Generosity in Chinese / Japanese...

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  1. Generosity

  2. Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity

  3. Kindness and Forgiving Nature

  4. Mercy / Compassion / Love

  5. Charity

  6. Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness


kuān dà
kandai
Generosity Scroll

寬大 is a Chinese, Japanese, and Korean word that means Generosity.

Generosity is giving and sharing. You share freely, not with the idea of receiving something in return. You find ways to give others happiness and give just for the joy of giving. Generosity is one of the best ways to show love and friendship.

寬大 can also be translated as charitable, magnanimity, liberality, or in some contexts, broad-mindedness.

Note: There is a tiny deviation in the first character when written in Japanese. If you choose our Japanese master calligrapher, the little dot on the lower right of the first character will be omitted. With or without the dot, this can be read in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.


See Also:  Benevolence | Altruism | Charity

Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity

bù shī
fuse
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Scroll

布施 is the Buddhist practice of giving known as Dāna or दान from Pali and Sanskrit.

Depending on the context, this can be alms-giving, acts of charity, or offerings (usually money) to a priest for reading sutras or teachings.

Some will put Dāna in these two categories:
1. The pure or unsullied charity, which looks for no reward here but only in the hereafter.
2. The sullied almsgiving whose object is personal benefit.
The first kind is, of course, the kind that a liberated or enlightened person will pursue.

Others will put Dāna in these categories:
1. Worldly or material gifts.
2. Unworldly or spiritual gifts.

You can also separate Dāna into these three kinds:
1. 財布施 Goods such as money, food, or material items.
2. 法布施 Dharma, as an act to teach or bestow the Buddhist doctrine onto others.
3. 無畏布施 Courage, as an act of facing fear to save someone or when standing up for someone or standing up for righteousness.

The philosophies and categorization of Dāna will vary among various monks, temples, and sects of Buddhism.

Breaking down the characters separately:
(sometimes written ) means to spread out or announce, but also means cloth. In ancient times, cloth or robs were given to the Buddhist monks annually as a gift of alms - I need to do more research, but I believe there is a relationship here.
means to grant, to give, to bestow, to act, to carry out, and by itself can mean Dāna as a single character.

Dāna can also be expressed as 檀那 (pronounced “tán nà” in Mandarin and dan-na or だんな in Japanese). 檀那 is a transliteration of Dāna. However, it has colloquially come to mean some unsavory or unrelated things in Japanese. So, I think 布施 is better for calligraphy on your wall to remind you to practice Dāna daily (or whenever possible).

Kindness and Forgiving Nature

rén shù
jinjo
Kindness and Forgiving Nature Scroll

仁恕 is a word in Chinese and Japanese that means something like benevolence with magnanimity or kindness with a forgiving nature.

If this describes you, then you are the type of person that I would like to call my friend.

This may not be the most common word in daily use, but it's old enough that it transcended cultures from China to Japan in the 5th century when Japan lacked a written language and absorbed Chinese characters and words into their language.
Note: 仁恕 is not commonly used in Korean.

Mercy / Compassion / Love

ji
Mercy / Compassion / Love Scroll

慈 is the simplest way to express the idea of compassion.

This can also mean love for your fellow humans, humanity, or living creatures. Sometimes this is extended to mean charity.

This term is often used in a Buddhist or Christian context. The concept was also spoken of by Laozi (Lao Tzu) in the Dao De Jing (Tao Te Ching).

慈 is considered the direct translation of the Sanskrit word मैत्री (maitrī) Pali word मेत्ता (mettā). In this context, it means benevolence, loving kindness, and goodwill.

This Chinese character is understood in Japanese but is usually used in compound words (not seen alone). Also used in old Korean Hanja, so it's very universal.


See Also:  Mercy | Benevolence | Forgiveness | Kindness

cí shàn
ji zen
Charity Scroll

There are a few different words used to express charity in Chinese characters, Japanese Kanji and old Korean Hanja but 慈善 is the most common.

Some of the other words describe acts such as “giving alms” etc.


Note: Sometimes this is translated as benevolence or benevolent.
Also, this considered to be one of the Seven Heavenly Virtues.

If you need a different meaning, just contact me.


See Also:  Benevolence | Altruism

Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness

cí bēi
ji hi
Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness Scroll

Besides the title above, 慈悲 can also be defined as clemency or lenience and sometimes the act of giving charity.

In the Buddhist context, it can be defined as “benevolence,” “loving-kindness and compassion,” or “mercy and compassion.”

This Buddhist virtue is perhaps the most important to employ in your life. All sentient beings that you encounter should be given your loving kindness. And trust me, however much you can give, it comes back. Make your life and the world a better place!

This Chinese/Japanese Buddhist term is the equivalent of Metta Karuna from Pali or Maitri Karuna from Sanskrit.

慈 can mean loving-kindness by itself.
悲 adds a component of sorrow, empathy, compassion, and sympathy for others.


See Also:  Benevolence


These search terms might be related to Generosity:

Charity

Compassion / Kindness

Kindness

Kindness / Benevolence

Kindness / Caring

Kindness and Forgiving Nature

Love and Respect / Kindness and Respect

Loving-Kindness Conquers All

Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness

Not the results for generosity that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your generosity search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

恩寵


恩宠

see styles
ēn chǒng
    en1 chong3
en ch`ung
    en chung
 onchou / oncho
    おんちょう

More info & calligraphy:

Grace / Favor
special favor from a ruler; Emperor's generosity towards a favorite
grace; favour; favor

see styles

    du4
tu
 hara
    はら
belly
(1) abdomen; belly; stomach; (2) womb; (3) one's mind; one's real intentions; one's true motive; (4) courage; nerve; willpower; (5) generosity; magnanimity; (6) feelings; emotions; (7) wide middle part; bulging part; (8) inside; interior; inner part; (9) (physics) anti-node; (suf,ctr) (10) counter for hard roe; (11) counter for containers with bulging middles (pots, vases, etc.)

see styles

    fu4
fu
 fuku
    はら
abdomen; stomach; belly
(1) abdomen; belly; stomach; (2) womb; (3) one's mind; one's real intentions; one's true motive; (4) courage; nerve; willpower; (5) generosity; magnanimity; (6) feelings; emotions; (7) wide middle part; bulging part; (8) inside; interior; inner part; (9) (physics) anti-node; (suf,ctr) (10) counter for hard roe; (11) counter for containers with bulging middles (pots, vases, etc.)
The belly; lower stomach

see styles
liàng
    liang4
liang
 ryou / ryo
    りょう
capacity; quantity; amount; to estimate; abbr. for 量詞|量词[liang4 ci2], classifier (in Chinese grammar); measure word
(n,n-suf) (1) quantity; amount; volume; capacity; portion (of food); (2) (See 度量・1) generosity; magnanimity; tolerance; (3) {phil} pramana; means by which one gains accurate and valid knowledge (in Indian philosophy); (surname, female given name) Ryō
pramāṇa. Measure, capacity, length, ability; to measure, deliberate; a syllogism in logic, v. 比量. A syllogism, consisting of 宗 pratijñā, proposition; 因 hetu, reason; 喩 udāharaṇa, example; but the syllogism varies in the number of its avayava, or members. There are other divisions from 2 to 6, e.g. 現量 and 比量 direct or sense inferences, and comparative or logical inferences; to these are added 聖教量 arguments based on authority; 譬喩量 analogy; 義准 postulation, or general assent; and 無體 negation, or non-existence.

仁侠

see styles
 ninkyou / ninkyo
    にんきょう
    jinkyou / jinkyo
    じんきょう
(adj-na,n,adj-no) chivalry; generosity; heroism; chivalrous spirit; helping the weak and fighting the strong

仁王

see styles
rén wáng
    ren2 wang2
jen wang
 niwa
    にわ
the two guardian Deva kings; (personal name) Niwa
The benevolent king, Buddha; the name Śākya is intp. as 能仁 able in generosity. Also an ancient king, probably imaginary, of the 'sixteen countries' of India, for whom the Buddha is said to have dictated the 仁王經, a sutra with two principal translations into Chinese, the first by Kumārajīva styled 仁王般若經 or 佛說仁王般若波羅蜜經 without magical formulae, the second by Amogha (不空) styled 仁王護國般若波羅蜜經, etc., into which the magical formulae were introduced; these were for royal ceremonials to protect the country from all kinds of calamities and induce prosperity; humane kings

任侠

see styles
 ninkyou / ninkyo
    にんきょう
(adj-na,n,adj-no) chivalry; generosity; heroism; chivalrous spirit; helping the weak and fighting the strong; (given name) Ninkyou

十德

see styles
shí dé
    shi2 de2
shih te
 jittoku
The ten virtues, powers, or qualities, of which there are several groups, e.g. in the 華嚴經,十地品 there are 法師十德 the ten virtues of a teacher of the Law, i.e. he should be well versed in its meaning; able widely to publish it; not be nervous before an audience; be untiring in argument; adaptable; orderly so that his teaching can be easily followed; serious and dignified; bold and zealous; unwearied; and enduring (able to bear insult, etc.). The 弟子十德 ten virtues or qualities of a disciple according to the 大日經疏 4, are faith; sincerity; devotion to the trikāya; (seeking the) adornment of true wisdom; perseverance; moral purity; patience (or bearing shame); generosity in giving; courage; resoluteness.

大拏


大拿

see styles
dàn á
    dan4 a2
tan a
 Daina
sudana, 須達拏, 須大拏, 蘇達拏 ; i.e. Sakyamuni as a prince in a former life, when he forfeited the throne by his generosity; Sudāna

大揚

see styles
 ooyou / ooyo
    おおよう
(adjectival noun) largeheartedness; liberality; catholicity; generousness; generosity; magnanimity

宥恕

see styles
 yuujo / yujo
    ゆうじょ
(noun, transitive verb) forgiveness; generosity

寛容

see styles
 hiroyasu
    ひろやす
(n,adj-na,vs,vt) tolerance; open-mindedness; forbearance; generosity; magnanimity; (personal name) Hiroyasu

寛恕

see styles
 hiroyoshi
    ひろよし
(noun - becomes adjective with の) magnanimity; forgiveness; generosity; (personal name) Hiroyoshi

度量

see styles
dù liàng
    du4 liang4
tu liang
 doryou / doryo
    どりょう
measure; tolerance; breadth; magnanimity; (math.) metric
(1) generosity; magnanimity; tolerance; (2) length and capacity; measures

施他

see styles
shī tā
    shi1 ta1
shih t`a
    shih ta
 seta
generosity

施戒

see styles
shī jiè
    shi1 jie4
shih chieh
 sekai
generosity and morality; generosity and morality

木底

see styles
mù dǐ
    mu4 di3
mu ti
 bokutei / bokute
    ぼくてい
(given name) Bokutei
mukti, 解脫 deliverance, liberation, emancipation; the same meaning is given to 目帝羅 mucira, which has more the sense of being free with (gifts), generosity.

気前

see styles
 kimae
    きまえ
generosity

海恕

see styles
 kaijo
    かいじょ
(usu. 御海恕, ご海恕 in letters) (See 海容) magnanimity; forgiveness; generosity

義侠

see styles
 gikyou / gikyo
    ぎきょう
chivalry; generosity

薄厚

see styles
bó hòu
    bo2 hou4
po hou
meanness and generosity; intimacy and alienation

襟度

see styles
jīn dù
    jin1 du4
chin tu
 kindo
    きんど
broad-minded; magnanimous
magnanimity; generosity; welcoming personality

雅量

see styles
yǎ liàng
    ya3 liang4
ya liang
 masakazu
    まさかず
magnanimity; tolerance; high capacity for drinking
magnanimity; generosity; tolerance; (given name) Masakazu

五邪命

see styles
wǔ xié mìng
    wu3 xie2 ming4
wu hsieh ming
 go jamyō
(五邪) The five improper ways of gain or livelihood for a monk, i. e. (1) changing his appearance, e. g. theatrically; (2) advertising his own powers and virtue; (3) fortuning by physiognomy, etc.; (4) hectoring and bullying; (5) praising the generosity of another to induce the hearer to bestow presents; five kinds of evil livelihood

大力王

see styles
dà lì wáng
    da4 li4 wang2
ta li wang
 Dairiki ō
King Powerful, noted for his unstinted generosity. Indra to test him appeared as a Brahman and asked for his flesh; the king ungrudgingly cut of and gave him his arm. Indra was then Devadatta, King Powerful was Śākyamuni; v. 菩薩藏經 (下); King of Great Power

祠祀施

see styles
cí sì shī
    ci2 si4 shi1
tz`u ssu shih
    tzu ssu shih
 shijise
devoted to generosity; devoted to generosity

布施波羅蜜


布施波罗蜜

see styles
bù shī bō luó mì
    bu4 shi1 bo1 luo2 mi4
pu shih po lo mi
 fuse haramitsu
perfection of generosity; perfection of generosity

Variations:
気宇
器宇

see styles
 kiu
    きう
breadth of mind; generosity; magnanimity

Variations:
腹(P)

see styles
 hara
    はら
(1) abdomen; belly; stomach; (2) (See 胎・はら) womb; (3) one's mind; one's real intentions; one's true motive; (4) courage; nerve; willpower; (5) generosity; magnanimity; (6) feelings; emotions; (7) wide middle part; bulging part; (8) inside; interior; inner part; (9) {physics} anti-node; (suf,ctr) (10) counter for hard roe; (suf,ctr) (11) counter for containers with bulging middles (pots, vases, etc.)

Variations:
気宇
器宇(rK)

see styles
 kiu
    きう
breadth of mind; generosity; magnanimity

Click here for more generosity results from our dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Generosity寬大
宽大
kandaikuān dà / kuan1 da4 / kuan da / kuandak`uan ta / kuanta / kuan ta
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity布施fusebù shī / bu4 shi1 / bu shi / bushipu shih / pushih
Kindness and Forgiving Nature仁恕jinjorén shù / ren2 shu4 / ren shu / renshujen shu / jenshu
Mercy
Compassion
Love
jicí / ci2 / citz`u / tzu
Charity慈善ji zen / jizencí shàn / ci2 shan4 / ci shan / cishantz`u shan / tzushan / tzu shan
Mercy
Compassion
Buddhist Loving Kindness
慈悲ji hi / jihicí bēi / ci2 bei1 / ci bei / cibeitz`u pei / tzupei / tzu pei
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


Many custom options...


Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness Scroll
Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness Scroll
Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness Scroll
Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness Scroll


And formats...

Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness Vertical Portrait
Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness Horizontal Wall Scroll
Mercy / Compassion / Buddhist Loving Kindness Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

Lookup Generosity in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary


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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


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