhātu. It also represents the human heart in its innocence or pristine purity, which is considered as the source of all Buddha-pity and moral knowledge. And it indicates that from the central being in the maṇḍala, viz. the Sun as symbol of Vairocana, there issue all the other manifestations of wisdom and power, Buddhas, bodhisattvas, demons, etc. It is 本覺 original intellect, or the static intellectuality, in contrast with 始覺 intellection, the initial or dynamic intellectuality represented in the vajradhātu; hence it is the 因 cause and vajradhātu the 果 effect; though as both are a unity, the reverse may be the rule, the effect being also the cause; it is also likened to 利他 enriching others, as vajradhātu is to 自利 enriching self. Kōbō Daishi, founder of the Yoga or Shingon 眞言 School in Japan, adopted the representation of the ideas in maṇḍalas, or diagrams, as the best way of revealing the mystic doctrine to the ignorant. The garbhadhātu is the womb or treasury of all things, the universe; the 理 fundamental principle, the source; its symbols are a triangle on its base, and an open lotus as representing the sun and Vairocana. In Japan this maṇḍala is placed on the east, typifying the rising sun as source, or 理. The vajradhātu is placed west and represents 智 wisdom or knowledge as derived from 理 the underlying principle, but the two are essential one to the other, neither existing apart. The material and spiritual; wisdom-source and intelligence; essence and substance; and similar complementary ideas are thus portrayed; the garbhadhātu may be generally considered as the static and the vajradhātu as the dynamic categories, which are nevertheless a unity. The garbhadhātu is divided into 三部 three sections representing samādhi or quiescence, wisdom-store, and pity-store, or thought, knowledge, pity; one is called the Buddha-section, the others the Vajra and Lotus sections respectively; the three also typify vimokṣa, prajñā, and dharmakāya, or freedom, understanding, and spirituality. There are three heads of these sections, i. e. Vairocana, Vajrapāṇi, and Avalokiteśvara; each has a mother or source, e. g. Vairocana from Buddha's-eye; and each has a 明王 or emanation of protection against evil; also a śakti or female energy; a germ-letter, etc. The diagram of five Buddhas contains also four bodhisattvas, making nine in all, and there are altogether thirteen 大院 or great courts of various types of ideas, of varying numbers, generally spoken of as 414. Cf. 金剛界; 大日; 兩部.



see styles
jīn gāng jiè
    jin1 gang1 jie4
chin kang chieh
 kongoukai / kongokai
(1) {Buddh} (See 胎蔵界・たいぞうかい・1) Vajradhatu; Diamond Realm; (2) (abbreviation) {Buddh} (See 金剛界曼荼羅・こんごうかいまんだら) Vajradathu Mandala; Diamond Realm Mandala
vajradhātu, 金界 The 'diamond', or vajra, element of the universe; it is the 智 wisdom of Vairocana in its indestructibility and activity; it arises from the garbhadhātu 胎藏界q.v., the womb or store of the Vairocana 理 reason or principles of such wisdom, v. 理智. The two, garbhadhātu and vajradhātu, are shown by the esoteric school, especially in the Japanese Shingon, in two maṇḍalas, i.e. groups or circles, representing in various portrayals the ideas arising from the two, fundamental concepts. vajradhātu is intp. as the 智 realm of intellection, and garbhadhātu as the 理 substance underlying it, or the matrix; the latter is the womb or fundamental reason of all things, and occupies the eastern position as 'cause' of the vajradhātu, which is on the west as the resultant intellectual or spiritual expression. But both are one as are Reason and Wisdom, and Vairocana (the illuminator, the 大日 great sun) presides over both, as source and supply. The vajradhātu represents the spiritual world of complete enlightenment, the esoteric dharmakāya doctrine as contrasted with the exoteric nirmāṇakāya doctrine. It is the sixth element 識 mind, and is symbolized by a triangle with the point downwards and by the full moon, which represents 智 wisdom or understanding; it corresponds to 果 fruit, or effect, garbhadhātu being 因 or cause. The 金剛王五部 or five divisions of the vajradhātu are represented by the Five dhyāni-buddhas, thus: centre 大日Vairocana; east 阿閦 Akṣobhya; south 寶生Ratnasambhava; west 阿彌陀 Amitābha; north 不 空 成就 Amoghasiddhi, or Śākyamuni. They are seated respectively on a lion, an elephant, a horse, a peacock, and a garuda. v. 五佛; also 胎.



see styles
mén dá là
    men2 da2 la4
men ta la
maṇḍala, see 曼.



see styles
yīn màn tuó luó
    yin1 man4 tuo2 luo2
yin man t`o lo
    yin man to lo
 in mandara
The Garbhadhātu 胎臟 maṇḍala, which is also east and 因, or cause, as contrasted with the Vajradhātu, which is west and 果, or effect.



see styles
fū màn tú luó
    fu1 man4 tu2 luo2
fu man t`u lo
    fu man tu lo
 fu mandara
To spread a magic cloth, or maṇḍala, on the ground.



see styles
màn tú luó jiào
    man4 tu2 luo2 jiao4
man t`u lo chiao
    man tu lo chiao
 mandara kyō
maṇḍala doctrine, mantra teaching, magic, yoga, the True word or Shingon sect.



see styles
dōng màn tuó luó
    dong1 man4 tuo2 luo2
tung man t`o lo
    tung man to lo
 tō mandara
The eastern maṇḍala, that of the Garbhadhātu.


see styles
 houmandara / homandara
{Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅・ししゅまんだら) dharma mandala (in Shingon); mandala were each deity is represented by its seed syllable in Sanskrit



see styles
lǐ màn tuó luó
    li3 man4 tuo2 luo2
li man t`o lo
    li man to lo
 ri mandara
The noumenal maṇḍala, i.e. the garbhadhātu in contrast with the 智 or vajradhātumaṇḍala.



see styles
xī màn tuó luó
    xi1 man4 tuo2 luo2
hsi man t`o lo
    hsi man to lo
 sai mandara
The "western" maṇḍala is that of the Vajradhātu, as the "eastern" is of the Garbhadhātu.



see styles
jīn gāng xīn diàn
    jin1 gang1 xin1 dian4
chin kang hsin tien
 kongō shinten
The vajradhātu (maṇḍala), in which Vairocana dwells, also called 不壞金剛光明心殿 the shrine of the indestructible diamond-brilliant heart.



see styles
jiǔ zì màn tú luó
    jiu3 zi4 man4 tu2 luo2
chiu tzu man t`u lo
    chiu tzu man tu lo
 kuji mandara
The nine character maṇḍala, i.e. the lotus, with its eight petals and its centre; Avalokiteśvara may be placed in the heart and Amitābha on each petal, generally in the shape of the Sanskrit "seed" letter, or alphabetic letter.



see styles
nèi xīn màn tú luó
    nei4 xin1 man4 tu2 luo2
nei hsin man t`u lo
    nei hsin man tu lo
 naishin mandara
(or 祕密曼荼羅) The 'central heart ' maṇḍala of the 大日經 or the central throne in the diamond realm lotus to which it refers.


see styles
{Buddh} (See 四種曼荼羅・ししゅまんだら) karma mandala (in Shingon); three-dimensional mandala with a sculpture of each deity



see styles
wǔ mì mì màn tú luó
    wu3 mi4 mi4 man4 tu2 luo2
wu mi mi man t`u lo
    wu mi mi man tu lo
 go himitsu mandara
or 十七尊曼荼羅 The maṇḍala of this group contains seventeen figures representing the five above named, with their twelve subordinates.

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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese

dantán / tan2 / tant`an / tan
nichi ren / nichirenrì lián / ri4 lian2 / ri lian / rilianjih lien / jihlien
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Lookup Mandala in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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Some people may refer to this entry as Mandala Kanji, Mandala Characters, Mandala in Mandarin Chinese, Mandala Characters, Mandala in Chinese Writing, Mandala in Japanese Writing, Mandala in Asian Writing, Mandala Ideograms, Chinese Mandala symbols, Mandala Hieroglyphics, Mandala Glyphs, Mandala in Chinese Letters, Mandala Hanzi, Mandala in Japanese Kanji, Mandala Pictograms, Mandala in the Chinese Written-Language, or Mandala in the Japanese Written-Language.

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