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Dynasty in Chinese / Japanese...

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Dynasty

China dài
Japan dai
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll

代 is the word used to designate dynasties in Asia. 代 alone can mean generation; age; period; historical era; eon; world; society; reign; era. 代 comes after the name of the dynasty, for example, the Tang Dynasty is the "Tang Dai" in Chinese.

Some have suggested that the word dynasty comes from the this Chinese word "dai" (as "dai" sounds like the first syllable of dynasty). However, dynasty is derived from the Greek word δυναστεία (dunasteia) meaning lordship and/or domination.

Sometimes this word is used in a different context where it can mean to represent or substitute. In this case, it can mean representative of; on behalf of; acting for, e.g. to offer incense in place of another.

In ancient Japan, this could also be a "shiro" (a unit of land area equal to one-fiftieth of a tan or about 20 square miles).


Not the results for dynasty that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your dynasty search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin dài / dai4
Taiwan tai
Japanese dai / だい    shiro / しろ
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to substitute; to act on behalf of others; to replace; generation; dynasty; age; period; (historical) era; (geological) eon
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) charge; cost; price; (2) generation; age; reign; (3) {geol} era; (4) (after someone's name or title) a representative of; on behalf of; for (someone); (5) (See 代表電話番号) used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number; (counter) (6) counter for decades of ages, eras, etc.; (7) counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.); (8) (abbreviation) (See 代理申請会社) proxy application company; (9) (abbreviation) (used in dictionaries, etc.) (See 代名詞・1) pronoun; (1) substitution; (2) material; (3) price; (4) margin (e.g. for stapling, etc.); area required for something; (5) (archaism) (See 段) shiro (unit of land area equal to one-fiftieth of a tan; ~19.83 m.sq.); (surname) Daisaki; (surname) Dai; (surname) Takadai; (surname) Shiro; (surname) Sakishiro; (given name) Kawaru
Instead of, in place of, acting for, for; e. g. 代香 to offer incense in place of another; a generation, v. 世代.

see styles
Mandarin zhōu / zhou1
Taiwan chou
Japanese shuu / shu / しゅう
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to make a circuit; to circle; circle; circumference; lap; cycle; complete; all; all over; thorough; to help financially; surname Zhou; Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)
Japanese (1) Zhou (dynasty of China); Chou; (2) {geom} perimeter; (n-suf,ctr) (3) counter for laps or circuits; (female given name) Meguru; (female given name) Meguri; (given name) Makoto; (personal name) Hiroshi; (personal name) Tsukashi; (given name) Chikashi; (female given name) Chika; (surname) Suzaki; (surname) Susaki; (personal name) Juu; (surname) Shiyu; (given name) Shuutei; (personal name) Shuuji; (personal name) Shuukichi; (given name) Shuuki; (surname, given name) Shuu; (surname) Shu; (surname) Kane; (personal name) Osamu; (given name) I
Around, on every side, complete; to go around

see styles
Mandarin táng / tang2
Taiwan t`ang / tang
Japanese tou / to / とう
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to exaggerate; empty; in vain; old variant of 螗[tang2]; Tang dynasty (618-907); surname Tang
Japanese (1) Tang Dynasty (China, 618-907); (2) (archaism) China; foreign country; (surname) Touzaki; (surname) Tou; (surname) Tan; (surname) Tau; (surname) Tai; (surname) Kara
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin xià / xia4
Taiwan hsia
Japanese natsu / なつ    ge / げ    ka / か
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese summer; the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC; Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432); surname Xia
Japanese (n-adv,n-t) summer; {Buddh} summer (on the lunisolar calendar: 16th day of the 4th month to the 15th day of the 7th month); Xia (dynasty of China; perhaps mythological); (female given name) Pain; (surname, female given name) Natsu; (surname) Shiya; (female given name) Sama; (female given name) Kaho; (personal name) Kasumi; (surname, given name) Ka; (female given name) Akari
Summer.

see styles
Mandarin/ lu:3
Taiwan
Japanese ryo / りょ    tabi / たび
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese trip; travel; to travel; brigade (army)
Japanese 500-man battalion (Zhou-dynasty Chinese army); (noun/participle) travel; trip; journey; (surname) Taya

see styles
Mandarin qīng / qing1
Taiwan ch`ing / ching
Japanese shin / しん
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese clear; distinct; quiet; just and honest; pure; to settle or clear up; to clean up or purge; Qing or Ch'ing dynasty of Imperial China (1644-1911); surname Qing
Japanese Qing (dynasty of China, 1616-1912); Ch'ing; (personal name) Seiji; (surname, female given name) Sei; (personal name) Suminori; (personal name) Sumitomo; (personal name) Sumitaka; (surname) Sumizaki; (surname) Sumi; (personal name) Suzu; (personal name) Sugashi; (surname, female given name) Suga; (place-name) Shin; (female given name) Sayaka; (female given name) Saya; (female given name) Kiyora; (personal name) Kiyonori; (personal name) Kiyotsugu; (personal name) Kiyozumi; (personal name) Kiyosumi; (personal name) Kiy

see styles
Mandarin qín / qin2
Taiwan ch`in / chin
Japanese shin / しん
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese surname Qin; Qin dynasty (221-207 BC) of the first emperor 秦始皇[Qin2 Shi3 huang2]; abbr. for 陝西|陕西[Shan3 xi1]
Japanese Qin (dynasty of China; 221-206 BCE); Ch'in; (surname) Yasushi; (surname) Minato; (surname) Hiroshi; (place-name, surname) Hada; (place-name, surname) Hata; (surname, given name) Chin; (surname) Sou; (surname) Jin; (surname) Shinno; (personal name) Shinji; (surname) Shin; (surname) Kana
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin guó / guo2
Taiwan kuo
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Guo, a kinship group whose members held dukedoms within the Zhou Dynasty realm, including Western Guo 西虢國|西虢国 and Eastern Guo 東虢國|东虢国; surname Guo

see styles
Mandarin jīn / jin1
Taiwan chin
Japanese kin / きん
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese gold; chemical element Au; generic term for lustrous and ductile metals; money; golden; highly respected; one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]; surname Jin; surname Kim (Korean); Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234)
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) gold (Au); golden (color); gold (medal, cup); (adj-no,n) (2) valuable; of highest value; (3) money; gold coin (orig. meaning); (4) (abbreviation) (See 金曜) Friday; (5) (See 五行・1) metal (fourth of the five elements); (6) Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE); (n,n-suf) (7) (abbreviation) {shogi} (See 金将) gold general; (8) (abbreviation) (colloquialism) (See 金玉・きんたま) testicles; (suf,ctr) (9) karat; carat; (surname) Kimu; Kim; (surname) Yun; (personal name) Dzin; (personal name) Chin; (surname) Chiyon; (personal name) Jin; (surname) Jiyon; (surname) Jun; (surname) Jiyai; (surname) Kon; (surname) Kintaka; (personal name) Kinji; (surname, female given name) Kin; (surname) Kiyon; (personal name) Kaneyuki; (personal name) Kanenori; (surname) Kanetaka; (personal name) Kaneshi; (personal name) Kanekatsu; (surname) Kane
hiraṇya, 伊爛拏 which means cold, any precious metal, semen, etc.; or 蘇伐刺 suvarṇa, which means "of a good or beautiful colour", "golden", "yellow", "gold", "a gold coin", etc. The Chinese means metal, gold, money.

see styles
Mandarin ruǎn / ruan3
Taiwan juan
Japanese min / みん    gen / げん    ken / けん    gan / がん    en / えん
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese surname Ruan; small state during the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 BC) located in the southeast of modern-day Gansu Province
Japanese (surname) Min; (surname) Gen; (surname) Ken; (surname) Gan; (surname) En

劉備


刘备

see styles
Mandarin liú bèi / liu2 bei4
Taiwan liu pei
Japanese ryuubi / ryubi / りゅうび
Chinese Liu Bei (161-223), warlord at the end of the Han dynasty and founder of the Han kingdom of Shu 蜀漢|蜀汉 (c. 200-263), later the Shu Han dynasty
Japanese (personal name) Ryuubi; (person) Liu Bei (161-223)

印度

see styles
Mandarin yìn dù / yin4 du4
Taiwan yin tu
Japanese indo / いんど
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese India
Japanese (ateji / phonetic) (kana only) India; (place-name) India
印特伽; 身毒; 賢豆; 天竺 Indu (meaning 'moon' in Sanskrit), Hindu, Sindhu; see also 信度 and 閻浮 India in general. In the Tang dynasty its territory is described as extending over 90, 000 li in circuit, being bounded on three sides by the sea; north it rested on the Snow mountains 雪山, i. e. Himālayas; wide at the north, narrowing to the south, shaped like a half-moon; it contained over seventy kingdoms, was extremely hot, well watered and damp; from the centre eastwards to 震旦 China was 58, 000 li; and the same distance southwards to 金地國, westwards to 阿拘遮國, and northwards to 小香山阿耨達.

司徒

see styles
Mandarin sī tú / si1 tu2
Taiwan ssu t`u / ssu tu
Japanese shito / しと
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese minister of education (history); two-character surname Situ
Japanese (See 六卿) Minister of Civil Administration and Social Welfare (Zhou-dynasty China)

啟蒙


启蒙

see styles
Mandarin qǐ méng / qi3 meng2
Taiwan ch`i meng / chi meng
Chinese to instruct the young; to initiate; to awake sb from ignorance; to free sb from prejudice or superstition; primer; enlightened; the Enlightenment; Western learning from the late Qing dynasty

安息

see styles
Mandarin ān xī / an1 xi1
Taiwan an hsi
Japanese ansoku / あんそく
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to rest; to go to sleep; to rest in peace; (history) Parthia
Japanese (adverbial noun) rest; repose
(安息國) Parthia, 波斯 modern Persia, from which several monks came to China in the later Han dynasty, such as 安世高 An Shigao, 安玄 Anxuan, 曇無諦 Tan Wudi, 安法欽 An Faqin, 安淸 Anqing.; To rest.

岳飛


岳飞

see styles
Mandarin yuè fēi / yue4 fei1
Taiwan yüeh fei
Japanese gakuhi / がくひ
Chinese Yue Fei (1103-1142), Song dynasty patriot and general
Japanese (personal name) Gakuhi

班固

see styles
Mandarin bān gù / ban1 gu4
Taiwan pan ku
Japanese hanko / はんこ
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Ban Gu (32-92), Eastern Han dynasty historian, wrote the Dynastic History of Western Han 漢書|汉书
Japanese (surname) Hanko

老子

see styles
Mandarin lǎo zi / lao3 zi
Taiwan lao tzu
Japanese roushi / roshi / ろうし
Dynasty Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese father; daddy; "I, your father" (in anger, or out of contempt); I (used arrogantly or jocularly); Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism; the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi
Japanese Laozi; Lao Tzu; Lao Tse; (personal name) Roushi; (surname) Oigo; (surname) Oiko
Laozi, or Laocius, the accepted founder of the Daoists. The theory that his soul went to India and was reborn as the Buddha is found in the 齊書 History of the Qi dynasty 顧歡傳.

韓國

see styles
Mandarin hán guó / han2 guo2
Taiwan han kuo
Japanese kankoku / かんこく
Chinese South Korea (Republic of Korea); Han, one of the Seven Hero States of the Warring States 戰國七雄|战国七雄[zhan4 guo2 qi1 xiong2]; Korea from the fall of the Joseon dynasty in 1897
Japanese (personal name) Kankoku

淨土宗


净土宗

see styles
Mandarin jìng tǔ zōng / jing4 tu3 zong1
Taiwan ching t`u tsung / ching tu tsung
Japanese Jōdo Shū
Chinese Pure Land Buddhism
The Pure-land sect, whose chief tenet is salvation by faith in Amitābha; it is the popular cult in China, also in Japan, where it is the Jōdo sect; it is also called 蓮宗(蓮花宗) the Lotus sect. Established by Hui-yuan 慧遠 of the Chin dynasty (317— 419), it claims P'u-hsien 普賢 Samantabhadra as founder. Its seven chief textbooks are 無量淸淨平等覺經; 大阿彌陀經; 無量壽經; 觀無量壽經; 阿彌陀經; 稱讚淨土佛攝受經; and 鼓音聲三陀羅尼經. The淨土眞宗 is the Jōdo-Shin, or Shin sect of Japan; Pure Land School

菩提樹


菩提树

see styles
Mandarin pú tí shù / pu2 ti2 shu4
Taiwan p`u t`i shu / pu ti shu
Japanese bodaiju / ぼだいじゅ
Chinese pipal tree (Ficus religiosa); bo fig tree; Bodhi tree (sacred to Buddhism and Hinduism)
Japanese (1) lime tree; linden (Tilia); (2) bo tree; peepul (Ficus religiosa); (given name) Bodaiju
bodhidruma, bodhitaru, bodhivṛkṣa; the wisdom-tree, i.e. that under which Śākyamuni attained his enlightenment, and became Buddha. The Ficus religiosa is the pippala, or aśvattha, wrongly identified by Faxian as the palm-tree; it is described as an evergreen, to have been 400 feet high, been cut down several times, but in the Tang dynasty still to be 40 or 50 feet high. A branch of it is said to have been sent by Aśoka to Ceylon, from which sprang the celebrated Bo-tree still flourishing there; bodhi-tree


see styles
Mandarin wěi / wei3
Taiwan wei
Japanese gi
Chinese variant of 偽|伪[wei3]
False, counterfeit, forged. False or forged sūtras which were produced after the Wei dynasty; catalogues of these forged sūtras are given in various books.

see styles
Mandarin yuán / yuan2
Taiwan yüan
Japanese yuan / ユアン    gen / げん
Chinese currency unit (esp. Chinese yuan); first; original; primary; fundamental; constituent; part; era (of a reign); (math.) argument; variable; (Tw) (geology) eon; surname Yuan; the Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368)
Japanese (kana only) (See 元・げん・3) yuan (monetary unit of China) (chi:); (1) {math} unknown (e.g. in an equation); (2) {math} element (of a set); (3) yuan (monetary unit of China); (4) Yuan dynasty (China); (given name) Motoyasu; (personal name) Motozumi; (personal name) Motoji; (surname) Motozaki; (personal name) Motokatsu; (given name) Motoi; (p,s,g) Moto; (given name) Hajime; (given name) Hajimu; (given name) Tsukasa; (personal name) Genji; (given name) Genshuu; (surname, given name) Gen; (surname) Un; (surname) Uon
Beginning, first, original, head; dollar; Mongol (dynasty).

see styles
Mandarin/ xu3
Taiwan hsü
Chinese cap of Yin dynasty

see styles
Mandarin qīng / qing1
Taiwan ch`ing / ching
Japanese kyou(p);kei / kyo(p);ke / きょう(P);けい
Chinese high ranking official (old); term of endearment between spouses (old); (from the Tang Dynasty onwards) term used by the emperor for his subjects (old); honorific (old)
Japanese (suffix noun) (1) (きょう only) (honorific or respectful language) lord; sir; (2) (See 律令制) state minister (i.e. under the ritsuryo system); (pn,adj-no) (3) (archaism) (masculine speech) (honorific or respectful language) (esp. けい) you (in reference to someone of lower status); (given name) Akira
This term is used in Buddhism, but due to a licensing issue, we cannot show the definition

see styles
Mandarin zhǐ / zhi3
Taiwan chih
Japanese ata / あた
Chinese 8 in. length unit of Zhou dynasty
Japanese (n,n-suf,ctr) (archaism) distance between outstretched thumb and middle finger (approx. 18 cm)

see styles
Mandarin shāng / shang1
Taiwan shang
Japanese shou / sho / しょう
Chinese commerce; merchant; dealer; to consult; 2nd note in pentatonic scale; quotient (as in 智商[zhi4 shang1], intelligence quotient); Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BC); surname Shang
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) {math} (See 積・1) quotient; (2) dealing; dealer; store; (3) (See 五音) second degree (of the Japanese & Chinese pentatonic scale); (4) (See 殷) Shang (dynasty of China); (surname) Shou
To consult arrange; trade, a merchant; translit. śaṇ, saṃ, śa, śā.


see styles
Mandarin/ qi3
Taiwan ch`i / chi
Chinese to open; to start; to initiate; to enlighten or awaken; to state; to inform; Qi son of Yu the Great 禹[Yu3], reported founder of the Xia Dynasty 夏朝[Xia4 Chao2] (c. 2070-c. 1600 BC)

see styles
Mandarin fēng // běng / feng1 // beng3
Taiwan feng // peng
Chinese landmark used during the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD); variant of 埲[beng3]

see styles
Mandarin/ mo4
Taiwan mo
Chinese wife of the last ruler of the Xia dynasty

Search for Dynasty in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Dynastydaidài / dai4 / daitai



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When the calligrapher finishes creating your artwork, it is taken to my art mounting workshop in Beijing where a wall scroll is made by hand from a combination of silk, rice paper, and wood.
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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.

Some people may refer to this entry as Dynasty Kanji, Dynasty Characters, Dynasty in Mandarin Chinese, Dynasty Characters, Dynasty in Chinese Writing, Dynasty in Japanese Writing, Dynasty in Asian Writing, Dynasty Ideograms, Chinese Dynasty symbols, Dynasty Hieroglyphics, Dynasty Glyphs, Dynasty in Chinese Letters, Dynasty Hanzi, Dynasty in Japanese Kanji, Dynasty Pictograms, Dynasty in the Chinese Written-Language, or Dynasty in the Japanese Written-Language.