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The Name Burma in Chinese / Japanese...

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miǎn diàn
men den
Myanmar Scroll

緬甸 is the Chinese name for the country of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma).

緬甸 is occasionally used in Japanese (especially in historic documents) with the same meaning (though they also have a Katakana name for Myanmar/Burma).

See Also:  Asia


myan maa
Myanmar Scroll

ミャンマー is Myanmar in Japanese Katakana.

Note: Because this title is entirely Japanese Katakana, it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
men den / mendenmiǎn diàn
mian3 dian4
mian dian
mien tien
Myanmarミャンマーmyan maa / myanmaa / myan ma / myanma
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your burma search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
miǎn diàn / mian3 dian4
mien tien
 menden / めんでん
Myanmar Scroll
Myanmar (or Burma)
(See ビルマ) Burma (chi:); (place-name) Burma


see styles
yǎng guāng / yang3 guang1
yang kuang
Yangon (Rangoon), main city of south Myanmar (Burma), the national capital until November 2005, when the capital moved to Naypyidaw 内比都 or Pyinmana 彬馬那 彬马那


see styles
bó gù / bo2 gu4
po ku
Pegu city in south Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
xiǎo shèng / xiao3 sheng4
hsiao sheng
Hinayana, the Lesser Vehicle; Buddhism in India before the Mayahana sutras; also pr. [Xiao3 cheng2]
Hīnayāna 希那衍. The small, or inferior wain, or vehicle; the form of Buddhism which developed after Śākyamuni's death to about the beginning of the Christian era, when Mahāyāna doctrines were introduced. It is the orthodox school and more in direct line with the Buddhist succession than Mahāyānism which developed on lines fundamentally different. The Buddha was a spiritual doctor, less interested in philosophy than in the remedy for human misery and perpetual transmigration. He "turned aside from idle metaphysical speculations; if he held views on such topics, he deemed them valueless for the purposes of salvation, which was his goal" (Keith). Metaphysical speculations arose after his death, and naturally developed into a variety of Hīnayāna schools before and after the separation of a distinct school of Mahāyāna. Hīnayāna remains the form in Ceylon, Burma, and Siam, hence is known as Southern Buddhism in contrast with Northern Buddhism or Mahāyāna, the form chiefly prevalent from Nepal to Japan. Another rough division is that of Pali and Sanskrit, Pali being the general literary language of the surviving form of Hīnayāna, Sanskrit of Mahāyāna. The term Hīnayāna is of Mahāyānist origination to emphasize the universalism and altruism of Mahāyāna over the narrower personal salvation of its rival. According to Mahāyāna teaching its own aim is universal Buddhahood, which means the utmost development of wisdom and the perfect transformation of all the living in the future state; it declares that Hīnayāna, aiming at arhatship and pratyekabuddhahood, seeks the destruction of body and mind and extinction in nirvāṇa. For arhatship the 四諦Four Noble Truths are the foundation teaching, for pratyekabuddhahood the 十二因緣 twelve-nidānas, and these two are therefore sometimes styled the two vehicles 二乘. Tiantai sometimes calls them the (Hīnayāna) Tripiṭaka school. Three of the eighteen Hīnayāna schools were transported to China: 倶舍 (Abhidharma) Kośa; 成實 Satya-siddhi; and the school of Harivarman, the律 Vinaya school. These are described by Mahāyānists as the Buddha's adaptable way of meeting the questions and capacity of his hearers, though his own mind is spoken of as always being in the absolute Mahāyāna all-embracing realm. Such is the Mahāyāna view of Hīnayāna, and if the Vaipulya sūtras and special scriptures of their school, which are repudiated by Hīnayāna, are apocryphal, of which there seems no doubt, then Mahāyāna in condemning Hīnayāna must find other support for its claim to orthodoxy. The sūtras on which it chiefly relies, as regards the Buddha, have no authenticity; while those of Hīnayāna cannot be accepted as his veritable teaching in the absence of fundamental research. Hīnayāna is said to have first been divided into minority and majority sections immediately after the death of Śākyamuni, when the sthāvira, or older disciples, remained in what is spoken of as "the cave", some place at Rājagṛha, to settle the future of the order, and the general body of disciples remained outside; these two are the first 上坐部 and 大衆部 q. v. The first doctrinal division is reported to have taken place under the leadership of the monk 大天 Mahādeva (q.v.) a hundred years after the Buddha's nirvāṇa and during the reign of Aśoka; his reign, however, has been placed later than this by historians. Mahādeva's sect became the Mahāsāṅghikā, the other the Sthāvira. In time the two are said to have divided into eighteen, which with the two originals are the so-called "twenty sects" of Hīnayāna. Another division of four sects, referred to by Yijing, is that of the 大衆部 (Arya) Mahāsaṅghanikāya, 上座部 Āryasthavirāḥ, 根本說一切有部 Mūlasarvāstivādaḥ, and 正量部 Saṃmatīyāḥ. There is still another division of five sects, 五部律. For the eighteen Hīnayāna sects see 小乘十八部; small vehicle



see styles
shàn bāng / shan4 bang1
shan pang
Shan state of east Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
wǎn dīng / wan3 ding1
wan ting
Wanding town Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture 德宏傣族景頗族自治州|德宏傣族景颇族自治州, Yunnan, on border with Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
lǎo jiē / lao3 jie1
lao chieh
Lao Cai, Vietnam; Laokai or Laukkai, Burma (Myanmar)


see styles
pú gān / pu2 gan1
p`u kan / pu kan
Bagan (Pagan), ancient capital of Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
 houmen / homen / ほうめん (noun/participle) visit to Myanmar; visit to Burma


see styles
 biruma / ビルマ (also written 緬甸) (See ミャンマー) Burma; (place-name) Burmah; Bilma; Vilma



see styles
nèi bǐ dū / nei4 bi3 du1
nei pi tu
Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw, jungle capital of Myanmar (Burma) since November 2005, 300 km north of Rangoon and 300 km south of Mandalay; formerly called Pyinmana 彬馬那|彬马那


see styles
bó gù hé / bo2 gu4 he2
po ku ho
Pegu River of south central Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
shǐ dí wēi / shi3 di2 wei1
shih ti wei
Joseph Stilwell (1883-1946), commander of US forces in China, Burma and India in World War II



see styles
bīn mǎ nà / bin1 ma3 na4
pin ma na
Pyinmana, former jungle county town in central Myanmar (Burma), redesignated the national capital and renamed Naypyidaw 內比都 in November 2005


see styles
dé hóng zhōu / de2 hong2 zhou1
te hung chou
abbr. for 德宏傣族景頗族自治州|德宏傣族景颇族自治州, Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture in west Yunnan surrounded on three sides by Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
màn dé lè / man4 de2 le4
man te le
Mandalay, province and second city of Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
gān bā lǐ / gan1 ba1 li3
kan pa li
Professor Ibrahim Gambari (1944-), Nigerian scholar and diplomat, ambassador to UN 1990-1999, UN envoy to Burma from 2007


see styles
wǎn dīng shì / wan3 ding1 shi4
wan ting shih
Wanding town Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture 德宏傣族景頗族自治州|德宏傣族景颇族自治州, Yunnan, on border with Myanmar (Burma)



see styles
méng bā dùn / meng2 ba1 dun4
meng pa tun
Mountbatten (name, Anglicization of German Battenberg); Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979), British commander in Southeast Asia during WWII, presided over the partition of India in 1947, murdered by the IRA.



see styles
xī dāng hé / xi1 dang1 he2
hsi tang ho
Sittang River of central Myanmar (Burma), between Irrawaddy and Salween rivers


see styles
 nepidoo / ネピドー (place-name) Nay Pyi Daw (Burma); Naypyidaw


see styles
yī luò wǎ dǐ / yi1 luo4 wa3 di3
i lo wa ti
Irrawaddy or Ayeyarwaddy River, the main river of Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
yī luò wǎ dǐ / yi1 luo4 wa3 di3
i lo wa ti
Irrawaddy or Ayeyarwaddy River, the main river of Myanmar (Burma); also written 伊洛瓦底



see styles
bó gù shān mài / bo2 gu4 shan1 mai4
po ku shan mai
Pegu Yoma (mountain range) of south central Myanmar (Burma), separating Irrawaddy and Sittang basins



see styles
shàn bāng gāo yuán / shan4 bang1 gao1 yuan2
shan pang kao yüan
Shan plateau of east Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
 taimentetsudou / taimentetsudo / たいめんてつどう Thai-Burma Railway



see styles
miǎn diàn lián bāng / mian3 dian4 lian2 bang1
mien tien lien pang
Union of Myanmar, official name of Burma 1998-2010



see styles
ruò kāi shān mài / ruo4 kai1 shan1 mai4
jo k`ai shan mai / jo kai shan mai
Arakan Yoma, mountain range in western Myanmar (Burma)



see styles
mò tǎ mǎ wān / mo4 ta3 ma3 wan1
mo t`a ma wan / mo ta ma wan
Gulf of Martaban, Myanmar (Burma)


see styles
pú gān wáng cháo / pu2 gan1 wang2 chao2
p`u kan wang ch`ao / pu kan wang chao
Bagan (Pagan) Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma), 1044-1287

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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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Some people may refer to this entry as Burma Kanji, Burma Characters, Burma in Mandarin Chinese, Burma Characters, Burma in Chinese Writing, Burma in Japanese Writing, Burma in Asian Writing, Burma Ideograms, Chinese Burma symbols, Burma Hieroglyphics, Burma Glyphs, Burma in Chinese Letters, Burma Hanzi, Burma in Japanese Kanji, Burma Pictograms, Burma in the Chinese Written-Language, or Burma in the Japanese Written-Language.

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